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1711. vanced to be a peer. This creation of peers was looked

upon as an undoubted part of the prerogative; so that there was no ground in law to oppose the receiving the new lords into the house; nor was it possible to raise in the antient peers a sense of the indignity, which was now put upon their house; fince the court did by this openly declare, that they were to be kept in absolute submission and obe

dience, 1711.12.

On the second of January the twelve new peers were The queen's introduced into the house of lords without any opposition ; merfage tom and, the court-party having by this reinforcement, and by adjourn dif- the coming up of the Scots lords, got the majority, the puted, but house acquiesced in the queen's fullen answer to their obeyed.

late address, importing, · That her majesty thought her Pis H. L. Burnet. ¢ speech to both houses would have given satisfaction to every

• body: and, that she had given instructions to her plenipo- tentiaries, according to the desires of that address. This done, the lord-keeper delivered to the house a message from the queen, " That, having matters of great importance to

communicate to both houses of parliament, she defired « the lords to adjourn immediately to the 14th, the fame

day, to which the commons had adjourned themselves.' This occafioned a very warm debate. It was said, that the queen could not send a message to any one house to adjourn, when the like message was not sent to both houses: that the pleasure of the prince in convening, dissolving, proroguing, or ordering the adjournment of parliaments, was always directed to both houses, but never to any one house, unless the same intimation was made at the same time to the other. That the consequence of this, if allowed, might be the ordering one house to adjourn, while the other was left still to sit; and this might end in a total disjointing of the

: constitution. The resolution however was carried for adjourning by the weight of the twelve new peers. It is true, the odds were thirteen; but that was, because one of the peers, who had a proxy, without reflecting on it, went away when the proxies were called for (d).

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(d) This message for adjourn. 'bate was over, · That, if those ing seems only to have been sent é twelve had not been enough, to try the strength of both parties, they would have given them Mr. secretary St. John having '[the whigs] another dozen' been heard to say in the court However, very strong reflections of requests, as soon as the de- werc made, both in print and

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The court having received no news of the opening the 1711-12. congress, councils were held on Saturday and Sunday the 12th and 13th of January, in which it was debated, Whether the parliament should fit, or be desired further to adjourn themselves ? and, it being carried for the adjournment, a message was on the 14th sent to both houses, importing, “ That her majesty fully determined to have been “ personally present in parliament that day; but, being pre“ vented by a sudden return of her gout, her majesty, in 6 hopes she might, by the blessing of God, be able to speak 66 to both her houses of parliament on Thursday next, the “ 17th of this inftant January, desired them to adjourn “ to that day.” Both houses readily complied with this

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in most conversations, on that e use of to inslave the nation,
step, many not scrupling to say, • and to introduce a popish pre-
• That, though the queen had s tender, or the popish religion.

an undoubted right to create « That if in the reign of such a
as many peers as the pleased, queen this abuse of the

prero-
yet her ministers might be • gative was so much exclaimed
• called to an account for advi. • against, how much greater
• fing her to abuse that right. • would the cry have been, had
• That peace and war were also • it been in a suspicious reign?
• the prerogatives of the crown; « whereas now they have an un-

yet the engaging in a rui- exceptionable instance to pronous war, or making a trea- • duce, to filence any clamour cherous peace,

are things, or noise. That it was impofm « which no minister ever did, fible for men, who owed so • and escaped uncensured or un- much to her majesty for her

punished. That the creating « share in the late revolution, to • twelve peers, to serve a turn, • oppose a prerogative, that had

was, in effect, making a house • never been disputed, because
• of peers a property to the never used in that manner:
• court, and taking away a ne- • but had any prince, who had
gative upon

the
crown;

which « merited less of his country,
o would render our liberties pre- began fuch a thing, it would,
6 carious. That it could not no doubt, have been opposed,
• be denied, that the new-made and perhaps denied him. But,

peers were men of noble for- after all, the feverest reflection • tunes ; and that some of them

upon

the twelve new peers was
• had shewn a commendable zeal made by the earl of Wharton,
• for the present establishment; who, the same day they were
e but who would secure us, that introduced, when the question
• hereafter such a number should about adjouring was going to be
o not be made of men of a quite put, alked one of them, Whe-
• different characier ? and, in ther they voted by their fore-

Thort, that this was a prece- * man?' thereby comparing them
dent, which might be made to a petty jury. Boyer.

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Prince Eugene

1711-12 message; but, before the same was delivered by Mr. St.

John to the commons, they ordered their speaker to issue out writs, for the electing nine members in the room of thofe called up to the house of peers.

At this time prince Eugene of Savoy was sent by the emto England. peror to England, to try, if it was possible to engage our

, court to go on with the war, offering a new scheme, by Hift. of Eur. which his imperial majesty took a much larger share of it on

himself, than the late emperor would bear. The prince having resolved to embark for England, notwithstanding the endeavours used at the Hague to keep him on the other side of the water, he applied to the earl of Strafford, who wrote the following letter to captain Desborough, commander of the Fubs yatcht:

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Sir, “ Prince Eugene having desired my orders to you to carry " him over, you know, I do not pretend to command any 66 of her majesty's yatchts, without her special command. “ You know your orders, and how far they authorize you “ to carry over the prince. You know the respect and con“ fideration due to the prince, and his great merit; there“ fore, it is needless for ine to tell you what respect and

,
“ consideration you ought to shew him. I can assure you,
“ I have a particular respect and esteem for him ; and I
“ shall always be glad to do the prince all the service, that
o lies in my power.

