Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

plause which is so justly their due: yet I could not repress a feeling of sincere regret, that in this catalogue, the name of Mr. HENRY WILLIAMS had been omitted. I again recurred to the essay; and found what I presume to have been the cause of the omission, in the following words:

“ The list given is a very hasty and no doubt imperfect one ; but it is certainly sufficient to shew that it is not the want of artists, which should prevent our commencing an institution that would afford them the advantages of studying the best models ; and the publick an opportunity of beholding, of cheering, and rewarding their labours."

I do not obtrude this note upon your attention with any other view, than to do justice to one whom I consider an ingenious, meritorious, useful and industrious citizen. For versatility of talent, and excellence in every department of the fine arts which he has yet undertaken, it is believed that Mr. WILLIAMS has no superiour in this town. The firmness of drawing, elegance of colouring, and power of resemblance, which characterize his portrait and miniature paintings ; and the elegant style in which his highly meritorious Anatomical preparations are constructed, (requiring the most accurate knowledge of one of the most important of the sciences)--afford ample evidence of his ingenuity and skill.

When it is considered that Mr. WILLIAMS is a native citizen of the town; that he is indefatigable in his attention to the various branches of his business ; and that a family are dependent on the proceeds of his industry, it is thought that an enlightened publick will continue to patronize one, whose claims and whose talents are so well established.

JUSTICE. February, 1816.

[We insert the preceding letter to repair any injustice we may have committed. The list of artists given in our last number was confessedly imperfect, and the result of very hasty inquiries. We have no doubt that there are other meritorious individuals whose names have been omitted. We hope the time is not distant, when publick patronage will be turned towards our own artists, and that a liberal institution, by giving an opportunity to display their productions in some place where publick attention will be concentrated ; will render it more easy to ascertain their number and their merits.]

Extract from Jeremy TAYLOR on the Duties of Married

Life. Vol. 1. p. 346, Boston Edition.

It was rarely observed by Philo, that, when Adam made that fond excuse for his folly in eating the forbidden fruit, he said, “The woman thou gavest me to be with me, she gave me.' He says not, “ The woman which thou gavest to me:" no such thing; she is none of his goods, pone of his possessions, not to be reckoned amongst his servants; God did not give her to hin so; but, “ The woman thou gavest to be with me;" that is, to be my partner, the companion of my joys and sorrows; thou gavest her for use, not for dominion. The dominion of a man over his wife is no other, than as the soul rules the body; for which it takes a mighty care, and uses it with a delicate tenderness, and cares for it in all contingencies, and watches to keep it from all evils, and studies to make for it fair provisions, and very often is led by its inclinations and desires, and does never contradict its appetites but when they are evil, and then also not without some trouble and sorrow; and its government comes only to this, it furnishes the body with light and understanding, and the body furnishes the soul with hands and feet. The soul governs, because the body cannot else be happy, but the government is no other than provision; as a nurse go. verns a child, when she causes him to eat, and to be warm, and dry, and quiet: and yet even the very government itself is divided; for man and wife in the family, are as the sun and moon in the firmament of heaven; he rules by day, and she by night; that is, in the lesser and more proper circles of her affairs, in the conduct of domestick provisions and necessary offices, and shines only by his light, and rules by his authority: and as the moon in opposition to the sun shines brightest; that is, then, when she is in her own circles and separate regions; so is the authority of the wife then most conspicuous, when she is separate and in her proper sphere; in the nursery and offices of domestick employment: but when she is in conjunction with the sun her brother; that is, in that place and employment in which his care and proper offices are employed, her light is not seen, her authority hath no proper business. But else there is no difference: for they were barbarous people, among whom 'wives were instead of servants; and it is a

sign of impotency and weakness, to force the camels to kneel for their load, because thou hast not spirit and strength enough to climb: to make the affections and evenness of a wife bend by the flexures of a servant, is a sign the man is not wise enough to govern, when another stands by. So many differences as can be in the appellatives of dominus and domina, governour and governess, lord and lady, master and mistress, the same difference there is in the authority of man and womnan, and no more.

Si tu Caius, ego Caia,' was publickly proclaimed upon the threshold of the young inan's house, when the bride entered into his hands and power; and the title of domina, in the sense of the civil law, was among the Romans given to wives.

Hi dominam Ditis thalamo diducere adorti,* said Virgil: where, though Servius says it was spoken after the manner of the Greeks, who called the wife Arctoiyev, lady or mistress, yet it was so among both the nations.

