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Besides the conquest of Minorca by the allies, and the 1708. taking of Tortosa by the duke of Orleans, nothing confiderable was undertaken during the campaign, though the armies were incamped some months within few miles of one another. But the enemies would not venture to attack us, notwithstanding their superiority; and marshal Staremberg, who was reckoned the best general of the age for the defenfive, was contented to preserve what we had left in Catalonia. Our army went into winter quarters the last of October; and, about the middle of November, the generals Staremberg and Stanhope formed the design of surprising Tortosa, which was executed with the greatest fecrecy, but not with the expected success. A detachment chiefly of grenadiers went, the 22d at night, to scalade the town; but by the ignorance or treachery of the guides, the first ladders were set up over-against the main guard, and close to it: fo that the whole garrison was immediately alarmed, and marched to Barcelona gate, where the grenadiers were endeavouring to get the bastion that covered it, who were so warmly attacked, that they were forced to retire, leaving many men killed, and most of the rest wounded. an end to the delign, and to all the operations of the campaign (a).


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P. S. Besides the orders chat Catalans, far to out-do, that of are gone to Sir George Byng, the Lady of Loretto. The treacaptain Moyser carries with him sure of this chapel is immense in orders from the prince to Sir jewels and plate, and the income Edward Whitaker, in relation to of the friars, who are forty Bethe squadron's wintering at Port- nedi&tines, besides lay-brothers, Mahon. You will receive with is very considerable ; and all owthis packet a letter of the queen’s ing to the pretended miracles to the king of Spain, in favour of the blessed Virgin, whose of the Conde de Salazar, at the statue in wood, of a very curious desire and recommendation of workmanship, and believed to several Spanish and Canary mer be sent by St. Peter from Rome chants,

to Barcelona, and carved by St. (a) In our return from the Luke, is set


behind the great camp to Barcelona (says the au altar. The mountain, on which thor of the manuscript account the convent stands at the half of the campaigns in Spain) I way, is exceeding high and beauwent with major-general Car- tiful; the very top nature has penter to view the convent of adorned with twelve high rocks Mountserrat, fixteen iniles from at equal distances, in the shape it, which, for miracles and riches, of sugar-loaves, which bear the is said to be equal, and, by the names of the twelve apostles : in



Besides the having a safe port to retire to, the conquest of Minorca brought a further advantage to the allies, by

defeating each a hermitage is built, little to dig up that spot where this frequented, because inacceslible, famous ftatue was found, and carbut all inhabited by hermits, men ried with extraordinary devotions of good families, and all re and rejoicings into the chapel of puted of great fanctity. A Ger- the hermitage. Here it was set man captain left his command, up in the room of the little one, and retired into one of them, being well-cleaned and varnishhaving made great interest to ed, and provided with fine obtain the first vacancy; there cloaths; and such crouds came was a hermitage some hundreds to this place from all the parts of of years, where this magnificent the kingdom, and from all the convent stands now. Great de- islands, as not only inriched the votions were paid to a little hermitage, but the whole neighftatue of the Virgin which was bourhood. I aked whether the worshipped here, and abundance bull was not canonized the friar of miracles wrought, but none so answered me, no. But however, wonderful as those of the last the bull was very well taken found out ftatue, which they tell care of, and had in great veneyou was discovered in this man. ration, and religiously visited as ner : some centuries ago great long as he lived, which was to numbers of people of the neigh- an uncommon old age. As to bouring towns, going in a great the miracles wrought by the lady proceflion to this hermitage on of Mountserrat, they out-do many the feast of the Assumption, in of those that are recorded in their the month of August, were very legend; but I shall relate only much frightened, as they came that, which was the occasion of to the bottom of this mountain, building this famous monastery : by a bull's coming out of a one Garinus, hermit in this thicket, jumping and leaping in place, debauched a beautiful such a manner, as drove most young lady, daughter of the of the proceffioners back, ex count of Barcelona, sovereign of cept the priests and some of the all Catalonia, who came to perboldest Catalans, who were big form her devotions at the hermiwith expectation of some mira- tage, in her father's company, cle, which was soon wrought in who used freq ntly to come to their fight; for this bull stopped this mountain to hunt roebucks of himself, after they had used and wild goats, with which it their best endeavours to drive abounded. After this horrid fact, him away, about an hundred the young lady was destroyed, yards from the place where he and her body cast into a very deep came out : here he began to tear ditch behind this hermitage, up the ground with his feet and which the hermit carefully cohorns, which confirmed the peo. vered


