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agitated in that assembly. I have been long tired of the trade of minister, and wished for a little repose before I went to sleep for good and all. I thought I might have held out till the peace; but as that seems at a greater distance than the end of my days, 1 grow impatient. I would not, however, quit the service of the public, if I did not sincerely think that it would be easy for the congress, with your connsel, to find à fitter man. God bless you, and crown all your Jabors with success.
With the bighest regard and most sincere affection, I am, dear sir, &c. &c.
Notwithstanding Dr. Franklin's various and important occupations, he occasionally amused himself in composing and printing, by means of a small set of types, and a press he had in his house, several of his light essays, bagatelles, or jeux d'esprit, written chiefly for the amusement of bis intimate friends : among these were the annexed; printed on a half sheet of coarse paper, so as to imitate, as much as possible, a portion of a Boston newspaper.
The repeated accounts received from America of the horribly cruel manner in which the Indian allies of Great Britain prosecuted the war against the peaceable inhabitants of the United States; murdering defenceless farmers, with their wives and children, and carrying off their scalps, for the reward promised in proportion to the number, (said already to have amounted to two thousand), was the foundation of a project which he formed for awakening the feelings of hamanity to a due sense of the barbarity which one of the cabinet ministers had avowed in the house of lords, as employing the means which Providence placed in their hands; the following letter shews the nature of the facts upon which he projected a series of newspapers, or of papers so printod as to imitate a paper at that time printed in Boston called the Bos. ton Independent Chronicle.
To Mr. Hutton.
MY DEAR OLD FRIEND, Passy, 7th July, 1782.
A LETTER written by you to M. Bertin, ministre d'etat, containing an account of the abominable murders committed by some of the frontier people on the poor Moravian Indians, has given me infinite pain and vexation. The dispensations of Providence in this world puzzle my weak reason; I cannot comprehend why cruel men should have been permitted thus to destroy their fellow creatures. Some of the Indians may be supposed to have committed sins, but one cannot think the little children had committed any worthy of death. Why has a single man in England, who happens to love blood and to hate Americans, been permitted to gratify that bad temper, by biring German murderers, and joining them with his own, to destroy, in a continued course of bloody years, near one hundred thousand human creatures, many of them possessed of useful talents, virtues, and abilities, to which he has no pretension! It is he who has furnished the savages with hatchets and scalping knives, and engages them to fall upon defenceless farmers, and murder them with their wives and children, paying for their scalps, of which an account kept in America, already amounts as I have heard to near two thousand. Perhaps the people of the frontiers, exasperated by the cruelties of the Indians, have been induced to kill all Indians that fall into their hands without distinction; so that even these horrid murders of our poor Moravians nray be laid to his charge. And yet this man lives, enjoys all the good things this world can afford, and is surrounded by flatterers who keep even his conscience quiet by telling him he is the best of princes! I wonder at this, but I cannot therefore part with the comfortable belief of a divine Providence: and the more I see the impossibility from the extent and number of his crimes, of giving equivalent punishment to a wicked man in this life, the more I am convinced of a future state, in which all that here appears to be wrong shall be set right, all that is crooked made straight. In this faith let you and I, my friend, comfort ourselves; it is the only comfort, in the present dark scene of things that is allowed us.
I shall not fail to write to the government of America, urging that effectual care may be taken to protect and save the remainder of those unhappy people. Since writing the above I have received a Philadelphia, paper containing some account of the same horrid transaction, a little different, and some circumstances alleged as excuses or palliations, but extremely weak and insufficient. I send it to you enveloped.
The other article is a jeu d'esprit of a gayer turn, originating from a memorial of the British ambassador, sir Joseph Yorke, reclaiming the king's ships, the Serapis and Countess of Scarborough, prizes carried into Holland by the American squadron under commodore Jones; whom sir Joseph designated, “ the pirate Paul Jones of Scotland; a rebel subject, and a criminal of the state."
