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1818.) On Spanish Literature - Francisco de Olivarez.

221 I am now erecting a pine and vine house both doctrines,) much less refer to arti50 feet long and 154 feet wide, for V. ficial forms as such. The fact is, I have Stukey, esq. at the above price, and a only recommended these forms when vinery for S. Chilver, esq. (both of Lon- according to the magnitude and style don, and well known,) at one third less of the mansion,” but D-t displays too per foot, or exactly the price of a wooden much spleen to admit of candour in his roof. From 4 to 6s. therefore per remarks. square foot of roof; all expenses of

D-t concludes with conjuring up a painting, glazing, ventilating, &c. in- picture of a house between two glass cluded, may be reckoned the price of cages, spreading wide their bases, &c. curvilinear roofs, and whether houses but which has no connection with of the common forms, and of the best my letter, or any thing I have ever kind, can be done for hialf this price, that written, designed, executed or intended is 2 to Ss. per foot of roof, all expences to execute: he has thereby, however, had included, D-t will perhaps find to an opportunity of using the words his cost, when he adds to his present paltry and unpicturesque, and concludes range of glass, or when he builds, which, with a side hit at my smiths; the whole in either case, he will of course do in of which, taken together, has, I hope, the common form.

given due vent to his spleen. If not, and “Mr. Loudon is extremely unhappy," he should chuse in a succeeding number says D--t, “in his quotations even on to pour out the dregs of the vial of his the subject of beauty, as he ranks spheres wratlı

, I hope he will favour your and eastern domes, and globular pro- readers with his real signature, that they jections, &c. among forms that are in may know to whom they are indebted themselves beautiful." It is really for so much advice and instruction, and amusing to observe with what ease and that I may never walk out without a apparent candour this writer presents yard of solid iron sush bar in my hand, to the grossest misstatements to your defend myself against the new patent readers. “It was singular," (only hieroglyphic stricture engine of D-t, “ singular,") that he should have quoted or otherwise, as occasion may require. any thing so directly opposed to his

I am, Sir, yours, &c. scheme as Mr. Knight, &c. Now, ( mise

J.C. LOUDON. rere mei! I am "extremely unhappy” Bayswater House, Aug. 25, 1818. in having quoted Mr. Allison. Compassionate blame! misericordia vulgi! ON SPANISH LITERATURE, WITH SOME Poor Mr. Loudon! one would hardly think he could sign his name. What a pity it is that he has not the assistance of IT is surprising that notwithstandD-t in his literary compositions ! ing our close connexion with Spain dur

If the reader will turn to the second ing the late revolutionary contest, the paragraph of my letter, No. 52, p. 313, British public should have been made so he will find the quotation and its con- little acquainted with the state of literanection, and I venture to assert that ture in that interesting country. Sevenever was a quotation made from any ral books liave appeared of splendid writer with more fitness and propriety; form, costly price, and lofty pretensions, no authority could be greater than Mr. descriptive of the war in the Peninsula ; Allison's, and no words so peculiarly but not one of them presents any more appropriate for my purpose as those information, respecting the genius of the quoted. As to the assertion made in people, or the condition of science among the face of this quotation, that I rank them, than if the writers had been enspheres and eastern domes, with forms gaged in narrating their hurried flight in themselves beautiful, nobody but D-t across the Arabian desert. would have ventured to make it. It I have travelled much in Spain, and may, without undue severity, be cha- when “haroc had let slip the dogs of racterised as not less shameless than war" in every, province, circumstances D-t's other assertions are splenetic. led me into private recesses, where moHaving just stated from Allison that dest merit hid its head, and talent wept “ the beauty of forms arises altogether unknown. There I have met with from the associations, we connect with many a literary flower bending but not them;" it is not likely I should at all broken by the blasts whistling around, believe in the existence of “forms in and in spite of the storm, diffusing its themselves. beautiful,” (though proba- fragrance far beyond the narrow, peacebly D-t finds no difficulty in holding ful vale in which it was enclosed.

OF

PRANCISCO

DE OLI

ACCOUNT
VAREZ.