and then begun his ple in the hopes of a miracle; journey to Rome, in the night, and, spades and pick-axes being to sue for a pardon and abloluimmediately sent for, they began tion from the pope. When the


defeating the French king's project of uniting the princes 1708. and states of Italy in a league against the emperor, in or


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count sent for his daughter, nei. family, and others of his friends.
ther the nor the hermit were to Some of the company defiring to
be found; which caused a great see the monster, he was brought
affliction in the count's family, to the door, when a child of five
and many severe reflections a or six months old, son to one of
gainst the young lady and the the count's daughters, fixing his
hermit, who were judged to have eyes upon him, Ipoke these words
absconded together. The pe- with a loud voice, Garinus, rife
nance imposed by the pope on up, thy sins are forgiven thee :
the hermit, was, that he should upon which he run back with
return to the mountain in the his keeper to the stable, the com-
night, ftrip himself quite naked, pany being all struck with fear
walk upon all four, live upon and amazement at this great mi-
grafs, and never stand upright racle. He began to speak to his
before seven years were expired, keeper, and desired a sheet to co-
and his lodging was to be in the ver himself with, and that he
hole of some rock; and that would go to the count to obtain
during the time of his penance, leave to come into his presence,
he should not cease to put up his having a very great secret to re-
prayers to the lady of the her- veal to him. He was immedi-
mitage, that the count's daughter ately admitted, and upon his
might be restored to life. The knees confessed his crime ; but
penance was ftri&tly performed; assured the count withal, thát, by
and, in the middle of the fe- his continued prayers to the lady
venth year, the count went, for of Mountserrat, and her prevail-
the first time since this "misfor- ing intercellion, his daughter
tune, to hunt on the mountain, 'would be found living, and as
when the dogs made up to the well in all respects as ever she
habitation of Garinus, and would The miracle of the child's
have torn him to pieces, if the speaking, made the count be-
huntsmen had not made hafte to lieve, without hesitation, all that
his rescue. They were surprised Garinus tuld him; so that he
to find a kind of monster, who gave immediate directions for a
we not speak, nor lift himself very grand procession of all the
up, though he had the shape and orders of friars, and others, to
features of a man. The count

go to the holy mountain, for so
ordered him to be tied and led it is called, to see the miracle
to Barcelona, where he conti that was wrought upon his daugh-
nued chained in a corner of the When they came there, the
ftable, without eating any human young lady was found, and pre-
food, but herbs; and many peo- sented to her father, in the fame
ple had the fight of this monster. cloaths she had on when she went
At last, on the very day that the from him, and looking as fresh,
seven years expired, the count as young, and as weil, as if the
made a very great feast for his had never gone from her father's
Vol. XVI.




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1708. der to re-kindle war in that country: and a confederate mfleet was feasonably at hand to assist the Imperialists, who

