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to them delegated, declare to be the final and conclu- of a contraband trade and of acts hostile to any of the sive balances due to and from the several States. belligerent parties, as to obtain, by a declaration of the WILLIAM IRVINE,
existing legal state of things, an easier admission of our JOHN KEAN,
right to the immunities of our situation; we, therefore, WOODBURY LANGDON. contemplate with pleasure the Proclamation by you OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF Accounts, issued, and give it our hearty approbation. We deem Philadelphia, June 29, 1793.
it a measure well-timed and wise, manifesting a watch
ful solicitude for the welfare of the nation, and calcuFriday, December 6.
lated to promote it. A message from the House of Representatives
“The several important matters presented to our informed the Senate that
they had elected the consideration will, in the course of the session, engage Rev. AshBEL Green as Chaplain to Congress, on and, as the public happiness will be the sole guide of
all the attention to which they are respectively entitled : their part.
our deliberations, we are perfectly assured of receiving Mr. Ellsworth, from the committee appointed
your strenuous and most zealous co-operation. to report the draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT
“ JOHN ADAMS, OF THE UNITED STATES, made a report; which
“ Vice President of the United States, was read, and ordered for consideration on Mon
" and President of the Senate." day next. The Senate resumed the reading of the com
Ordered, That Messrs. Ellsworth and Butmunications referred to in the Message of the LER wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED President of the 5th instant; and, after progress
, States, and desire him to acquaint the Senate adjourned to Monday.
at what time and place it will be most convenient for him that the foregoing Address should be pre
sented. MONDAY, December 9. Messrs. STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, from Vermont,
Tuesday, December 10. THEODORE Foster, from Rhode Island, and RuFUS King, from New York, appeared and took JOAN BROWN, from the State of Kentucky, their seats.
attended to-day. The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a Mr. Ellsworth reported, from the committee Letter of the 7th instant, from Samuel Meredith, appointed yesterday to wait on the President of Treasurer of the United States, with his quarterly The United States, that the PRESIDENT proaccounts, made up to the 31st of March last, to posed to receive the Address of the Senate this gether with his accounts respecting the Depart-day, at 12 o'clock, at his own house. Whereupon, ment of War, made up to the 30th of June last.
the Senate waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE The Letter was read.
UNITED States, and the Vice President, in Ordered, That the Letter and papers therein their name, presented the Address agreed to on referred to lie on the table.
the 9th instant. To this Address the PRESIDENT Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate of the United States was pleased to make the took into consideration the draft of an Address following Reply: reported by the committee in answer to the “GENTLEMEN : The pleasure expressed by the SeSpeech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES nate on my re-election to the station which I fill, comto Congress at the opening of the session; which, mands my sincere and warmest acknowledgments. If being amended, and the several paragraphs of the this be an event which promises the smallest addition report agreed to, it was adopted, as follows: to the happiness of our country, as it is my duty, so * To the President of the United States :
shall it be my study, to realize the expectation.
“The decided approbation which the Proclamation “ Accept, sir, the thanks of the Senate for your now receives from your House, by completing the proofs Speech delivered to both Houses of Congress at the that this measure is considered as manifesting a vigilant opening of the session. Your re-election to the Chief attention to the welfare of the United States, brings Magistracy of the United States gives us sincere plea with it a peculiar gratification to my mind. sure. We consider it as an event every way propitious “The other important subjects which have been comto the happiness of our country; and your compliance municated to you will, I am confident, receive a due with the call
, as a fresh instance of the patriotism which discussion; and the result will, I trust, prove fortunate has so repeatedly led you to sacrifice private inclination to the United States. to the public good. In the unanimity which a second
“G. WASHINGTON." time marks this important national act, we trace, with particular satisfaction, besides the distinguished tribute
The Senate then returned to their Chamber, paid to the virtues and abilities which it recognises, and resumed the reading of the papers communianother proof of that just discernment and constancy of cated in the Message of the PRESIDENT OF THE sentiments and views which have hitherto characterized UNITED STATES of the 5th instant, but adjourned the citizens of the United States.
before they were got through. “ As the European Powers with whom the United States have the most extensive relations were involved in war, in which we had taken no part, it seemed ne
WEDNESDAY, December 11. cessary that the disposition of the nation for peace
CALEB STRONG, from Massachusetts, attended should be promulgated to the world, as well for the to-day. purpose of admonishing our citizens of the consequences The credentials of Mr. BROWN and Mr. STRONG
were read, the usual oath administered to them, ever, took a turn which did not present the occasion and they took their seats.
