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conduct and expeditious march. The day before, prince 1708. Eugene, with his troops, and a detachment of eight batta- in lions and thirty squadrons from the grand army, returned to Lisle, and the fixteen battalions under count Lottum marched back to the camp. But, the fame morning, lieutenantgeneral Dompre, with forty squadrons, advanced towards Aloft, being ordered to incamp between that place and Asche, in order to relieve Brussels. The duke of Marlborough, with king Auguftus, and several other persons of diftinčtion, having been entertained at dinner by general Paschal, and given the necessary directions, returned in the evening to his camp at Aloft, where the troops rested the 30th. The day following, the confederate army removed from thence, and incamped with the right at Oudenard, and the left near Bierleghiem. At the same time, lieutenantgeneral Dedem was ordered to advance with twenty battalions, and to pass the Scheld at Oudenard, where he incamped on the other side of the river, to affist at the works that were ordered to be made for the security of that place, and to be near at hand to join lieutenant-general Hompesch, who, with thirty-eight squadrons and eight battalions, were incamped near Menin; by which difpofitions a communication was maintained with prince Eugene's forces at Lifle.

The siege of the citadel at Lille was all this while carried The fiege of on with great diligence; and, in the absence of prince Eu- the citadel gene, the besiegers had lodged themselves on the second of Life concounterscarp, and began, on the 1st of December, to raise batteries thereon; which being finished in six days, the prince sent a summons to Boufflers, offering him an honourable capitulation, if he would surrender before the batteries had begun to fire; otherwise to expect no other terms, than for him and his garrison to be made prisoners of war. The governor, whose stock of ammunition was almost exhausted, and who was informed, that the communication between

The citadel Brussels and Lifle was free and open, thought fit to prevent surrenders, the consequences of a breach being made in the body of the citadel, by beating a parley the 8th of December, N.S. hostages being exchanged, the articles were signed the day following; and, on the roth, the marshal, with the whole garrison, marched out with all the usual marks of honour, and were conducted to Doway (9).


(q) The prince of Orange the states general on this opwrote the following letter to cafion :


If the difficulties of an enterprize increase the glory of it, the taking of Lifle must be one of the most glorious actions that ever was known (r). The place itself was as strong as art could make it, on the fortifications whereof the celebrated monsieur de Vauban had exerted his utmoit skill. It was defended by a numerous garrison, under the command




High and mighty lords, may be long preserved. I am,

&c. All the lodgments before the

J.W. Friso, prince citadel having been joined, and From the camp of Orange and all things being ready to make

before Lisle, Nassau.

December 9,' the descents into the covered

1708. way, and to finish the batteries

(r) Dr. Hare, in his thanks. on the left, in order to batter in giving-sermon above-quoted, ob; breach;


enemy beat a par- serves, that Lille was looked ley yesterday morning at seven upon by the French as imprego'clock. The hostages on both nable, - it being the masterfides being exchanged, prince piece of the ableit engineer that Eugene went with those of the

kingdom has produced ; and
French to the abbey of Loos ; ' the great king had added such
but the capitulation was not

beauty to its itrength, as hew-
figned till this day at four in the ed, he thought no body would
afternoon; and I thought it my • dare to touch a place, which
duty to send it by major Thilo « he had been at so much charge
van Thilau, my adjutant-gene to make his own; and he was
ral. I most humbly congratu justified in thinking fo by an
late your high mightinefies on undisturbed possesion of more
this new conquest, which is fo • than forty years. In truth the
much the more considerable, be very slender knowledge our
cause the enemy had been obli 'beit engineers had of it is a
ged to surrender in a season of “ fufficient proof, they never

so far advanced, and 'dreamt of seeing that glorious
that we have not on our part • day, when a confederate army
fired a gun, and have lost very • should be able to come againit


God to bless < it. It was so great an enter-
more and more the arms of your • prize in the judgment of the
high mightinefies, and thofe of

enemy, that they could not your allies ; so that after a feries - believe we really meant it, of glorious and happy fuccesses, ' when it was plain we could there may result from thence a


else : they firm and lasting peace; and that thought it was a feint only to the luftre and glory, which this • draw them from the posts they ftate has attained to, by the

intrenched in, or preparticular favour of the Almigh • tended to think so, to colour ty, under the most wife govern their ftaying so long in them ment of your high mightineslės, ' to fo little purpose, or to ex


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of a marshal of France, and several other experienced gene- 1708. rals ; provided with all manner of necessaries, and encou

raged cuse their not endeavouring to make another place famous by prevent our artillei y from com a freih defeat of them. Wynen

ing up. But, when it was too • dale will be always named a• late to diffemble their concern, mong the successes of this me• then what confusion were they


year, where a small « in! what a noise was there, body of foot, under the com" that they would and must raise ( mand of a member of this ho• the fiege, cost what it will ! 'nourable house, maintained « how many councils were there

• themselves against near thrice - held! what furious motions their number, though support• did they make, or rather what ied by a good number of horse, í not! sometimes they threaten • and provided with a numerous ' ed a powerful diversion, that artillery; and, after a brave

they would besiege this place ' defence, obliged them to a • and that, and a third, and a • scandalous retreat.