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On Spanish Literature-Francisco de Olivarez, [Od I, Amongst those with whom I thank for- and had a powerful effectrin rousing to tune for bringing me acquainted, and arms the young men, who, in despair, whose name will one day be better had fled to the mountains, imagining known, is Francisco de Olivarez, the Spain and Blake had fallen together. Af Poet and Historian of Catalonia. ter his recovery, the Regency appointed

Olivarez has the honour to be nearly him to command, in conjunction with the related to the celebrated Monk, and bishop, all the volunteers assembling in Gene, al Palafox; he was born at the town of Orensa. He then wrote and Zarugos, and took his degress. at Sala- printed a war song, called, “French mancu ; but never entered the church for Barbarity and Spanish Sufferings,”-to which he was originally intended. The which he affixed the appropriate motto, time of his birth, I have (unaccountably) “ Allons mes enfans a pillage." neglected to note in my manuscript; but At Orensu Olivarez landed to the sound I suppose him now to be thirty-two years of age. At Salamanca he three times ob- of martial music, and songs of his own, tained the medal for expositions of the and was carried to the Bishop's palace Revelation, left by Gregoire, Bishop of

on the shoulders of an admiring popu

lace. Bayonne, in 1097, and he twice gained

The following day he led the the Bachelor's prize for a Poem on the volunteers out, attacked, in combinaResurrection. This prize is contended tion with some Portuguese, the French for every three years, and is either a

posts at Marfa, drove thein into that piece of plate, value twenty duubloons, town, and captured two pieces of cannon. or the sum in specie.

On the first of September, 1811, I met Olivarez quitted his peaceful abode with him in the Venetian walk of Orensa ; iy the walls of Salamanca, and drew the he appeared pensive, and told me, “I sword as a Lieutenant of the Catalonian quit a military life to-morrow, and that Artillery under the renowned Blake. for ever." Why?--“I never was partial He was present at the sacking of Tar- to it. Necessity alone made me endure ragona, and was woupiled in his flight. At it; that necessity no longer exists." Barcelona he wrote bis celebrated song, Accordingly on the following day he “The Spirit of Cortez;" and the enthu- harangued the troops and citizens from siasm it gave rise to amongst the soldiers the balcony of the palace, and retired is inconceivable. It rivalled the strains in silence, the multitude dispersing in of Tyrtæus, and like his eventually con

dismay. None ventured either to aptributed to victory. From Barcelona plaud or condemn; as it was generally driven by the French, Olivarez was

believed the church had received him amongst the few who retreated to Mar- into her bosom. I

not fa,* and endeavoured to defend it against prised to find that a bosom more tena superior force. The correspondence der of its mercies than that of the which preceded its capitulation was Spanish church had received him into. conducted by Olivarez ; and when the

its nursing care.

Matilda de la Costa, Spanish garrison took post on the height was his first cousin. They had been of Rosias, General Blake presented attached from infancy. Her father, who him with a major's commission, and no

opposed the marriage, fell at Cadiz as minated him one of his aides-de-camp in colonel of a regiment. An extensive Catalonia and Valentia. This was the property in Valentia devolved upon his summit of his military promotion. When only child. She hastened to Orensa, the Casile of Rosas was defended by throwing herself and her all into the Lord Cochrane, and a small body of Spa- arms of Olivarez. They retired to nislı soldiers, Olivarez entered it as a vo

Villa Nora ; and from thence to VaJunteer. He was received on board the lentia, and are happy, British squadron, and attached by order

I have been as brief as possible in of the regency to the staff of the British this narrative. The inilitary cxploits Colonel Green, “employed on particu- of Olivarez are to be found in the chrolar service in Catalonia.” At the

nicles of the times. His literary talents

capture of the Vedas Islands he was wound

are the theme of applause throughout cd, and conveyed on board the Blossom, Spain. In 1815, be published "The British ship of war, where he wrote se

war in Catalonia," at Seville, in four veral addresses to rouse the spirit of his countrymen, which were distributed, * Orensa is a Bishop's see ; the Bishop

not only an excellent divine, but a Marfa, a considerable market town, soldier, serving in person against the fire miles east of Barcelona,

enemy

was

sur

was

1818.) 1
On Spanish Literature-- Francisco de Olivarez.