made a considerable progress in the ecclesiastical state, and

After we

house. The count was 'affected beauty of the crowns, that are with fo much gratitude for this put upon the statue's head, espesurprising miracle in favour of his cially on great festivals, the abbot family, that he made a vow, be- told us, that a Fleming jeweller fore he left the place, to build was many years in making that and to endow that large monaf- of diamonds, that it is reputed tery that is now there. This worth sixteen millions of pieces whole history is beautifully paint of eight, and that of emeralds, ed in the cloisters of the convent, by reason of the bigness of the and for the satisfaction of all stones, is reckoned worth little strangers, who resort thither in less. That of diamonds is cergreat numbers yearly, it is printed' tainly, for the largeness of the upon large paper, and upon very stones, and the beautiful order thin filk, to make it more port- in which they are fixed, the most able, and sold for half a crown. excellent and richest piece of The lay-brother, who shews the work of that kind now extant ; curiofities of this place, is a and, to set it off the more, the Fleming, and speaks several lan- top of it is a compleat fhip, with guages : he was lieutenant in masts, and fails, and cordage, count Noyelles's regiment, and &c. all of diamonds, a present preferred this idle life to the fa- of Isabella queen of Arragon. tigues of an army:

And it is no wonder if this place had viewed every thing, and e be so immensely rich, confiderspecially the treasure, which, if ing the numberless vows that are all the jewels it contains be real, made by persons in all sicknesses is beyond valuation, we were and distresses, especially by wocarried to the abbot's apartment, men in labour, which are always where a nice collation was pro- very religiously performed. The vided. After we had partaken two kings Charles and Philip of it, I walked with the inter- made here their vows for the preter into a balcony, into which success of their arms, and did of. the abbot's dining-room opens; fer each his present in perfon at from hence he thewed me the the altar of the shrine; the first hole in the rock, where the fa- of a rich fword set with diamous Garinus lived during his monds, and the other of a gold penance. I asked him in French, chalice inriched with manyjewels. whether de did believe it? The They have in the outside of the abbot,

who was talking with ge conv.nt a good large house for neral Carpenter, who spoké very the entertainment of strangers, good Spanish, overheard me, and and of all the people that come in a kind of emotion told me, to pay their vows, with very Yes, Sir, we believe it as much good accommodations, which as we do the gospel; which put brings the convent a great yearly a stop to all farther inquiries. income. Speaking of the richness and


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threatened to march to Rome, upon the following occa

1508. fion :

The emperor, and his brother king Charles, had, 'for fe- Differences veral years, impatiently borne the pope's partiality, which between the was of great prejudice to their affairs, and, in confequence, the pope. to the common cause. But the pope having openly owned his engagements with the house of Bourbon, and his designs against that of Austria, and the whole confederacy, by his proceeding in relation to the "pretender's expedition to Scotland, which, if attended with fuccess, would have ruined the grand alliance, and given a fatal wound to the liberties of Europe ; the same did not only most sensibly affect those two potentates and the duke of Savoy, against whose just pretensions in ecclesiastical affairs the pope had fulminated his censures, but was resented, with due indignation, by her Britannic majesty. Hereupon, the ecclefiaftical revenues in the kingdom of Naples and dutchy of Milan, belonging to persons residing out of those countries, who had neglected to take the oaths to king Charles, were put under fequestration by the imperial officers. And, not many days after, April 16, while the pope held a congregation about that affair, car-N. S. dinal Grimani not only notified to him the disappointment of the pretender's expedition, but, as viceroy of Naples, and a grandee of Spain, signified to him, that king Charles expected he should send a nuncio to Barcelona, to acknowledge him as king of Spain, defiring his holiness to consider the fatal consequences of his delaying that recognition, and continuing to own his competitor. Befides which, at the follicitation of the court of Great-Britain, the emperor was determined, in concert with the duke of Savoy, to revive his old pretensions to Comachio, and other places in the Ferrarese, in order to check the pope, and oblige him to enter into fuch measures, with respect to the rights and late acquifitions of king Charles, as equity, and the peace and welfare of Naples and the Milanese, with the firm establishment of their present sovereign, necessarily required. The court of Rome ordered their minister at Vienna, to communicate to the emperor a letter from Signior Piazza, secretary of the memorials to the pope, wherein he endeavoured to extenuate what his holiness was charged with, on occasion of the late French expedition against Great-Britain ; though whatever arts they used to cover their remittances of money into France, they could not palliate the pope's appointing public prayers for the success of the intended invasion. On the other hand, the pope's refufal to fend, according to king


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