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Elegy to T. T. Randolph
196 • 341
REVIEW. American Jurisprudence 230 Ichneumon
378 Cowper's Poems 283 Latin Classicks
129 Collections of the Historical 362 Queen's Wake
103 Society 109 Scott's Visit to Paris
398 Currency of the United States 31,2 Travels in England
242 Hubbard's History of New
218 Heyne's Life
201 United States of N. America 68
A description of the English province of Carolana, bg
the Spaniards called riorida, and by the French La Louisiane. As also of the great and famous river Meschasebe or Mississipi, the five vast navigable Lakes of fresh water, and the parts adjacent. Together with an account of the commodities of the growth and production of the said Province. And a preface containing some considerations on the consequences of the French making seltlements there. By Daniel Coxe, Esq. London, printed for B. Cowse, at the Rose and Crown in St. Paul's Churchyard, 1722, 8vo. pp. 180,
with a map
This is a crude performance, drawn up from various journals and voyages, to impress the publick with the great importance of the region described, and to niake them jealous of its occupation by the French. Under this name of Carolana, was comprehended the present State of Georgia, the two Floridas, and Louisiana ; and this whole territory was claimed by Dr. Coxe, the father of the author, as proprietor of it under the crown. In the appendix is given a document, dated Whitehall, December 21st, 1699, and signed by seven members of the Privy Council and law
Vo. II. No. 4:
officers, in which having examined the claim by order of the ministry, they report to the king as their opinion, that Dr. Coxe is entitled to this province! Probably there is no other instance on record of any private individual pretending to such an extensive property.
Recherches philosophiques sur les Americains, ou memoi
res interressants pour servir à l'histoire de l'espece humaine. Par M. de Pau. Nouvelle edition, augmentée d'un dissertation critique par Dom. Pernety, et de la defense de l'auteur des recherches contre cette dissertation. Studio disposta fideli. à Berlin, 1774, 3 vols. 121no.
916. Examen des recherches philosophiques sur l'Amerique et
les Americains, el de la defense de cet ouvrage, a Berlin, 1771, 2 vols. 12 mo. pp. 921.
This work of M. de Pau on the aborigines of the American continent, excited much attention at a time when the character of the Indians was imperfectly known; and it was subject to all the exaggeration which the spirit of party can produce, denied by one side as being absolutely brutal and vicious, and extolled by the other as possessing every virtue. The question is now well understood, and their virtues and vices fairly appreciated. Historians and philosophers will hereafter be able to speak of this species of men with accuracy, when the race shall have become extinct, which will probably happen at no very distant period.
M. de Pau imagined a very absurd theory, which he does not clearly explain ; but the basis of it seems to be, that the continent of America was recently recovered from the waters--that its climate was pestilential—its productions diminutive and feeble in every thing but noxious plants, insects and reptiles, which were produced in frightful abundance by the stagnant waters, and sour, rank juices of nature in an unripe state. To support this strange theory, he uniformly asserts, that every European production speedily deteriorated; plants, animals and men were all stunted or destroyed, and the latter both morally and physically degraded. The savages he considers infinitely below every other species of men, even Tartars, Laplanders, Hottentots, or Negroes, and the descendants of Europe
ans as not much superiour to them.-" To call a Spaniard, . born in America, an American, is so cruel an insult to him, that you may be sure beforehand, that he will never pardon the person who dares make him such a reproach: the Portugese, French and English Creoles, consider
themselves equally offended if they are called Americans : • so much do they hold themselves superiour to men of • that race, and indeed they are so in many respects, but . not so much as they imagine.
A curious instance of his rashness in denying any fact that makes against his theory, and positive manner of assuring his readers that nothing of the kind existed, occurs in regard to the famous hieroglyphical inscription at Dighton, in Massachusetts.-- Permit me to undeceive you further * about another fact,* equally false, to which the memoir of • the French academician has given rise : it has been pub• lished throughout Europe, that there had been found in • the centre of New-England, å stone which contained an inscription in Thibetian characters, which is, as you know,
the country where the Grand Lama resides. After hav• ing procured all the information possible, about this pre• tended monument, I can boldly assure you, that no in• scription in any character whatever has ever been dis- covered in the whole extent of America, from the country * of the Esquimaux to the extremity of Terra del Fuego. * This New-England rock is like the medal of Julius Cae
sar, which was said to have been dug up among the sav
ages called Cesareans, in the neighbourhood of Patagonia. • From which you may judge to what degree they have • dared to assert the most incredible things, to support the • most absurd systems.'
This work of De Pau's discovers a good deal of research into the history of different nations, but the most perverse use is made of his materials, and his ignorance of the real character of the Indians is most profound. The work is written in a style of petulance and sarcasm, often adopted by those who have been called philosophers in modern times, though nothing can be more opposed to the true spirit of philosophy.
Dom. Pernety, a Benedictine, who had been in one or two provinces of South America, attacked De Pau, in
* The other was the voyage of the Grand Lama to Ameriea.
a critical dissertation read to the Academy of Berlin. This dissertation, however, is declamatory, and elevates the character of the savages too highly : it is in the opposite extreme to De Pau. To this the latter replied, chapter by chapter, not in a very fair way, often misquoting his antagonist, and dealing his sarcasms unsparingly. This brought out a rejoinder from Dom. Pernety, in two volumes, much more ably written than his first work, in which he exposes the blunders and uniair conduct of De Pau. One of the points in dispute between them, is the existence of the giants of Magellan, or Patagonians; and it is strange that on this topick there should have been so much contradiction and even uncertainty. Nothing seems more incredible, and yet it is hard to account for the particular relations of so many persons of different nations, who in the course of one or two centuries, visited that country, and insisted upon having seen them, and been among them for days together.
De l'Amerique et des Americains, ou observations curieu
ses du Philosophe La Douceur, qui a parcoura cet Hé. misphee pendant la derniereduerre, en faisant le noble metier de tuer les hommes sans les manger. A Berlin, 1772, 12mo. pp. 116.
The anonymous author of this little work, who, according to the title, had been employed in the noble trade of killing men, without eating them,' says, that he has traversed North and part of South America, visited the West India Islands, gone over part of the Coast of Africa, visited China, a part of India, and travelled by land from the Persian Gulf to Constantinople, all in the course of five years. This personal knowledge of so many barbarous or half civilized nations, gives him, as he asserts, a considerable advantage in forming a judgment on the character of the American Indians, whom it is his object to defend against the statements of De Pau. It is written in a lively manner, and evidently by an eye wiiness of the Indian mode of living. Though in French, judging from some peculiar words, the author was probably a German officer. The two concluding paragraphs will give an idea of his manner, though the point at the close cannot be exactly rendered in English ..