223 volumes. In:1816, he published " Anec- thor with a royal admission to “erery dotes of Chiefs employed in the Cata- library and theatre in his dominions'; lonian War,", and " Memoirs of the and what was more gratifying to OlivaSpanish Monarchy, from the Reign of rez installed him perpetually controuling Ferdinand and Isabella, to the abdica- president of the Royal college at Vation of Charles, and the usurpation of lentia-an oflice which he hills with uniJoseph Bonaparte.” This work fills six versal satisfaction, and the salary (two octavo volumes : he has also published thousand dollars per annum, he an" Thoughts on the Comet," a Quixotic nually bestows upon the most meritoPoem, addressed to Folly and fear; rious of the poor students or sizars. “ Time and Tide," an opera performed As an historian Olivarez will be asat Madrid; “ The Wanderer’s Wel- signed a high station in the annals of come," a play inscribed by permission his country. He exhibits a profundity of to the King; and Moral Essays research, and writes with that freedom, on the character of King David, con ease, and solidity of observation, which sidering his claims to the rank of a affiliates nearly to the classic style of our prophet.” His minor works are numer amiable Robertson. No traces of the ous; some of which, translated by myself, haughty bigoten Spaniard are any were printed in the Military Panorama, where discernible. He condemns the and appeared in many of the diurnal bigotry of his countrymen, and repropublications. The talents of Olivarez bates the Pope, for permitting the sale are not of that brilliant nature which of indulgences, in a manly style of eloleads the understanding astray by thc quence, when adverting to the miseries powers of melodious diction; he never of South America. The fall of Spain sacrifices sense to sound. The flowers of he attributes to the progress of superoratory are thinly scattered in his pro- stition engendering the weakness which gress. He seizes them rarely, extracts relied on saints and miracles, and negtheir internal sweets, but never adapts lected the physical strength of a nation the glowing hues by which they were well able to guard its own rights, if enveloped. In poetry his forte is the rights are ever worth guarding. The pathetic ; the tender and artless tale, Cortez and the Regency are alike justly

Blanch of Tarragona," has drawn condemned, and he hails the return of tears from the most brilliant eyes of the king with joy, whose power he reSpain.

marks, even if it were undmiterl, were “ The Spirit of Cortez" is written in a change for the better. One tyrant is a more lofty style than his other poems; preferable to thirty. Sparta groaned unstill the general feature is tenderness. der her kings; but expired under the The parent, the sister, the wife, sweet- Ephori. heart, and, as he beautifully expresses On the whole, his history stands unhimself, “ The child of love's sum- rivalled in Spanish literature, and I mer day,” are called in to awaken the wonder much that it has never appeared heart of valour ; and the reward pro- in an English dress. Situated as the mised is not wealth, or rank, the favour author now is, enjoying in peaceful tranof courts and kings, but peace and repose quillity domestic happiness and splendid in beauty's arms, exempt from care, en- fortune, whether he will be content to circled by olive bowers, sloping vine- repose upon his laurels, or exert himyards, citron shaded walks, and pledges self to obtain more, is very problemaof love threading every glade. "He is tical. The natural indolence of a Spaalways the poet of nature and love, and niard, I fear, will predominate. He idolizes his country as the mistress of himself told me at our last interview, his heart.

that the visions of his early days were « The Comet," written in Hudibras

no longer enchanting; he had obtained tic verse, to ridicule the fears of his in his wife and family all he wished in countrymen, who prognosticated no the world, and believed he should trouthing less than the world's immediate ble the world no more. In a letter, destruction by fire, is the worst of his dated September, 1817, he says, “ I am poetical attempts. Humour is unknown here as idle and as happy as a Musselto a Spaniard; the gravity of his muscles man could desire to be in his paradise. seldom unbend in a smile. Olivarez could I seldom go to Valentia; Meara," with not describe what he never felt. “The its brooks and groves, is sufficient for Wanderer's Welcome" is a mere rehicle for songs; it has become a "stock piece" • Meara, the country seat of Olivarez, at Madrid, and is more admired than three miles from Valentia, is a perfect parait merits. Ferdinand presented the au dise.

