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1709. Lewis XIV was tempting us with the hopes of Spain and to West-Indies, that king, by a letter to the pope, offered
Savoy's troops, at the very time confederacy is successful, jealothe was in alliance with them. fies naturally arise among them. I need say nothing of our own felves; and they are more concountry, that France could have
cerned, that one part should not no reason to fear any perfidious be too great gainers, and have ness from home. The charac. too much to their share, than ter of her majesty is too well that any other should not have known to give the French enough. Of which we see an grounds for any such fufpicion ;
such suspicion; instance, though a very foolish and, had we a prince of less re one, among ourselves ; our prénown on the throne, France fent masters of politics; to renwould have little to fear from der the very successes of the war him, unless he were supported odious, alarm us with new fears, by his people ; which no fove- which no body before ever reign of England has even been, thought of, and tell us, the when they have thought the war Dutch will have by this treaty a he made unjuft. But it is not better country than our own. enough to say, the allies would And, if a certain correspondence not be false, nor act against the by way of Calais, has been conintentions of a public treaty; Itinued, France might be affured, think I may affirm, they cannot that no advantage would be be fo. A single potentate is taken of the thirty-seventh armaster of his own will, and can ticle, though Spain was not react without controul; but a con- linquished in the time stipulated ; federacy can do nothing without and that therefore they might a concurrence of all parts; which, fafely sign the preliminaries ; in so unjust a cause as this, there for that the war could not be would be no reason to appre- renewed, since they might de. hend. When all the most jutt pend on it, that England would and necessary causes of a war never consent to use in fo barconcur, it is
barous a manner, a prince, whom
the dominions in Italy to king Charles. But, as the parlia. 1709. ment had always declared the ground of the war to be the an
body, that looks into the ac ble. But what gave the allies a counts of that time, and fees greater jealousy than all this, how thick expresses went one was the causing the prince of upon another between France Asturias to be acknowledged preand Spain, can doubt, whether fumptive heir of Spain by all the the king and his grandson did states of the kingdom; which not perfectly well agree : and ceremony was performed with not only the news of that time, the greatest magnificence the 7th but the facts themselves shew, of April, that is, about a month that the king gave him all pof- after M. Rouillé had been in fible assurances, that he would Holland; which proceeding, you not abandon him, though it was may remember, every body was necessary for his affairs to pro
then alarmed at ; such a step mise it. This, I say, is very being plainly taken for no other plain, from what was at that time end, but to lay in matter for a doing in Spain; for, though the new war; or rather it was a demarquis de Torcy told the allies, claration, that an end could not he did not know but king Philip be put to this, as long as the might be at Paris before him, restitution of Spain was made there was not the least fign of one condition of a peace. The any intention to relinquish Spain; French ministers had but one iebut, on the contrary, there were ply to this, that their master was on the part of the duke of An- not answerable for what the duke jou all the appearances, that of Anjou had done; but that, could be of a prince that thought for his own part, he was fincere, of nothing less.
For the war and would do whatever depende was pressed with the utmost vi- ed upon him, and that theregour in all parts; Alicant was fore, if a peace was not conbesieged at a vast expence, and cluded, it could not lie at his other places in Valencia were re door. The allies, though they duced with all diligence; pre
could not think what was urged, parations were made for the fiege had any truth in it, yet, to ihew of Gironne, and the army was how far they were fiom designput into the best condition it ing to impose upon the king could be to invade Catalonia ; impoflible conditions, thought and, at the same time, the mar of an expedient, which could quis de Bay advanced close to not be refused, without discoverthe Portuguese in Estremadura, ing that France meint nothing with a design to give them battle; by this treaty, but to make in which, against the opinion of peace for themselves, and to my lord Galway, they unhap- leave the allies involved in a war pily prevented him. This did with Spain. If it was not in not look like a design to quit the king's power to oblige his Spain to king Charles; but, on andfon to retire out of Spain, the contrary, shewed a resolution they declared they would be to drive him out of it, if poíli- content with his doing what eviVOL. XVII.
1709. restoring the whole Spanish monarchy to the house of Arftria (which indeed the states-general had never done) fo
dently was in his power; which prospect of a good peace, filled
upon the objections he had in
the duke of Marlborough could not hearken to this. He
allies, his departure being fixed to prefer their safety to his own
was his language the 8th in the
1709. of France in this offer, and it was not entertained. The court of Vienna (as hath been faid) was fo alarmed at the
as an equivalent for the thirty- them of what had passed, and seventh article, to be kept by affured them of their resolution them, till Spain should be quitted to press the war with the utto king Charles. But since mon molt igour, till France was ficur Perkum made this mo forced to consent to a good tion, as of his own head, with peace, count Zinzendorf thanked out any commission from mon the states in the name of the fieur Rouillé, who lodged with emperor and king Charles, for him; and the proposal was in the firmness they had thewn on determinate, without either the this occasion. The duke of rames, or fixed numbers of the Marlborough did the same on towns, that should be given, the part of the queen ; which the allies could not take any no was followed with like expreftice of it. Besides, had the of- fions of satisfaction by all the fer been never so diftinct, and other ministers that were present, made with full authority, to give with very particular marks of two or three cautionary towns, esteem to the pensionary, whom was to evade and not to satisfy. I have often thought the Gothe intention of the article, and dolphin of the states, for his was in effect nothing else, but wife and prudent conduct thro' to offer a little better barrier to the whole negotiation. I need the Dutch, in exchange for not say more to let you know, Spain and the Indies. In the that he is a plain, grave, wife mean time, monsieur R lé
man, of great judgment and abispent the day in making visits lities, quiet, unpopular, and unof leave, as designing to set out corrupt. in earnest for Versailles next All thoughts of peace being morning When night was now in appearance over, and come, and there was no room monsicur Rouillé gone, the duke to hope for any further step of Ivarlborough, who was exbeing made on his part, here tremely mortired at this change the man, who is accused of
pro of things, resolved to follow in Jonging the war, interposed, and the afternoon, and would not Mewed how little lie deserves give over all hopes of having fill such a censure. The duke of one interview more with him ; Marlborough sent to the per to which end he got to Bruffels, fionary, and the other ministers, as soon almost as monsieur Routo detire a meeting, to try once ille, and sent word before to more if any thing could be done prince Eugene (who had been to save the treaty.
But this there fome days to give the nemeeting being disappointed, there ceffary orders for afembling the was an extraordinary congress of army) but monsieur Rouille was all the ininifters the next inorn gone, before either the duke or inz, in which the deputies of prince could see him: and nothe fates having acquainted Thing was now left to the gene