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1710. solute leaders, particularly in the two first parliaments of this

reign, when he brought in, and strenuously supported, the occafional conformity bill. Sir Thomas Hanmar and Mr. Smith, formerly speaker, and another member, were at first proposed; but this was only to try the temper of the house ; for, as soon as Mr. Bromley was nanied, the general voice was for him. The queen, being, on the 27th of November, come to the house of peers, made the following speech to both houses :

My Lords and gentlemen, Terhequeen's & I Have, by calling this parliament, made appear the

confidence I place in the duty and affections of my “ subjects ; and I meet you here with the greatest satisfac« tion, having no reason to doubt, but that I shall find such “ returns, as will add new life to our friends, and intirely

disappoint the hopes of our enemies.

6. To this end I shall recommend to you what is abso“ lutely necessary for our common safety.

“ The carrying on the war in all its parts, but particu“ larly in Spain, with the utmost vigour, is the likeliest “ means, with God's blessing, to procure a safe and hoc nourable peace for us and all out allies, whose support " and interest I have truly at heart.

" For this purpose I must ask from you, gentlemen of “ the house of commons, the necessary supplies for the next “ year's service : and let me put you in mind, that nothing « will add so much to their efficacy, as unanimity and


I cannot, without great concern, mention to you, that " the navy, and other offices, are burthened with heavy " debts, which so far affect the public service, that I most “ earnestly desire you to find some way to answer those de“ mands, and to prevent the like for the time to come : “ the justice of parliament, in satisfying former engage“ments, being the certain way for preserving and establish« ing national credit.

“ I am sensibly touched with what my people suffer by " this long and expensive war, to which, when it shall “ please God to put an end, the flourishing condition of

my subjects shall be as much my care, as their safety is at “


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1710. My lords and gentlemen,

“ The eyes both of friends and enemies are upon you. .“ The way to give spirit to the one, and to defeat the rest« less malice of the other, is to proceed in such manner, as « becomes a British parliament.

“ I shall, in the plainest words, tell you my intention ; 66 and I do this with the greatest satisfaction, because I de6c pend upon their being agreeable to you.

I am resolved to support and encourage the church of “ of England, as by law established:

“ To preserve the British conftitution, according to the 6 union : and to maintain the indulgence by law allowed to “ fcrupulous consciences.

“ And, that all these may be transmitted to posterity, I “ shall employ none but such, as are heartily for the pro« teftant succession in the house of Hanover, the interest of “ which family no person can be more truly concerned for « than myself.

“ These are my resolutions ; and your concurrence with

me in a steady pursuit of them, will best manifest your “ zeal for our religion, for the interest of our country, for

your own safety, and for my honour.”

The queen, in this speech (the sentiments whereof were supposed to come from Mr. Harley) took no notice of the successes of the last campaign, as she had always done in her former speeches; and it was much observed, that, instead of promising to maintain the toleration, she had, in Sacheverel's language, said, she would maintain the indulgence, granted by law, to scrupulous consciences. The lords The lords presented an address of an odd composition to the

queen, which shewed, it was not drawn by those who had penned val. 11. their former addresses. Instead of promising, they would Burnet. do all that was possible towards a vigorous prosecution of the war, in order to an honourable peace, they only promised to concur in all reasonable measures to that end, which feemed to import a limitation, as if they had apprehended, that unreasonable things might be asked of them. The conclufion also was in a very cold strain of rhetoric: for they ended with saying,

They had no more to add.' The commons were more hearty in their address, and, in the end of it, reHected on some late practices against the church and state, in these words:

« These

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« These are the ends (namely, prosecution of the war,

“ safety of the church, indulgence to scrupulous consciences, The address • prefervation of the union, adherence to the protestant

“ fucceffion) truly worthy your majesty's pursuit; and we “ do, with all humanity, represent to your majesty, that o the most effectual way to give spirit to your friends, " and defeat the restless malice of your enemies, will be, " by discountenancing all persons of such principles, and « avoiding all measures of such tendency, as may weaken “ your majesty's title and government, the settlement of " the crown in the illustrious house of Hanover, and ad“ vance the hopes of the pretender ; and all other princi

ples and measures, that have lately threatened your royal “ crown and dignity, which, whenever they prevail, will prove

fatal to our whole conftitution, both in church and " Itate.”

But this address had but little or no effect in relation to the public funds; most of the whigs end monied men, being still uneasy, whilst the doctrines of absolute passive obedience and of hereditary right, wholly inconsistent with the late revolution and the Hanover fucceffion, were countenanced; not to mention their juft apprehentions, that the

duke of Marlborough would be either laid afide, or made Mootion to so uneasy, as to be cbliged to resign his command. This thank the jealoufy was increased upon what happened, on the 28th of duke of Marlbo

November, in the house of peers, where the earl of Scarborough drop- rough having made a motion, that the thanks of the house ped. should be returned to the duke, fome objections were raised Pr. H. L.

against it by the duke of Argyle ; and the duke of Marlborough's friends, being apprehensive, if the question were put, it would be carried in the negative, said, it would be time enough to speak to that matter, when the duke was come home. The next day a complaint was made by the earl of Rochester against the lord-keeper Harcourt, for taking upon him to introduce the Scots lords to the queen, being himself no peer by patent. But, the late lord-chancellor

Cowper maintaining, he had a right to act as he had done, The supplies no further notice was taken of it. The commons readily granted. granted the fupplies for the next year's service, and gave

luch dispach to the land-tax bill, that it received the royal aflent before the short recess at Christmas.

