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tioil, who, in fcorn, devoured large influences of their god, without refunding the finallest blast by eructation. The other was a huge terrible monfter, called Moulinavent, who, with four strong arms, waged eternal battle with all their divinities, dexfrously turning to avoid their blows, and repay them with interest.

Thus furnished, and fet out with gods, as well as devils, was, the renowned fect of Æolifts; which makes at this day so illustrious a figure in the world, and whereof that polite nation of Laplanders, are, beyond all doubt, a most authentic branch : Of whom I therefore cannot, without injustice, here omit to make honourable mention; fince they appear to be so closely allied, in point of intereft, as well as inclinations, with their brother Æolifts among us, as not only to buy their winds by wholesale from the fame merchants, but also to retail them after the fame rate and method, and to customers much alike.

Now, whether the system here delivered was wholly compiled by Jack; or, as some writers believe, rather copied from the original at Delphos, with certain additions and emendations suited to the times and circumstances; I shall not absolutely determine. This I may affirm, that Jack gave it at least a new turn, and formed it into the same dress and model as it lies deduced by me.

I have long sought after this opportunity of doing justice to a fociety of men, for whom I

have a peculiar honour; and whose opinions, as well as practices, have been extremely misreprefented and traduced by the nalice or ignorance of their adverfaries. For I think it one of the greatest and best of human actions, to remove prejudices, and place things in their trueft and fairest light; which I therefore boldly undertake, without any regards of my own, beside the conscience, the honour, and the thanks.

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A Digression concerning the original, the use, and

improvement of Madness in a commonwealth.


R shall it any wife detract from the just

reputation of this famous fect, that its rise and institution are owing to such an author as I have described Jack to be; a person whose intellectuals were overturned, and his brain fhaken out of its natural position ; which we commonly fuppose to be a distemper, and call by the name of madness, or phrenzy. For, if we take a furvey of the greatest actions that have been performed in the world under the influence of single men ; which are, the establishment of new empires by conquest ; the advance and progress of new schemes in philofophy; and the contriving, as well as the propagating of new religions ; we shall find the authors Ff 2


of them all to have been persons whose natural reason had admitted great revolutions from their diet, their education, the prevalency of some certain temper, together with the particular influence of air and climate. Besides, there is some thing individual in human minds, that easily kindles at the accidental approach and collision of certain circumstances, which, though of paultry and mean appearance, do often flame out into the greatest emergencies of life. For great turns are not always given by strong hands, but by lucky adaption, and at proper seasons. And it is of no import where the fire was kindled, if the

vapour has once got up into the brain. For the upper region of man is furnished like the midelle region of the air ; the materials are formed from causes of the widest difference, yet produce at last the same substance and effect. Mifts arise from the earth, steams from dunghills, exhalations from the sea, and smoke from fire; yet all clouds are the same in compofition, as well consequences; and the fumes issuing from a jakes, will furnish as comely and useful a vapour, as incense from an altar. Thus far, I suppose, will easily be granted me; and then it will follow, that as the face of nature never produces rain, but when it is overcast and disturbed ; so human understanding, feated in the brain, must be troubled and overspread by vapours, afcending from the lower faculties, to water the invention, and render it fruitful. Now, although these vapours


(as it hath been already faid) are of as various original, as those of the skiess yet the crops they produce, differ both in kind and degree, merely according to the soil. I will produce two instances, to prove and explain what I am now advancing

A certain great prince raised a mighty army, filled his coffers with infinite treasures, provided an invincible fleet; and all this, without giving the least part of his design to his greatest ministers, or his nearest favourites *. Immediately the whole world was alarmed ; the neighbouring crowns in trembling expectations, towards what point the storm would burst; the small politicians every where forming profound conjectures. Some believed, he had laid a scheme for universal monarchy; others, after much infight, determined the matter to be a project for pulling down the Pope, and setting up the reformed religion, which had once been his own.

Some again, of a deeper sagacity, fent him into Asia, to subdue the Turk, and recover Palestine. In the midst of all these projects and preparations, a certain state-surgeon to gathering the nature of the disease by these symptoms, attempted the cure ; at one blow performed the operation, broke the bag, and out flew the vapour. Nor did any thing want to render it a complete remedy, only that the prince unfortunately hap



* This was Harry the Great of France.
# Ravillac, who stabbed Henry the Great in his coach.

pened to die in the performance. Now, is the reader exceeding curious to learn, from whence this vapour took its rise, which had so long set the nations at a gaze? what secret wheel, what hidden spring, could put into motion so wonderful an engine ? It was afterwards discovered, that the movement of this whole machine had been directed by an absent female, whose eyes had raised a protuberancy, and, before emiffion, she was removed into an enemy's country. What should an unhappy prince do in such ticklish circumstances as these ? He tried in vain the poet's never-failing receipt of corpora quæque : For,

Idque petit corpiis mens, unde est faucia amore ;
Unde feritur, eo tendit, geslitque coire.

Lucr. Having to no purpose used all peaceable endeavours, the collected part of the semen, raised and inflamed, became aduft, converted to choler, turned head upon the spinal duct, and ascended to the brain. The very same principle that influences a bully to break the windows of a whore who has jilted him, naturally ftirs up a great prince to raise mighty armies, and dream of nothing but sieges, battles, and victories.

-Teterrimi belli CaufaThe other instance is, what I have read somewhere in a very ancient author, of a mighty king *, who, for the space of above thirty years,


* This is meant of the presen: French King, Lewis XIV.

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