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Anne: Severe reflections were likewise made upon the earl of Al1712. bemarle; but, the States having appointed some deputies of

their own, and the council of state some of their members, to examine his reasons, it was resolved, upon the report of the examination, not only to declare, that the earl had behaved with prudence and bravery in that unfortunate action, but also to return him thanks for his conduct (o).

But though it be hard to determine what errors were coinmitted either in the councils or orders, or in the execution of them, and at whose door these ought to be laid, yet this misfortune ferved not a little to raise the duke of Marlborough's character, under whose command no such thing had

ever happened. The French The action of Denain being over, Villars ordered Broglio take several to invest Marchiennes on the Scarpe, where the allies prinBrodrick. cipal stores were lodged, with above an hundred and fifty

bilanders laden with artillery, and all sorts of ammunition, and provisions for a whole campaign. At the same time he commanded Albergotti to attack Št. Amand, ordering other detachments to poffefs themselves of the rest of the posts ori the Scarpe. Two hundred of the troops of the allies, who were in the abbey of Anchin, and at Pont-a-Roche, yielded themselves prisoners of war. At the same time, count de l'Esparre made himself master of the abbey of Hafnon, where he took a hundred prisoners. Albergotti possessed himself likewise of Mortagne, at the mouth of the Scarpe, where he took an hundred men; and then of St. Amand, which was defended by eight hạndred men, who yielded themselves pri-. foners of war. In the mean time, Broglio invested Marchiennes, and, having viewed it, found the enterprize much more difficult than he at first imagined ; that post being in

of France; and that if marshal formed all that a courageous, Villars had been as popular as prudent, and vigilant general fome generals, he would have could do; and, had all the been publickly called the re troops done their duty, the af. ftorer of his country. He fur-fair would not have gone as it ther observes, this victory was

s did : But, when they run as the safety of France, even more soon as they have given one fire, than the peace of Utrecht. and cannot be rallied, no geneP. 225.

ral in the world can help it: (0) Prince Eugene, in a letter And therefore, Sir, I doubt not to an eminent minister, says : that you will contribute to the

I am surprized and troubled disabusing those of the regency, to hear of the injustice people do who may have been misinfor. my lord Albemarle.He per- med.'


Compassed with moraffes and ditches full of water; fortified Anne. with several works; defended by brigadier Berkoffer with fix 1712. battalions and five hundred men, detached from the garrison of Doway, and by the regiment of Schellart, consisting of three squadrons of cuirassiers, of the elector Palatine's troops. These difficulties obliged Villars to desire the marquils de Montesquiou to take upon him the care of the fiege. On the last day of July (Villars being returned to the siege) the town surrendered, and the garrison, to the number of five thousand, were made prisoners of war, and conducted to Valenciennes. The loss of this post was of very bad consequence to the allies; for they had there a general magazine of all sorts of artillery, ammunition, and provisions, designed for the further operations of the campaign. On the other hand, the advantage the enemy obtained by forcing the intrenchments of Denain, and by the taking of Marchiennes, were so considerable, that the French king wrote an account of it to the archbishop of Paris (p). After this, Doway was Doway ina

vested. in

Aug. 12, (P) The letter was as follows: the strength of its intrenchments)

was forced and defeated with the Coufin,

intire loss of seventeen battalions • The steps I have taken to which defended it, and of a effect a general peace, and the convoy of about five hundred suspension, which I have agreed waggons, who were at the same on with the queen of England, time on the march towards the have not availed to determine camp before Landrecy. The the other allies to enter into the defeat of these troops incamped fame sentiments. On the con at Denain was followed by the trary, they formed a design to taking of the post of Marpush on their conquests, and be. chiennes, where the enemy had fiege Landrecy. The impor- fix battalions, five hundred foot tance of that place (the taking detached from the garrison of of which would have opened Doway, and three squadrons of to the enemy an entrance into horse, who were all made primy kingdom) determined me to soners of war: And being adgive my orders to the marshals 'ded to those taken in the camp de Villars, and de Montesquiou at Denain, and in some other (who command my army in posts along the Scarpe, make Flanders) to attack and fight the number of above seven thouthe enemy, to oblige them to fand men, and upwards of four raise the fiege. They have hundred officers, prisoners ; aacted with so much conduct and mong whom are several of their prudence, and the success has general officers. My troops, been so happy, that the camp, who in these two actions shewed which was possessed by the ene all possible valour, took thirtymy ac Denain (notwithstanding feven colours, and three ftan


Anne. invested, which obliged prince Eugene to abandon the defight 1712. of besieging Landrecy, and march to the relief of Doway.

