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among us : but even that lord, who fits on the v « woolpack (meaning the lord treasurer) may well remem
, “ ber, that, in the late reign, four lords were impeached “ for having made a partition-treaty.” The earl of Angleiey, (who, with the duke of Ormond, was just come into the house, having that morning travelled above thirty miles in their return from Ireland) represented “ the necef“ fity of easing the nation of the burden of this expensive
war, and said, they ought to leave it to her majesty's “ wisdom to conclude a peace, when she thought it con“ venient for the good of her subjects :” adding, “ that we
might have enjoyed that blessing soon after the battle of “ Ramillies, if the same had not been put off by some per« fons, whose interest it was to prolong the war." The duke of Marlborough, who could not but perceive that this suggestion was lcvelled against him, made a long and pathetic speech, wherein, among other things, he said, “ he thought himself happy, in having an opportunity given “ him of vindicating himself on so material a point, which “ his enemies had to loudly, and so unjustly, laid to his “ charge, before a person [meaning the queen, and mak“ ing a bow towards the place where her majesty was) who
knowing the integrity of his heart, and the uprightness “ of his conduct, would not fail doing him justice. That “ he referred himself to the queen, whether, whilft he had " the honour to serve her majesty, as general and plenipo6 tentiary, he had not constantly informed her, and her “ council, of all the proposals of peace, that had been " made; and had not desired instructions for his conduct on 66 that subiect? That he could declare with a safe conscience, “ in the presence of her majesty, of that illustrious affem
bly, and of that supreme being, who is infinitely above “ all the powers upon earth, and before whom, according “ to the ordinary course of nature, he must soon appear,
to give an account of his actions, that he ever was de
firous of a fafc, honourable, and lasting peace; and that 5 he was always very far from any design of prolonging the
war for his own private advantage, as his enemies had "most falscly infinuated. That his advanced age, and the
many fatigues he had undergone, made him carnestly " wish for retirement and repose, to think of eternity the " remainder of his days; the rather, because he had not 66 the least motive to desire the continuance of the war, " having been so generously rewarded, and had honours s and riches heapcd upon him, far beyond his defest and
5 expectation, both by her majesty and her parliaments. 1711.
always be ready to serve them, if he could but crawl a-
It was expected that the court-party would the next day have the majority, by means of the proxies which eight Scots peers had sent to the duke of Hamilton and the earl of Mar. Wherefore, when the address of the lords was reported to the house, by the committce appointed to prepare
The lords address. Pr. H. L.
1711. it, the court tried to get the whole matter to be contested
over again, pretending, that the debate was not now, upon
lords fpiritual and temporal in parliament assembled, “ do, with hearts full of gratitude and loyalty to your fa“ cred majesty, beg leave to return your majesty our moft “ humble and hearty thanks and acknowledgments for your
majesty's most tender and affectionate care for all your “ people, expressed in your majesty's most gracious speech “ from the throne, and for imparting to us your majesty's « desires of ending this present war, by a peace advantage“ ous to your subjects, and just and honourable for your “ majesty and all your allies; as also for your majesty's “ exprefsing fo particular a regard for the interest of the “ states-general, as infeparable from your own; and that
your majesty is graciously pleased to assure us, it is your
chief concern, that the protestant religion, and the laws 66 and liberties of these nations, may be continued to your “ people, by securing the succession to the crown, as it is « limited by parliament to the house of Hanover; and that
your majesty is pleased to fhew so just a resolution to pro“ cure a satisfaction for all the allies, being by treaties in" titled to have their several interests fecured at a peace, and ss to unite with them in the strictest engagements, in order
to render the peace fecure and lasting. And we do beg “ leave to represent it to your majesty, as the humble opi- nion and advice of this house, that no peace can be safe
or honourable to Great-Britain or Europe, if Spain and
" the Weft-Indies are to be allotted to any part of the 1711. “ house of Bourbon."
To which the queen returned this anfwer:
ry forry any one could think I would not do my utmost
The lords returned her thanks for this answer: for they understood, by the doing her utmoft, was meant the coninui ng the war. The court was much troubled to see the house of lords fo backward, and both sides studied to fortify themselves, by bringing up their friends or by getting their proxies.
The house of commons were more complaisant than that the same of the lords, for a clause being offered to be inserted in clause rejectheir address of thanks, importing, “ that the house did not commons. “ doubt, but care would be taken, that Spain and the Pr. H. C. « West-Indies should not be left in the hands of any branch “ of the house of Bourbon, which might indanger the
safety of her majesty's person and government, the pro« testant fucceffion in the house of Hanover, and the liber“ ties of Europe ;" after a long debate, this clause was rejected by a majority of two hundred and thirty-two voices against one hundred and fix; and so the commons, in their address, not only expressed their satisfaction in what her majesty had been pleased to declare of the just and honourable peace, which she had in view ; but, at the same
time, assured her, that they would use their utmost en• deavours to disappoint, as well the arts and designs of • those, who, for private views, might delight in war, as the
hopes the enemies might have vainly entertained of re' ceiving advantage from any division among them.'
them. The queen returned for answer, that this very dutiful address
(x). The same day the address " 2. Because they looked upon it was presented, several court lords as an invasion of the royal entered their protests against it; “ prerogative, in fo sudden a
1. Because the nature of it was “ manner to declare their opi“ altered, there being no pre
« nion in a matter of such im“ cedent for inserting a clause of portance to the crown, as the ! advice in an addrels of thanks, making of peace and war."
1711. was what she expected from the zeal and loyalty of such
an house of commois : that she returned them her hearty • thanks for the confidence they had in her; and entirely " relied upon their assurances : and that they might depend
upon her affection and care for their interests.' Duke Ha While things pafied smoothly in the house of commons, milton's pa- the proceedings in the house of peers made a great noise,
and kept the contending parties in suspence. The duke of Pr. H. L. Hamilton, one of the fixteen peers for Scotland, having,
been created a peer of Great-Britain, by the title of duke
of Great Britain, as to all intents, except the voting in the house of lords, or fitting in judgment on a peer : and, as to their voting, that was vested in their representatives, by