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1708.

“ places acquired by the allies, or the farther and cant

nued proofs given this last year of their superior courage ss and conduct (which, as to the future part of the war, is equal to all other advantages) we may, with thanks to

God, and justice to those he hath been pleased to use as os instruments in this great work, conclude, that, upon 6 the whole, we are brought much nearer than we were “ last feffion, to the end of our undertaking this war, " the reducing the dangerous power of France, and set

tling such a peace, as may fecure itself from being vio6 lated.

“ Her majesty therefore commands us to affure you, shę fc hath not the least doubt, but that this parliament will be "s of the same opinion with her last, as to the vigorous prosecution of this war, and the ends of it; believing it

impossible, the representatives of the British nation can “ endure to think of losing the fruits of all our past endea“ vours, and the great advantages we have gained (particu'larly this present year) by submitting at last to an insecure

peace.

<< And therefore, since probably nothing can hinder our “ success abroad for the time to come, but misunderstand“ ings among ourselves at home; we have it in command, $s to conjure you, by your duty to God, and to her ma$ jesty, your zeal for the protestant religion, your love for “ your country, and the regard you cannot but have for s the liberty of Europe in general, to avoid all occasions “ of division, which are ever hurtful to the public, but will " more especially be so at this juncture, when the eyes of ^ all our neighbours are upon you with a very particular « concern ; and your unanimity and good agreement will so be the greatest satisfaction and encouragement to all our

66 allies,

Gentlemen of the house of commons,

“ You cannot but be convinced, that the several parts of " the war, which were provided for by the last parliament, “ will require your support, at least in the same degree. “ But, in Flanders, the nature of the war is much altered, " by the great advances made there towards entering into # France, which hath so far alarmed our enemies, that they s are drawing more troops daily to that fide, for the des 5 fence of their own country, ' And therefore her majesty " hope you will have fo right a sense of Qur present ad:

Es vantages,

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fs vantages, as to enable her majesty to make a considerable 1708.
5 augmentation for preserving and improving them, which, w
s by the continuance of God's blessing on our arms, muft
s soon put a glorious period to this long and expensive

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66 As to the condition of the feet, we have it in command k from her majesty to acquaint you, that the constant and “ remote services, in which the ships have been employed,

have made a greater sum than usual requisite, as well is for the extraordinary repairs, as the building of new “ fhips. And the taking of Port-Mahon, as it hath affordin the means of having a part of the feet operate with more “ readiness and effect on the enemy, or wherever it may

be « useful to the common cause in those parts, so the mak“ ing such provisions, at so great a distance, as will be pro“ per for that service, must of neceffity cause some extraor“ dinary expences. All which her majesty recommends to your

serious confideration, desiring you to provide timely fs and effectual fupplies for those ends; and likewise, for “ the carrying on such fortifications for the security of our

ports, and extinguishing the enemy's hopes of profiting ☆ by disturbances in Scotland, as you shall think fit,

My lords and gentlemen,
6. The union is esteemed by her majesty to be so happy
ss and great a part of the successes of her reign ; and her
çc majesty hath so much at heart the confirming and im-

proving it, that she is pleased to command us, to remind

you of preparing such bills, and shall be thought condu“cing to that end; and particularly to make the laws of for both parts of Great-Britain again agree, as near as may « be, for the common interest of both people, especially as

to those laws, which relate to criminal cases and proceed-
“ ings, and settling the militia on the same foot throughout

the united kingdom.
“ Her majesty is graciously pleafed we should also assure

you, that if you can propose any means for the improve-
@s ment of our trade or manufactures, or better employment
of the poor, her majesty will take the greatest satisfaction
fs in enacting such provisions ; there being nothing she fo
$ earnestly defires, as that God would bless her with more
$6 and more opportunities of doing all possible good to lo
so well deserving a people, so firm and affectionate to her

interests,

“ And

1703.

« And as her majesty doth not doubt, by God's bler-
fing and your good affections, to continue to defeat the

designs of the pretender, and his open or secret abettors;
“ fo her majesty will always endeavour, on her part, to
“ make her people happy to such a degree, as that none
“ (except of desperate fortunes) shall enter into measures
" for the disturbance of her government, the union, or the
u protestant succession, as by law established, without act-
“ ing at the same time manifestly against their own true and

laiting interest, as well as their duty."

Both houses immediately resolved upon addresses of condolance upon the death of prince George, and of congratulation for the glorious successes of the last campaign. Which addresses were presented in a private way to the queen, that of the lords by the marquis of Dorchester, and that of the commons by such members as were of the privy

council.
Partiality in The proceedings in both houses this feffion were agreea-
judging elec- able to the directions given at court; for, the court being
tions.
Burnet,

now joined with the whigs, they had a clear majority in
every thing: all elections were judged in favour of whigs,
and courtiers, but with so much partiality, that those, who
had formerly made loud complaints of the injustice of the
tories, in determining elections, when they were a majo-
rity, were not so much as out of countenance, when they
were reproached for the same thing : they pretended they
were in a state of war with the tories, so that in was
sonable to retaliate this to them, on the account of their for-
mer proceedings : but this did not satisfy just and upright
men, who would not do to others, that which they had
complained of, when it was done to them, or to their
friends (8),

