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CHAP. V.

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The queen's message to the parliament. Debates about the Scots

peers.--Mr. Walpole's cafe and censure. The duke of Marl-
borough censured and libelled.--His innocence evidently appears.
The barrier treaty condemned. The states justify themselves.

-Remonstrance of the kirk of Scotland against the toleration-
act.-Patronages restored.-

A place-bill loft.-The queen's message upon prince Eugene's memorial.-He leaves England.

- False report of Mohocks.--Motion for a grant-bill. Death of the two dauphins. The treaty of Utrecht opened.--The French proposals.-Received with scorn in England. Summary of the proceedings at Utrecht. Proceedings in the convocation. -The earl of Strafford's conferences at the Hague.-The allies take the field. The duke of Ormond refuses to fight. Memorial of the fates-deputies upon it.The bishop of Bristol's declaration to the Dutch ministers.-Debate about the duke of Ormond's declining to fight.-Negotiation about the renunciation of Spain and the cessation of arms.-Remarks on it.-The queen's speech on the plan of the peace.The public surprised at it.- Proceedings of the peers upon it. Bishop Fleetwood's preface burnt. The parliament adjourned.-The Dutch entertain the auxiliaries in British pay. The duke of Ormond declares his orders about a cessation.--An irruption into France.-Prince Eugene refuses to relinquish the fiege of Quesnoy.-Conferences with the states. ---Prince Eugene

marches
with the British auxiliaries.--Remarks on the cessation of arms.

-The action of Denain.--Progress of the French.-
BY this time the parliament being met again, a message izit-sz.

from to . That
to the commons was as follows:

The queen's

message to I. Her the parlia

ment,

Jan. 17. Theodore Janssen, two of the kind réception, and told them, Pr. H. c. most eminerit merchants of the • he was very much obliged to city of London, who had con- • them, since the raising of the tributed most to the loan made

• siege of Turin, and the sucfome years before to the emperor,

« cesses that followed, were, un-
upon the security of his revenues • der God, chiefly owing to the
in Silesia, for the use of the prince feasonable supply he received


of Savoy, waited upon him with * from England. Those gen-

' a compliment from that company. tlemen answered, that, when The prince gave them a very • they made that loan, they had

Vol. XVII.

* not

1711-12.

• I. Her majesty not having recovered strength enough, < since the return of the gout, to be present that day in per

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• not so much in view the im- mality in the message, his lord

provement of their money, as fhip wrote the following letter to • the honour of being servicea

the lord-mayor:
• ble to the common cause, and
• of having an opportunity to

Whitehall, fan. 15, 1711-12.
• fhew their respect for a prince
• of so great a reputation; and

My lord, as they accounted themselves " Two of the court of alder• particularly obliged to his high- men having brought a ver• ness's integrity for the punc- “ bal message to be delivered to • tual payment of their interest “ her majesty, which was, that

and principal ; so, if, in the " the lord-mayor, court of al• course of this war, his high- “ dermen, and several citizens of E ness should have occafion for “ the best rank, desired to treat any greater sums, their com

prince Eugene, and ordered pany would readily advance “ them to attend me, to know them upon his highness's single " the queen's pleasure ; and besecurity.' They concluded with

“ ing asked by the lords of the defiring him to accept of a small council, whether they had entertainment, which their com- “ their message in writing, pany designed to give him in the

answered, that they had no city, and to fix a day, when it " order or meffage in writing, should best suit with his conveni- 66 but that they came upon ency; which he promised to do. “ minute taken at the court of The lord-mayor and court of al- “ aldermen, of which they had dermen, having notice of this

no copy: they were thereupon
invitation, and designing likewise told, that the queen had com-
to fhew their respect to the 66 manded the lords to acquaint
prince, it was proposed amongst “ them, that her.majesty would
them, on the 15th of January, “ return no answer to any mef-
that, fince most of their court fage,, which is not brought
were concerned in the Silesian " to her with the same respect,
company, they ought, for grea- “ as has always been paid by
ter magnificence sake, to make “ the city of London to her
but one united entertainment. predecessors. To prevent any
The motion was approved; but " mistake in repeating what was
one of the court having fuggeft- « faid to them, I send your
ed, that they would do well to « lordship this account; and
• know, how the
queen would

am, My lord,
< take such an invitation to prince
Eugene ;' it was thought pro-

“ Your lordship's most obedient
per to fend two aldermen to the « and moft humble servant,
earl of Dartmouth, to know the
queen's pleasure; but, there be-

Dartmouth." ing, it seems, some want of for

Upon

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• fon; and being unwilling, that the public business should 1711-12.
I receive any delay, thinks fit to communicate to them the
< substance of what the intended to have spoke.

. II. At the opening of this session, her majesty acquaint-
sed the parliament, that both time and place were appoint-

ed for the meeting of the plenipotentiaries of all the con< federates, to treat with those of the enemy concerning a “ general peace; and also expressed the care, which she in

tended to take of all her allies, and the strict union, in ( which she proposed to join with them, in order to obtain a good peace, and to guaranty and support it, when obtained.

III. Her majesty can now tell them, that her plenipo( tentiaries are arrived at Utrecht, and have begun, in pur< suance of their instructions, to concert the most proper

ways of procuring a just satisfaction to all in alliance with • her, according to their several treaties, and particularly • with relation to Spain and the West-Indies.

