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1;ic. told, that he m.ght abue the emperor, " whatever changes

" the queen uegned to make the h..d re!olved to continue " the duke ui warlborough in his emplo; ments; and de« fired prince Eugene and the other inperial generals and plenipotentiaries might act with him, with the lame cona fidence as before.The answer, which was given to Vryberg, was kept a secret; however, it was said, the queen put a favourable .coníruction on the interposition of the states, in favour of the ministry, looking upon it as the effect of their zeal for the common cause, and the confidence they reposed in the duke of Marlborough's conduct. These interpolitions were represented by those, who had never been versed in the negotiations of princes in an alliance, as à boid intruding into the queen's councils ; though nothing is more common than for princes to offer mutual advices (5).

The queen had no fooner begun to change her ministry, in ert the by displacing the earl of Sunderland, than the French were

attentive how to turn it to their advantage. The earl's reremoval in moval was quickly inserted in the Paris Gazette, with the

particular notice, that he was son-in-law to the duke of Marlborough. Their other news-papers were likewise filled with all the domestic fcuds and contests of the parties in Great Britain ; which were related with an air cf triumph, and helped very much to raise the spirits of the French.

On the Sth of August, the very day after the queen had Godolphin expressed her defire tū the carl of Godolphin himself, that

he would continue in her service, the diimilled him; and her letter of order to him to break his faff, was sent by no worthier a meslenger than a man in a livery, to be left with

The French

of derland's

their Gazette,

The earl of

dimifled. Cond, of de of Mari,

(g) The Dutch, as well as the ever, it fhall not leffen my bank, were severely rehected “ elieem of my allies, nor alter upon by the tories,' for inter


resolution in my afmeddling in an ailair of this na « fairs." Those, who framed ture; and, at the same time, they this answer, had forget that the handed about a harsh answer, queen had interposed at the court which they pretended the queen of Vienna, in favour of the emgave to Vryberg's memorial : peror's protettant subjects, and “I am surprized a matter of that the parliament had desired “ chis kind should come from her to apply to the

emperor, for " the fates. It is the greatest sending prince Eugene to comos insult that ever was offered to mand in Spain. “ tóe crown of England. How


his lordship’s porter (h). The queen indeed confcffel to

those, who expoftulated with her upon this occafion, “ That
“ she was forry for it, but could not help it.” The next
day it was declared, that the queen had appointed carl
Paulet, Mr. Robert Harley, Mr. Henry Paget, Sir Thomas
Manfel, and Mr. Robert Benson, commillioners of the trea-
fury. Though lord Paulet was the first in form, Mr. Har-
ley was the person with whom the secret was lodged ; and
it was visible, he was the chief minister, being at the same
time made chancellor and under-treasurer of the exchequer,
in the room of Mr. Smith, who was afterwards made a teller
of the exchequer. And now it appeared, that a total change
of the ministry, and the diffolution of the parliament, were
re!olved on.

In the mean while Dr. Sacheverel, being presented to a Sacheverel's benefice in North-Wales, went down to take poflemon of

fprouress into it : as he passed through the counties, both going and coning, he was received and followed by such numbers, and entertained with such magnificence, that our princes in their progreffes have nct been more run after than he was. Great fury and violence appeared on many occasions, tho' care was taken to give his followers no sort of provocation : he was looked on as the champion of the church; and he fhewed as much infolence on that occafion, as his party did folly (i). No notice was taken by the governinent of all



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(b) Boyer and others fay, the out, and came that night to Danduke of Somerset was sent to de bury, where the mayo:, recorder, mand the treasurer's staff.

