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THE UNITED STATES,
IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED:
Friday, Sept. 28th, 1787. Present—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New.
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia; and from Maryland, Mr. Ross.
Congress having received the report of the convention lately assembled in Philadelphia :
Resolved, unanimously, That the said report, with the resolu. tions and letter accompanying the same, be transmitted to the several legislatures, in order to submit to a convention of dele. gates, chosen in each state by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the convention, made and provided in that case.
Charles THOMPSON, Secretary.
ARTICLE I. CONGRESS shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or of the right of the peo. ple peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
ARTICLE II. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
ARTICLE III. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
ARTICLE IV. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob. able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
ARTICLE V. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shell be compelled, in any criminal case, to be witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compen. sation.
ARTICLE VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be con. fronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.
ARTICLE VII. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no fact, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
ARTICLE VIII. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines impo. sed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
ARTICLE IX. The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, shall
not be construed to deny or dispara ge others retained by the
ARTICLE X. The powers not delegated to the United States by the consti. tution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
ARTICLE XI. The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
ARTICLE XII. 1 The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as president, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as vice president; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as president, and of all persons voted for as vice-president, or the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the president of the senate; the president of the sen. ate shall, in the presence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having the greatest number of votes for president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from three on the list of those voted for as president, the house of representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the presi. dent. But in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote: a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the house of representatives shall not choose a president whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next follow. ing, then the vice-president shall act as president, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the president.
2. The person havirg the greatest number ef votes as vice. president, shall be the vice-president, if such number be a major. ity of the whole number of electers appointed ; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest nunībers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice-president: a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.
3. But no person constitutionally inelligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of vice-president of the United States.
ARTICLE XIII. If any citizen of the United States, shall accept, claim, re. ceive or retain, any title of nobility or honor, or shall without the concent of congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument, whatever, from any Emperor, King, Prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.
DThe ten first amendments were proposed, by the two houses of congress, to the several states, at the first session of the first congress.
The eleventh amendment was proposed by the two houses of congress, to the several states, at the first session of the third congress.
The twelfth amendment was proposed, by the two houses of congress to the several states, at the first session of the eighth congress.
The thirteenth amendment was proposed by the two houses of congress, to the several states, at the second session of the eleventh congress.
ERRATA. PAGE. LINE.
11 2 from bottom, led for lead. 19 10 from top, sought for taught. 27 27 from bottom, read led for lead. 75 10 from top, read joined for gained. 76 10 from top read others for other. 109 first line, read caucus for cause. 113 4 froin top, read his for as his. 119
4 from bottom, for survive read survived. 150 12 from bottom, for tea read tax. 151 7 from top, for would read could.
93 9 from top, for profession read possession. 146
10 from top, latet anguis in herba ; a snake lies hid in the grass. 146 11 from top, Haeret lateri lethais arundo ; the deadly arrow sticks In
the side. 146 12 from top, Innocentia nusquam tuta; innocence is never safe