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ges, 105-Inconsistency of the common mode of teaching languages, 105
-Pays a visit to Boston, 106-Loses one of his sons, 106-Appointed clerk
of general assembly, 107-Made post-master at Philadelphia 108-First
turns his thoughts to public affairs, 109–The city watch proposed, 109
-Founds the Union Fire Company, 110-.Proposes establishing an Aca-
demy and Philosophical Society at Philadelphia, 116--Publishes Plain
Truth, 116-Its effect, 117-Proposes a lottery for building a battery, 119
-- Invents an open stove, 123--Renews his attempts to establish an aca-
demy at Philadelphia, 124_Writes a pamphlet to forward the intention,
124_Enters into partnership with Mr. David Hall, 126-Devotes his time
to philosophical experiments, 126-Is elected a member of the assembly,
and a justice of the peace, 127—His son appointed clerk of assembly,
127_Is appointed a commissioner to treat with the Indians: the singu.
lar behavior of the Indians, 128-Plan for cleansing the streets of Phi.
ladelphia, and paving the same, 131—His improvement in street lamps,
132—Appointed post-master-general, 136--Made master of arts of
Cambridge and Yale Colleges, 136...Plan for the union of the colonies
137--His address to the counties of Lancaster, &c. 143---Renders great
sertice to general Braddock's army, 144---Defends the North-West
frontier, 152---Chosen colonel of a volunteer regiment, 159..-Philoso-
phical reputation, 162---Chosen a member of the Royal Society of Lon-
don, 164---Is presented with the gold medal of sir Godfrey Copeley,
165.--Embarks for England, 169---Narrow escape from the Scilly Rocks,
174---Arrives at Falmouth, 175.--In London, 176---State of politics on
his arrival, 182---His connection with the London newspapers, 182...
Reply to the insinuations of the “Citizen, or General Advertiser,” 184
---Defends the American question in various publications, 185...Dedi-
cation of his Historical Review, &c. to Arthur Onslow, esq., 188--His
conduct during the differences of the Pennsylvanians, 190---Is noticed
by persons of rank in England, 193...Consulted by Mr. Pitt, 194...
Writes “ England's interest with respect to the Colonies ;” its effect, 195
---Visits Scotland, is made L. L. D. at St. Andrews, 196---Receives the
same honor from Oxford, 196---Error corrected respecting his attempt-
ing to seduce his son governor Franklin from his allegiance to the
king, 197.--Returns to Philadelphia, 198...Writes a pamphlet entitled
Cool Thoughts,” 202---Loses his seat in the Pennsylvania assembly,
203.-Reinstated, and again visits Great Britain, 203---Examined before
the house of commons respecting the Stamp Act, 207 ---Caricature pub.
lished on the occasion, Note, 208.--Visits Holland, Germany, and Paris,
209.-- Introduced to Louis XV.; his electrical experiments are repeated
in the presence of Louis XV.; and by count de Buffon, &c. 210---Oppo-
sition to the act making paper money legal tenders, 219---Publishes a
work, “ The Cause of the American Discontent,” 220---His account of the
affair of Hutchinson's Letters, 225.-- The dispute betwixt Whately and
Temple stated, 251.-.-)s involved in a chancery suit, 239...Reflections
on Hutchinson's affair, and vindication of himself, 255.-- Is dimissed
from the office of deputy post-mater, 260---Controversy with Dean
Tucker, 261---Reflections on that controversy, 267 ---Invents and uses
an emblematical design, 270..- Receives private information of the in-
tention of the British government to arrest him, 274---Determines on
and quits England, 274...On his passage home writes an account of his ,
efforts to negotiate betwixt Great Britain and America, 274..--Mrs.
Howe sister of lord Howe, makes an acquaintance with Dr. F. 279---
Hints for terms of union with Great Britain, 283---Energetic letter to
lord Dartmouth, 366--- Interview with lord Howe, 303,-309,-314---Memo-
rial addressed to lord Dartmouth, 296---Experiments on the waters of
the ocean. Reflection on navigation, 248---Arrival in America. The
state thereof, 351---Proposes the adoption of paper money in America,
357 ---Visits the American camp, 358---Sent on a mission to Canada, 358
.Writes to Holland for assistance, 358---Correspondence with lord
Howe, 360--Protest against equal voting in congress, 369---Is appointed
minister plenipotentiary to the court of France, 372---Sets off for France,
375...Experiments during the voyage, on sea-water, 375.--Is chased by
cruisers. Takes two prizes, 376---Journey to Nantes, thence to Paris,
377 ---State of American politics. Account of his mission to France, in
á letter to Dr. Ingenhausz, 373---Grants letters of marque to American
privateers, 380---Is presented to the king, 384---Letter to the count d'
Aranda, 385---Letter on Wilson's claiming the discovery of lightning
conductors, 394---Epigram on lightning conductors, Note, 395.--Letter
to Mr. Hutton the Moravian, 398...Receives a present of Cooke's voy-
ages from the British government, 399.--Private journal, 400-.-Requests
leave to retire from the court of France on account of his age, 400...
The congress refuse his resignation, 402---Curious letter to a friend on
that account, 403---Account of general Arnold's treachery, in a letter
to general la Fayette, 403---Amuses himself in printing at a private
press in his own house, 412---Singular deceptions practised by him, 412
fac simile of a newspaper 412---Political communications with sir Wil-
liam Jones, 413---Negotiates for a peace at Paris, 423---Opens negotia.
tion with the Swedish court, 430.--The treaty of friendship with Sweden
signed, 430---Communicates to congress the request of the Baron de
Stael, for Mr. Temple Franklin, to be sent as envoy to the Swedish
court, 430---Again renews his request to congress to be recalled and
his grandson employed, 431---Extracts from his private journal, 437---
Is nominated by the king of France to examine the properties of ani.
pal magnetism, 446---Several letters on the same subject, 446---Signs
the treaty of peace with Great Britain, 449.-Proposed improvement in
the law of nations, 449---Leaves Passy on his return home; arrives
at Havre, 451---Crosses the British channel and arrives at South.
ampton, 452---Is visited by persons of distinction, 457 ---Private jour.
nal of his tour from Passy to Havre and Southampton, 456...Arrives

