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" That,

1708. “ majesty, his master, as the protector of his injured honour,

" and of his abused minister."

At the same time count Gallas, the emperor's envoy, the baron Spanheim, ambassador from the king of Prussia, and several other foreign ministers, thinking themselves conconcerned in the affront put upon their character, demanded a due reparation for the fame: all which having been laid before the queen, who still continued at Windsor, the expressed a very great resentment for the indignity offered to the Muscovite ambassador, and commanded an extraordinary council to be fummoned on the 25th of July on that occasion. Mr. Morton, and some other creditors, with the attorney, bailiffs, and other persons concerned in the arrest of the ambassador, having been examined, were committed to the custody of several messengers, and ordered to be prosecuted with the utmost severity, according to law. The next day, before Mr. Boyle was returned from Windsor, the Muscovite ambassador wrote to him another letter, importing,

as he had not received any testimony of concern, or re“ gret, either from the queen, or any of her minifters, since “ he had sent him his complaints in writing, he found him“ self obliged to press for his departure; and therefore in“ treated Mr. secretary to get a passport for him as soon as « poffible.” Mr. Boyle acquainted the ambassador, “ That « leven of the principal accomplices, in the desperate at“tempt upon his person, were committed to prison, and " under prosecution, by order of the privy-council, who were “ to meet again about that affair as soon as possible.” But the ambassador, being impatient to leave the kingdom, wrote a third letter on the 27th of July to Mr. secretary, for a paffport for himself and family. Mr. Boyle wrote, two days after, a letter to the ambassador, acquainting him, “ That " he had that morning sent him the passport he desired : that « orders had been issued out to the officers of the custom" house to wait on him, to cause his equipages to be trans“ported without any molestation; and he hoped, they had “ already done that to his fatisfaction: that an extraordina

ry meeting of the queen's privy-council was to be held that “day, to inquire further into the circumstances of that “6 dismal affair: that they had made a strict search after those, “ who were any ways concerned therein ; and had caused “ ten others to be apprehended : that express orders had « been given again to the attorney-general, to prosecute the “ seventeen persons now confined, with the utmost rigour;

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« and to omit nothing, that might contribute towards the 1908.
“ making him the most signal reparation, that could be, ac-
“cording to our law.”. Notwithstanding these assurances,
the ambassador refused the ordinary presents made to ministers
of his character, which were offered him by the queen, and
retired in disguft into Holland, from whence he transmitted
a memorial, with a letter from the czar of Muscovy to the
queen, dated the 17th of September, wherein that prince de-
manded no less, than “ that a capital punishment, according
“ to the rigour of the law, be inflicted on all the accompli-
“ ces of the indignity put upon the person of his ambaila-
“ dor; or, at least, such a one, as was adequate to the
“ nature of the affront, which every particular person put
upon

the ambassador.” Such a punishment being altoge-
ther inconsistent with the laws of England, this un-
lucky affair gave no small uneasiness to the queen and
ministers (c).

On the 28th of October, about ten in the forenoon, The death of died prince George of Denmark, in the 56th year of his age, prince after he had been twenty-five years and some months marri- George of ed to the queen. He had, for many years, been troubled with an asthma, and sometimes spitting of blood, which often indangered his life ; and, about three months before, a dropsical humour, with which he had been formerly afflicted, seized his legs and most parts of his body. This was attended with a sleepiness, cough, and an increase of the asthma ; and, on Saturday the 23d of October, the violence of the

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(c) Mr. Addison gave the following account of this affair, in a letter to the earl of Manchester, dated at the Cock-pit, July 23, 1708, O. S. and published in Cole's Memoirs of Affairs of State, p. 546.

« We had an • unlucky business about two • days ago, that befel the Mus.

covite ambassador, who was • arrested going out of his house, • and rudely treated by the • bailiffs. He was then

upon

his o departure for his own country, • and the sum under an hundred

pounds that stopped him; and, • what makes the business worse • he has been punctual in his

• payments, and had given or.
• der, that this very sum should
• be paid the day after. How-
ever, as he is

very
« vinced, that the government

intirely disapproves such a pro-
ceeding, there are no ill conse-

quences apprehended from it.
• Your lordship knows, that the
• privileges of ambassadors are

under very little regulation in
England; and I believe, that

a bill will be promoted in the
• next parliament for setting them

upon a certain foot; at leait it • is what we talk of in both

offices on this occasion.'

cough

1708. cough produced a spitting of. blood, and an increase of the

fleepiness, with an addition of convulfive motions of the tendons; which symptoms not yielding to the remedies administred by his own and several other physicians, he fell into a suffocation, and which neither bleeding, nor a vomit, could relieve him, so that he soon after expired. The queen, who, during the whole course of her marriage, had been a most tender and affectionate wife to him, in his last illness, which lasted some years, would never leave his bed, but sat up, sometimes half the night in the bed by him, with such care and concern, that she was looked on very deservedly as a pattern in this respect. The prince was duke of Cumberland, lord high-admiral of Great-Britain and Ireland, generalissimo of all her majesty's forces both by sea and land, and warden of the Cinque-ports. He had shewed himself brave in the wars both in Denmark and in Ireland. His temper was mild and gentle. He had made a good progress in mathematics. He had travelled through France, Italy, and Germany, and knew much more than he could well express ; for he spoke acquired languages ill and ungracefully. He was free from all vice. He meddled little in business, even after the queen's accession to the crown.