The deception intended by this supposed - Supplement," (which was very accurately imitated with respect to printing, paper, the insertion of advertisements, &c.) was, that by transmitting it to England, it might actually be taken for what it purported to be, and the two prominent articles contained in it, consequently, copied into the English papers, as genuine intelligence from America.
The end proposed thereby, was to shame the British government. It is uncertain whether this artifice succeeded as well as a similar one of Dr. Franklin's, the “Prussian Ediet," did, as related in his PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE.
A copy of this intended deception, as printed, is here given with the omission only of the advertisements and some of the names, titles, and epithets, in the latter article.
Dr. Franklin had a great opinion of the effects to be produced by suitable writings in the public prints, as will appear from the following letter to Dr. Price.
more than ever for their goods: and our hunting Tency the following speech, delivered by Conejogatchic presented by your Excellency to their high mighti
We have only to say farther that your traders exact hoops, 4 inches diam.eter; the inside of the skin
Pather, in different skirmishes; these are stretched on black
give this belt. A great white Belt with blue Tassels. No. 1. Containing 43 scalps of congress soldiers killed
Say this for us to the great king. To enforce it, we the following is invoice and explanation.
after us, and be his friends and children, as we are. painted, with all the Indian triumphal marks, of which
give us another country, that our children may live Boyd, eight packs of scalps, cured, dried, hooped, and
part in your quarrel. We expect the great king will with to your Excellency, under the care of James “At the request of the Senneka chiefs I send here.
They have driven us out of our country for taking
buffalo : they have also got great and sharp claws. May it please your Excellency,
se sa mer
nesses the States General, in which you are pleased If he excites domestic insurrections among their to qualify me with the tiile of pirate.
servants, and encourages servants to murder their mas-
he is still pleased to claim as his subjects.
wiose,"WYui? Was four dihnaárrorii ambaer is ashamed ananumihared at the view othuman base
glorious lawsuit with Charles the First, that “ what an ness. It afflicts me, therefore, to see a gentleman of English king has no right to demand, an English sub- *** ****** ***** education and talents, for the sake ject has a right to refuse?” But you cannot so soon have of a red riband and a paltry stipend, mean enough to forgotten the instructions of your late honorable father, stile such a ******* his master, wear his livery, and who, being himself a sound Whig, taught you cer- hold himself ready at his command even to cut the tainly the principles of the Revolution, and that, “if throats of fellow-subjects. This makes it impossible subjects might in some cases forfeit their property, for me to end my letter with the civility of a complikings also might forfeit their title, and all claim to the ment, and obliges me to subscribe myself simply, allegiance of their subjects.” I must then suppose you
John Paul JONES, well acquainted with those Whig principles, on which
'whom you are pleased to stile a pirate. permit me, sir, to ask a few questions. Is not protection as justly due from a king to his
* Anecdotc of Paul Jones.--After Jones's crew had landed people, as obedience from the people to their king? at Lord Selkirk's, stripped the house of the plate, and taken
If a king declares bis people to be out of hisprotection: it on board, the ship lay-to, while Jones wrote a letter to his
If he violates and deprives them of their constitu- lordship, which he sent on shore. In this letter, he candidly tional rights :
acknowledged that he meant to have seized him, and to have If he wages war against them:
detained him as a person of much consequence to him in case
of a cartel; but disclaimed any concern in taking away his If he plunders their merchants, ravages their coasts, plate; which, he said, was done by the crew, in spite of his reburns their towns, and destroys their lives:
monstrances; who said they were determined to be repaid for If he hires foreign mercenaries to help him in their the hardships and dangers they had encountered in Kirkcuddestruction :
bright Bay, and in attempting to set fire, a few days before, If he engages savages to murder their defenceless to the shipping in the harbour of Whitehaven. Jones, howev
er, informed his lordship that he had secured all the plate,
and would certainly return it to him at a convenient opportu.
addenda to Gilpin's Tour to the Lakes of Scotland, where and the East Indies :
If he sells others of them into bondage, in Africa they will find it authenticated by Lord Selkirk himself.