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The 1709. for by this means they became masters of both. French being now reduced to great extreunities, by their


it thus long, but by the support sensible to the fears they were he receives from him ? and if it once in, that they begin to think be thus manifestly unjust, and popery and arbitrary power inthe usurper has it in his

power to

nocent and harmless things ; make reftitution, is it ill man they now plainly insinuate, that ners to demand it? is the Spa- there were no danger of the gonish monarchy such a trifle, as vernment in church and state not to be worth insisting on being overturned, and that therekrall we compliment the king of fore the revolution was not neFrance, or his grandson, with ceffary; and, in virtue of these giving up what to many princes foolith sentiments, when the revoand Aates have spent so much lution is upon the point of being blood and treasure to regain? unalterably fixed, they truly are can that now be thought con grown weary, and, after twenty fiftent with the fafety and com years labour, do not think it merce of Great-Britain, with the worth a little more pains to fiinterest and welfare of our al. nish the work, and put an eflies, or with the liberty of Eu- fectuai ftop to the return of those rope, which we ventured to be- evils, which they were once, as gin a war for, under the most well as their neighbours, fo hear. unpromising appearance of ever tily frightened with. And it is feeing a good end of it? but it no wonder if men, who have was nonsense not to risk all, when contracted such a stupid indoall was at stake; here was not lence, and are fo indifferent for room left but to appeal to heaven, the civil and religious rights of and take arms; which gave us a

their own country, cannot see chance for escaping the ruin,which what sense there is in infifting was otherwise inevitable. This upon the reftitution of the Spais the truth of the matter, this nish monarchy, and are supinely the point in dispute. What then willing to think (if nonsense can do people mean by all their sense- be called thinking) that the deless clamour of the hardship and mand of the allies is either unbarbarity of the allies, in obli- juft, or at best very rude and ging the king of France to re unmannerly. call his grandson ? they, who But further; this demand of think the causes of this war such theirs is not only. right in itindifferent things, as not to be self, but necessary, in order to worth infiting on any longer, a good peace; and the best way though we have so long strug- to set this in a clear liglat, is to gled for them, that we have at consider what would have been last got falt hold ; these men, I the consequence, supposing the fear, will in a little time think allies had not insisted on it. Now the same of the causes of the re to fhew what this would have volution too; nay, they already been, I will suppose, for the tell us fo; they are grown fo in present, that the French were in



constant ill success, and by the miseries of their people, but more especially by the general decline of the public credit, the



earnest ; and that, if this article those towns, that are to make had been receded from, they the barrier for the Netherlands: would have signed the rest

. those, that are to be restored to Which way now, I would ask, the emperor and empire, are not should we have proposed to get to be evacuated till the exchange Spain? can we do it, unless the of their ratifications, which is a king of France intirely abandons tedious work. Besides, though his grandson? 10, certainly. But, it be' ftipulated, that the towns he has promised he will. But in the Netherlands, &c. fhall be is his bare word a security, that given up in two months, I bemay be depended upon by no lieve no body wants to be told,

What then? why, he that things are seldom fo puncgives you up so many great tually executed, as to be pertowns, which he would not do, formed nicely within the time if he did not intend to leave his agreed. But I will suppose for grandion to himself. Why so? once, these articles had been how can the giving up these effectually complied with within towns to the allies be thought the time, and that the allies conany security ? is it any more than fequently would have been at li, giving the allies a barrier, which berty to invade France, if they barrier they would have infifted had openly fent any

considera upon, whatever became of Spain? ble fuccours to Spain ; but what how now comes that to be a se- then? could not they have sent curity, that the king of France money and jewels to the duke would abandon his grandson, of Anjou, without any danger of which he must nevertheless have discovery? or would they not complied with, though he had have pretence enough for denyabandoned him? is it the same ing it? and would the allies inthing to part with these towns, · vade France, upon a bare fufpiand

keep Spain, as to part with cion of sending such an asistance them and Spain too? if not, to Spain ? and for men, though then his agreeing to give up one a body of troops could not have is no proof he intends to part been sent thither without being with the other. Ay, but when known, might not what number the allies have these towns, they they pleased of the French troops, will force him to it. That I de- that were in Spain, have staid ny. Why fo, fay they? the there, under a notion of defertowns are to be delivered up in tion, or have been detained by two months : that is, by the the duke of Anjou's order, upon middle of August; and then the some blind pretence or other; a allies will have time enough to trick the grandfather has practienter France, if he sends any fed often enough for the grandfuccour to his grandfon. But, son to learn it from him well, first, the surrender, that is to be but fuppofe France had neither Bade in two months, is only of openly, nor under-hand, given


eminent bankers of Paris and Lyons having been obliged to 1709. stop payment, began to entertain serious thoughts of a peace,


the duke of Anjou any assistance been taken of them, it is plain,
for that summer (not that I can in that case, their alliance is no
by any means grant it) how long longer to be depended on ; and
would that have held ? or what either of these, falling off, would
ufe would the allies have made very much weaken the confede-
of it? could the troops we had racy; especially the last, whom
then in Spain have over-run the

the French would be very glad
kingdom without further help, to draw into their interests. But
or have driven out the duke of suppose none of the allies have
Anjou in one campaign? That, any of these resentments, or at
I presume, will not by any body leait ftifle them, and all consent
be pretended. Or could a fuf to renew the grand alliance ;
ficient reinforcement have been what becomes of the armies up-
sent time enough to them, ei on leaving the field ? is it not
ther from Italy or England, to certain, that they will on all fides
do any great matters that year? dismiss great part of their forces ?
that, I suppose, will be pretend- will not the maritime powers