hoped for. The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a About the close of the ensuing year I was informed, Letter from the Treasurer of the United States, through the Representatives of Spain here, that their with his specie account, made up to the 30th of Government would be willing to renew at Madrid the June last; which was read, and ordered to lie on former conferences on these subjects. Though the the table.
transfer of scene was not what would have been desired, Ordered, That Messrs. RUTHERFURD, Cabot, yet I did not think it important enough to reject the ELLSWORTH, LIVERMORE, and Mitchell, be
proposition; and, therefore, with the advice and consent committee to take into consideration the petition of the Senate, I appointed Commissioners Plenipotenof Conrad Laub and others, stating that the Hon. tiary for negotiating and concluding a Treaty with that ALBERT GALLATIN, at the time he was elected a tion, and commerce, and gave them the instructions
country, on the several subjects of boundary, navigaSenator of the United States, had not been nine
now communicated. Before these negotiations, howyears a citizen of the said United States, as is ever, could be got into train, the new troubles which required by the Constitution, and report thereon had arisen in Europe had produced new combinations to the Senate.
among the Powers there, the effects of which are but The Senate resumed the reading of the papers too visible in the proceedings now laid before you. referred to in the Message of the PRESIDENT OF In the meantime some other points of discussion had THE UNITED STATES of the 5th instant; and, after arisen with that country, to wit: the restitution of proprogress, adjourned.
perty escaping into the territories of each other, the
mutual exchange of fugitives from justice, and, above Friday, December 13.
all, the mutual interferences with the Indians lying beWILLIAM BRADFORD, from Rhode Island, and tween us. I had the best reason to believe that the
hostilities threatened and exercised by the Southern John TAYLOR, from Virginia, attended, produced Indians on our border were excited by the agents of their credentials, and took the usual oath and their that Government. Representations were thereon diseats.
rected to be made by our Commissioners to the Spanish The Senate resumed the reading of the papers Government, and a proposal to cultivate, with good communicated with the Message of the PRESIDENT faith, the peace of each other with those people. In on the 5th instant; and the Message and papers the mean time corresponding suspicions were entertherein referred to were ordered to lie for consi- tained, or pretended to be entertained, on their part, of aderation.
like hostile excitements by our agents to disturb their
peace with the same nations. These were brought forMonday, December 16.
ward by the Representatives of Spain here, in a style JAMES Jackson, from Georgia, attended, pro
which could not fail to produce attention. A claim of duced his credentials
, and, the oath required by patronage and protection of those Indians was asserted; law being administered to him, he took his seat assumed; their boundaries with us made a subject of
à mediation between them and us by that Sovereign in the Senate. The Communications from the Secretary of when these savages were committing daily inroads upon
his interference; and, at length, at the very moment the Department of War, of the 4th instant, were
our frontier, we were informed by them that “the conread, and ordered to lie for consideration. The Vice President laid before the Senate a ship of the two nations, was very problematical for the
tinuation of the peace, good harmony, and perfect friendLetter from the Secretary of the Department of future, unless the United States should take more conWar, with a return of the ordnance, arms, and venient measures, and of greater energy, than those military stores, in possession of the United States, adopted for a long time past. together with a variety of papers, giving a view If their previous correspondence had worn the appear. of the Southwestern frontiers, as connected with ance of a desire to urge on a disagreement, this last the Creek Indians and the State of Georgia, and declaration left no room to evade it, since it could not the Southwestern territory of the United States be conceived we would submit to the scalping-knife and and the Cherokees; which Letter was read. tomahawk of the savage without any resistance. I
Ordered, That the Letter and papers therein thought it time, therefore, to know if these were the referred to lie on the table.
views of their Sovereign, and despatched a special mesThe following Messages were received from the senger with instructions to our Commissioners, which PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATEs, and read:
are among the papers now communicated. Their last Gentlemen of the Senate, and
letter gives us reason to expect very shortly to know
the result. I must add that the Spanish Representaof the House of Representatives :
tives here, perceiving that their last communication had The situation of affairs in Europe, in the course of made considerable impression, endeavored to abate this the year 1790, having rendered it possible that a mo- by some subsequent professions, which, being also ment might arrive favorable for the arrangement of our among the communications to the Legislature, they will unsettled matters with Spain, it was thought proper to be able to form their own conclusions. prepare our Representative at that Court to avail us of
GO. WASHINGTON. it. “A confidential person was therefore despatched to UNITED STATES, December 16, 1793. be the bearer of instructions to him, and to supply, by Gentlemen of the Senate, and verbal communications, any additional information of which he might find himself in need. The Govern- of the House of Representatives : ment of France was, at the same time, applied to for I lay before you a Report of the Secretary of State its aid and influence in this negotiation. Events, how-I on the measures which have been taken on behalf of
the United States for the purpose of obtaining a recog- relative to the negotiations with the Court of nition of our treaty with Morocco, and for the ransom Spain, were in part read; and, after progress, the of our citizens, and establishment of peace with Algiers. Senate adjourned.
