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On the 20th of July, the British forces returned on board

1711. their respective ships, and were joined by two regiments of New-England and New-York, commanded by colonel Vetch and colonel Walton. On the 30th of July, the Aeet failed for the river of Canada, and colonel Nicholson fet out from Boston for New York, from whence he proceeded to Albany, where the forces of New York, Connecticut, and New Jersey, about one thousand Palatines, and about one thousand Indians of the five nations, under the Caffaiques, who had been in England, rendezvoused to the number of about four thousand men, commanded by colonel Ingoldsby, colonel Schuyter, and colonel Whiting, who marched towards Canada the 28th of August. The fleet arrived at the mouth of the river Canada on the 14th of the same month, and on the 18th (says Sir Hovenden Walker *) the wind * In a letter, blowing fresh at north-west, we put into Gaipe-bay, where dated Sept:

12, 1711. we staid till the 20th, being afraid of losing company with the transports, that might be blown to the leeward; but, having got all of them together, we proceeded up part of the river of Canada, which is an hundred and thirty leagues long to Quebec, from the mouth of it. On the 2 ist it proved foggy, and continued so all night, and the day following, with little wirid till the afternoon, when, in an extreme thick fog, it began to blow hard at east and east-southeast. We found ourselves then in a dangerous circumstance, having neither foundings, nor fight of land, to steer any course, or any anchorage within sixty leagues, and that not safe : so that the pilots on board this ship, being the best in the fleet, were of opinion, that the admiral should make a signal to bring to; which he did with our heads to the southward, judging, by that, we might escape danger, and be driven by the stream in the mid-channel : but quite contrary, as we were with the wind easterly, and our heads to the southward, in two hours we found ourselves upon the north-fhore among rocks and islands, where the whole fleet had like to have been loft. The men of war escaped, though with extreme hazard; but eight transports were caft away, with about eight hundred men, officers, foldiers, and seamen ; and, had not the admiral made the fignal, as he did, it is very likely that our lofs would have been much greater. After this disaster, we continued thereabouts two or three days, seeing what men and other things we could get from the fhore : after which it was determined by a consultation of fea-officers, to return back to some bay or harbour, where the fleet might safely ride, till a further resolu



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1711. tion should be taken. Accordingly, on the 14th of Sep

tember, we arrived in the Spanish river bay, and the general
and admiral called a council of war of land and sea-officers,
who considering we had but ten weeks provision for the feet
and army, and that the navigation in these parts of the
world being so bad and dangerous, that, at this time of the
year, we could not depend upon a supply of provisions from
New-England, it was unanimously agreed to return home,
without making further attempts elsewhere.

This account of the expedition to Canada was brought
to England by colonel Clayton, who arrived not many days
before Sir Hovenden Walker, who came to Portsmouth with
the fleet, and the remainder of the transports, the gth of
October. Six days after, the Edgar of seventy guns was
blown up, with above four hundred men, besides a great
many persons who were come on board to see their friends.

The ill success of this expedition was a great mortificathis expedi- tion to the new miniftry, it being their first undertaking, ill Burnet, projected, and worse executed in every step. It was the

more liable to censure, because, at the very time, that the
old ministry were charged with entering on designs, which
had not been laid before the parliament, and for which no
supplies had been given, they projected this, even while a
seffion was yet going on, without communicating it to the
parliament; whereas what the former ministry had done,
this way, was upon emergencies and successes, after the
end of the seffion. Besides, the parliament had just then de-
clared it to be their sense, That to enlarge the service, or
increase the charge beyond the bounds prescribed, and the
fupplies granted, was illegal, and an invasion of their rights,
The new miniftry did another thing to keep the design fe-
cret, which was to victual the fleet greatly short of what was
necessary, leaving them to take in a fresh supply in New-
England, which they would not beforehand give direction
for (though the event shewed it was very necessary) for fear
that also thould occafion a discovery. This, in some mea-
fure, preferred the secrecy, but destroyed the design : for,
though they had a very fortunate paffage to New England,
much better than the 'fleet could ordinarily expcet, yet they
were so long detained there, that the proper season, it was
said, was over, before any considerable quantity of provi-
fions could be procured, and the whole was so short of
what they wanted, that, when they failed in the design
against Quebec, they were pot able to succeed in the under-


Hift. of Eur.

plot against Placentia, in which otherwise they apprehended 1711. no difficulty (k).

The duke of Ormond held a session of parliament this A feffion of summer at Dublin, where he was received with great

accla- parliament mations. It is observable, that, during the feflion, the duke, in Ireland. chancellor Phips, and the majority of the peers, did, on all occafions, visibly favour and countenance the high-party, if not the friends to the pretender, whilst the commons strenuoufly afferted the Revolution-principles, and shewed their firm adherence to the protestant succession. Of this there were several instances * but none more remarkable than * See Anthe dispute between the two houses, relating to the applica- nals of q.

