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INSTRUCTIONS FOR

COMSTOCK'S PERFECT ALPHABET,

AND THE

PRONOUNCING INDEX.

It is probably known to our readers, that attempts have been made during the last fifteen years, both in the United States and Great Britain, to make A PERFECT ALPHABET OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. That object has been happily accomplished by Dr. Andrew Comstock, of Philadelphia. This Alphabet, which we give over the leaf (page 297), most undoubtedly comes nearer perfection, than any Alphabet ever printed in any language. It contains thirty-eight simple letters, and six compound ones, and by these letters every sound in the English Language is represented. The same characters invariably stand for the same sounds. Were these letters in universal use, spelling would be reduced to perfect simplicity, since every word would be spelled just as it is pronounced. In other words, we could write correctly every word that we hear spoken, and pronounce every word that we see written, and that without the possibility of making a mistake. We have introduced a piece of composition in the new characters, on the page following the Alphabet. That piece is probably familiar to most readers, and if not, it can be read with considerable fluency after a quarter of an hour's examination of the Al. phabet, in order to learn the sounds of the different letters. The primary object of introducing the Alphabet in this work, is for the purpose of giving the correct pronunciation to a large number of difficult proper Names. We know of no way of giving the exact pronunciation of words, except through the medium of this Alphabet; unless we make a series of characters of our own, or adopt some one of the numerous systems of marking letters by figures. The latter

reasons.

style used by most lexicographers, has no uniformity, and is every way exceedingly inconvenient.

Many of the proper names in this work are very difficult to pronounce, and cause the student much inconvenience and embarrassment. As will be seen, the most difficult names and technical words have been arranged in alphabetical order in the Pronouncing Index, and their true pronunciation given in the new Alphabet. For the pronunciations, the best authorities have been followed.

The different characters in the new Alphabet were not adopted by the author without due deliberation, and good

For these reasons, the reader is referred to Dr. Comstock's different publications, consisting, among others, of the “ Phonetic Reader," the “ Phonetic Speaker,” the “Phonetic New Testament,” and “Comstock's Phonetic Magazine,” issued monthly. To these works, the reader is earnestly and specially commended. The letters in the new Alphabet are called by different names, in most cases, from what they are in the old. Each vowel has the same name as the sound it represents. The names of the consonants are given below. They are all pronounced on the common basis of the letter e long, except the last three, which are compound letters. The reader cannot but notice the uniform pronunciation which these letters have with our articulations in Mne. motechny. If this Alphabet were in use, Mnemotechny could be learned with one half the labor that we now devote to it.

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A PERFECT ALPHABET OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

BY ANDREW COMSTOCK, M.D. Principal of the Vocal and Polyglott Gymnasium, Author of a System of Elocution, The Phonetic Reader, The Phonetic Speaker, &c., and Editor

The Phonetic Testament, and The Phonetic Magazine. NOTE.-In the following Table there is a character for each of the 38 elementary sounds of the English Language. For the sake of brevity, there are also 6 com. pound letters, each to be used, in particular instances, to represent two elementary Bounds. The sound of each letter of the Alphabet is shown by the italic character in the word opposite to the said letter :-e represents the sound of a as in ale, &c.

THE 38 SIMPLE LETTERS.

15 Vowels.

14 Subvowels.

9. Aspirates.

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Bb bow Pp pit
Dd day

T t tin
J j

azure Cc shade G g gay

K k kite
Z Z zone S s sin

vile F f fame Δ και then

thin
LI light

light H h hut
Rr
roll Qq

what met

E E

V V

I i I 1 12 8

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Χ Χ

NIT BXFOR AE BATL OV WOTURLX.

BIRUN.

AOR woz a sqnd ov rev.elrı bi nit',
And Belgium'z kap'ıtal had gad'urd den
Hur bw'ti and hur čivalrı; and brit
Aɛ lamps cwn w'ur for wim'ın and brev men ;
A Sqz'and harts bxt hapılı; and, qen
Mw'zık arwz', wid its volup'owus swel,
Soft iz lukt luv' t' iz qıć spek agen';

And ol went mer'i az a marid-bel;
But huc ! hark'! a dxp sönd striks lik a ri'zıŋ nel !

Did yx not hxr it?-Nw'; t'woz but de wind',
Or de kar' rat'lıŋ w'ur dɛ sta'ni strxtı ;
On wid de dans ! let da bx unkonfind';
Na slxp til morn', qen Yws and Plej'ur mxt
Ty ces de glw'ıŋ prz, wið ili'ın fut
But hark ! dat hevı sond breks in wuns mor,
Az if de klodz its ek'w wud rxpxt';

And nxrur, klxr'ur, dɛd'lıur dan bxfor!
Arm! arm'! It iz-It 12-dɛ kan un'z wpınıŋ ror!

A! den and dor woz huru, to and frw,
And gad'urın txrz, and trɛm'blıŋz ov distres',
And Exks ol pel', qıc but an qr agw,
Bluct at dɛ prez ov der on luvilines.
And dor wer sud'ın partıŋz, sut az pres
Aɛ lif from ot yun harts'; and twk'ın siz,
Quc ne'ur mit bx rxpx.tɛd; hy kud ges

If s'vur mor cud mxt dwz mw'wal iz,
Sins upon' nit sw swxt suc o‘ful morn kud riz, ?

PRONOUNCING INDEX

OF

PROPER NAMES, TECHNICAL TERMS, &c.

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Pronunciation.

Definition. : Nation. Page.
Aboukir,

Abxkxr',
Battle,

Egy. 112
Actium, . Akcium, Battle, Rom. 107
Ægos Potamos, . X'gos Pot'amos, Battle, . Gr. 107
Æschylus, Es'kalus, . Poet,

Gr. 158
Agincourt, Ag'inkort,. Battle, . Fr. 110
Aglaia,

Aglarya, Mythological, . Gr. 226
Aix la Chapelle, . Es la Capel', · Treaty, Pru. 155
Albuera,
Albse'ra, Battle,

Sp. 113
Almeida, Almi'da,

Battle,

Sp. 112
Antisana, Antisa'na, Village, S. A. 197
Archimedes, Arkımx dxz, Mathematician, Gr. 158
Arcola,
Arkola, Battle,

It. 112
Aristides, . Arısti'dxz, Statesman,

Gr. 158
Aristobulus, Aristwbw'lus, King, ..Jew. 23
Aristophanes, Aristof'anxz, Poet,

Gr. 158
Arkansas, Ark'anso,

State,

Am. 152
Asia,

Еjха, , Continent, Asi. 212
Asiatic,

Ejxat'ık, . Islands, Asi. 194
Astrea,.

Astrx'a, Mythological, Gr. 227
Athelstan, Ad elstan, King,

Eng. 144
Auerstadt, Orstad, Battle,

Prus. 112
Augeas,

O'Qxas, Mythological, . Gr. 228
Austerlitz, Os'turlatz, . Battle, . Aust. 112
Bautzen,
Botzen, Battle,

Ger. 113
Beresina, Berɛzx'na, River,

Rus. 57
Bertrand, Bertray', . Marshal Fyr. 112
Bias,

Bi'as,
Sage,

Gr. 240
Boadicea, Bwadisy'a, Queen,

Br. 41
Boccacio, .

Bwkat'tw, :
Author,

It. 159
Boileau, . Bwalw'; : Poet, .

Fr. 161

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