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" the restitution of Spain and the Indies; and, in short, that • France had no other view, than to low and create jcalou

fy, desire to retard the operations • knew, were taking the most • of the campaign, but on their • effectual means to make the re• own part threatened what migh • duction of Spain impossible, • ty things they would do upon while they were treating of • the Rhine and in Spain ; and, ( terms for the surrender of it. • to intimidate them the more, • But nothing can discover more « marshal Villars condescended plainly the infincerity of France, " to the mean artifice of writing than what happened after these « to the French ministers, from • conferences were ended. Two • time to time, letters filled with days after their plenipotentia' the grosseft gasconade, what a ries were gone, the duke of • brave army he had ; how de Anjou received a considerable • firous they were to come to an disgrace at Almanara ; and, in engagement; and that, if the

« about three weeks after that, • allies had a mind to a battle, ' his army was intirely defeated • they should meet with no in • at Saragoffa, beyond a poffibi« trenchments, but should find lity of maintaining his ground, • him ready to receive them in an or recovering his affairs, with

open plain. These poor tricks ! out the affistance of France. they fancied would pass upon • Here was now a fair occafion the Dutch deputies; but they • for the French king to shew

were too well known to be be. • himself; his language had been « lieved ; and the event thewed • all along, that he could not be

there was nothing else in all • active to dethrone his grand• these boasts aimed at, but <fon, but would confent abfo

to deceive ; for, the minute lutely to abandon him, if that Doway began to capitulate, the « would procure a peace:

The • marshal retired to fafe ground, allies cannot take his bare " and intrenched with all his sword : his minifters make the

might, and dared not offer * most folemn proteftations in his • them battle all the rest of the

name, and give repeated afcampaign, though more bat • surances of this in the most ex• talions had been weakened by • press words, and complain hea

the siege of Doway and Be vily, that they are not believ• thune, than the battle of Blen ( ed. Now, in less than a month ' heim was fought with; and al « after the conferences were end. ? moft as many more were after. ed, there happens the best op"wards at the same time em portunity in the world for the ployed in the fiege of St. Ve king to shew his


fincerinant and Aire. But these and ty: the obstruction to a peace "all the other artifices of France ' is the evacuation of Spain. • could not delude or drive the · Let now the king but keep • ftates to quit the common in « his word, and be passive only,

tereft, or induce the allies to • and the thing will do itself: i hearken to a separate peace

" the allies cannot fail of Spain, • with the French, who, they • if the king does not fupport



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sy and disunion among the allies.' As to the complaint of the plenipotentiaries relating to their persons, the pretended

contempt • his grandson against them. call the world fees he could not • What part now does the king ' have kept. What success this < take ? does he send to the al • assistance, that has been given •' lies, that he will abandon his him, has had, I need not tell

grandson in earnest, if that you; nor what further mil• will content them? nothing i chief the common cause is like • like it; he balances, indeed, to suffer from it. It is a great • for some time what to do, and pity the conference did not • holds frequent councils: but • lait one month longer, which c for what? not because he was • would have put the French un• in any doubt, whether he der a necessity of keeping their • should act agreeably to his ' word, or in the most infamous

word, or shew he is sincere ; ' manner breaking it, to support • for that I have already observed a cause they had fo often, and • he could not be; he must de with so much seeming earneft« ceive either us, or the Spani 'ness, promised to renounce. « ards. All the debate therefore • As it is, there is but one excuse

was, which he should do: At • for them, --which those, I am • first their affairs seemed to be in arguing against, had rather • fo defperate a condition, as to • should not be made ; and that • be beyond retrieve ; and that is, to plead, that the case is • all the support he could give « altered: affairs are not in the • his grandson would be insigni fame condition they were in, « ficant; and therefore there were when they made thote promises. • some thoughts of making a They have a political observato( virtue of necessity, and to pro ry at Paris, where the marquis

cure a peace to France by • de Torcy and the French mi• abandoning Spain ; fince, if he ( nifters frequently examine what

did not abandon it, it must be appearances there are in the

loft. And, had the action of heavens of all the countries in • Saragossa happened a month war with them; and accord• sooner, it is very likely it had ing to these they take their

proved so, for the hands of ( measures of war and peace; o the French were too full of • and it is by this they justify

other work to send any con • their assisting the duke of An“ fiderable force to Spain, till the • jou. What parred in Spain, campaign was in other parts,

• the 20th of August, they « Savoy particularly, drawing to thought sufficiently balanced by

an end. After many consulta • what happened to the north6 tions, it is resolved to make • west of them the igth. What • the utmost efforts to support the • preceded that phænomenon, • duke of Anjou, nowithiand and has since followed it, has ing all their pretences to leave

i determined the rot one him to himself, or rather to ly to support the duke of An. persuade him to quit a king • jou, but to desist for the predom, which, without their help, « sent from all further offers of

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1710. contempt of their character, the publication and abusive liw bels, the opening of their letters, the hindering the making

any visits to them and their lodging, as if they had been in a kind of prison ; the states observed, that, pursuant to the agreement, the plenipotentiaries came without any character, for which reason no ceremonial was observed on either fide: but that all manner of consideration was had for their birth, quality, and merit. That libels were severely forbidden in Holland, and the authors and printers liable to punishment. That none of the many couriers, the French plenipotentiaries had received and dispatched, had been stopped; nor were any of the letters, which they sent by the ordinary post, intercepted. That no person was ever hindered from going to them; nor was any order given to take notice who visited them. But as, in all frontier towns, it is the custom, that none enter, unless they declare who they are, both at the gate and to the governor ; it ought not to be thought strange, nor ought exceptions to be taken, if this custom were not discontinued during the stay of the French ministers at Gertruydenberg. And, in the last place, they could not call a kind of prison the town, which they pitched upon for their residence, and which they preferred to Antwerp, a large and noble city. On the 7th of August, the lord Townshend delivered to the states-general a memorial, wherein he acquainted them, that the queen intirely approved their resolution, in answer to the letter of the French plenipotentiaries, and all the steps they had taken during the late negotiations; giving them, at the same time, fresh assurances of her majesty's firm resolution to prosecute the war with all poffible vigour, till the enemy was brought to accept such terms of peace, as might secure the tranquility

of the christian world. Campaign in

By this time the confederate armies, under prince Eugene Flanders. and the duke of Marlbcrough, bad made a confiderable proBrodrick.

