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beste chere. And these people in Smythfelde came to the kynge, so nere hym that his horse had with theym the kynges baners, the whiche heed touched the crope of the kynges horse. were delyvered theym the daye before. And all And the first worde that he sayd was this: these glottons were in mynde to overrenne'and “Syr kynge, seest thou all yonder people ?” to robbe London the same daye, for theyr "Ye, truly," sayd the kynge: “wherfore sayest capitaynes
sayde howe they had done nothynge thou?” “Bycause," sayd he, “they be all at as yet; “These lyberties that the kynge hath my commaundement, and have sworne to me gyven us, is to us but a small profitte; therfore fayth and trouth to do all that I wyll have lette us be all of one accorde, and lette us over- theym.” “In a good tyme," sayd the kyng, "I renne this riche and puyssaunt citie or? they wyll well it be so.” Than Waite Tyler sayde, of Essex, of Sussex, of Cambrydge, of Bed- as he that nothynge demaunded but ryot, forde, of Arundell, of Warwyke, of Reedynge, “What belevest thou, kynge, that these people, of Oxenforde, of Guylforde, of Linne, of and as many mo as be in London at my comStafforde, of Germeney, of Lyncolne, of Yorke, maundement, that they wyll departe frome the and of Duram, do come hyther; for all these thus, without havynge thy letters?" "No," wyll come hyther, Wallyor and Lyster wyll sayde the kyng, "ye shall have theym, they be bringe them hyther; and if we be fyrst lordes ordeyned for you, and shal be delyvered every of London, and have the possession of the one eche after other; wherfore, good felowes, ryches that is therin, we shall nat repent us; withdrawe fayre and easely to your people, and for if we leave it, they that come after wyll cause them to departe out of London, for it is have it fro us.” To thys counsayle they all our entent that eche of you by villages and agreed: and therwith the kynge came the same towneshippes shall have letters patentes, as I waye unware of theym, for he had thought to have promysed you.” With those wordes have passed that waye withoute London, and Watte Tyler caste his eyen ? on a squyer that with hym a xl. horse; and whan he came was there with the kynge, bearynge the kynges before the abbaye of saynt Bartilmeus, and swerde; and Wat Tyler hated greatlye the behelde all these people, than the kynge rested same squyer, for the same squier had displeased and sayde, howe he wolde go no farther, tyll hym before for_wordes bytwene theym. he knewe what these people ayled, sayenge, if “What,” sayde Tyler, "arte thou there? they were in any trouble, howe he wold re- gyve me thy dagger!” “Nay,” sayde the pease them agayne. The lordes that were squier, “that wyll I nat do; wherfore shulde with hym taried also, as reason was whan they I
gyve it thee?” The kynge behelde the sawe the kynge tarye. And whan Watte squyer, and sayd, "Gyve it hym, lette hym Tyler sawe the kynge tary, he sayd to his have it.” And so the squyer toke : it hym people,"Syrs, yonder is the kynge, I wyll go and sure agaynst his wyll. And whan this Watte speke with hym; styrre nat fro hens without I Tyler had it, he began to play therwith, and make you a signe, and whan I make you that tourned it in his hande, and sayde agayne sygne, come on, and slee all theym, excepte to the squyer, “Gyve me also that swerde.” the kynge. But do the kynge no hurte; he is "Naye,” sayde the squyer, “it is the kynges yonge, we shall do with hym as we lyst, and swerde; thou arte nat worthy to have it, for shall leade hym with us all about Englande, thou arte but a knave; and if there were no and so shall we be lordes of all the royalme moo here but thou and I, thou durste nat speke without doubt." And there was a dowblette those wordes for as moche golde in quantite maker of London, called John Tycle, and he as all yonder abbaye.” “By my faythe,” sayd hadde brought to these glotons a lx. doublettes, Wat Tyler, “I shall never eate meate tyll I have the whiche they ware; • than he demaunded of thy heed.” And with those wordes the mayre these capitaynes who shulde paye hym for his of London came to the kynge with a xii. horses, doublettes; he demaunded xxx. marke. Watte well armed under theyr cootes," and so he brake Tyler answered hym and sayd, “Frende, ap- the prease, and sawe and harde o howe Watte pease yourselfe, thou shalte be well payed or Tyler demeaned ’ hymselfe, and sayde to hym, this day be ended; kepe the nere me, I shall “Ha! thou knave, howe arte thou so hardy in be thy credytour.”? And therwith he spurred the kynges presence to speke suche wordes? his horse and departed fro his company, and It is to moche for the so to do." Than the
press Tin God's name
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delivered • coats throng heard ' conducted