Thus we fourth, and give us sufficient ' have the fullest proof even from ' reasons to repent so rain an the


that the right ' enterprize : sometimes nothing

cuse was made of our first ' would do, but they would success, and that a more fa

fight us; and once they ven 6 tal blow could not have been 'tured nearer than they would given them; but we want not • have done, when we had by " the voice of enemies or friends ' intrenching helped them to a to witness the importance of . decent pretence for not attack this enterprize, by the success ing us, and they were assured ' of which not only their fron

we should not attack them. " tier is broke into the most de. • But in their cooler thoughts 'sirable part, and a fair advance

they were content to fit down made towards penetrating into with a design to farve us; a

" the heart of France; but, poor design, had not the fiege ' what the great monarch owes been drawn out into an unex more to than his sword, his pected length; and, to coin • treasure also is extremely afpass it, there was no action so fected by it; it loses him a mean, they did not condescend

great revenue, which at this to; no faith so fucred, they he can very ill want; did not violate. Once indeed • it makes a mighty interruption they had the courage to try a

« in traffic and commerce thro' • braver part, and with a great • his own kingdom, and almost 'body of troops marched to cuts off the gi eatest advantage • intercept a convoy, without • he had by an open trade with ' which they knew the fiege our allies. In short, taking * could not be carried on; but • Lille is cutting a nerve in the " the event foon she'ved, it had ·body politic, one of the largeft • been better for them to have • and most useful nerves; from • lain itill, their attempt having ' whence his greatch armies re. * se: ved to nothing elle, but to

ceived their nourishment, fron


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1708. raged to a vigorous defence by the approach of a powerful army, which was as numerous, if not stronger, than the

forces • whence his Flanders - forcés (much work, never had com

were always paid. Could • mander so great a trial of all

we not have formed that fiege, the qualities, that go to make
• little had remained of our • a consummate general. To

victory, but the glory of re • hinder fo long the junction of
gaining by the sword what ' the enemy, to prevent their

surprize and treachery had • disturbing the fiege, or mak-
• taken from us ; but a fiege, • ing a diversion, to keep for ten
• much less fo great a one, we

6 weeks a communication with I could not undertake without • Brussels, and, when that was

artillery; and to have artillery, stopped, to open another withi « while the enemy were in pof . Oftend, and after that still to • feflion of Ghent, every body; find out new resorts, and sub• I believe, will own they thought fift a great army thrice the time

impossible, till he, who has a that was expected, in an ene

genius equal to all difficulties, 'my's country, that we seemed
• Thewed the way, and contrived • to have eat up, even before
• the means; which were exe we were perfectly confined to
« cuted with that wonderful dex • it; these are difficulties nothing

terity and diligence, that the « could surmount, but a mind,
greatest train, that perhaps « that cannot be puzzled or dif-

was ever brought so far, by mayed. But this is not all ;
• land, was provided in a llttle < while we were befieging, we
« time, and conducted between were besieged ourselves, the
two armies of the enemies,


had hemmed us in on (without the least disturbance, every fide, and for ten weeks 4 safe to us.

After this success, together intrenched the Scheld • which might juftly be esteemed with all the diligence they second victory, there seemed

I could, resolved, it seems, we to be little to do, but to at • should not pass on any terins: • tend quietly four or five weeks • But, when the fiege they had • the illue of the fiege ; but by " laid to Brussels made the trial

setting out wrong at first, our ' necessary, neither river, nor

engineers foon came to want, army, nor intrenchments a! what of all things was hardest - vailed any thing. We fur. to be supplied ; and the flow prized the

enemy, at a time; • progress, that was made af when they were most concern

terwards, put the fiege in the "ed to be upon their guard ;

utmost danger of miscarrying, and, what is beyond all be-
• and the army of starving. And lief, passed the river they had
• those unpromising appearances been so long fortifying, with
• made rot a few with the wea s out the loss of one man; and
«ther would give us a pretence by that happy passage their

to raise the fiege we seemed fiege was raifed before it was

unable to go through. Never well begun. These are such • fure had covering army fo s difficulties, as greatly inhance

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forces of the allies. And yet the allies, without having anty 1708. communication with their own territories, ever since the duke of Vendosme took the village of Leffinghen after a fiege of eight days, reduced Lisle, found means to subsist about it till the reduction of the citadel, and got corn from the ter

the value of the successes we four months before, we nuft rejoice in ; and serve for shades • have been content to let the to illustrate and fet off the

enemy enjoy quietly their trea* many masterly strokes, which ' chery, which could not but

a curious eye cannot but dif • have had a very ill influence

cern in the beautiful plan of on the nex campaign. Το • this great and wonderful cam ' what can we impute this, but

paign. I might add, that the to his igood providence, who length of our fiege made it late opens and shuts the heavens ' in December, before we could as he will ? wonderful has his

attempt to retake the places favours to us been in this re. • the enemy had stolen from us, • fpect, beyond our most for

which is itself such a circum • ward hopes, beyond what we • stance, as is without example • dared to wish for. To pass

in that country; but in the by several very remarkable in• end, this success was also ad • stances of this kind, the passing "ded to the rest, and the cam ' and repaffing of the Scheld,

paign was happily concluded " the first of which was the o with the year.

-There is ' saving of Flanders, and the • nothing the interpofition of • other of Brabant, both de+God has more visibly appear pended on great marches, that • ed in, than the favourable were made without the least 6 weather we were blessed with disturbance from the weather, • fo long together; which was which might easily have de• fo necessary for us, that with feated the success of them;

out it every body faw we could though the first was foon fol• have done nothing; and yet • lowed with a great rain the • so extraordinary, that the like very night of the battle, and • has not been known in the the other was preceded by a memory of man;

greater, which the enemy felt ( there

any thing the enemy all the evil of, being then on trusted more to, than that the " their march to invest Bruffels; « rains would overtake us; which 6 but this weather lafted • had they done, had not the • longer, than till we were ready • heavens been shut up in the < to make use of better. But • latter season, we must inevi. (there was another circumstance

tably have been obliged to ' in our repaffing of the Scheld,

raise our fiege, though no di which I cannot omit : a night « sturbance had been given by • march, which we were forced • the enemy. Had we known to make in order to it, was - in December to the very end happily for us, by an unforeof it so much ill weather, as • feen coincidence, directed by they commonly have three or 6 the full assistance of the moon.'


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