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had been used to ride ; and he would then fay he had earned a shilling or eighteen-pence, which he had a right to do what he pleased with, and which he constantly applied to his usual charities; which by this expedient he could continue, and yet expend less upon the whole than before. But the distribution of this charity even was marked with the peculiarity of his character ; for that he might proportion his bounty to the neceflities and the merit of various objects, and yet give but one piece of money at a time, he constantly kept à pocket full of all forts of coin, from a silver three-pence to a crown-piece. [J. R. p. 13.)
But as his defire of immediate gain was not gratified at the expence of the poor, to whose distress he was a witness ; neither was it gratified at the expence of those whom it was impollible he should know, though he had many opportunities of doing it.
He once resolved never to renew a certain lease belonging to the deanry, without raising the rent 30l. a year. The tenant had often folicited him. instead of raising the rent, to take a large fine : And this man, a very short time before the Dean loft his memory, urged him with a very large sum, supposing, that as raising the rent could only enrich the Dean's successor, and a large fine would come into his own coffer, he should certainly succeed. The Dean however maintained his integrity, refused the offer with indignation, and fulfilled his purpose of raising the rent;
though at this time his memory was so bad, that the next day he did not remember what he had done, and his love of money fo predominant over every thing but his virtue, that, though he con. plained of being deserted, yet he banished best friends, merely to save the expence of entertaining them; and would sometimes refuse them a single bottle of wine. [J. R. p. 208, 145.]
As an ecclesiastic, he was fcrupulously exact in the exercise of his function, as well with regard to fpiritual as temporal things *. As to his cathedral, he expended more money to support and
Great coolness of tenper, gentleness of deportment, and a profound respect to his superiors in the church, were the distinguishing characteristics of Dr Swift. The following story may not be improper here. Bp ***, who had been lately translated from Bangor to the fee of Meath, had not only the misfortune, in the violent days of party, to reflect with some degree of afperity on the Reverend Mr *** one of his own clergy ; but also to recommend unto his whole diocese the wearing of numms, or scraps of linen to cover dirty shirts. This behaviour in the Bishop, and especially this recommendation of numms, fired the indignation of Swift to the uttermost. He fell upon the Bishop, when he got him into the fynod, with outrageous severity; and after he had spoken in defence of Mr
“ What,” said he,“ do you think you have gotten among your Welch clergy? I would have you to know, faid he, stripping up his caslock from his arms, and tearing open the breast of his waitcoats " that you have gotten into a diocese of gentlemen, who “ abhor dirt, and filth, and nastiness.” And thus he drove on, lashing the Bishop, and making him feel his farcasins. Two gentlemen lay concealed in the church of Trim, during the time of the synod, not without the connivance of Dr Swift, who had in a great measure invited them to the feast. D. S. p. 272, 3.
th adorn it, than had been applied to the fame use hain any period since it was first built *. He was ore extremely exact and conscientious, in promoting
the members of his choir according to their mehrit; and never advanced any person to a vicarage, ater who was not qualified in all respects, and in the he highest degree, whatever their interest, or how
ever recommended : And he once refused a viti carage to a person for whom the Lady Carteret
ard was very importunate ; though he declared to -he- her Ladyship, that if it had been in his power to and have made the gentleman a Dean or a Bishop, he or would have obliged her willingly ; because, he
faid, deanries and bishopricks were preferments d!
* In all business relating to his chapter, he pursued their public interest with firmness and constancy. He, besides, took as 104, much care to regulate his choir, as if he himself had really some
regard for music. But in this he was always guided by the opibu nion of those who were supposed to have been judges of harmoony. And that his choir might do their duty, particularly on h: Sunday nights, when variety of the better fort usually came to
hear the anthem, he constantly went to the church himself. This purs me in mind of an anecdote which happened in those times. An idle, careless fellow, but an excellent singer, and one of the best performers belonging to his cathedral, having laboured for some time under the highest displeasure of the Dean, was forced to absent himself from the church, and keep entirely out of his sight. But at last, one Sunday evening, having ventured into the singing loft, full in the view of the Dean, he began that particular anthem, Ihither mall I go, whither sisall I go, whither Mall I fly, from thy presence ?
jail, you dog you, to jail,” said the Doctor, in a voice loud enough to be heard by many that were about him. But the next morning, he forgave the poor finner, on his promise of amendment. D. S. p. 371. VOL.I.
in which merit had no concern, though the merit of a vicar would be brought to the test every day. Nor would he suffer one shilling of the cathedral - money to be alienated from its proper use, even for the purpose of charity. When any person folicited such an alienation, he used to tell them that this money was appropriated ; but, says he, as you declare the person to be relieved is an object of Christian charity, I will give out of my private purse any sum proportioned to my revenue, if you will contribute a sum in the same proportion to yours. My deanry is worth seven hundred pounds, your income is two: If you will give two shillings, I will give seven, or any larger fum after the same rate. [J. R. p. 192.] As to the
poor in the liberty of his own cathedral, they were beter regulated than any other in the kingdom; they were all badged, and were never found begging out of their district : For thefe he built and furnished a little alms-house, being assisted by some voluntary contributions ; and preserved among them uncommon cleanliness and decency, by constantly visiting them in perfon. [J. R. p. 8.]
It has already been remarked, that though he did not himself understand music, yet he always attended at the performance of the anthem, that the choir might do their duty. But he had another practice yet more singular and more useful. As foon as the preacher mounted the pul
pit, he pulled out a pencil and piece of paper, and carefully noted whatever was wrong, both in the expressions, and the manner in which they were delivered, whether they were too scholastic to be generally understood, or fo coarse and vulgar as to lose their dignity ; and he never failed to make these the subject of an admonition to the preacher, as soon as he came into the chapterhouse. [See Letter to a young Clergyman, in vol. X. p. 1.]
He improved even his living of Laracor, tho' he continued there but a short time, and left both the house and glebe a convenient and agreeable retreat to his successor, at a considerable expence, for which he knew no return would be made to his executors ; and he determined to affert his right of absence against the Archbishop of Dublin, at the expence of several hundred pounds, at a time when he did not believe he should ever more claim the privilege for himself, because he would not endanger the liberty of his fucceflor by an injurious precedent.
There is no act of virtue which men have so often substituted for the peculiar positive duties of Christians, as liberality to the poor, nor any by which they have to often hoped to atone for the breach of every other moral obligation.
But the Dean, though he abounded in charity, was not less diligent in the practice of other virtues, or less devout and constant the folemnities of religion. He was remarkably temperate N 2