kynge began to chafe, and sayd to the mayre, ranne through London, howe these unhappy “Sette handes on hym.” And while the kynge people were lykely to sle' the kynge and the sayde so, Tyler sayd to the mayre, “A Goddes- maire in Smythfelde; through the whiche name,' what have I sayde to displease the ?” noyse, all maner of good men of the kynges "Yes, truely," quod the mayre," thou false partye issued out of theyr houses and lodgynges, stynkynge knave, shalt thou speke thus in the well armed, and so came all to Smythfelde, and presence of the kynge my naturall lorde ? I to the felde where the kynge was; and they commytte? never to lyve without thou shalte were anone ? to the nombre of vii. or viii. derely abye it.” And with those wordes the thousande men well armed. And fyrste thyther mayre drewe oute his swerde and strake Tyler came sir Robert Canoll, and sir Perducas so great a stroke on the heed, that he fell downe Dalbret, well accompanyed, and dyvers of the at the feete of his horse; and as soone as he aldermen of London, and with theym a vi. was fallen, they environed hym all aboute, hundred men in harneys; and a pusant man wherby he was nat sene of his company. Than of the citie, who was the kynges draper, called a squyer of the kynges alyghted, called John Nicholas Membre, and he brought with hym Standysshe, and he drewe out his sworde' and a great company. And ever as they came, they put it into Watte Tylers belye, and so he dyed. raynged them afoote in ordre of bataylle; and Than the ungracious people there assembled, on the other parte these unhappy people were perceyvynge theyr capytayne slayne, beganne redy raynged, makynge semblaunce to gyve to mourmure amonge themselfe and sayde, batayle; and they had with theym dyvers of “A! our capitayne is slayne; lette us go and the kynges baners. There the kynge made iii. slee them all!" And therwith they araynged knyghtes; the one the mayre of London sir themselfe on the place in maner of batayle, Nycholas Walworthe, syr Johan Standysshe, and theyr bowes before theym. Thus the and syr Nycholas Braule. Than the bordes kynge beganne a great outrage;s howebeit, sayde amonge theymselfe, “What shall we do? all turned to the beste, for as soone as Tyler We se here our ennemyes, who wolde gladly was on the erthe, the kynge departed from all slee us, if they myght have the better hande of his company, and all alone he rode to these Sir Robert Canoll counsayled to go and people, and sayde to his owne men, “Syrs, fight with them, and slee them all; yet the none of you folowe me, let me alone." And kyng wolde nat consent therto, but sayd, “Nay, so whan he came before these ungracious people, I wyll nat so; I wyll sende to theym, comwho put themselfe in ordinaunce * to revenge maundynge them to sende me agayne my theyr capitayne, than the kynge sayde to theym, baners, and therby we shall se what they wyúl “Syrs, what ayleth you, ye shall have no do: howbeit, outher 3 by fayrnesse* or othercapitayne but me: I am your kynge, be all in wise, I wyll have them." "That is well sayd, rest and peace.” And so the moost parte of sir,” quod therle of Salysbury. Than these the people that harde the kynge speke, and newe knightes were sent to them, and these sawe hym amonge them, were shamefast, knightes made token to them nat to shote at and beganne to
waxe peasable, and to them; and whan they came so nere them that departe; but some, suche as
their speche might be herde, they sayd, “Sirs, cious and evyll, wolde nat departe, but the kyng commaundeth you to sende to him made semblant as though they wolde do agayne his baners, and we thynke he wyll have somwhat. Than the kynge returned to his mercy of you.” And incontinent they delyvowne company and demaunded of theym ered agayne the baners, and sent them to the what was best to be done. Than he was kyng: also they were commaunded, on payne counsailed to drawe into the feld, for to flye of their heedes, that all suche as had letters awaye was no boote.? Than sayd the mayre,
of the king to bring them forthe, and to sende "It is good that we do so, for I thynke surely them agayne to the kynge. And so many of we shall have shortely some comforte of them them delyvered their letters, but nat all. Than of London, and of suche good men as be of the kyng made them to be all to-torne 5 in their our parte, who are pourveyed,' and have theyr presence: and as soone as the kynges baners frendes and men redy armed in theyr houses." were delyvered agayne, these unhappy people And in this meane tyme voyce and bruyte e kept none array, but the moost parte of them
* pledge & disturbance “array 'beard 6 ashamed ? remedy 8 provided
slay 2 immediately 5 torn to pieces
* pleasant means
dyde caste downe their bowes, and so brake owne lodgynges. Than there was a crye made their array, and retourned into London. Sir in every strete in the kynges name, that all Robert Canoll was sore dyspleased in that he maner of men, nat beyng of the cytie of Lonmyght nat go to slee them all; but the kyng don, and have nat dwelt there the space of one wolde nat consent therto, but sayd he wolde yere, to departe; and if any suche be founde be revenged of them well ynough, and so he there the Sonday by the sonne risyng, that was after.