While it is proper our citizens should know that subjects which so much concern their interests and their
Wednesday, December 18. feelings have duly engaged the attention of their Legislature and Executive, it would still be improper that
The Communications received from the PRESIsome particulars of this communication should be made DENT OF THE UNITED States on the 16th instant, known. The confidential conversation stated in one relative to the negotiations with the Court of of the last letters, sent herewith, is one of these. Both Spain, were read, and ordered to lie for considerjustice and policy require that the source of that in- ation. formation should remain secret. So a knowledge of The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a the sums meant to have been given for peace and ran- Letter from the Secretary of the Department of som might have a disadvantageous influence on future War, of this date, communicating further inproceedings for the same objects.
formation relative to the Southwestern frontiers; GO. WASHINGTON. UNITED STATES, December 16, 1793.
which Letter and papers were read, and ordered
to lie on the table. These Messages were ordered to lie for con- The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a sideration.
Letter from the Secretary of the Department of The Vice PRESIDENT laid before the Senate State, of the 16th instant, with a report on the the following Report, to wit:
privileges and restrictions on the commerce of the “The Vice President of the United States and Presi- United States in foreign countries; which were
dent of the Senate, the Chief Justice, the Secretary read, and ordered to lie for consideration.
Thursday, December 19, follows: “ That, pursuant to the act entitled. An act making tary of the Department of War on the 16th in
The Communications received from the Secrefurther provision for the reduction of the Public Debt,' stant, relative to further information respecting and in conformity to resolutions agreed upon by them, the Southwestern frontiers, were in part read; and severally approved by the President of the United States, they have, since their report of the 17th of No- and, after progress, the Senate adjourned. vember, 1792, caused purchases of the said Debt to be made, through the agency of Samuel Meredith and Jo
Friday, December 20. nathan Burrall, respectively, to the amount of $523,735 21 in stock, for which there have been paid, in specie, munications from the Secretary of the Depart
The Senate resumed the reading of the Com$426,842 75. That, pursuant to the act entitled • An act supplementary to the act making provision for the ment of War on the 16th instant, relative to furDebt of the United States, and in conformity to resolu- ther information respecting the Southwestern tions agreed upon by them, and severally approved by frontiers; and, after progress, the Senate adthe President of the United States, they have also journed. caused purchases of the said Debt to be made subsequent to their said report of the 17th of November,
Monday, December 23. 1792, to the amount of $122,538 14 in stock, for which there have been paid $75,660 87, in specie. That the
Mr. Bradley notified the Senate that, on Wedseveral documents accompanying this report marked nesday next, he should move for leave to bring in Aa, Ba, and Nos. 1 to 7, with their enclosures, show a bill for altering the Flag of the United States. the aforesaid purchases, generally and in detail, includ
The Senate resumed the reading of the Coming the places where, the time when, the prices at munications from the Secretary of the Departwhich, and the persons to whom, they have been made. ment of War, on the 16th instant, relative to fur
That the purchases now and heretofore reported amount, ther information respecting the Southwestern together, to $2,019,193 10 in stock, for which there frontiers; and, after progress, the Senate adhave been paid $1,394,664 40, in specie, as will be journed. be more particularly seen by the document aforesaid marked Aa. On behalf of the Board :
Tuesday, December 24. “ JOHN ADAMS. “ PHILADELPHIA, December 16, 1793.”
The following Message was received from the
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES : The Report was read, and, together with the papers therein referred to, ordered to lie on the
“ Gentlemen of the Senate, and table.
of the House of Representatives : “ Since the communications which were made to you
on the affairs of the United States with Spain, and on Tuesday, December 17.
the truce between Portugal and Algiers, some other John Vining, from Delaware, appeared, and, papers have been received, which, making a part of the the oath required by law being, by the Vice PRE- same subjects, are now communicated for your informaSIDENT, administered to him, he took his seat in tion.