About the beginning of December the queen appointed terborough the earl of Peterborough to go to Vienna, to concert meaappointend

sures with the imperial court for the vigorous prosecution of Vienna, the war, particularly in Spain, which, at this juncture, seem


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ed to be the court's, favourite project, though not generally 1710.
approved. For many observed, that this was the very
thing, which the French king had been aiming at in the
late negotiations, namely, to make a separate peace, exclu-
five of Spain, in order to carry the stress of the war into that
country, where, whatever engagement he entered into, he
might underhand assist his grandson, who, having the affec-
tions of the people, might prosecute the war with great ad-
vantage over the allics, whereby the French king would
ease himself of the war in Flanders, which distreiled him
moft, and threatened the very heart of his dominions.
About the same time earl Rivers was sent to the court of and earl
Hanover, from whence he was lately returned. It was also
declared, that the queen had, on the 12th of December,
named Mr. Richard Hill to be her envoy-extraordinary to
the United Provinces, and to the council of state appointed
for the government of the Spanish Low-Countries, in the
room of lieutenant-general Cadogan, who was recalled.
The military men were not so surprized at this change, as
when they heard, that the commissions of lieutenant-general
Meredith, major-general Maccartney, and brigadier Honey-
wood were superseded, upon an information laid before the
queen, that these three gentlemen had, in their cups, drank

Damnation and confusion to the new ministry, and to

those, who had any hand in turning out of the old (1).' Some persons, who, about this time, came over from Flanders, extenuated the crime of those three gentlemen, averring, “ they only drank a health to the duke of Marlborough, " and confusion to all his enemies;” which is usual in all armies, out of respect to the commander in chief. But, whether this excuse was well grounded or nor, the new minifters thought it neceflary to make an example, in order to keep within bounds the generals, and other officers of the army, some of whom, it was said, dropped doubtful expresfions of standing by their general. And this might administer the greater cause of suspicion at this juncture, because the design of making a general for life was laid to the charge of


(1) Meredith's regiment was regiment of horse to his fon the
given to the earl of Orrery; marquis of Harwich, who had
Maccartney's to colonel Kane; ferved two campaigns in Flan-
and Honeywood's tó colonel ders as volunteer and aid de
Clayton. Major-general Syburg camp to the duke of Marlbo-
had the lord Orrery's. The rough.
duke of Scomberg resigned his


1910. the old ministry in a pamphlet, called, · Faults on both um fides,' written by Mr. Clements, and countenanced by some

great men, and particularly the earl of Peterborough. Not many days after the earl of Hertford, fon to the duke of Somerset, was made governor of Tinmouth-fort, in the room of general Meredith, who, about this time, had a further mortification put upon him, his place of gentleman of the horse to the queen being given to Mr. Conyers Darcy, brother to the earl of Holderness. On the 13th of December the dukes of Beaufort and Hamilton were sworn of her majesty's privy-council; and, about the same time, Sir James Wishart and Mr. George Clarke were made commissioners of the admiralty, in the room of Mr. Methuen and Mr. Doddington; and Mr. Whitworth, who was envoy to the czar of Muscovy, was appointed ambassador extraordinary to the same court. The

queen likewise appointed the earl of Abingdon justice in Eyre, in the room of the earl of Wharton, and his countess one of the ladies of the bed-chamber. Not many days after the queen knighted Sir Conftantine Phipps, one of Dr. Sacheverel's counsel in his late

trial, and made him lord-chancellor of Ireland. The duke

The duke of Marlborough, having imbarked in Holland,

arrived, the 28th of December, at London. Upon his en, borough

trance into the city about five in the evening, his coach was England. atended by a great number of people with links and flam

beaux, who by their acclamation expressed their joy at his return. The duke thought it prudence, at this juncture, to avoid the least fhew of popularity, and therefore ordered his coach, instead of driving directly to St. James's, to go to Montague-house, from whence, after having rested an hour or two, he went out by a private door. Upon his arrival at St. James's, he immediately waited upon the queen, who discourted with him about half an hour; after which,

he retired to his apartment. He is visited The duke assisted at a committee of the privy-coucil by the new the next morning; and, afterwards, received the visits ministers.

of the earl of Rochester, president of the council, the earl Powlet, first commissioner of the treasury, the secretaries of state, and other persons in the ministry. It was, however, for many days a question with the public, whether he had any interview with Mr. Harley, who had now the greateit share, both in the queen’s ‘confidence, and in the management of affairs. Those, who pretended to know the secret of the court, seemed persuaded, that the queen


of Marl

returns to

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