Anne, X. tion of the commons in 1709, to the queen, for five thou- 164. fand pounds to build a library for Trinity college (1). After



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(k) To all this may be added treasurer's fufpicion justified ; a gross imposition upon the pub- ' for the public was cheated of lic, in the fitting out of this ex ' above twenty thousand pounds. pedition, which the lord-treasurer - There is reason to be more parHarley himself owns, in his ticular upon this head, because Brief account of public affairs, ' it is one of the things never to laid before her majefty in June, * be forgiven the treasurer; and 1714, wherein he observes as fol lord-chancellor Harcourt told lows:

« On the 4th of June, • him more to that purpose, that 1711, three days after the trea-, government was worth serv, “ surer was sworn, he was sur-, ing, that would not let them

prized with a demand of twen-. i make those advantages, and ty-eight thousand thirty. -- fix get such jobs. The treasurer

pounds and five shillings for was forced to use all his skill “arms and merchandize, said to ' and credit to keep the house of

be sent to Canada. When the commons from examining this • treasurer scrupled this, Mr. se-, ' affair lait parliament.' ' cretary. St. John and Mr. Moore (i) This application was made

came to him with much paf- by the commons, . because (as • fion upon this affair ; and, they faid) the college had cen• about a fortnight after, the fe-' ' fured Forbes for aspersing the cretary of state fignified the memory

of king William, and • queen's positive pleasure to have for their steady adherence to • that money paid; and, accord • the late revolution, and for • ingly, her majesty signed a • the encouragement of good li• warrant, June 21, and the trea terature, and found Revolution• surer not being able then, with principles.' The duke of Or• all his precaution, to discover mond, in his speech, having • further light, the money was

taken notice that the


had paid July the 4th, 1715. Since complied with this application,

the return from that expedition, the lords, in their address to the • the secret is discovered, and the queen among other things, said,

• Your

B b 4

1711. the session was over, chancellor Phips (who had been pubw licly thanked by the clergy, for his defence of the church at


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Your majesty has also extended impression on her majesty, to your royal favour to the col the disadvantage of her most lege of Dublin, and at such a “ dutiful commons, they took this

juncture, as mult testify to the opportunity to lay before her < world, that what your majesty • majesty these their humble and « bestowed was not given to pro

« fincere assurances, that the mote those principles upon • principles, upon which they had • which it was at first applied for.' applied to her majefty for her The commons incensed at these • bounty to the college of Dublin, words, came to the following in their address of the first of resolutions : « That the lords, in June, 1709, were such, as they • this address, -have highly in

• should never be ashamed to own, « fringed the rights, privileges, they being no other than those, • and liberties of the commons,

to which they owed the presermisrepresented her majesty's, • vation of their religion, lives,

gracious condescension to their liberties, and properties, and "humble application, and have, more especially that inestima

unjustly insinuated (to the dis ble blessing of her majesty's “ honour of this house) that the happy reign over them. That • principles, for encouragement

the found Revolution-princiof which the application was, ples, mentioned in their ad• made, were such, as her ma

• dress, neither had, nor can * jefty disapproved. That to in- have, in the true construction finuate, that the house of com-,

• of the words, any

other mons, in their resolution, in ing, than what related to the “tended any other than the late • late happy revolution; and that

happy revolution brought about they had the utmost abhorrence, by king William III. of glo

and detestation of all principles crious memory, is false, fcan-, that tend to any other revolu• dalous, and malicious, highly tion, or to weaken her majesty's s and most unjustly reflecting on parliamentary right.'

the loyalty, integrity, and ho-. The commons, hearing the onour of this house, and a great lords intended to vindicate their • breach of the privileges there-, address, voted, That whoever

'ofi' And, in their address to, fhall, by speaking, writing, or the queen on this occasion, they printing, arraign or condemn inserted the following para., " the principles of our late happy graphs:

• revolution in 1688, is an eneBeing therefore most fenfibly my to our most gracious queen, ( "touched at heart, that our prin to our conftitution in church

ciples and good intentions "and state, to the Hanover suc« should be thus injuriously re cession, and a friend to the pre

presented, and out of a deep tender.' The next day, the e concern, left the address of the lords agreed on an address to the lords should have made any queen, wherein they complained





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Dr. Sacheverel's trial, and for patronizing the clergy on all 1711. occafions) and general Ingoldfby were appointed as lords an


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of the high indignities offered to or your successors. Nor have them by the commons, in these " the commons, in our appreterms : How far the commons • hension, vindicated themselves • have made good their profes or their vote, by saying, “That • fions to your majesty of una “ the found Revolution-princi

nimity; how far they have pur ples, mentioned in their ad• sued that temper recommended « dress, neither had, nor can ! to them by your majesty, we 66 have, in the true construction « shall not determine: yet, surely, “ of the words, any other mean? had those professions been fin ing than what related to the

cere, they would not (without “ late happy revolution.” • For, any conference demanded, or

< however they may

take upon any opportunity given to us to • themselves best to know their explain ourselves, if we had own meaning, yet we think it been mistaken) have used us in • hard to deny us the right of

a manner wholly unknown to judging, as well as they, of • former parliaments, and in lan the true construction of the

guage more indecent, more op words; and we do take the li

probrious, than was given by berty to say, That, the com- another house of commons, mons having, in that vote,

when they voted the house of • maintained the steady adhe• lords useless. However, your rence of the provost and fel• majesty might juftly approve • lows of the college to the late • the conduct of the college of • revolution, as one confideration « Dublin in the late revolution, • of their application for the five

we did, and do still humbly • thousand pounds since granted 6 conceive, that

majesty did

. by your majesty, the subsequent not extend your bounty to "motive mentioned in that vote, • them, to promote (in general)

viz. For the encouragement of • Revolution-principles, princi

« found Revolution - principles, • ples, which, as explained by cannot, in good reason or • the pamphlets and libels pub grammar,

be referred to the « licly avowed by men of factious • late revolution, since adherence 6. and feditious tempers,


to the late revolution was a . ticularly, by a fermon preached • diftinct motive of itself; and it

on the 30th of January, dedi " is the known nature of prin<cated to this very house of ciples, to be as well the rule

commons, without cenfure or • and guide of future as of past (animadversion, do, in a great

" actions.' “measure, maintain and justify Moreover, the house of lords, • the execrable murder of king at the follicitation of the bishops, Charles I, your royal grand did, the same day, agree to a father of blessed memory, and representation and address against on which


be founded any the dissenters, wherein they sug" rebellion against your majesty gested, " That they had been



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