G. WASHINGTON. the Senate.
“UNITED STATES, December 23, 1793." The Communications received from the Presi- The Message and papers referred to were read, DENT OF THE UNITED STATES on the 16th instant and ordered to lie for consideration.
[JANUARY, 1794. Mr. BUTLER notified the Senate that he should, Ordered, That this petition, together with the on some day the next week, request leave to bring communications from the Secretary of the Dein a bill in addition to the act, entitled "An act to partment of War, respecting Indian Affairs, be incorporate the subscribers to the Bank of the freferred to Messrs. Jackson, ŠTRONG, BURR, ButUnited States."
LER, and LANGDON, to cunsider and report thereon. The following motion was made and seconded, to wit: That the Constitution be amended by adding, at the end of the ninth section of the first ar
Tuesday, December 31. ticle, the following clause:
The following Messages were received from the
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: “ Nor shall any person holding any office or stock in any institution in the nature of a Bank for issuing or Gentlemen of the Senate, and discounting bills or notes payable to bearer or order, of the House of Representatives : under the authority of the United States, be a member
I lay before you, for your consideration, a Letter from of either House whilst he holds such office or stock; the Secretary of State, informing me of certain impedibut no power to grant any charter of incorporation, or ments which have arisen to the coinage of the precious any commercial or other monopoly, shall be herein im- metals at the Mint. plied."
As also a Letter from the same officer, relative to And it was agreed that this motion should lie certain advances of money which have been made on for consideration :
public account. Should you think proper to sanction Ordered, That Messrs. STRONG, ELLSWORTH, what has been done, or be of opinion that any thing and Kino, be a committee to take into considera- more shall be done in the same way, you will judge tion that part of the PRESIDENT's Speech which whether there are not circumstances which would renrecommends a further provision against offences.
der secrecy expedient. The Senate resumed the reading of the com
G. WASHINGTON. munications from the Secretary of the Depart
UNITED STATES, December 30, 1793. ment of War of the 16th instant, relative to further Gentlemen of the Senate, and information respecting the Southwestern fron- of the House of Representatives : tiers; and, after progress, the Senate adjourned to I communicate to you the translation of a Letter reThursday next.
ceived from the Representatives of Spain here, in reply
to that of the Secretary of State to them, of the 21st inTHURSDAY, December 26.
stant, which had before been communicated to you.
G. WASHINGTON. Agreeably to notice given on the 23d instant,
UNITED STATES, December 30, 1793. Mr. Bradley obtained leave to bring in a bill making an alteration in the Flag of the United
The Messages and papers therein referred to States; and the bill was read the first time, and were severally read, and ordered to lie for consiordered to a second reading.
deration. The Senate resumed the reading of the commu
Mr. RUTHERFURD reported, from the committee nications from the Secretary of the Department to whom was referred the petition of Conrad Laub of War of the 16th instant, relative to further in- and others, stating that the Hon. ALBERT GALLAformation respecting the Southwestern frontiers; TIN, at the time he was elected a Senator of the and, after progress, the Senate adjourned.
United States, had not been nine years a citizen of the said United States, as is required by the
Constitution; which report was read, and orFriday, December 27.
dered to lie for consideration. The Senate proceeded to the second reading of the bill making an alteration in the Flag of the United States; and, having amended the same,
WEDNESDAY, January 1, 1794. the bill was ordered to a third reading.
The Senate proceeded to the consideration of The Senate resumed the reading of the commu. the petition of Conrad Laub and others.
the report of the committee to whom was referred nications from the Secretary of the Department of War of the 16th instant, relative to further inform
On motion to postpone the consideration of the ation respecting the Southwestern frontiers.
report until to-morrow, it was agreed to amend Ordered, That the communications lie for con- row," and to insert, in lieu thereof, “ Thursday,
this motion, by striking out the words to-morsideration.
the 9th instant."
The following Message was received from the Monday, December 30.
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES : The bill making an alteration in the Flag of the Gentlemen of the Senate, and United States, was read the third time, and of the House of Representatives : The petition of James and William Smith, of state, with his account of the expenditure of the moneys
I now lay before you a Letter from the Secretary of the State of Georgia, for themselves, and in be appropriated for our intercourse with foreign nations half of the heirs of James Smith, was presented from the 1st of July, 1792, to the 1st of July, 1793, and and read, praying for remedy and assistance in re- other papers relating thereto. spect to certain losses sustained by the Creek
G. WASHINGTON. Indians.
UNITED STATES, December 31, 1793.
