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3. Public Policy in Relation to Industrial Accidents—Adna F. Weber. 4. Critical Opinions on Employers' Liability Legislation in the United States-James R. Burnet. II. Depart. ment of Jurisprudence: 1. Treaty-making under the United States Constitution—Theodore S. Woolsey. 2. Merits and Defects of the United States Bankrupt Law-George C. Holt. 3. Parasite Corporations-E. B. Whitney. 4. The Conception and Realization of Neutrality-David J. Hill. III. Department of Health: 1. Some Problems in Municipal Sanitation-W. C. Woodward. 2. Milk, Butter, and Butter Substitutes, in Relation to Public Health-George M. Kober. 3. Infection and Disinfection-George M. Sternberg. IV. Department of Education and Art: 1. The Education of the American Indians-T. J. Morgan. Address by Herbert Welsh. 2. Education in Porto Rico-G. G. Groff. 3. Education in Porto Rico-M. G. Brumbaugh. 4. Art and the Toilers—Rev. Frank Sewall.

CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-ONE.-I. Papers of the Department of Social Economy: 1:

Some Responsibilities of Capitalistic Organizations-George W. Anderson. 2. Responsibilities of Labor Organizations-Louis B. Brandeis. 3. Should Trade-unions be Incorporated?—Prof. Eugene Wambaugh. 4. Journalism and Publicity-St. Clair McKelway. 5. Industrial Peace-Oscar S. Straus. II. Papers of the Department of Health: 1. Preventive Medicine-Charles V. Chapin. 2. Possibilities of the Medical Examiner SystemSamuel W. Abbott. 3. Training in Physiology in the Public Schools—William T. Sedgwick and Theodore Hough. 4. Deaths by Poison in Massachusetts-Robert Amory. III. Papers of the Department of Jurisprudence: 1. The Right of Privacy-Elbridge L. Adams. 2. Penal Reform-Charlton T. Lewis. 3. Public Accountability of Private Corporations-Harry A. Garfield. IV. Papers of the Department of Education and Art: 1. Ethical Factors in Community Life-Henry T. Bailey. 2. Governments should neither endow nor censor Amusements. St. Clair McKelway. 3. Music as an Ethical Factor in

Community Life-Frank Damrosch.
CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-TWO.-I. Papers of the Department of Jurisprudence: 1. New

Aspects of Employer's Welfare Work-John Graham Brooks. 2. Trusts-Hon. William
J. Gaynor. 3. Disfranchisement of the Negro, from a Lawyer's Standpoint-R. Burnham
Moffat. 4. Frances Power Cobbe-F. B. Sanborn. II. Papers of the Department of
Social Economy: 1. Results of Arbitration under the Coal Strike Commission-Hon. Car
roll D. Wright. 2. Content in Work-President C. W. Eliot. 3. Some Practical Principles
of Welfare Work-C. W. Hubbard. 4. A Seventeen-year Trial of Profit-sharing-Samuel
Cabot. III. Papers of the Department of Health: 1. Animal Experimentation,
Harold C. Ernst, M.D. 2. Some Phases of Food Adulteration-Albert E. Leach.
The Significance of the Tuberculosis Crusade and its Future-F. 0. Otis, M.D. IV.
Department of Education and Art: 1. Education of Adults-- Dr. H. M. Leipziger.
2. How Adult Education is being furthered by the work of the American Museum of
Natural History-Dr. Hermon C. Bumpus. 3. Adult Education-Melvil Dewey.
Appendix: The Tendency of Manufacturing toward Individualism rather than Collectivism

-Edward Atkinson, Sc.D.
CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-THREE.—Past and Present in Social Science: 1. Historical

Address, with Documents-F. B. Sanborn. 2. Tributes to Francis Wayland and J. M. Barnard. I. Papers of the Department of Jurisprudence: 1. Address of Municipal Ownership-R. G. Monroe. 2. Criminal Courts in General-Hon. Alfred E. Ommen. II. Papers of the Department of Health: 1. Influence of Dampness of Soil and ClimateHenry J. Barnes, M.D. 2. Individual Factors in Hygiene-R. C. Cabot, M.D., and P. K. Brown, M.D. 3. Cremation of the Dead-James R. Chadwick, M.D.

4. History and Results of Food Legislation-Charles Harrington, M.D. 5. Health of Employees in Industrial Establishments—L. M. Palmer, M.D. 6. Causes and Antecedents of DiseaseTheobald Smith, M.D. III. Papers of the Department of Social Economy:

I. The Theory of Tainted Money-John Graham Brooks. 2. Scrutiny of Gifts for ReligionRev. Daniel Evans. 3. Gifts for Education and Philanthropy-Prof. F. S. Baldwin. IV. Papers of the Department of Education: 1. The Pathology of Education and of Teachers-President G. S. Hall. 2. The Biology and Pathology of Modern Life-Prof. J. M. Tyler. 3. Physical Side of Educational Patholgy—Walter Channing, M.D. 4. Special Education for Backward Children-Arthur C. Jelly, M.D.

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CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-FOUR.-I. Papers of the Department of Social Economy: 1.

The Human Side of Immigration-John Graham Brooks. 2. The Immigration Problem Lyman Abbott, D.D., LL.D. 3. The Sifting of Immigrants-William Williams. couraging Immigration to the South-Raymond L. Griffis. 5. Railroads and the Immigrant -L.

