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the bishop, " That such a step would be contrary to all the 1712.
« alliances and treaties betwixt their high mightinesses and
“ the queen: that they had merited otherwise by the defer-
“ ence, which, on all occasions, they had shewed to her
" majesty ; and that they knew nothing of the advances,
“ which the bishop said her majesty had made towards the
« states, on the subject of a plan of peace.” The bishop re-
plied, " That he must not forget to tell them, his instructi-

ons did further bear, that, considering the conduct of the
“ states towards her majesty, she thought herself disengaged
“ from all alliances and engagements with their high mighti-
“ neffes.” The bishop did not, in express words, name the
Barrier Treaty ; but he did not except it : so they reckoned
it was included in the general words he had used.

The lord bishop's answer and declaration, being, by express, brought to the Hague the night between the 2d and 3d of June, was, the next morning, communicated to the ministers of the allies; several conferences were held, and private measures concerted between the states, the elector of Hanover, the landgrave of Hesse-Caffel, and some other princes of the empire, for the subsisting and maintaining the foreign troops in the pay of Great-Britain ; so that the confederate army should suffer no other diminution, than by the troops of Great-Britain, which did not amount to above twelve thousand men. In the mean time, the states-general wrote a long letter to the queen, which, on the 5th of June, they sent, by an express to their envoy in London, with orders to deliver it into her own hands. And count Zinzen-, dorf, who had likewise received an account of what had pafled in the army, went from Utrecht to the Hague, on the ift of June, N. S. and dispatched the next day three expresa ses, one to the emperor, another to prince Eugene, and the third to the imperial minister in London. And the baron de Hohendorf, adjutant-general to prince Eugene, who came over with a commission from Vienna, to sollicit the payment of the subsidy voted by the house of commons for the war in Spain, being on his departure for London, count Zinzendorf gave him likewise fresh instructions about the present juncture of affairs.

The British court having, on the 25th of May, O. S. received an express from Holland, the queen did not come, as usual, to St. James's chapel, but held a council at Kensing

Two days after the baron de Hohendorf arrived in London, and in the afternoon was in conference with the lord-treasurer, who gave him fajr hopes. The same after


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May 27,


1712. noon Van Borselen, envoy from the states, was also in cona unference with the treasurer on the subject of what he had re

presented the evening before in a private audience (y); upon which orders were sent to the duke of Ormond to concur with the general of the allies in a fiege. In the mean time the news of what had happened in the army being spread abroad, and having occafioned a general surprize, the lord

Hallifax acquainted the house of peers, “ That he had matO, S.

“ters of great importance to lay before them;" and defired,

that the members might be summoned to attend the service Debate a

of the house the next day. The peers being in a full house bout the on the 28th of May, the lord Hallifax made a speech, whereduke of Or- in he first took notice of the strange declaration made in the clining to army by the duke of Ormond: then shewed the ill consequences

of such a proceeding, and the neceffity of carrying Pr, H. L.

on the war with vigour; and concluded with a motion for an address, “ humbly to defire her majesty to lay before the " house the orders she had sent to the general, and to order

him to act offensively in concert with the allies.” When he had done speaking, some objections were raised as to the matter of fact, but though the lord Hallifax did not want proofs, having among others, a copy of prince Eugene's letter, yet he did not think proper to produce it, and some other whig lords contented themselves with pressing those in the ministry to acquaint the house, Whether any orders of restraint had been sent to the duke of Ormond ? The treasurer, who was most concerned in this affair, answered, “ That they, who « had the honour to serve the queen, could not reveal the

orders she gave to her general, without a particular di66 rection from her majesty ; and that, in his opinion, those « orders were not fit to be divulged. That however, he would " adventure to say, that, if the duke of Ormond had refused “to act offensively, he did not doubt, but he had followed 66 his instructions: and it was prudence not to hazard a bat« tle upon the point of concluding a good peace, especially • confidering they had to deal with an enemy fo apt to có break his word.” The earl of Wharton said, “ He was “ extremely glad to find that noble lord fo candid, as to ac

knowledge the insincerity of France : But that, in his opi“ nion, this was a strong reason for keeping no measures with


(y) The treasurer, among ther things, said to him, when he cmplained of the bishop of Briful declarations, “ The bishop

was certainly in a very bad hu« mour, when he talked at that “ rate." Burnet, Vol. II. 608.



" such an enemy, but rather for pushing him with the ut: " most vigour, till he was reduced to the necessity of dealing

honestly.” The treasurer replied, “ Tho' the duke of “ Ormond might have refused to hazard a general action,

yet he could be positive, he would not decline joining with " the allies in a fiege, orders having been sent him for that “ purpose.” The duke of Marlborough said, “ He did not “ know how to reconcile the orders, not to hazard a battle, " and to join in a fiege, to the rules of war; lince it was “ impossible to make a fiege, without either hazarding a bat“ tle, in case the enemy attempted to relieve the place, of “ shamefully raising the fiege.” The duke of Argyle, on " the other hand, excused the orders given to the duke of < Ormond, and, among other things, faid, “ That, in his “ opinion, since the time of Julius Cæsar, there had not been os

a greater captain than prince Eugene of Savoy : but that, “ nevertheless, considering the different interests of the house “ of Austria and of Great-Britain, it might not consist with " prudence to trust him with the management of the war, « because a battle, won or lost, might intirely break of a “ negociation of peace, which, in all probability, was near 66 being concluded. That, according to his knowledge, no