The

rea

(g) It was proposed, that all voted Thomas Medlicot, esq; questions at the trial of elections who was set up by the tories, in should (if any member infifted opposition to Sir Henry Dutton on it) be determined by ballot, Colt, to be duly elected for that but it was carried in the nega- city, yeas 154, noes 142. Setive. The house, having heard veral accidents happened to Sir the merits of the contested elec- Henry's disadvantage in that contion for the city of Westminster, test, in which the whigs, for the sent Huggins, then high-bailiff, most part, favoured him, though to Newgate, for refusing to ten- they did not much esteem or der the oaths of abjuration ; and love him, otherwise than as he

was

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The supplies

the year

The chief business of this session was concerning the 1708. supply, the Scotch elections and invasion, the naturalizaţion of foreign protestants, and the trials of treasons in ScotJand. The supplies, that were demanded, were granted very

granted for unanimously in the house of commons, not only for maintaining the force then on foot, but for an augmentation of 1709. ten thousand men more. This was thought necessary to press the war with more strength, as the furest way to bring on a speedy peace. The states agreed to the like augmentation on their fide. The French, according to their usual vanity, gave out, that they had great designs in view the next campaign : and it was confidently reported by the jacobites, that a new invasion was designed both in Scotland and on Ireland. The whole fupply, voted by the commons for the service of the year 1709, amounted to above seven millions. The land-tax of four shillings in the pound, and the duty on malt, were readily agreed to ; but it took some time to find funds for the rest, and it would have proved a very difficult matter, if the bank of England had not of- An enlargefered to circulate two millions five hundred thousand pounds ment of the in exchequer bills for the government, on condition the Pr. H.C. time for their continuance was enlarged twenty-one years from August 1,1711, and their stock of two millions, two hundred and

one thousand, one hundred and seventy-one pounds was doubled by a new subscription. The commons agreed to the proposal, addressed the queen to issue out a commission under the great seal for taking the subscriptions; which being done, the books were opened at Mercers-hall, on the 22d of February, about nine in the morning, and by one o'clock in the afternoon, the whole sum of two millions, two hundred and one thousand, one hundred and seventy-one

was a man of revolution princi- morning, on the 28th of Januples. Huggins is the fame per- ary, when Mr. Hucks carried fon, that lay lately so long in it by a great majority. Sir SiNewgate for a criminal case, in mon took his leave of the house the exercise of the office of war with a speech, which he began den of the fleet. On the other with asserting: 'Whatever the hand, Sir Simon Harcourt hav $ determination of this house ing been returned for Abington, may be, this I am sure of, and Mr. John Hucks having and it must be admitted, that lodged a petition against him, • I am as duly elect for the ho. the cause was argued, and the rough of Abington as ever any bates continued till two in the « man was.'

pounds

2

eldest fons

1708. pounds (at the rate of an hundred and fifteen pounds for

every hundred pound) was subscribed. Such was the crowd
of people, that brought their money to this new fund, that
it was believed a million more would have been subscribed
before night, if there had been room. This shewed both
the wealth of the nation and their entire confidence in the
government. It was observable, at this very juncture, the
French court had a project for erecting a royal-bank for cir-
culating their mint-bills, but the design was soon found to
be impracticable, because of the great scarcity of money in
that kingdom, and the almoft entire ruin of their public
credit. By this subscription, and by a further prolongation
of the general mortgage of the revenue, the commons cre-
ated good funds for answering all the money they had voted
in the beginning of the feffion. The two third subsidy was
appropriated for the interest of the money, raised by the bank-

scheme.
The peers of The Scotch elections occasioned great debates in both
Scotland's houses. The commons, on the 3d of December, took
incapacitated

into consideration that part of the act of union, which reto fit in par- lates to the election of members to serve in that house for liament, Scotland. The petitions and representations, concerning Pr. H. C.

the incapacity of the eldest sons of Scots peers to fit in the
parliament of Great-Britain, were read, and council heard
upon it. The substance both of these representations and
the council's arguments, was, " That by an act of the
• Scots parliament, intitled, An act for settling the manner
• of electing fixteen peers and forty-five commoners, to re-
• present Scotland in the parliament of Great-Britain, which

act was ratified by the act for uniting the two kingdoms,
• it is declared, That none shall be capable to elect, or be
selected, to represent a shire or burgh in the parliament of
« Great-Britain for this part of the united kingdom, except
,6 such as are now capable to elect, or be elected, as com-
* missioners for shires or burghs to the parliament of Scot-
• land : that from hence it evidently followed, that the
Scots
peers

eldest sons could not fit in the house of commons
of Great-Britain, unless it did appear, that they were ca-
pable to be elected, and fit as members of the parliament
of Scotland. But, as a proof of the contrary, several in-
stances were alledged of their being always rejected by the
parliament of Scotland, and, in particular, the viscount
Turbat's eldest fon, in the year 1685, and the lord Leving-
fton, in the year 1689. That the fundamental law of the
union bad most expressly reserved to the commons of Scot-

land

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