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the next day at eleven o'clock, after hearing that our con- 1708.
voy were paffing Rouffelaer. We remained on the field of a
battle till two o'clock the next morning, having first car-
ried off all our wounded, and several of the enemy. This
victory is the more furprising, that, by reason of feveral de-
tachments, we had not above fix thousand in the action;
whereas the enemy, by their own accounts, had no less than
twenty-four thousand men.

The count de la Motte, being obliged to retire, gave the The convoy
convoy an opportunity to arrive the fame night unmolested arrives faite
at Rousselaer, and the next day at Menin: and, as this cri- Sept. 29.
tical action was chiefly owing to general Webb's condu& N. S.
and military abilities, so that eminent service was deservedly
acknowledged, both by the unanimous thanks of the com-
mons of Great-Britain, and, in a particular manner, by the
king of Prussia, who conferred on that general the noble
order of Generosity (m).

On the 30th of September, prince Eugene being reco- Siege of vered of his wound, visited the trenches, to the inexpressible Liile profejoy of the confederate troops. The next day the trenches were relieved by the prince of Holstein-Beck, major-general Sacken, and Sir Richard Temple, with five battalions on the right, and seven on the left; and that evening they attacked and made a lodgment on the counterscarp, before the great breach on the right, the enemy retiring behind the traverses on the left. On the 3d, a disposition was made for attacking the ravelin on the right; and three hundred grenadiers were detached from the duke of Marlborough's army to join the troops for that service. The attack began about noon, and fucceeded so well, thatby half an hour after one, they made a lodgment on the ravelin, and forced the enemy

behind the traverses to leap into the water, where most of them were killed or drowned ; so that the besiegers were now masters of both the counter-guards and the ravelin. On the 7th, the besiegers continued to finish the batteries on the counterscarp, to ruin the batteries of the

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(m) If this great convoy of of the undertaking, and so preeight hundred waggons had been pared his friends to look for the intercepted, the fiege must have saising the fiege, being in great been raised. For the duke of apprehensions concerning this Marlborough had fent fome am

convoy, upon which the whole
munition from his army to carry success of this enterprize de-
on the fiege, and he could spare pended,

He began to despair
VOL. XVII,

D

enemy

10 more.

1708. enemy on the courtine, and beat down the bridge of com

munication, which they had from a place of arms to the ravelin. They carried on two mines on the left attack, towards the saliant angle of the counterscarp, over-against the breach ; and the miners discovered two mines of the enemy, from which they took out the powder. On the 8th in the evening, the enemy fallied out, and overturned several gabions about our places of arms at the left attack ; and the next day was partly fpent about repairing the works, and setting up the gabions again, which the enemy had overturned the night before. On the 12th, the besiegers continued to inlarge the place of arms for the general afsault, and finished two descents into the ditch on the right. But on the left, the enemy returned behind two traverses of the covered way, behind the courtine, which hindered the advancement of the work on that side. On the 13th, the besiegers sprung a mine under the place of arms, which blew up several of the enemy's men ; and, in the evening. thirty grenadiers attacked the enemy behind the two traverses on the left, and overset the boat, by which they would have retired ; so that, of a lieutenant, a serjeant, and twenty men, three only were made prisoners, the rest being either killed or drowned. The 15th, the befiegers sprung four mines in the place of arms on the right, where the enemy had caft up an intrenchment, inlarged the places of arms for the general assault, and on the left made some progress in the lodgment in the covered way. The 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th, the besiegers made all the neceffary preparations for a general storm, by continuing to drain the ditch, making apertures in the walls, working on the galleries, filling up the ditch, perfecting their lodgments and places of arms, and finishing their batteries, which consisted of fortyfive pieces of cannon and fifty-five incrtars; to fupply which a new convoy of twenty-thousand weight of powder, with a great number of bombs, cannon-balls, and hand-grenados, arrived at the ficge from Oftend.

The duke of Vendofme, exasperated at count de la Motte's attack Lef- shameful defeat at Wynendale, marched in person to Oufiaghen.

denburg, with the best part of the French army, and ordered the dykes between Bruges and Newport to be cut in several places, in order to lay the country under water, and hinder the communication between Oftend and the duke of Marlborough's army. But, notwithstanding the great inundation, major-general Cadogan, favoured by the British troops at Leffinghen, found means to carry through the water con

fiderable

The French

siderable quantities of ammunition and other necessaries. 1708. Hereupon the duke of Vendosme bent his efforts against the on village of Leffinghen, with seven or eight thousand of his men (n). They intrenched themselves, and threw up batteries against the place, as if it had been one of the most regular fortifications in the world. On the 19th of October, the enemy fired the whole day from one of their batteries with red-hot bullets against the houses, wherein about four hundred barrels of powder were lodged; but, to prevent mischief, that ammunition was ordered to be laid under water, preserving only as much as was thought necessary for maintaining that post. On the 20th, upon advice that the duke of Vendofme was to be that night in the trenches, it was · resolved to attack the enemy on the other side of the canal ; and fifty grenadiers of the Dutch regiment of Vanderbeck, commanded by captain Moor, and the same number of the regiment of Caris, commanded by captain Clare, the whole supported by two hundred Englith, were ordered for that service. Four grenadiers were fent before, who, pretending to be deferters, amused the enemy, whilst the rest of the troops came up, who, charging the French with great bravery, drove them from that post to a second intrenchment, and seized their battery, where they continued for some time. The enemy loft an hundred men in this attack, befides forty taken prisoners, among whom were a captain and the chevalier de Croissi Colbert, a major general and engineer, who offered the soldier that took him, two hundred pistoles and a commission for his liberty, which he generously refused. On the confederates fide, captain Clare was killed, and captain Moor received a mortal wound through his body with a bayonet; besides which, two subalterns were wounded, and fifteen private men killed or wounded. On the 15th, early in the morning, the French attacked a church-yard, wherein colonel Caulfield, who commanded in Leffinghen, had posted an hundred and fifty men, who made but little resistance, and retired into a redoubt near the canal. At last a great body of the enemy, consisting of fifty companies of grenadiers, supported by ten thousand foot, possessed themselves of the village, and obliged colonel Caul