they shuld be taken as traytours to the kyng, Thus these folysshe people departed, some and to lose their heedes. This crye thus made, one way and some another; and the kyng and there was none that durste breke it; and so his lordes and all his company ryght ordynately all maner of people departed, and sparcled? entred into London with great joye. And the abrode every man to their owne places. Johan firste journey that the kynge made, he wente Balle and Jaques Strawe were founde in an olde to the lady princesse his mother, who was in a house hydden, thinkyng to have stollen away, castell in the Royall, called the quenes ward- but they coulde nat, for they were accused by robe; and there she hadde taryed two dayes their owne men.
Of the takyng of them the and two nightes right sore abasshed, as she kyng and his lordes were gladde, and thanne had good reasone.
And whan she sawe the strake of their heedes, and Watte Tylers also, kyng her sonne she was greatly rejoysed, and and they were set on London bridge; and the sayde, “A! fayre sonne, what payne and great valyaunt mennes heedes taken downe that they sorowe that I have suffred for you this day!” had sette on the Thursday before. These Than the kynge answered and sayd, “Certaynly, tidynges anone spredde abrode, so that the madame, I knowe it well; but nowe rejoyse your- people of the strange countreis, whiche were selfe and thanke God, for nowe it is tyme. I have comyng towardes London, retourned backe this day recovered myne herytage and the agayne to their owne houses, and durst come realme of Englande, the whiche I hadde nere no farther. lost.” Thus the kyng taryed that day with his mother, and every lorde went peaseably to their
I scattered 2 distant districts
THE TRANSITION TO MODERN TIMES
SIR THOMAS MORE (1478–1535)
A DIALOGUE OF SYR THOMAS MORE,
THE THIRDE BOKE. THE 16, CHAPITER
The messenger rehearseth some causes which he hath herd laid i by some of the clergie: wherfore the Scripture should 'not be suffred in Englishe. And the author sheweth his mind, that it wer convenient to have the Byble in Englishe.
"Syr," quod your frende, “yet for al this, can I see no cause why the cleargie shoulde kepe the Byble out of ley mennes handes, that can no more but theyr mother tong.' “I had went,” : quod I, “that I had proved you playnely that they kepe it not from them. For I have shewed you that they kepe none from them, but such translacion as be either not yet approved for good, or such as be alredi reproved for naught, as Wikliffes was and Tindals. For as for other olde ones that wer before Wickliffes daies, remain lawful, and be in some folkes handes had and read.” “Ye saye well,” quod he. “But yet as weomen saye, somewhat it was alway that the cat winked whan her eye was oute' Surelye so is it not for nought that the English Byble is in so few mens handes, whan so many woulde so fayne have it." "That is very trouth," quod I; "for I thinke that though the favourers of a secte of heretikes be so fervent in the setting furth of their secte, that they lets not to lay their money together and make a purse among them, for the printyng of an evill made, or evil translated booke: which though it happe to be forboden and burned, yet some be sold ere they be spyed, and eche of them lese? but theyr part: yet I thinke ther will no printer lightly • be so hote to put anye Byble in prynte at hys own charge, whereof the losse shoulde lye hole in his owne necke, and than 10 hang
upon a doutful tryal, whether the first copy of hys translacion, was made before Wickliffes dayes or since. For if it were made synce, it must be approved before the prynting.
“And surelye howe it hathe happed that in all this whyle God hath eyther not suffered, or not provided that any good verteous man hath hadde the mynde in faithful wise to translate it, and therupon ether the clergie or, at the least wise, some one bishop to approve it, thys can I nothing tell. But howesoever it be, I have hearde and heare so muche spoken in the matter, and so muche doute made therin, that peradventure it would let and withdrawe any one bishop from the admitting therof, without the assent of the remenant. And whereas many thinges be laid against it: yet is ther in my mind not one thynge that more putteth good men of the clergie in doubte to suffer it, than thys: that they see sometime much of the worse sort more fervent in the calling for it, than them whom we find farre better. Which maketh them to feare lest such men desyre it for no good, and lest if it wer hadde in every mannes hand, there would great peril arise, and that sedicious people should doe more harme therwith than good and honest folke should take fruite thereby. Whiche feare I promise you nothyng feareth me, but that whosoever woulde of theyr malice or folye take harme of that thing that is of it selfe ordeyned to doe al men good, I would never for the avoyding of their harme, take from other the prost, which they might take, and nothing deserve to lese.' For elles ? if the abuse of a good thing should cause the taking away therof from other that would use it well, Christ should hymself never have been borne, nor brought hys fayth into the world, nor God should never have made it neither, if he should, for the losse of those that would be damned wretches, have kept away the occasion of reward from them that would with helpe of his grace endevor them to deserve it."
