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With Sacheverel's sermons, the famous decree of the uni 1710. versity of Oxford passed in their convocation, July 21, 1683,

The Oxford was, 'at the same time, voted by the lords to be burnt, as decree voted containing several positions contrary to the constitution of to be burnt the kingdom, and destructive to the protestant fucceffion. Pr. H, L. This decree had been given in evidence by the doctor at his trial, in which the absolute authority of princes, and unalterableness of the hereditary right of succeeding to the crown, were asserted in a very high strain.

The commons also, upon a complaint made to them of a Sacheverel's book intitled, collections of passages referred to by Dr. collections, « Sacheverel, in his answer to the articles of his impeach- books burnt. "ment,' ordered the same to be burnt. On the other hand, Pr, H. C. the doctor's friends complained to the house, of a book intitled, the rights of the christian church, &c.' and a defence of it, in two parts, with a letter from a country attorney to a country parson, concerning the rights of the church ; and Le Clerc's judgment of that book in his bibliotheque choisie. All which were condemned to the flames ; as was also a treatise of the word person, by John Clendon of the Inner-Temple. Not content with this, the tories moved for an address for a fast, to deprecate the divine vengeance, which there was just reason to fear, on account of the horrid blasphemies lately published in the kingdom, Those who supported this motion, thought not only to cast a reflection on the whigs, as encouragers of such writings, but also to justify what the doctor had advanced in his fermon about the danger of the church, which he had ascribed to the heretical and blafphemous pofitions lately printed. But their design was easily seen through, and therefore the majority added to the address, “ many of which blasphe“ mies have again, in a most irregular, extraordinary, and “ infolent manner been printed, published, and dispersed, “ throughout the kingdom, to the scandal of good christi

ans, by Dr. Henry Sacheverel,” Upon this addition the tories would have dropped the address, but it was presented to the queen, who, probably, on that account answered, “ that, a fast having lately been observed, she did not “ think proper to appoint another so soon, but would con6 sider of it at a more convenient time.”

the house was informed what an should demand of him, whether swer the lord-mayor had return he would attend, or not; and so ed to the sheriffs, when they that business was dropped.



As soon as it was known what a mild sentence the lords had passed upon Dr. Sacheverel, those, who supported him during his trial, expressed an inconceivable gladness, as if they had got a victory ; bone-fires, illuminations, and other marks of joy, appeared not only in London, but over the whole kingdom. However, much greater effects than these

rejoicings were produced by it, as will hereafter be seen. The parlia- : This affair being over, and the supplies all granted, ment proro- besides which little more was done . this session (p), the gued. April 5. P.H.C.

(p) During the trial a bill was cal as well as devotional tracts, ordered to be brought in for and was for many years


great limiting the number of officers, note with the high-party. For military or civil

, in the house of which reason, on the change of commons. Mr. Wortley Mon the ministry, nothing more was tague was chairman of the grand heard of his proceedings. committee, and general Stan A bill was also brought in for hope, and other leading men of settling the African trade, but the whig party, promoted it. was not brought to perfection. It passed the house of commons, Some of the French refugees, but was rejected by the house of settled in England, petitioned lords ; where not only the earl the house of commons, that as: of Wharton, but the earl of the French proteftants were by Scarborough, and the lord North the French king declared to be and Grey spoke against it. The outlawed and excluded from house of commons, having exa- claiming any inheritance in mined the subject-matter of the France, and as, on the contrary, petition of the creditors of the many perfons living in France, mine-adventure, resolved unani did frequently claim here and mously, March 31, « that Sir inherit the estates of their de

Humphrey Mackworth, depu- ceased relations, to the prejudice is

ty-governor of the Mine-Ad- of the remoter relations settled venturers, was guilty of ma in her majesty's deminions; they

ny notorious and fcandalous begged leave for a bill • to pre• frauds, and indirect practices, clude the subjects of the French & in violation of the charter gran • king, residing in his domini• ted to the faid company, in • ons, from claiming any estates • breach of his trust, and to the of their relations dying in • manifeft wrong and oppression her majesty's dominions. Mr. s of the proprietors and credi- Hampden brought in a bill for

tors of the faid company:' and, this purpose; but upon the prithat he might not run away, a vate suggestions of some eminent hill was ordered to be brought French protestants, that it would in, to prevent Sir Humphrey be prejudicial to themselves and • Mackworth leaving this king- other refugees, who from time * dom, and alienating his estate to time received considerable re6 till the end of the next session mittances from their relations in

of parliament. This gentle France, the bill was dropped. man had written several polemi


queen, on the 5th of April, came to the house of peers, 1719. and made the following speech to both houses ;

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My lords and gentlemen,
IT is with great satisfaction, that I come hither at this

time, to return you my hearty thanks for the marks of duty and affection, which you have given me through 66 the whole course of this session.

“ And I am to thank you, gentlemen of the house of

commons, in a very particular manner for the great dif“ patch, which you have made in providing, so early in the

year, such great and effectual supplies for the public fer* vice. This cannot but make me very desirous to repeat " the assurances I gave you at the opening of the session, " that they should be very carefully applied to the uses, for or which you have designed them.