and corporation, in their robes (i) The particulars of this

and formalities, with their mace prog:ess more at large were as before them, attended him at follows: he went from London, his inn, congratulated him upon about the middle of May, to Ox his deliverance, making him a ford, with a numerous attend. present of wine; and, in the ance, and was welcomed and

evening, there were bone-sires, magnificently entertained by the ringing of bells, and all public earl of Abingdon ; Mr. Charles expreffions of joy. The next Bertie, fellow of All-Souls col. day, the doclor dined at the lege ; Mr. Rowney, one of the lord Willoughby's; and, from members of parliament for that thence went forward to Warcity; the vice-chancellor, the wick, being met at a distance heads of houses, and most per from the town by a body of horse, fons of distinction in the univer who conducted him in. The fity. Here he continued the re mayor and aldermen, with a great mainder of that month; and, on number of the gentry and inhaThuriday the first of June, fet Litants of that place, paid their


1710. these tumultuous proceedings; they were rather encouraged

than checked. All this was like a prelude to a greater
scene, which was to be acted at court.


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refpe&ts to him at his inn, pre- place he could not fail making a
fented him with wine, and would pompous entry, Mr. R. Creswell,
have entertained him the day jun. a professed jacobite, who de
following; which he declined, figned to stand for member of
and went that night to the lord parliament for that place, having
Craven's, and continued some sent a circular letter to the clergy
days in that county.

On the round about, and others who
12th of June, he was entertained were well-wishers to the doctor's
at dinner by Sir William Bough- doctrine, defiring them to ac-
ton, together with the lord Wil- company him into town, and fa-
loughby, lord Craven, and divers vour him with their

company at other gentlemen and clergymen, dinner. According to this inviwho came to express their great tation, most of the neighbouring joy and satisfaction to see the clergy and gentlemen repaired doctor. Some days after he to Bridgnorth on the 5th of July; continued his progress, and, on so that, when Dr. Sacheverel the 23d, went through Wrexham, came near the town, he was met in the way to his living at Sala- by Mr. Creswell, at the head of tin, being met within a mile of about four thousand horse, and the town by most of the gentle near three thousand foot, most men in the county, and others, of them with white knots, edged to the pumber of about two with gold, and three leaves of thoufard. He lay that night at gilt laurel in their hats; the the house of George Shakerley, hedges, two miles from the esq; and, next day, the chan town, being dressed with flowers, cellor of the diocese gave orders and lined with people, and the for his institution and induction, two steeples adorned with fifty which was performed fome days pounds worth of flags and coafter. The doctor having been lours. The doctor being likeinvited to Shrewsbury, he went wise invited to Ludlow, he rethither the 3d of July, being paired thither the 7th of July, met at Momford-bridge, three being met by great numbers of miles from the town, by Corbet men on horseback, and a vast Kinafion, efq; Mr. Owen, Mr. multitude on foot, with drums Creflet, Mr. Creswell, Mr.Mitton, beating, trumpets founding, and and all the neighbouring gentle- colours Aying; and, being conmen and others, and was con ducted to the apartment prepared duced to Shrewsbury by about for him, was most magnificently five bocfind horse. After he had entertained. But this was the been nobly entertained there, he laft stage of the doctor's triumph; went to Mr. Owen's at Condo- for, expecting to be received at ier, where he was also magni- Worcester with the fame honours ficently treated ; and then pro- and respects, which had been çeeded to Bridgnorth, in which paid him in other places, he set

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The queen in September came to council, and calle) for 1710. a proclamation to diffolve the parliament, which Sir Simon

The parlia-
Harcourt (made attorney-general in the room of Sir James
Montague, who had quitted that post) had prepared. When solved,
it was read, the lord-chancellor Cowper offered to speak ; and other

changes in but the queen rising up would admit of no debate, and or

the minilliyi dered the writs for a new parliament to be got ready. About Burnet. the same time she dismissed the lord Soinmers, and, in his room, made the earl of Rochester lord-president of the council. She sent to the duke of Devonshire for the lordsteward's staff, and gave it to the duke of Buckingham. Mr. Boyle was removed from the post of secretary of state, and Mr. Henry St. John had the feals