at Philadelphia, 450.--Congratulatory addresses on his arrival, 459...
Chosen a member of the council, 463---Notes, remarks, and speeches
in that assembly, 464---Queries and remarks on constitution of go-
vernment, 465---Speech on Salaries, 469---Speech on representation
and votes, 471..-Motion for prayers in the convention, 474-Senti-
ments on the new constitution of America, 476---Retires from public
affairs, 480---Is dissatisfied with the treatment of the American govern.
ment, 482---Sketch of his services, 483-.-His plan for improving the
condition of free blacks, 486---Writes against the slave trade, 488...
Elected a member of the imperial academy of St. Petersburg, 501...
Last illness, death, and funeral, 504 ---Congress of America, and the
national assembly of France order mourning, 505..-Oration occasioned
by his death, 507--.His statue in front of the library, Philadelphia, in.
scription thereon, 505---His character, 506.--Extracts from his will and

codicil, 410---Epitaph written by himself.
Franklin, William (Dr. F.'s son), appointed governor of New Jersey, 196.
Franklin, W. Temple, preface by, iii---Baron de Staël's letter relative to

him, 430---Recommended by Dr. Franklin, 431.
Fothergill, doctor, character of, 133---Letters to Dr. Franklin, 281.-Meet-

ing with him and Barclay, 335---Another meeting, 345.
French, colonel, attention to Franklin, 29.
French government first take interest in the dispute betwixt Great Bri.

tain and America, 219.

Galloway, Joseph, engaged in politics, 201--His speech published with

a preface by Franklin, 201.
Gates, general, defeats the Britisb troops, 382.
Georgia, appoints Franklin agent in England, 209.
Germany, Franklin travels into, 209.
Gerard, monsieur, goes as envoy to America, 383.
Gnadenhutten, Franklin sent in military command to, 153..-Indians burn

that place, 153---Constructs military works there, 154---His military
police, 156-.-Apopthegm scour the anchor,---Grog before prayers, incen.

tive to piety, 157.
Godfrey, Thomas, inventor of Hadley's quadrant, 63.

Mrs., projects a marriage for Franklin, 72.
Gold Medal, awarded to Franklin, 165.
Government, Franklin's system of, eulogized by the duke de la Rochefou.

cault, 477.
Grace's, Robert, liberality to Franklin, 68.
Gunpowder, as grain comprehended with wheat, &c., 121.
Guerchy, the French ambassador, tentive to Franklin, 19.