The prince tried to raise the siege, but did not succeed. Indeed the States would not put things to so great a venture after such losses: So Villars prosecuted the siege with vigour, and battered fort Scarpe with eighty pieces of cannon: But, notwithstanding the garrison of the fort confifted but of four hundred men, they defended it fourteen days, and surrendered prisoners of war on the 28th of August, having rèpulsed the French in several attacks. After the taking of that fort, the enemy redoubled their fire against the town; and, although the garrison was but weak, general Hompefch, the governor, contrary to the expectations of the allies or the French, held out till the 8th of September, N. S. when he surrendered the garrison prisoners of war. The enemy, during this fiege, were repulsed in several attacks, and lost a great number of men (especially when they took the counterscarp and a halfmoon, which they were obliged to abandon) and, had the garrison been numerous enough in proportion to the extent of the place, it is very probable, the French would not have retaken it. Prince Eugene had the mortification to be a spectator of the loss of this place; but it was not his fault, if a vigorous attempt was not made to prevent it: For, during the fiege, he used all possible endeavours to engage the enemy; but the French had so strongly fortified their camp on the one hand, and the Dutch were fo cautious of running any hazards in this critical juncture, that the prince, seeing no poffibility of coming to action, returned to his camp at Seclin, from whence detachments were made to secure Lifle, Mons, Bethune, Aire, St. Venant, and other places. After the furrender of Doway, advice being brought to prince Eugene, that the French were advanced to Malplaquet, and posted on the fame ground, where the famous battle of that

dards. The enemy loft with retire towards Mons. And as
Marchiennes a great number of fuch an event is a visible mark
cannon, and stores of all sorts of of the protection of God, who
ammunition and provifions, la- knows the rectitude of my in-
den in above one hundred and tentions, I hold myself obliged
fifty bilanders; and their army to reeder to him moft humble
being weakened by lo conside- acts of thanksgiving i defire
rable a loss, having no longer therefore, that you will cause
communication with the places Te Deum to be sung in the me.
they are possessed of towards the tropolitan church of my gooch
Scarpe, have been forced to city of Paris, &c.?
raise the fiege of Landrecy, to

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name was fought three years before, a disposition was made Anne.
to dislodge them, and prevent the fiege of Quesnoy. But 1712
the enemy having with great diligence advanced within half a
league of Quesnoy, and taken a very advantageous camp, invelted and
prince Eugene thought fit to stop his march near the wood taken.
of Dour, and to encamp with the right near St. Guilain,
the left at the mill of Saart near the wood of Lagniere, and
the head quarters at Belian. Villars having, with the ut-
most care, secured all the passes, and fortified his camp, the
neceffary dispositions were made for carrying on the siege of
Quesnoy, which was invested the 8th of September, N. S.
The French expected to have made themselves masters of the
town in eight or ten days; but major-general Ivoy, who
commanded in the place, made so good use of the heavy ar-
tillery, which the allies left there, after the taking of Ques-
noy, that it was the 14th of October, N. S. before he was
obliged to submit to the same terms, on which Doway, had
been surrendered, that the garrison should remain prisoners of
war : The French gave out, that they found in the place
one hundred and fixteen heavy cannon; a great number of
others of small fize; forty mortars, five hundred thousand
weight of powder; a great quantity of bullets, bombs, gre-
nadoes, and provisions of all sorts; the whole being valued at
three millions of livres ; and that this garrison compleated
the number of forty battalions of the allies, killed or made
prisoners since the 24th of July, N. S. on which happened
the unfortunate affair of Denain. The French, being re-Bouchain
folved to lose no time in inlarging their conquests, opened o&. 10.
their trenches before Bouchain; which place was so indiffe-
rently provided, and the garrison so weak, that they made
but á flender resistance ; for, the enemy having taken pof-
feffion of the covered-way, and made the dispositions for
storming the place, the garrison beat a parley, and furren-
dered at discretion.

While the French were before Bouchain, the allies sur- Fort prized the fort of Knocque in the following manner : Briga- Knocque dier Caris, commander of Oftend, having received certain the allies.

furprized by intelligence, that the garrison of fort Knocque was very weak, Brodrick. resolved to try to surprize it. Accordingly; Caris detached Oct. 42 one hundred and eighty men, under the direction of captain De Rue, a famous partisan, who, having marched with the utmost privacy, found means to hide themselves in three little houses, and in the governor's garden, standing between four draw-bridges, where they lay close all night. In the morning, at the opening of the gates, foine of the detach

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Anne, ment adyanced on a sudden, and made themselves masters of 1712. the bridge neareft the fort, having killed the guard. De Rue

divided his men into four bodies, and with one of them seized a gate, while two other divisions ran to the other two gates, and the fourth drew up near the Cazerns to hinder the garrifon from drawing together; which succeeded fo well, that with the loss of only two men killed, and one wounded, that important fort was taken. The French governor hearing the noise, leaped out of bed, and, looking out of the window, cried, Quarter ! and was made prisoner of war with the garrison, which consisted of three French companies, and one of Swiss, but a great many of them were fick. De Rue,. having secured that post, sent out part of his men, to feize all the provisions in the neighbouring villages, and to bring the fame into the fort, before the garrison of Ypres could be informed of the loss of the place. He dispatched also an express with an account of this fuccefs to brigadier Caris, who detached forty men to reinforce the garrison. The precautions taken by De Rue were not useless; for the loss of that poft occafioned the motion of a great body of troops on each fide towards the Lys, as if the French designed to retake it; but they found that fortress so well and fo feafonably provided, that the French intirely abandoned the defign of attacking it.

The campaign in the Netherlands ended with the taking of Bouchain by the French ; for, a few days after, both armies marched into winter-quarters; and prince Eugene, having staid fome days at. Brussels to settle some matters with the council of Brabant, proceeded to the Hague on the 28th of O&tober.

The End of Vol. V.

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