The Message and papers therein referred to
TUESDAY, January 7. were severally read, and ordered to lie for consi
The following Messages were received from the deration.
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
Gentlemen of the Senate, and
of the House of Representatives : A motion was made that it be
Experience has shown that it would be useful to have “Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa- the Department of War, with the duties of receiving,
an officer particularly charged, under the direction of tives of the United States of America in Congress aso safe-keeping,
and distributing the public supplies, in all sembled, two-thirds of both Houses concurring, That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures
of cases in which the laws and
the course of service do not the several States, as an amendment to the Constitu- of superintending, in all cases, the issues, in detail, of
devolve them upon other officers ; and, also, with that tion of the United States ; which, when ratified by supplies, with power, for that purpose, to bring to acthree-fourths of the said Legislatures, shall be valid as
count all persons intrusted to make such issues, in repart of the said Constitution, to wit:
lation thereto. “The Judicial power of the United States shall not
An establishment of this nature, by securing a regube construed to extend to any suit in law or equity; lar and punctual accountability for the issues of public commenced or prosecuted against one of the United supplies, would be a great guard against abuse, would States by citizens of another State, or by citizens or tend to insure their due application, and to give public subjects of any foreign State."
satisfaction on that point. On which a motion was made as follows: I therefore recommend to the consideration of Con
“Resolved, That the consideration of this motion be gress the expediency of an establishment of this nature, postponed, and that the Senate will, on the 10th in under such regulations as shall appear to them ad
visable. stant, take into consideration the subject of amend
G. WASHINGTON. ments to the Constitution."
UNITED STATES, January 7, 1794. Whereupon, it was agreed to divide the motion Gentlemen of the Senate, and for amendment, and the first clause was adopted,
of the House of Repre tatives : to wit: “ That the consideration of the original motion be ture to the end of the year 1793, from the sum of ten
I lay before you an official statement of the expendipostponed;"
thousand dollars, granted to defray the contingent exAnd, the latter clause of the motion for post- penses of Government, by an act passed on the 26th of ponement being amended, it was
G. WASHINGTON. Resolved, That the Senate will, on the 13th instant,
UNITED STATES, January 7, 1794. take into consideration the subject of amendments to The Messages and paper referred to in the lastthe Constitution.
recited Message, were severally read, and ordered
to lie for consideration. FRIDAY, January 3. A motion was made and seconded, that the Se
WEDNESDAY, January 8. cretary of the Treasury lay before the Senate the. Ordered, That the Message of the PRESIDENT following returns, to wit:
of the United States, of the 7th instant, reA statement of the goods, wares, and merchandise, specting the usefulness of an officer particularly exported from the several States from the 1st of July, charged with the duties of receiving, safe-keeping, 1792, to the 1st of July, 1793, specifying the quantities and distributing the public supplies in certain and value of each kind, and the several countries to cases, be referred to Messrs. ELLSWORTH, TAYLOR, which the same have respectively been exported. and BRADLEY, to consider and report thereon to
A statement of the goods, wares, and merchandise, the Senate. imported into the several States for the same period, The following motion was made and seconded: specifying the quantities and the prime cost, and dutied value of each kind, and the several countries from which before this House the following statements, to wit:
Ordered, That the Secretary of the Treasury do lay the same have respectively been imported.
First. A statement of the Domestic Debt of the A statement of the tonnage of foreign vessels entered United States, as due on the 1st day of January, 1794, into the several States during the same period, specify specifying under distinct heads ing the several countries to which the said vessels re
1st. The Funded Debt, distinguishing the six per spectively belong. A statement of the tonnage of the United States ves- kind of stock, stating, separately, the amount created
cents, three per cents, and deferred stock, and in each sels entered into the several States during the same pe by the assumption of the State Debts : riod, distinguishing those employed in fisheries, in the
2d. The Registered Debt. coasting and in the foreign trade, and specifying the
3d. The Debt subscribable to the Loan of the United several countries from which the said vessels employed States, but which, not being funded or registered at the in said trade came.
Treasury, is not entitled to a dividend. Ordered, That this motion lie for consideration. 4th. The balances due to creditor States and already
funded, (if there be any such,) being the excess of the MONDAY, January 6.
sum respectively by law assumed, for such States,
above the sums actually subscribed in the Debts of the The Senate met to-day, but done no business. said States.