Xvi

H

Hadley’s quadrant, so called, invented by Thomas Godfrey, 63.
Hall, Mr. David, a partner in business with Franklin, 126.
Hamilton, Mr. Andrew, account of, 41,-70.
Harry, David, history of, 71.
Hartley, David, esq., employed to negotiate with Franklin, 132.
Hemphill, parson, first settles in Philadelphia, 104.
Henly and Nairne, verify Franklin's electric system, 393.
Hereditary legislators and mathematicians, 324.
Hillsborough, lord, made secretary of state for America, 221...His resig.

nation, 222.
Hints, for negotiation, 283---Arguments on, 285.

--- on further propositions, 334.
Historical Review, opinion of various writers on the, 167.
History, observations on reading, 99.
Holland and Germany, Franklin travels into, 1766, 209.
Holmes, Mr., broth er-in-law to Franklin, 28.
Hospital, Pennsylvania, established, 128.
Hostilities commence betwixt Great Britain and France, 384.
House of Commons, Franlzlin's examination before the, 207.
Howe, Mrs., conference with Franklin, 279.--letters to Franklin, 312,-334,

340,-344.
Howe, lord, courts an acquaintance with Franklin, 303a-meets him by

appointment, 336 ---letter to Franklin, 337---another meeting, 344---ap-
pointed to command the British fleet in North America, 360---corres.

pondence with Franklin, 362.
Hutchinson, lieutenant-governor, disputes with, 225---his letters, Franklin's

account of, 230.
Hutton, Mr., the Moravian, account of, 398---Letter to, 411.
Hyde, lord, his interview with Franklin, 336.

I
Ingenhausz's, Dr., detection of Wilson's deceptive experiments relative

to Franklin's lightning conductors, and pretended improvements of his

own, 394.

Indian method of concealing fires, 156.
Indians, he is appointed a commissioner to, 127---the Indian orator's apolo.

gy for rum, 128.
Innis, the messenger, some account of him, 169.
Intelligenoe from Pennsylvania, political papers, effect of, 182.

J
James, Abel, letter to Franklin, requesting him to contiue bis memoirs, 76.
Jay, John, esq., sent minister to the court of Spain, 386.- Arrives at Paris

to negotiate for peace, 423.

Johnstane, Carlisle, and Eden, commissioners, 383.
Justice of peace, Franklin chosen for ten successive years, 127.
Jones, John Paul, pretended letter from him, 412.

sir William, account of an attempt to negotiate for a peace with
Franklin, 413--His supposed translation of " A Fragment of Polybius,"

416---His sentiments respecting America, 421.
Judges made independent in Massachusetts, 225.
Junto, account of a literary one formed by Franklin, 62.... Its sphere en.

larged, 107.

K
Keimer first employs Franklin as a printer, 27...Proposes to Franklin to

establish a new religious sect, 37---Quarrels with him and parts, 57 -

Goes to Barbadoes, 56.
Keith, sir William, proposes to establish Franklin as a printer, 29...Prac-

tises the grossest fraud on Franklin, 35.
Kippis, Dr., a calumny of his respecting Franklin corrected, 398.

Lamps, improvement thereof, 133.
Languages, began to study, 105.
Law of Nations, proposed improvement thereof, 449.
Lee, Arthur, petition of, with Bollan and Franklin, 331,
Legal tender of paper money, he opposés, 178.
Legislators and mathematicians, hereditary, 324.
Library, the first established in Philadelphia, 83.
Lighting and Paving of Philadelphia set on foot by Franklin, 133.
Lightning, drawn from the clouds, 164-theory of conductors, 165.
Lagan, Mr., account of, 120.
Loudoz, lord, arrives in Philadelphia, 167 --His mode of dispatching bu.

siness, 168–His ideas of public service, 172--Cause of his removal,

172.
Loughborough, lord, his abuse of Franklin before the privy couneil, 227.
Lubdich, daptaio, account of his fast-sailing packet, 173.
Lyons, Dr., encourages Franklin to vrite on religious subjects, 44.

M
Magnetitur, animal, 446.
Mahon, lord, refutes Mr. Wilson's attack of Franklin's system of light.

ning conductors, 322.
Mandevilles, Dr., friendship for Franklin, 44.
Marbois, Barbé, his secret letter on American affairs, Note. 426.
Massachusetts, appoints Franklin agent in England, 209--the colony of, a

sketch of the importance of, 224---their judges made independent, 225
---Dispute with governors Bernard and Hutchinson, 225.--Report of their
bouse of representatives on Hutchinson's letters, 226.
VOL. I.

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