J. Ellis. 6. Some Phases of the Work of the Canadian Department of ImmigrationDr. P. H. Bryce. 7. The Distribution of Jewish Immigrants-Cyrus L. Sulzberger. 8. Proposed Legislation on Immigration-Prescott F. Hall. II. Papers of the Department of Jurisprudence: 1. Regulation of Corporations-Frederic R. Coudert, Ph.D. 2. The Abuse of the Contigent Fee John Brooks Leavitt. III. Papers of the Department of Education and Art: 1. Educational Work in Juvenile Reformatory Institutions—Charles Dewey Hilles. Education in Prison Schools- Dr. Albert C. Hill. 3. Education in Corrective and Reformatory Institutions-Alfred E. Upham. 4. The Education of the Immigrant-Paul Abelson, Ph.D. 5. The Work of the New York Schools for the Immigrant Class—Gustave Straubenmüller. 6. Educational Preparation of Italian Emigrants-Countess Cora di Brazzà

Savorgnan. CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-FIVE.-Opening Address: The American Executive-John Huston

Finley. I. Papers in the Department of Social Economy: 1. Industrial Democracy at

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Home and Abroad-John Martin. 2. Labor Legislation, National and International-Dr. A. F. Weber. 3. International Socialism-William James Ghent. II. Papers in the Department of Jurisprudence: 1. Progressive Inheritance Taxes-Charles B. Wheeler. 2. Policies, Reaction, and the Constitution-Frank Hendrick. 3. The Drift of Events-Martin W. Littleton. III. Papers in the Department of Education and Art: 1. The Relation of Public Education to the Peace Movement-Henry P. Emerson. 2. The Relation of Teachers to the Cause of Peace-Fannie Fern Andrews. 3. The Relation of College Men and Women to the Peace Movement-Rush Rhees, LL.D. 4. Education for Peace in its

Ethical Relations-Clarence F. Carroll. 5. The Peace Teaching of History–J. N. Larned. CONTENTS OF NUMBER FORTY-SIX.-1. Opening Address: John Huston Finley, LL.D. 2. His

tory of American Social Science Association-Frank B. Sanborn, Honorary President. Labor Legislation and Economic Progress-Prof. Henry W. Farnum. 4. The Problems of Labor Legislation under our Federal Constitution-Frederick N. Judson.

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Sold by DAMRELL & UPHAM, Boston: THE BOSTON BOOK COMPANY, Boston, Mass.

OPENING ADDRESS.

PRESIDENT JOHN H. FINLEY.—I asked for the American Social Science Association the privilege and honor of representation at this great associational festival,--not that I desired its President to be heard on any of the social, economic, or political questions of the day, but because I wished the noteworthy service of this most venerable and distinguished institution to have filial remembrance; for she is now the mother, the enfeebled mother, I regret to say, grandmother, or aunt, of most, if not of all, of the associations now existent in the territory where once she dwelt alone in her omniscient interest. She sits in old age, impoverished by the very activity, the highly specialized and splendid activity, of her learned and scientific children, grandchildren, nephews, and nieces, who have so intensively cultivated each its field of the once wide-stretching territory that nothing is left to her except to live of their fruits and in her own memories. I will not believe that she has not yet years before her of usefulness,-perhaps in correlating all these knowledges here represented, the Presidents of these various descendant societies sitting as her council. But to-day I am concerned only that you shall be grateful for the glorious achievement of her child-bearing years.

I had engagement to be in Denver this week, and, when I found that I could not have release, I asked the Honorary President, Frank B. Sanborn, to present in my stead the record which I desired to have brought to your memories. He consented to prepare this record, though he could not, in his own striking figure, be present. Providence intervened yesterday in behalf of Denver to prevent my going there, and so I am here to enjoy with you this brief chronicle of the “Mother of Associations” which will be read by Mr. Russell, the Secretary.

HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN SOCIAL SCIENCE

ASSOCIATION IN A LETTER TO ITS PRESENT
SECRETARY, I. F. RUSSELL, NEW YORK.

BY F. B. SANBORN, OF CONCORD, MASS., A FOUNDER.

Dear Mr. Secretary Russell, -As the only person who has held office continuously in the American Social Science Association since its first organization, Oct. 4, 1865, I may perhaps be considered a good witness as to its aims and achievements. I was also cognizant of the movement preceding that organization, and, as secretary of the Board of State Charities of Massachusetts (the earliest of many such boards in other States), signed the call in August, 1865, which brought together at the State House in Boston the three hundred persons, chiefly from New England, who in the following October established the Social Science Association on a national basis. A small body, the Boston Social Science Association, had preceded us by a few months in the use of the European name which we adopted, and of that Boston society I believe the only survivor is now Mrs. Caroline Healey Dall, then of Boston, but now of Washington, D.C. She and Colonel T. W. Higginson, with myself, are now the only survivors, so far as I know, of the original members of the American Social Science Association, who joined in October, 1865, and indeed took an active part in the State House meeting. Both are now invalids, at a great age, and yet occasionally writing for publication in books and newspapers.

The year 1865 was a marked era in the revival and prosecution of those studies and the promotion of those practical interests which constitute the theory and the practice or application of what it has been agreed to style Social Science. The phrase is French, I believe, but was adopted in England by Lord Brougham and his associates in 1856, when they founded the British Social Science Association, which had a brilliant career for a quarter-century, but has long been extinct. We followed at first the general plan of Brougham and his colleagues in their organization, and several of them

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