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had killed the queen's hand, and been knighted, in order 1710.
So fudden and so intire a change in the ministry is scarce
On the 28th of September, the queen went to Hampton- The lieucourt, having the same day ordered the seals to be put to a tenancy of commision for renewing the lieutenancy of the city of Tiranega
changed. London; in which several whigs, who were in the former, were left out, and tories put in their places. This new commision was chiefly designed, both to prevent Sir Gilbert Heathcote, an alderman near the chair, and governor of the bank (who had given offence to the court, by his application to the queen in favour of the late ministry) from being chosen lord-mayor, and to strengthen the interet of the high-church party in the election of parliament-men for the capital city, which generally has a great
1710. influence upon other elections. But that commission was
opened too late to have the intended effect; for, the election
fortunes of their own, that they 66 would use their endeavours to support the public credit.“ It was expected, that this recommendation would have had a good effect, and engaged the tory-party in the city, either to advance money to the government, or to use their utmost endeavours to support the public funds. But neither of these happened; and to the bank, East-India, annuities, and other stocks continued sinking, which gave the ministry no small uneasiness; the rather, because some bills of exchange, drawn from Genoa for remittances into Spain, happend at this juncture to be protested. Mr. Harley, the new chancellor of the exchequer, sent his agents into the city, who found means to engage several rich merchants and bankers, particularly Mr. John Lambert, a French refugee, to supply the urgent neceffities of the government.
By this time the election for parliament-men were over The elec
in several places; and by the first returns it appeared, that, amongst the new members, the number of the whigs was near equal with that of the tories; which, as was then given out, answered the expectation and desires of the new managers. For having gained their chief aim, which was to remove the late lord treasurer and his friends, it was by many believed, that they designed to carry things even between both parties; and therefore wished only for such a
tions of par
majority of the high-church in the house of commons, as 1710.
1710. fo general through the whole kingdom, all at the same time,
that it was visible, that the thing had been concerted for some time, and the proper methods and tools had been prepared for it. The influence of the mob was, in a particular manner, remarkable in the election for the city of Westminster; where Mr. Medlicot and Mr. Cross being set up by the high-church party, some of those, who offered to give their voices for their competitors, general Stanhope and Sir Henry Dutton Colt, were knocked down and wounded, which obliged many of their party to return home without polling ; so the two first candidates had a vast majority. The whigs expected, that the election of the city of London would balance that of Westminster; and indeed, the first day of the poll, their candidates had a considerable advantage; but such industry was used by the then lord-mayor and the aldermen of the high-church party, in bringing many citizens upon the livery, and engaging their votes, that, upon closing the books, Sir William Withers, Sir Richard Hoare, Sir George Newland, and Mr. John Cass, all four of that party, having the majority of votes, were declared duly elected. After the poll was ended, there were extraordinary rejoicing throughout the city, by illuminations, bone-fires, ringing of bells, &c. and the tumultuous mob were so exalted and enraged against those, who seemed not to partake in the public joy, that they broke all the windows they saw unlighted, without distinction ; so that many
houses of the church-party were damaged, as well as those of the whigs, and in particular that of Sir Richard Hoare, one of the four, for whose fakes these rejoicings were made. Some days before, the mob was guilty of a till greater instance of outrage ; for, as Sir Gilbert Heathcote, ore of the whig candidates, and lord-mayor elect, was going out of Guild-Hall, they not only insulted him with reproachful language, but one of them spit in his façe.
Though the tories had boasted, that none of the managers against Dr. Sacheverel would be rechosen members of parliament ; yet, notwithstanding the utmost endeavours, that were used to prevent it, Sir Joseph Jekyll, Sir Peter King, Mr. Lechmcre, and Mr. Walpole, were returned ; as was also general Stanhope for Cockermouth, though he loft his election at Westminster : however, there were few whigs returned, against whom petitions were not offered ; there were in all about a hundred, and, by the firit steps after the meeting of the parliament, the majority made it ap
pear, that they intended to clear the house of all who were 1710.
On the 30th of October, Sir Gilbert Heathcote, lord-
ble adveitite ry St. John, was published in the London Gazette, importing, that, fome evil-designing persons having unscrewed 66 and taken away feveral iron bolts out of the great tim“bers of the west roof of the cathedral church of St. “ Paul, her majesty, for the better discovery of the offen--5 ders, was pleased to promise her most gracious pardon, " and a reward of fifty pounds, to any perfon concerned “ therein, who should discover his accomplices.” This advertisement occafioned the report of a plot to destroy the queen and the court, by the fall of the roof of St. Paul's, on the thanksgiving-day, when it was supposed her majesty would have gone thither ; which pretended screw-plot (as it was afterwards called) many of the tories and emiffaries of the new miniftry were ready enough to charge upon the whigs. But upon enquiry it appeared, that the missing of the iron pins was owing to the neglect of fome workmen, who thought the timbers sufficiently fastened without them.
The parliament being met on the 25th of November, the Third parlicommons, by direction from the throne, proceeded to the ament of choice of a speaker, which, as it was generally expected, tain.
G:e.lt-Brifell, without any opposition, on Mr. Bromley. He had, Pr. H.C. for many years past, becn cholen member for the univerli-Mr. Brem
ley chosen ty of Oxford ; was fure of all the votes of the church-par-Speaker. ty, of which he had been one of the most constant and re