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informed of the sentiments of the queen of Great Britain, by 1709. the return of the duke of Marlborough.
The duke, who made but a short stay in England, returned to the Hague, the 18th of May. The first thing he did was to confer with prince Eugene, who arrived there fix days before from Brussels, and had the satisfaction, in his conferences with the pensionary, to receive fresh assurances,
" That the states would never separate from the ge66 neral interest and scope of the grand alliance, upon any “ private considerations whatsoever.” With the duke of Marlborough went over the lord viscount Townshend, as ambaffador extraordinary, and joint plenipotentiary with him, the duke reckoning the load too great to bear it wholly himself. The choice was well made ; for as lord Townshend had great parts, had improved these by travelling, and was by much the most shining person of all our young nobility, and had, on many occafions, distinguished himfelf very eminently; so he was a man of great integrity, and of good principles in all respects, free from all vice, and of an engaging conversation. Upon their arrival, the president of the week and the pensionary went together to the duke, to compliment him on the part of the states, and at the same time to confer with him, which they did for about an hour and an half, and then they returned to the affembly of the ftates-general. The same evening the marquis de Torcy went alone to the duke of Marlborough's lodgings, and had a conference of above two hours with him and the lord Townshend. The 19th in the morning the marquis paid another visit to the duke, and they both went together to prince Eugene's apartment, where they likewise conferred for some time. In the evening, those two princes went to the pensionary, who acquainted them with the resolution of the states-general, not to accept the offers made by the French ministers, nor to take one step farther, but in concert with all the allies. This determination was very satisfactory for the duke and prince Eugene, and begat such an unanimity and good harmony among all the confederate ministers, as intirely baffled all the secret designs of France, notwithstanding the marquis de Torcy managed his purpose very artfully, and did all he could to amuse them with half promises and faint denials.
On the 20th, in the morning, the duke and prince Eugene, together with the lord Townshend, returned the visit they had received from monsieur de Torcy, where Rouillé, who, till then, had been with no other minifters but Buys
1709. and Vanderdufsen, was presented to these great generals and
ministers. This same day, the French ministers carried the
evening. That afternoon count Zinzendori, the emperor's 1709. plenipotentiary, arrived at the Hague, and went iinmediately with monsieur Heems, the imperial minister, to pay a visit to prince Eugene and the duke of Marlborough; with whom, together with the pensionary, count Gallas, and the lord Townshend, the French minifters had another conference in relation to the security of the execution, of the points agreed on. But, though this conference lasted from fix till eleven o'cock, in the evening, yet nothing was concluded in it. The 24th, in the morning, the French ministers had another interview with the depucies of the states, who gave an account of what had passed in it to the duke of Marlborough and prince Eugene; and, the same evening, there was another meeting, wherein they resumed the debate relating to the security of the performance of the articles agreed on, particularly the evacuation of the Spanish dominions. For this the allies demanded several cautionary towns; but the French refused to give any, intilting, · That the
engagement, which the most christian king offered to enter • into, to recall his troops from Spain, and his promise to
give no manner of assistance to king Philip, was a fufficient
security, since that prince, being thus forsaken by his grand' father, would be obliged to quit Spain ; and the rather, be'cause the Spaniards, in such a case, would certainly declare ' for king Charles.' This occasioned warm debates ; last it was agreed, that France should deliver up some places in the Netherlands, that were to be part of the barrier, cefore they entered upon the general negotiations of peace. On the 25th and 26th, there was no interview with the French ministers ; but the duke of Marlborough, prince Eugene, the lord Townshend, and count Zinzendorf, had several con-, ferences with the pensionary and the deputies of the states, wherein they acquainted the new imperial plenipotentiary with what had been transacted since the beginning of this negotiation, and agreed on the further demands to be made to the French ministers. A conference being held on the 27th, in the morning, at which count Zinzendorf afited for the first time, thoie demands were communicated to Torcy and Rouillé, who defired some time to consider of them. But the duke of Marlborough having sent them word, that he and prince Eugene had determined to set out for Flanders within two days, they promised to return an answer at fix in the evening in another conference, which lasted till two o'clock in the morning. After many disputes, the French seemed to comply with all the preliminary articles insisted on by the confederates. VOL. XVII.
The foundation of the whole treaty was, the restoring of in the whole Spanish monarchy to king Charles, within two The prelimimonths : Torcy said, the time was too short, and that, pernaries agreed
haps, it was not in the king of France's power to bring that
(p) The preliminary articles of Anjou fall evacuate Spain, were as follows:
which, if he refuses to consent togs
that this article may have intire
That the French king shall,
shall be finished future with troops, artillery, am-
Paris immediately, to lay the whole before his most christian majesty, and at parting desired the ratifications might be re
Austria, and no prince of the ' and not disturb him in the enjoy-
7. France shall never possess the liver up Furnes, Menin, Ypres, Spanish Weft-Indies, or trade Warneton, Commines, Werwick, thither.
Poperingen, Life, Condé, and 8, 9. The French king shall Maubeuge, for the barrier of the deliver up Strasburg, for Kehl, states. and Brisac to the emperor.
He shall restore all the 10. The French king shall towns and forts he has taken in possess Alsace in the literal sense the Netherlands, with the artilof the treaty of Munster, except lery and stores, provided the Landau, which shall belong to catholic religion shall still be pro
fessed there. 11. He shall demolish New 24. None of the cannon or Brisac, fort Lewis, and Hun- stores to be removed from this ningen.
time. 12. Rheinfels shall he possessed 25. The states, as to their by the landgrave of Hesse, till commerce, shall have what was otherwise agreed.
ftipulated at the treaty of Ryf13 The claufe concerning re- wick, and the tariff of 1664 onligion in the treaty of Ryswick ly shall be in force. hall be referred to the negoti. 26. The French king shall acation.
knowledge the ninth electorate. 14, 15. The French shall ac 27. The duke of Savoy shall knowledge the queen of Great- enjoy all that has been yielded to Britain, and the protestant suc- him by the emperor, and whatceflion.
ever has been taken from him 16. The French king shall re Inall be restored. store to Great-Britain what he is 28. The French king mail possessed of in Newfoundland; make over to that duke Exilles, and whatever either party has Ferestrilles, and Chemont, withi iaken in the Indies shall be re the valley of Pragelas, and all ftored.
on this side the mountains, for a 17. Dunkirk shall be demo- barrier. Jished.
29. The pretensions of the 18. The pretender shall retire elector of Bavaria and Cologne out of France.
hall be referred to the general 19. A treaty of commerce negotiation; but the elector pahall be settled with Great- latine to remain in posseflion of Britain.
the Upper Palatinate, &c. the 20. The king of Portugal garrifons of the states to remain in shall enjoy all that is Aipulated Huy, Liege, and Bonne, til! for him by the allies.
otherwise agreed with the emi21. The French king snall ac- peror and empire. knowledge the king of Prusia,
30, 31, 32. The farther de.