“I am sure,” quod your frend, "ye doubte not but that I am full and hole of youre mynde
in this matter, that the Byble shoulde be in theyr language, will be busy to enserche and oure Englishe tong. But yet that the clergie dyspute the great secret mysteries of Scripture, is of the contrary, and would not have it so, whiche thoughe they heare, they be not hable i that appeareth well, in that they suffer it not to perceve. to be so. And over' that, I heare in everye ‘Thys thing is playnely forbode ? us that be place almost where I find any learned man of not appoynted nor instructed therto. And them, their mindes all set theron to kepe the therfore holi saint Gregory Naziazenus, that Scripture from us. And they seke out for that great solemne doctour, sore toucheth and reparte every rotten reason that they can find, proveth al such bolde, busy medlers in the and set them furth solemnely to the shew, Scripture, and sheweth that it is in Exodie by though fyve of those reasons bee not woorth a Moyses ascending up upon the hill where he figge. For they begynne as farre as our first spake with God, and the people tarying befather Adam, and shew us that his wyfe and he neath, signified that the people bee forboden? fell out of paradise with desyre of knowledge to presume to medle with the hygh mysteries and cunning. Nowe if thys woulde serve, it of Holy Scripture, but ought to be contente to must from the knowledge and studie of Scrip- tary beneath, and medle none higher than is ture dryve every man, priest and other, lest it meete for them, but, receivyng fro the height drive all out of paradise. Than saye they that of the hill by Moyses that that is delivered them, God taught his disciples many thynges apart, that is to witte, the lawes and preceptes that because the people should not heare it. And they must kepe, and the poyntes they must therefore they woulde the people should not beleve, loke well therupon, and often, and now be suffered to reade all. Yet they say medle wel therwith: not to dispute it, but to further that it is hard to translate the Scripture fulfille it. And as for the high secrete mysout of one tong into an other, and specially they teries of God, and hard textes of hys Holye say into ours, which they call a tong vulgare Scripture: let us knowe that we be so unable and barbarous. But of all thing specially they to ascende up so high on that hill, that it shall say that Scripture is the foode of the soule. become us to saye to the preachers appoynted And that the comen people be as infantes that therto as the people sayd unto Moises: Heare must be fedde but with milke and
you God, and let us heare you.' And surely if we have anye stronger meate, it must be the blessed holy doctour saynt Hierome chammed? afore by the nurse, and so putte greatelye complayneth and rebuketh that into the babes mouthe. But me think though lewde homely maner, that the common ley they make us al infantes, they shall fynde many peple, men and weomen, wer in his daies so a shrewde brayn among us, that can perceive bold in the medling, disputing, and expowning chalke fro chese well ynough, and if they woulde of Holi Scripture. And sheweth playnlye that once take' us our meate in our own hand, we they shall have evill prefes therein, that will be not so evil-tothed' but that within a while reken themself to understand it by them selfe they shall see us cham it our self as well as they. without a reader. For it is a thing that reFor let them call us yong babes and they wil, quireth good help, and long time, and an whole yet, by God, they shal for al that well fynde in mynde geven greatelye thereto. And surelye, some of us that an olde knave is no chylde.” syth, as the holye Apostle Saynt Poule in
"Surely," quod I, "suche thinges as ye divers of hys epistles sayth, God hath by his speake, is the thyng that, as I somewhat sayd Holy Spirite so institute and ordeyned his before, putteth good folke in feare to suffer churche, that he will have some readers, and the Scripture in our Englishe tong. Not for some hearers, some teachers, and some learnthe reading and receiving: but for the busy ers, we do plainly pervert and tourne up so chamming therof, and for much medling with down the right order of Christes church, whan such partes thereof, as least will agree with the one part medleth with the others office. their capacities. For undoutedlye as ye spake "Plato the great phylosopher specially forof our mother Eve: inordinate appetite of biddeth suche as be not admitted therunto, nor knowledge is a meane to drive any man out of men mete therefore, to medłe much and emparadise. And inordinate is the appetite, busie themself in reasoning and dysputyng whan men unlerned, though they reade it in upon the temporall lawes of the citie, which
would not be reasoned upon but by folke mete 1 besides 2 masticated 8 deliver 4 ill-toothed 6 chewing
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