(n) Leffinghen is an inconfi- army of the allies, to the bederable village in the neighbour- fiegers of Lifle; and from whence hood of Oftend, where a body of the duke of Vendosme could not the confederate troops were post- drive them, without attacking it ed, in order to keep open a

in form. communication with the grand

D 2

field,

derates take

Lille,

1708. field, with the rest of his troops, to surrender themselves pri

soners at discretion. The confe This easy conquest was not an equivalent for the great loss

which the enemy sustained two days after by the surrender of poffeffion of the town of the town of Lisle. For the batteries of the besiegers, con

sisting of about fifty pieces of canon and twenty-five mortars, began to fire on the 21st of October, with so much fuccess, that, on the 22d, the garrison beat a parley, and offered to capitulate for the town. Whereupon hostages were exchanged, and it was agreed that marshal Boufflers should capitulate for whatever related to the garrison, with prince Eugene of Savoy; and that the magistrates and council of the town should propose their own terms for themselves and the castellary of Lille, and agree about the same with the field-deputies of the states-general ; which was done accordingly. "The 23d in the morning, the capitulation was concluded and signed, containing in substance, " That the French 6s should that afternoon, furrender the Magdalen-Gate, and « all magazines of provisions and ammunition in the town. « That all their fick and wounded should either be transport“ el to Doway, or remain in Lifle till their recovery, at their

own charge. That the horse, who had entered the town « fince the fiege; might be sent to Doway, with the wives 66 and families of the officers and soldiers, &c. That “ all prisoners 'taken during the fiege be restored on " both sides: and that the troops of the allies should not en“ter the town before tha 25th of October ; by which time “ the French garrison was to withdraw into the citadel.” These articles being agreed on, and all things disposed for the performance of the capitulation, the cavalry, which got into the place, under the command of the chevalier de Luxemburg, marched out the 25th for Doway, with the other perfons that were allowed by the capitulation; and, at the same time, the prince of Holstein-Beck, who was appointed to be governor of the town, marched in with two English and thirteen other battalionis, and a detachment of horie. It is difficult to determine the loss on either side, from the r3th of Auguft, N. S. when Lille was invested, to the 23d of October, the day on which the town furrendered. But, according to the French account, they had iwelve thousand men in garrison, when the confederates broke ground against them, beiides three thcufand burghers, who did constant duty with the regular troops; of which four thousard five hundred only retired with marinal Bouillers into the citadel; and it is computed that about two thousand more were fick and

wounded

of Life pro

wounded at the time of the capitulation; so that the French

1708 loit betwixt fix and seven thousand men, upon a reasonable computation, and the allies near eight thousand.

The cessation of all acts of hoftility between the town and The fiege of the citadel, which was to expire the 26th, according to the the citadel articles of capitulation, was continued tiil the 29th ; during fecuted. which time the inhabitants, who were very much afraid that the French would not have so much regard to their houses as the allies had, used their utmost endeavours to persuade Bouffers to capitulate. The enemy made extravagant demands of money, and pretended to march out with all their cannon; and that the allies Mould set at liberty marshal Tallard, with some other unreasonable pretensions, which the allies rejected, with scorn. These negociations being broke off, the hostilities began at five o'clock; but during the ceilation, the besiegers had cast up intrenchments, and drawn a parallel from one end of the esplanade to the other. They had also made several coupures on the wall near the citadel, to the right and left. The hereditary prince of Heffe-Caffel posted himself at la Baffeé, and orders were given to fortify that place. The duke of Marlborough continued at Rousselaer, for the more easy subsistance of the confederate troops. From thence he detached the earl of Stair, to provide corn for the ariny in the districts of Furnes and Dixmuyde. That detachment had the good fortune to surprize four companies of French grenadiers, at the bridge between Dixmuyde and Newport. On the other hand, they met with the great mortification to have four of their squadrons undergo the fame fate. Those troops were all Pruffians, and defended themfelves for some time with great bravery; but finding, that all the avenues were closed, and that there was no possibility of forcing their way through the enemy's troops, they were oblived to surrender themselves prisoners of war. While thefe matters were transacted, the brave veldt

Monsieur marshal Auverquerque departed this life on the 18th, in his Auverquerquarters at Rousselaer, in the 67th year of his age; where- que dies, by the command of the Dutch troops fell of course to the count de "Tilly, as the eldest general in the service of the ftates. On the 29th, about five in the afternoon, the befieged in the citadel of Life began hostilities, by the dircharge of five pieces of cannon, which they continued to fire the rest of the evening, without doing the besiegers any confiderable damige. On the other hand, the allies contracted the lines of crcumvallation, and erected batteries of cannon an! inortars, which they were ready to fire upon the citadel

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