My lords and gentlemen,

“ I cannot fufficiently express to you my great concern, * that you have had so necessary an occasion of taking up a

great part of your time towards the latter end of this « session.

“ I am confident no prince, that ever sat on the throne, so has been more really and sincerely kind to the church than

myself, nor ever had a more true and tender concern for « its welfare and prosperity than I have, and always thall 66 continue to have.

“ The suppressing immorality, and profane and other $ wicked and malicious libels, is what I have always ear" nestly recommended, and shall be glad of the first oppor" tunity to give my consent to any laws, that might effec“ tually conduce to that end. But, this being an evil com“ plained of in all times, it is very injurious to take a pre“ tence from thence to infinuate, that the church is in any c danger from my administration.

I could heartily wish, that men would study to be as quiet, and do their own business, rather than busy them« felves in reviving questions and disputes of a very high

nature, which must be with an ill intention, since they can “ only tend to foment, but not to heal our divisions and 46 animofities.

« For my own part, as it has pleased God to give success
to my endeavours for the union of my two kingdoms,


66 which I must esteem one of the greatest blessings of my

reign; so I hope his divine goodness will still continue fa “ vourable, and make me the happy instrument of that yet

more desirable union of the hearts of all my people in the « bonds of mutual affection, that so there may remain no "6 other contention among you, but who shall exceed the “ other in contributing to advance our present happiness, 66 and secure the protestant succession.

“ Finding by the advices from abroad, that our army has « not yet taken the field, and that the plenipotentiaries of « France are still in Holland, I think it proper at present to “ make the prorogation but for a very short time.”

Accordingly the lord-chancellor prorogued the parliament only to the 18th of April, when it was farther prorogued.

The queen

The queen's expressing thus her concern, that there was a cause given for what had taken up so much time, and her wishing that all her people would be quiet and mind their own business, rather than employ themselves in reviving such disputes, seemed to look a different way from what had been whispered about. But soon after her proceedings (as will be feen) revived those whispers again.

As the bishop of Sarum had been encouraged, this winter spoke to with by the queen, to speak more freely to her of her affairs, great free. than he had formerly ventured to do, he told her what rebishop

ports were secretly spread of her through the nation, as if Burnet. The favoured the design of bringing the pretender to succeed

to the crown, upon a bargain that she should hold it during her life: he was sure these reports were spread about by perfons, who were in the confidence of those, that were believa ed to know her mind : he was well assured, the jacobites of Scotland had, upon her coming to the crown, fent up one Ogilby of Boyne, who was in great efteem among them, to propose the bargain to her; he, when he went back, gave the party full affurances that she accepted of it: this, he said, he had from some of the lords of Scotland, who were then in the secret with the professed jacobites. The earl of Cromarty made a speech in parliament contradicting this, and, alluding, to the distinction of the Calvinists, made between the secret and the revealed will of God; he assured them, the queen had no secret will contrary to that she declared: yet, at the same time, his brother gave the party afsurances to the contrary. The bishop told the queen all this, and said, if Ine was capable of making such a bargain



ry of

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for herself, by which her people were to be delivered up and 1710.
sacrificed after her death, as it would darken all the glory of
her reign, so it must set all her people to consider of the
most proper ways of securing themselves, by bringing over
the protestant successors, in which he told her plainly he
would concur, if she did not take effectual means to extin-
guish those jealousies. He said, her ministers had served her
with that fidelity, and such success, that her making a
change among them would amaze all the world. The glo-

queen Elizabeth's reign arose from the firmness of her
councils, and the continuance of her ministers, as the three
last reigns, in which the ministry was often changed, had
suffered extremely by it. He also shewed her, that, if the
suffered the pretender's party to prepare the nation for his suc-
ceeding her, she ought not to imagine, that, when they
thought they had fixed that matter, they would stay for the
natural end of her life, but that they would find ways to
shorten it: nor did he think, it was to be doubted, but that
in 1708, when the pretender was upon the fea, they had some
assassinates here, who, upon the news of his landing, would
have tried to dispatch her. It was certain, that their interest
led them to it, as it was known that their principles did al-
low of it. This, with a great deal more to the same pur-
pose, the bishop laid before the queen, who heard him
patiently, and, for the most part, filently ; however, by
what she said, she seemed desirous to make him think,
she agreed to what he had represented to her ; but he found
afterwards it had no effect upon her; for she foon began the
change of the ministry, by the introduction of the duke of
Shrewsbury, and dismiffion of the earl of Sunderland, as
will be related

It is now time to take a view of the transactions abroad, particularly in relation to the negotiations for peace, which feemed to be prosecuted with warmth. The treaty at the Hague the last year having proved fruit- New over

tures of peace less, the French court thought proper to make new over

by France, tures of peace. In the beginning of January 1710, the Hare. marquis de Torcy sent another project to Mr. Petkum, Burnet, resident of Holstein, confifting of the five following ar- Hift. of Eur. ticles :

I. Immediately after the signing of the peace, the French king would acknowledge king Charles as king of the whole monarchy of Spain ; and not only withdraw all the succours he had given his grandson, but also forbear sending him any


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