thing was more uncertain than the issue of a battle, where « victory was still wavering, and so often changed fidcs, that “ they, who, after five or fix successful charges, thought " themselves sure of gaining the day, had at last been routed “ and put to flight. Adding, that two years before the con“ federates might have taken Arras or Cambray, instead of “ amusing themselves, with the infignificant conquests of “ Aire, Bethune, and St. Venant.” The earl of Nottingham declared on the other side, “ That he could not com« prehend why orders had been given to our general not to “ fight, unless certain persons were apprehensive of weaken6 ing the French, so far as to disable them to assist them in " bringing about defigns, which they durft not yet own." The duke of Devonshire said on the fame side, “ That, by " the proximity of blood, he was more concerned for “the duke of Ormond's reputation than any other; and «s therefore he could not forbear declaring, he was surprized

any one dare to make a nobleman of the first rank, “ and of so distinguished a character, the instrument of such “ a proceeding.” The earl Pawlet answered, “ That no

body could doubt of the duke of Ormond's courage and “ bravery; but that he was not like a certain general, who “ led troops to the slaughter, to cause a great number of

« officers

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« officers to be knocked on the head in a battle, or against 6 stone walls, in order to fill his pockets, by disposing of « their commissions.” This reflection, so visibly levelled at the duke of Marlborough, could not but very sensibly affect him ; but he restrained his resentment for a while, and remained silent (2). On the other hand, the lord Cowper made a long speech, wherein he complained of their being kept so long in the dark about the progress of a negotiation of peace; and some other whig lords having pressed the earl of Strafford to give the house an account of it, he excused himself, as not having the queen's orders for it. But the treasurer assured them, “ That, in a few days, her majesty, according to her “ promise, would lay before her parliament the conditions, “ he doubted not would give intire satisfaction to every mem“ ber of that house, and to all true Englishmen. Some lords having declared their apprehensions of a separate peace; the treasurer assured them, “ that nothing of that nature was

(z) As soon as the house was formed the queen of the whole up, the lord Mohun went to the affair, her majesty sent him back earl Pawlet, and told him, that to the duke of Marlborough, to the duke of Marlborough desired defire him, that this might go no to have an eclaircisment with his further. His grace gave his word lordship, about some expressions of honour, that he would comhe had used in that day's debate; ply with her majesty's commands: and therefore desired him to go but, though this quarrel ended and take the air in the country. without bloodshed, yet many beThe earl, who readily understood gan to apprehend the consethe meaning of such an eclaircif- quences of the heats and animoment, asked


lord Mohun, sities of the two parties, which Whether he brought him a chal- daily increased. The duke of lenge? To which he answered, Marlborough was afterwards se. That his message wanted no ex- verely censured, 'for setting the planation, and that he would ac • example of party-duels :' but, company the duke of Marlbo

on the other hand, the tongues rough. The earl Pawlet being of most people were very free re ned home, with some emo. with the duke of Ormond: and, tion, and having given his lady a to this purpofe, we may take nohint of what had passed, the earl tice, that, an alehouse-keeper in of Dartmouth, secretary of state, Westminster, having, either for a was soon acquainted with it; and jeft-lake, or out of mere fimpliwent immediately to the duke of city, set up for his sign his grace's Marlborough, and desired him head, with this inscription, the not to ftir abroad. At the same • General of Peace,' the governtime, his lordship caused two ment ordered the same to be taken centries to be placed at the earl down. Pawlet's house; and, having in

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ever intended; and that such a peace would be so base, 1712. “ so knavish, and so villainous a thing, that every one, whom “ ferved the queen, knew, they must answer it with their • heads to the nation ; but that it would appear to be a safe " and a glorious peace, much more to the honour and interest «c of the nation, than the preliminaries, that were agreed to " three years before. He also affirmed, that the allies knew ss of it, and were satisfied with it.” The lord Halifax, observing the disposition of the house, would have dropped his motion, without dividing; but the court-party, being sure of a majority, insisted to have the question for adjourning the debate, which being carried in the affirmative by fixtyeight voices against forty, twenty-five of the latter entered their protests against the orders given to the duke of Ormond (a). This point being gained, the earl of Strafford suggested, “ That, before the house entered upon the nego


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(a) They were to this purpose: him to join in a fiege: which 1. That their lordships conceived was a further evidence, that he such an order, as was proposed had before some order of restraint; in the question, to be absolutely for otherwise this last order would necessary, because they were con be unnecessary and abfurd; it be. vinced, that the duke of Ormond ing a general and a constant, and lay under fome order of restraint a standing instruction to every from a&ing offensively, not only commander in chief by land or from the accounts, which were sea, to do his utmost endeavour public both here and in Holland, to annoy the enemy. And it is of his declaring it, to prince Eu- manifest by this last order, that, gene, and to the deputies of the even in the opinion of the miniItates at their late consultations, fers, it was expedient to take off when both prince Eugene and this restraint by some degree; and those deputies earnestly pressed the leaving the duke of Ormond him to join in attacking the still under a restraint from giving French army, which was then battle to the French, seemed moit known to be much inferior to unaccountable and inconsistent that of the allies, both in the with the liberty indulged to him, number and condition of their of joining in a fiege, and renderaroops; but also, for that nothing ing it altogether useless. For no of this whole matter was denied place, when taken, could be of by those lords, who had the means such advantage to the allies as of knowing these facts, as un- Cambray, which opens a free paldoubtedly would have been with- fage for our army into the heart out scruple, had not the facts been of France; and it was impoflible true; fince no fcruple was made to besiege that place, without disof acquainting the house with a lodging the French from their subsequent order very lately sent incampments; and this also was to the duke of Ormond, allowing impossible, if the French would



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