IV. You may depend on her majesty's communicating to
her parliament the terms of peace, before the same shall
• be concluded.

« V. The world will now fee, how groundless those re-
ports are, which have been spread abroad by men of evil
intentions, to serve the worst designs, as if a separate

peace had been treated, for which there has not been the
« least colour given.

« VI. Her majesty's ministers have directions to propose,
that a day may be fixed for the finishing, as was done for
the commencement of this treaty; and, in the mean time
all the preparations are hastening for an early campaign.
« VII. The zeal, which this house has already expressed,
was a sure pledge, that they will proceed in giving the
• necessary dispatch to the supplies.

« VIII. Her majesty finds it necessary to observe, how
great license is taken in publishing false and fcandalous
• libels, such as are a reproach to any government. This
cevil seems to be grown too strong for the laws now in
<force ; it is therefore recommended to you to find a reme.

dy equal to the mischief.'

The message, the queen sent to the house of lords, was
exactly the same with that sent to the commons ; except

Upon the receipt of this let- steps in that matters to the great
ler, the court of aldermen did disappointment and mortification
not think fit to make any further of moft of the citizens.
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C.

1711-12. only, that instead of the seventh paragraph, about the supe

ply, her majesty took notice of the affair relating to the Scotch peers, in the following words: there is one thing

in which her majesty's subjects of the north part of this • kingdom are extremely concerned: the distinction such of

them who were peers of Scotland before the union must lie under, if the prerogative of the crown is strictly barred a

gainst them alone. This is a matter which sensibly af? fects her majesty, and the therefore lays it before this house, ( earnestly desiring their advice and concurrence in finding

out the best method of settling this affair, to the fatif

faction of the whole kingdom.' The lords The house of lords agreed to an address, thanking her mons address majesty for communicating these things to them, and for of thanks. the promises she had made them, repeating the very words Pr. H. 2. in which they were made. It was moved to add the words,

6 conform to her alliance;' but it was said, that the queen assured them of that, and therefore the repeating these words would seem to intimate a distrust, so that was not carried. But, because there seemed to be an ambiguity in the mention made of Spain and the West-Indies, the house expressed in what fenfe they understood them, by adding these words : (which are of so great concern to the safety and commerce

of your majesty's kingdoms.'. The commons, made an address to the same purpose, in which they only named Spain

and the West-Indies. A bill giving The duke of Devonshire, pursuant to the motion he had precedence to made before the recess, having prepared a bill for giving pre

cedence to the duke of Cambridge, the lord-treasurer was Pr. H. L. resolved to prevent him, and offered January 17, a bill giv

ing precedence to the whole electoral family, as the children and nephews of the crown; and it was intimated, that bills relating to honours and precedence ought to come from the crown: the duke of Devonshire would make no dispute on this head ; if the thing passed, he acquiesced in the man, ner of passing it, only he thought it lay within the authority of the house. On this occasion, the court seemed, even to an affectation, to thew a particular zeal in promoting this bill; for it passed through both houses in two days. Notwithstanding this hafte, the court did not seem to design any such bill, till it was proposed by others, out of whole hands they thought fit to take it. The act was sent over to Hanover, by Mr. Thomas Harley, in order to raise favourable thoughts there of the ministry. But that court faw through these thin disguises, wbich were contradicted by the open counte

the house of Hanover.

Burnet.

Pance

Scots peers.

C

nance to those who were no well-wishers to the protestant 1711-12.
succession, and the discouragement to its best friends. The w
lords entered upon the consideration of the paragraph in the Debate con-
queen's message, relating to the peers of Scotland. The cerning the
court proposed that an expedient might be found, that the
peers of Scotland should not fit among them by election,
but by descent, in case the rest of the peers of that nation
should consent to it. A debate followed concerning the
articles of the union, which of them were fundamental and
not alterable. It was said, that, by the union, no private
right could be taken away, but by the consent of the per-
fons concerned; therefore no alteration could be made in the
right of the peers of Scotland, unless they consented to it.
It was afterwards debated, whether an alteration might be
made with this condition, in case they should consent to it;
or whether the first rise to any such alteration ought not to
be given by a previous defire. This was not so fubject to an
ill management; the court studied to have a subsequent con-
sent received as sufficient : but a previous desire was insisted,
as visibly fairer and juster.

The Scotch lords, seeing no redress to their complaint, The Scots but that the peers adhered to their late judgment, seemed lords are

promised resolved to come no more to fit in the house of lords ; but

satisfaction, the court was sensible, that their strength, in that house, Burnet, consisted chiefly in them and the new peers : for which reason pains were taken, and secret forcible arguments were used to them, which proved so effectual, that, after a few days absence, they came back, and continued, during the fession, to fit in the house. They gave out, that an expedient would be found, that would be to the satisfaction of the peers of Scotland ; but, nothing of that appearing, it was concluded, that the satisfaction was private and perfonal. The great arrear, into which all the regular payments, both of the houshold and of salaries and pensions, was left to run, made it to be generally believed, that the income for the civil lift, though it exceeded the establishment very much, was applied to other payments, which the ministers durft not own. And, though secret practice on members had been for a great while too common, yet it was believed, that it was at this time managed with an extraordinary profusion.

The house of commons entered on the observations of Mr. Walthe commissioners for taking the public accounts, which pole's cafe

and censures had been laid before them on the 21st of December ; and Ibid. they began with what related to Mr. Walpole, whom they

resolved

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