Ac domus dominam voca,--says Catullus ;
Haerebit dominae vir comes ipse suae, -

, --s0 Martial :t And therefore, although there is just measure of subjection and obedience due from the wife to the husband, as I shall hereafter explain,) yet nothing of this is expressed in the man's character, or in his duty; he is not commanded to rule, nor instructed how, nor bidden to exact obedience, or to defend his privilege; all his duty is signified by love, by nourishing and cherishing, I, by being joined with her in all the unions of charity, by not being bitter to her,ll by dwelling with her according to knowledge, giving honour to her :S so that it seems to be with husbands, as it is with bishops and priests, to whom much honour is dưe, but yet so that if they stand upon it, and challenge it, they become less honourable. And as amongst men and women humility is the way to be preferred; so it is in husbands, they shall prevail by cession, by sweetness and counsel, and charity and compliance.

* Aeneid. Lib. vi.
Who from his lofty dome aspir'd to lead

The beauteous partner of his royal bed. † Epithal. Juliae. | Ephes. v 25. ] Col. iii. 19. & 1 Peter iij. 7. Vol. II, No. 6.

44

THE NORTH-AMERICAN REVIEW.

Travels in England.

Continued from p.

276.

We had made so many extracts from this work, that they exceeded our limits, and as they were already in type and we knew nothing better we could present to the publick, we have, contrary to a rule determined upon, continued the article to the present number. The work is, we presume, by this time republished in New-York, and will, we hope, be eagerly purchased, and generally read. It is not like the common trash of travels, but worthy of a permanent station in every library. The author has given a favourable picture of England, yet it is such an one, as every traveller, whose mind is not confounded by the sight of new objects, or warped by prejudice, would give. He undoubtedly might have found many dark shades to have put in his picture, if he had wanted, like most English travellers, in this country at least, to seek for deformities which might be exaggerated into caricature. But the object of a fair minded traveller should not be, to seek for defects which no country is without, but to generalize; and as a general picture, we assert from some share of personal experience, that this performance is remarkably correct. On reflection, we can hardly name a traveller, who has brought so much good sense, good taste, and that presence of mind, if we may use the phrase, to receive the first impressions of a foreign country distinctly ; and that clearness of style to narrate them without confusion. Above all, we admire what is still more uncommon, its coolness, absence of prejudice, and complete independence of party feelings in judging of the state of a country, wbere party spirit is so strong, that it is almost impossible even for a foreigner, to avoid blending his feelings with one side or the other, adopting their opinions, and colouring every object accordingly.

We agree with him in most points, where he mentions the United States incidentally; but in some we differ from hiin; and in those it is easy to remark, the influence of party feelings, and the forming his judgment after certain received though exaggerated theories. We hardly know a book which we should read with such avidity, as a book of travels in this country, written by some foreigner, as sagacious, candid, and exempt from passion, as the author of the work before us.

“ Mr. Lancaster, like other heroes, owes something to chance,-to the evident struggle for power between the established church and the diferent sects of non-conformists, who have a common interest of jealousy. The established church enjoys all the worldly advantages; wealth, consideration, and supremacy, its dignitaries throw generally their weight on the ministerial side-no wonder they should be hated by their opponents! That spirit of inquiry, boldness and originality of thinking, for which this country is distinguished, the liberty of the press, and a certain degree of seriousness which has been denominated gloom and melancholy, have long made it the hot-bed of religious sects, and of political factions. New apostles of the gospel rise up from time to time, who explain it in different ways, and kindle at the fire of their own enthusiasm the imagination of their followers. The nature of the particular dogma is of little importance--any thing very enthusiastic succeeds; and those who address themselves to the terrours of superstition, more certainly, than those, who inculcate a rational confidence, grounded on the attributes of the Supreme Being. The sect of the Methodists who preach hell and damnation, and place faith before works, has made astonishing progress ; while that of the Unitarians who see in Christ little more than a wise man, extends very little. Enthusiasın, however, like other passions, subsides in time, and none of these sects have a very long duration. The Presbyterians, the Independents, the Quakers, do not increase, and perhaps diminish. Very probably these sects, even the most extravagant, are not an evil new converts being generally remarkable for the purity and simplicity of their morals. Sectaries indeed, do not in general cultivate the fine arts, nor the belles lettres; you meet with little elegance or polish among them;-they are not men of taste ; but they are generally honest and ree

« AnteriorContinuar »