I am
" Your most humble servant,

« STRAFFORD."

Though this letter rather implied a tacit prohibition than a positive order, yet, the captain being left to his own difcretion, he thought it his duty, as he could not but esteem it an honour, to carry over so great a man as prince Eugene, who, on the 8th of January, N. S. embarked at the Brill (with his nephew, the chevalier de Savoye, son to the count de Soissons, count de la Corfana, and count Cornelius of Nassau) and on the ist of January, 0. S. arrived off Harwich, where being informed, that he could not easily get all the necessary carriages for his attendants, he was perfuaded to go up the Thames. The next day he received, on board the yatcht, near the Buoy of the Nore, an account of the duke of Marlborough's being removed from all his employments, at which he was extremely concerned. Upon advice, that he was coming up by water, the government 1711-12. sent down Mr. Drummond, a broken merchant or stockjobber, a creature of the lord-treasurer, and Mr. Brinsden, an oculist, a private agent to Mr. St. John, to attend, or rather to be spies upon the prince. Brinfden being detained at Greenwich by an accidental sprain of his foot, Drummond only waited on the prince with a barge, which carried him from Gravesend to Whitehall; from whence he went in an hackney-coach to Leicester-House, which count Gallas, before his departure, had prepared for his reception. Immediately, upon his arrival, the prince caused it to be notified to the treasurer, the sacretaries of state, and the foreign ministers; and some of these waited upon him the fame evening; as did the duke of Marlborough, to whom the prince thewed a distinguished respect, and with whom he afterwards passed most of his time, notwithstanding the caution, which Mr. Drumınond had given him, either from himself, or from those, who sent him, that the less he

advice,

saw the duke of Marlborough, the better :' to which the prince answered, that, as the ministry might depend upon i it, he would not cabal against them; so he hoped they • did not expect, he should forbear his usual familiarity with

his good friend the duke of Marlborough.' On the 6th of January the prince received a compliment from the treasurer, which he instantly returned by the baron de Hohendorf, and about seven o'clock in the evening went to St. James's-House, where he was introduced by Mr. St. John, to a private audience of the queen, at which none were prefent but the treasurer and Mr. secretary. After a short compliment, which her majesty answered very graciously, he delivered to her a letter from the emperor, which he desired her to peruse, because it contained the substance of his errand. After reading the letter, the queen told the prince, • that she was forry the state of her health did not permit < her to speak with his highness as often as otherwise she 'Thould be glad to do : but that she had ordered those two

gentlemen (there present) to receive his proposals, and o confer with him as frequently as he should think proper.' In the mean time people were variously affected by his coming to England at this critical juncture. All the whigs, as

. well as fome tories, who began to be jealous, that a peace would be concluded upon dishonourable terms, were very glad of his arrival, hoping, that, by the proposals he was faid to bring from the emperor, he would prevail, if not to break off the present negotiation, at least to engage Great

Britain

1711-12. Britain to make early preparations to carry on the war, as

the most effectual means to obtain a safe and honourable peace. Upon this consideration, and the great fame of his actions, multitudes of people crowded to see him, and with loud acclamations attended him wherever he went. On the other hand, the friends of France, and of the pretender, who were equally desirous of a peace, upon any conditions, being apprehensive, that he would blast their expectations, could not forbear fhewing their discontent; and a rude rab

:: ble committed some disorders in Leicester-Fields, the fecond night after his arrival. A more fagrant instance of the malice of that party was seen on the 8th of January in the Post-boy, where an advertisement was inserted, infamously reflecting on the countess of Soissons, the prince's mother'; which scandalous affront the prince overlooked with his usual magnanimity; and by his discret carriage convinced all, that he was not come to meddle with intestine divisions, but rather to endeavour to bring the leading men of both parties to such a temper, as might conduce to remove any difficulties, that might obstruct the carrying on the common cause. This indeared him to every body, and gained him more respect, than was ever shewn in England to any foreign prince, so that, for two whole months, the nobility and gentry of both parties vied with one another who should entertain

him (e).

CH A P.

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(e) The persons, who distin- the prince dined with the lordguished themselves by this ge- treasurer, the latter, among other nerous emulation, were the dukes compliments, told his highness, of Marlborough, Ormond, Buck- " that he looked upon that day ingham, Montague, Schomberg, as the happiest in the whole Devonshire, Shrewsbury, Rich- 6 course of his life, since he had mond, and Grafton ; the earls o the honour to fee in his house Pawlet, Sunderland, Portland, • the greatest captain of this age.' Oxford, Rivers, Wharton, Berk- To which the prince replied, ley, Stair, and Orkney ; the • that, if he were, he was obliglords Lexington, Ashburnham, • ed to his lordship for it;' alludHalifax, and North and Grey; ing to the earl's being the auSir Thomas Hanmer; the ho- thor of the duke of Marlbonourable Mr. Henry Boyle ; Mr. rough's disgrace, which rid him secretary St. John ; general of a competitor in military gloPalmes ; the foreign ministers ry. It was observed the prince then in London; Dr. Garth and was not entertained by the lord Dr. Radcliffe, two of the most Dartmouth. eminent physicians. It was then On the 14th of January, Sir currently reported, that, when Alexander Cairnes, bart. and Sir

Theodore

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