fend ed as little by those, that confi- ' home the foreign troops in their der, it was June, when these pay, except such as Holland preliminaries were finished. It keeps for the defence of their is plain then, Spain could not new frontier ? shall we hear of have been gained that year, un any more armies upon the Rhine, less the duke of Anjou had con or in Savoy, when they have sented to relinqnish it. Let us made peace, when the articles then, in the next place, suppose of the treaty have been all exethe summer spent, and the ar cuted, and there is no more any mies gone out of the field, and enemy to moleft them, no cause fee what we are to expect then. of complaint, or pretence for a A peace is made with France ; new campain left? I think no. the allies have got each of them thing can be surer, than that this their respective Mares, and have would have been the case: the alnothing more to hope for. They lies would have thought no more renew, perhaps, the grand alli- of war in the places, that have ance, with great expressions of been hitherto the seats of it, nor mutual zeal; the emperor at least, have made any preparations for and the maritime powers; but taking the field another year. All some of the lesser princes might fides would have made what possibly shew themselves difguft- haste they could to have lefsened ed, and think they have been neg- the burthen, which, during the lected : for, as the preliminaries war, they had been oppressed are now settled, it is certain more with. Holland particularly would than one of them are not satis have had full work to take care fied. Suppose the king of Prussia of their new froatier, to provide pr duke of Savoy, for example, so many towns with sufficient had thought due carę bad not garrisons and magazines, and


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1709. and resolved to try the States again. When the duke of Marlborough came over to England, monsieur Rouillé was



settle what foot the several parts new armies, and make
of their new acquisitions should war upon France in Flanders,
be put upon,

with respect to upon the Rhine, and in Savoy, war, trade, and subsides; and, because some men have infenfi. besides the great expence this bly stole out of France into Spain, would for the present put them against the express order of the to, they would be at a very great king, which you are sure will charge to pay the arrears due to be


you do not know the foreign troops, without which the sweets of peace, or how. unthey could not be dismissed. Add willing people are, who have to this the extraordinary allow once laid down their arms, to ance, which, upon their dismis. take them up again. If you fing, is to be made to carry them think the allies could be brought home. This would put the states to this, or that any armies would under a necessity of retrenching, take the field againt France, as much as possible, the expen- after a peace was once made ; ces of the next year. And this what then is to be hoped for? last article England would be why, I think nothing more than proportionably affected with this, that the Dutch and the emNow I would be glad to know, peror would contribute for a litwhat should hinder the king of de while, perhaps for one camFrance, from the minute the paign, some money and troops, allies dismiss their troops, to give to act in conjunction with Engwhat affistance he will to Spain, land against Spain; in which no provided it be not too grossly, great success can be expected, þut gradually, by insensible considering the numerous army, steps; and by those many ways I have shewn you the duke of of artifice, which the French are Anjou might and would have. masters of? if they make a peace, Now if this, upon the trial of they may disband fixty or eighty one campaign, were found to thousand men, or more. And be the case, Iam afraid Holland what should hinder these men would not be very willing to from going into Spain to seek continue the prosecution of so their bread? what shall hinder expensive a war; and the whole the king of France from giving weight of it another year would fecret orders for this ? and, when lie upon England, except a very it is complained of, from poíi- little, that might be expected tively denying, and perhaps from the emperor. And what seemingly forbidding it? and could this end in, but in the may not the duke of Anjou, by ruin of England, and the loss of this means, against the next Spain? for the most, that could spring, have a greater army, be expected from this war, would than the allies can bring against be, that the duke of Anjou would him ? and how then are we to offer a petition, such as I have get Spain will the allies raise mentioned in my firft letter, but

inclinations, which fome had expressed towards the entertaining this project, that this was believed to be the secret



rals, but to try to do by the land ; which should make us (word what they could not do by hope, that they will come time treaty, and to make their way to or other obtain better terms for peace by a good campaign. us; and that, in the next treaty,

This, I can assure you, from more regard will be had to the what I have observed myself in trading interest of Great-Britain, the progress of this affair, and than the late miciters have the most exact information I thewn. And yet no sooner were could

get from others, is a plain the preliminaries rejected, but and true account of these nego- the men, who thought but just tiations thus far; in which one before there was too little in sees, on the part of France, vic- them, would have pe. suaded us, lent suspicions of infincerity thro' that there was a great deal too the whole treaty, working its much ; and that it was unreaway by all the methods of ad- sonable to infiit on such dedress and artifice, which they are mands, especially to oblige a so great matters of. But in the great king, whom they have alallies, plairness, unanimity, and ways admired, to dethrone his an enthaken confidence : every grandson, though all such inthing is open and above-board, vidious expressions were purwithout any divisions in their posely avoided in the articles ; conferences with the French, or and no body, as I have observed any violent heats among them- before, doubted but the king, selves ; even in the great point if he were in earnest disposed io of the barrier, which the French fatisfy the allies, could do it had hopes might make a breach without difficulty. between the Dutch and imperial Dr. Hare then proceeds to minifters : but by the prudence hew, in opposition to the claof the contending parties them mours, which had been raised fdves, and the firmness and tem- against the duke.of Marlborough per with which the duke of in particular, or the conduct of Marlborough calmly inte: posed, the allies in general, with relathis difficult point was amically tion to the preliminary articles, adjufted, and the disputes upon firi, That, if to infiit on the it produced no effects, that the thirty-seventh article was a fault, French could take any advan- the duke of Marlborough was

I believe you have not to be blamed for it; and, not forgot, I am sure I have secondly, That to insist on that . not, how people here in Eng- article was in itself right and and reasoned upon these con neceffary, in order to a good ferences. While these prelimi- peace. naries were like to take effect, First (fays Dr. Hare, p. 30.) some men were by no means I say, That, if to insist on the satisfied; they thought care thirty-seventh article was a fault, enough was not taken of Eng. the dake of Marlborough is not

taze of.

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