gress in Flanders. On the 14th of April, the earl of Albemarle, governor of Tournay, in concert with lieutenantgeneral Cadogan, caused the castle of Mortagne to be attacked, which was executed with so much fuccefs, that the garrison, confifting of a captain, four subalterns, five ferjeants, and fixty-five private men, surrendered prisoners of

But the next morning the enemy retook that post with

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peace, by which we are as < much plunged into the war, as

we were seven years ago ; and

there seems no remedy for it, « but what is worse than the diro ease, an ill peace.'



about sixty men. The earl, resolving to be master of it a 1710.
gain, made a second attack with six hundred men of the
garrison of Tournay; and though the French garrison,
which consisted of two hundred grenadiers, were affifted by
twelve or fifteen galliots from Condé; yet the confederate
troops, being supported by a detachment from the body of
count Feltz, and favoured by the cannon, which they had
planted on the heights of Munde, the enemy were obliged
again to furrender prisoners of war. The allies, consider-
ing the great conveniency and advantageous situation of that
poft, left there two hundred men, and four pieces of

The French had all the winter been strengthening their
lines for covering Doway, and other frontier-towns, and
boasted they were impregnable ; but not being able to supply
their troops with provisions, and especially forage for their
horse, the two confederate generals, with count Tilly and
monsieur de Claerbergen, one of the states deputies, made all
the necessary dispositions for advancing towards the enemy's
lines : and the army began their march in two columns ; April, 20.
the right commanded by the duke of Marlborough to Pont-
a-Vendin, and the rest by prince Eugene to Pont-Oby on
the Deule. This march was so well contrived, and so sud-
den, that notwithstanding the great preparations, which the
French had made for fortifying and defending their lines
the chevalier de Luxemburg, being for that purpose in-
camped with about four thousand men near St. Amand, and
the marshal de Montesquiou, having assembled about forty
battalions, and fixty squadrons, near Lens, and Bethune;
yet the prince of Wirtemberg, and lieutenant-general Ca-
dogan, with a detachment of fifteen battalions and fifty
squadrons from the duke of Marlborough's column, enter-
ed those lines at Pont-a-Vendin, without any opposition,
The few troops they had there, for the defence of that post,
retired without firing a gun; and the battalions and squa-
drons, pofted near Lens and Bethune, made likewise their
retreat, partly towards Arras, and partly towards Doway.
The allies having laid bridges over the Scarpe, the prince of
Helle Caffel was detached with twelve squadrons to fall up-
on their rear; but they broke down so many bridges, and
retired so fast that he could not put his designs into execu-
tion, and only took a few prisoners. The arıny under the April 22.
duke of Marlborough passed the Scarpe, incamping his right
near Vitri, and his left at Gouy; the extremity of his left
at Goulessin. The army under prince Eugene remaiued on

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1710. the other side of the river to invest Doway, the siege of which

was resolved upon; and for that purpose lieutenant-general Cadogan marched to take post at Pont-a-Rache, and other detachments were made to open a communication over the lower Scarpe with Lifle and Tournay. The enemy quitted St. Amand, Marchienne, and the abbey of Hasnon below Doway; and their army retired towards Cambray, upon the news that the confederates had passed the Scarpe at Vitri, This opened the way to Doway, which was immediately

invested. Doway be

On the 8th of May, eight hundred men were detached sieged and

from prince Eugene's army to attack the castle of Pignonville near Fort-Scarpe, which would have disturbed the befiegers in their approaches ; and after an hour's resistance, the garrison, consisting of about one hundred men furrendered prisoners of war.

At the fame time the neceffary preparations for the attack of Doway being made, forty battalions were appointed for that service, under the command of the prince of Anhalt-Dessau, and the prince of NassauFriesland, both generals of foot. And, on the 4th at night, the trenches were opened with so much precaution and regularity, that the men were covered before they were perceived from the town; so that all the fire, which the enemy then made, proved ineffectual. The siege was carried on in the usual methods till the 7th ; when about ten at night the besieged, to the number of one thousand foot (most grenadiers) and two hundred dragoons, made a vigorous salley, under the command of the duke of Mortemar, against the left attack, commanded by the prince Naffau; put the workmen into great disorder, and levelled fome paces of the parallel. Colonel Sutton's regiment suffered very much, being the first, that supported the workmen ; but, Maccartney's and some other regiments coming up to their relief, the eneny were repulsed with considerable lofs, and pursued to their counterscarp. The besicgers had above three hundred men killed or wounded upon this occafion, and among the latter, licutenant-colonel Gledhil, who was taken prisoner.

By this time the enemy's troops began to assemble in different bodies near Bethune, Bapaume, Arras, Cambray, Landeci, and behind the river Somme ; and, marshal Villers, whom the French court had appointed to command their forces in the Netherlands, being arrived at Peronne on the 14th of May, the confederate generals received advice, that he designed to pass the Scheld, between Bouchain and


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