. The earl of Derby was dismissed from being chancellor of the duchy of Lancafter, and was succeeded by the lord Berkley. Upon all these removes, the lord-chancellor came, on the 23d of September, and delivered up the great seal. The queen did not expect this, and was surprized at it; and, not knowing how to dispose of it, the, with unusual carnestness, pressed him to keep it one day longer. The day following, having considered the matter with her favourites Mrs. MaTham and Mr. Harley, the received it very readily. At first The committed it to the custody of three lords-commissioners, Sir Thomas Trevor, chief-justice of the common-pleas; Mr. Robert Tracy, judge of the same court; and Mr. Scroop, baron of the exchequer in Scotland; but it was soon after given to Sir Simon Harcourt. The earl of Wharton delivered up his commition of lord-lieutenant of Ireland, which was given to the duke of Ormond (k). The earl of


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out from Ludlow, in order to opened the 19th of May, with
repair thither, but met with a specch, recommending union
fome flights and affronts in fome among themselves, and a zeal
towns through which he had for the protestant interelt and
paried. His disappointment and protestant fucceffion. But this did
mortification were ftill more re not hinder the enemies to both
markable at Worcester, Dr.Lloyd, from defacing the statue of king
bishop of that see, having given William, on the 25th of June,
express orders to the clergy of which had been erected by the
his diocese against paying any re- city of Dublin, after the battle
fpect to the doctor; which were of the Boyne. They twiited the
purctually obeyed.

sword that was in one hand, wreft-
(k) The lord Wharton had ed the trurcheon cutof the other,
held a parliament at Dublin be- daubed the face with dirt, and
forę he resigned, which he had offered it other indignities. The


X 41

1710, Orford, first commissioner of the admiralty, withdrew from

that board ; but the other four commissioners, Sir John Leake, Sir George Byng, Mr. Dodington, and Mr. Methuer, were conunued ; to whom were added Sir Willia:n Drake and Mr. Antlaby. Mr. George Granville, a near relation of the earl of Bath, was appointed fecretary at war, in the room of Mr. Robert Walpole; and Mr. Manley was made surveyor-general, in the room of Mr. Samuel Travers; and Mr. Arinu: Moore was made one of the lords-commilfione s of tiac a:d plantations. Mr. Robert Raymond, an eminent lawyer of Gray's--inn, was appointed sollicitorgeneral, in the room of Mr. Lyre, who, on the 5th of May,

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address, on this occasion, of the " with honour, and continued commois of Ireland, deserves « dear to a people delivered, by to be remembered ; after taking • him, from popith superstition notice of the lord Wharton's " and French flavery; and to concern for their preservation " whose reign we are indebted from the enemics of their happy 6 for those inestimable laws, establishment, who envied their which exclude all popish suclate glorious fo.ereign the ho. « ceflors, and settle the crown nour of a latue, erečied as a ter upon our most gracious queen, timony how much was owing « and the heirs of her body, to their deliverer from popery • being protestants; and, for and Davery. They added, "His 6 want of such issue, on the most

memory must ever be dear to . illustrious house of Hanover : ' all men, except those who de

" so that if we have any true re• fire to bring our religion, lives, "gard for her majesty's title, for " and propeities, into the fame our lmost holy religion, or for dangersiruin which his

courage our civil liberties, we cannot • and conduct fo bravely and * fufficiently acknowledge your

seasonably rescued us. And s excellency's molt generous care, < such ive unarimously declare to detect fo base and barbarous ç all those to be, who, on any

a fact ; nor omit any opportu. pretence winticever, cndca.

nity of expressing our deteftavoured to reflect on the juttice •tion of those, whose repeated . cf the late happy revclution, « indignities, offered to the me'the meinory of Gid's great in: mcry of our great, deliverer,

itrument in effecting it, or the ( are sufficient indications of their inscefiary mcars mode uie of being enemies to our happy in bringing it about. Had conflitution in church and their imbirtant rancour and

ftate, and of their affection to - malice fully accomplished their • the pretender.' The city of

delon, by entirely demolift- Dublin caused the diatue to be king and def.oying that monu- repaired, for which they had

ment of our gratitude; yet are the thanks of the house of com"we persuaded his glo:ious name mons, { would always be ditinguished


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