He was so gained by the tories, by the act which they carried in his favour, that he was much in their interest. He was unhappily prevailed with to take on him the post of lord high-admiral, of which he understood little, but was fatally led by those, that had credit with him, who had not all of them his good qualities, but had both an ill temper and bad principles. His being bread to the sea gained him some credit in those matters. In the conduct of our affairs, as great errors were committed, so great misfortunes had followed on them. As foon as the prince had refigned his last breath, the queen came from Kensington to her palace at St. James's, where The resided the whole winter. On the 11th of November, the body of his royal highness was carried from Kensington, to the Painted Chamber, within the palace of Weftminster, where having lain in state till the 13th, it was that night interred in the Abbey-church, with all the pomp con

sistent with a private funeral. Promotions. The death of prince George occafioned some alteration's Burnet. Hift. of Eur.

at court; for the earl of Pembroke was, on the 25th of November, advanced to the post of lord high-adıniral, which he entered on with great uneasiness, and a just apprehension of the difficulty of maintaining it well in a time of war. He was at that time both lord-president of the council, and

lord

Jord-lieutenant of Ireland. The earl of Wharton had the 1908. government of Ireland (who made Mr. Addison his secretary) and the lord Sommers was made lord-president of the council. The great capacity and inflexible integrity of the lord Sommers would have made his promotion to this poft very acceptable to the whigs at any juncture, but it was most particularly so at this time; for it was expected, that propositions for a general peace would be quickly made; and so they reckoned, that the management of that, upon which not only the safety of the nation, but of all Europe depending, was in sure hands, when he was set at the head of the counsels, üpon whom neither ill practices nor false colours were like to make any impression. Thus the minds of all those, who were truly zealous for the present conftitution, were much quieted by this promotion, though their jealousies had a deep root, and were not easily removed.

It may here be observed, that, notwithstanding the duke The duke of of Marlborough's successes this year, and the queen's kind

rough's inter letter to him on occasion of his victory at Oudenard reft with the (e) his interest with her began greatly to decline, through queen began

the

Marlbo

(e) The letter is printed in the me so much in the wrong in some account of the dachess of Marl- things, as I fear you do now. borough's conduct, and was as I am afraid my letter should come follows:

too late to London, and therefore Windsor, July 6, 1908: God Almighty to continue his

dare say no more, but that I pray
I want words to express the protection over you, and fend
joy I have, that you are well, you safe home again, and be af- '
after your glorious fuccess; for sured I shall ever be sincerely
which, next to God Almighty,
my thanks are due to

Your humble fervant.
And

you.
indeed I can never say enough

To this the duke answered: for all the great and faithful services you have ever done me. But be fo.just as to believe, I am

July 23, 1708.

MADAM, as truly sensible of them as a grateful heart can be, and shall be

I have the honour of your ready to fhew it upon all occa- majesty's letter of the 6th, and fions. I hope you cannot doubt am very thankful for all your of my esteem and friendship for goodness to me.

And I am sure, you, nor think, thạt, because I it will be always my intention, differ with you in some things, as well as my duty, to be ready it is for want of either. No, I

to venture my life for your do assure you, if you were here, service, I am sure you would not think VOL. XVII,

G

As

1708. the intrigues of Mrs. Malham and Mr. Harley all the summer (f ).

At

As I had formerly told your (f) The duchess of Marlmajesty, that I am desirous to borough, in the account of her ferve

you in the army, but not as conduct, p. 206, observes, that a minister, I am every day more the duke was perfectly sensible and more confirmed in that opi of the change in her majesty tonion. And I think myself o wards him; and, having combliged upon all accounts on this plained of it in a letter to the occasion to speak my mind freely duchess, she sent that letter to the to you. The circumstances in queen, inclosed in the following this last battle, I think, shew the one from herself: hand of God; for we were 0 • I cannot help sending your bliged, not only to march five majelty this letter, to thew how leagues that meraing, but to pass • exactly lord Marlborough aa river before the enemy, and to gree with me in my opinion, engage them before the whole " that he as now no interest with army was passed, which was a you : though when I said fo visible mark of the favour of

in the church on Thursday heaven to you and your arms. (August 19, 1708,) you were

Your majefty shall be convinc • pleased to say it was untrue. ed from this time, that I have . And yet I think he will be no ambition, or any thing to ask ' surprized to hear, that when I for myself or family, But I will

" had taken so much pain to put end the few years, which I have your jewels in a way, that I to live, in endeavouring to serve • thought you would like, Mrs. you, and to give God Almighty • Malham could make you refuse thanks for his infinite goodness to wear them in so unkind a to me. But, as I have taken this manner;

because that was a resolution to myself, give me power she had not thought fit leave to say, that I think

to exercise before. I will make obliged in conscience, and as a ' no reflections upon it; only good christian, to forgive, and " that I must needs observe, that to have no more resentments to your majesty chose a very any particular person or party, wrong day to mortify me, but to make use of such as will • when you were just going to carry on this just war with return thanks for a victory obvigour; which is the only way

tained by lord Marlborough.' to preserve our religion and li. In anfwer to this the queen berties, and the crown on your head. Which that you may long

wrote the duchess these few

words :
enjoy, and be a blefling to your
people, shall be the conftant wish

Sunday. and prayer of him, that is with Afier the commands you the greatest truth and duty, gave me on the thanksgiving

day of not answering you, I Madan, &c. « fhould not have troubled you

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