224
On Forged Notes.

[Oct. 1, me. I neither write nor am written to, having myself lately taken a two pound and have neither joys here, nor cares be- one. Merelyto oblige a respectable tradesyond the precincts of my own family,"&c. man, my neighbour, I gave him cash for

John Mitford. it, but when its forgery was discovered June 8th, 1818.

he flatly disclaimed all connexion with it.

I had not only the precaution to write
ON PORGED NOTES.

his name on the note, but the transaction
MR. EDITOR,

having taken place only a week before, ALTHOUGH the substitution of pro- it was fresh in my mind; it happened missory notes in place of the precious also to be remembered by his shopman metals may be, on the whole, an inven- and by mine. In such circumstances I tion of general utility, yet the principal had not the least doubt of obliging him advantage must accrue to him who issues to indemnify me. But although instithem. Their general good, however, gated both by a sense of interest and by may be disputed, while their evil, in some provocation at the man's impudence, I particnlars, is acknowledged and certain. felt that after cool deliberation I had not The greatest grievance undoubtedly is sufficient courage to plunge into the gulf their frequent forgery, of which it hap- of law, and finally lost the note. I found pens, that all the vexation and loss falls that I could not summon him to a court on the public; while the banker, who of requests, it not being under 40s.; nor enjoys the profit, sits secure under the could I, in order to accommodate it to protection of his private marks. If no that court, reduce the sum like a complan to prevent their forgery can be dis- mon debt. On consulting with an attorcovered, (which does not seem likely,) it ney, he represented to me the impruwere better that their services were in a dence of risking perhaps 50l. expenses great degree dispensed with; and, how- or more in a higher court, in pursuit of ever inconvenient in some respects, coin so small a sum. It was impossible, he made to supply their place. Counter- observed, to foresee what difficulties feited metal is much more exposed to might occur, or what defence might be detection than counterfeited paper; ac- brought forward by the opposite party. cordingly we find that the counterfeits I have happily had little experience of of the late silver coinage could hardly law, yet I could not but infer from the shew their face, and begin already to candid advice of this gentleman, given disappear. While we possess various contrary to his own interests, that there pretty certain criteria to discover frau- must be something extremely wrong in dulent imitation in metal, such as colour, the mode of our proceedings, when a weight, sound, bulk, the application of point so very simple and clear could not aqua fortis, &c. it seems difficult by any be settled without being first tost backmeans to detect an exact imitation on wards and forwards in the maze of anpaper. It were on the whole, much tiquated usages; and for little other preferable, I think, that we endured all purpose than to create expense. Crithe inconveniencies of coin enumerated minal cases, when human life is someby Mr. Briggs, in your Number for times at stake, and which are equally August, p. 492, such as its luggage, its liable to doubt and perplexity, are surely expense, its wear, and its accidental loss, more deserving of grave protracted delithan the dreadful evils of forgery. I beration than a matter of 40s.; and yet could wish, then, that in place of the they are capable of being completely desmaller notes, sovereigns and crown cided at one sitting. Civil cases, as we picces were issued, of such weight that know by daily experience, may be degovernment would sustain no degree of termined, if we choose, with the same loss by their fabrication, and in sufficient promptitude and certainty. In courts quantity fully to satisfy domestic, or of requests, where a cause is generally even foreign demand. It is impossible, decided in the space of a few minutes, as your correspondent has observed, that and at the expense of a few shillings, any bad consequences could arise from wrong sentences arc as rare as in courts such a measure; the most evident con- of the greatest pomp of apparatus. It sequences would be an increase of trade may be said that the sums litigated in by a greater importation of gold and these courts are small; but exact justice silver, and by the exportation of coin; is equally necessary on all occasions, and and an additional supply of employment the difficulty or complication of a cause to our workmen.

has no kind of connexion with the largeI confess I feel myself at present some- ness or smallness of the sum in dispute. It what sore on the subject of forged notes, appears to me unaccountable that in the

1 name as

1818.]
Description of Claremont.

225 courts of requests in the county of Mid- count of Claremont, which is at present the dlesex the debt sued for must be under centre of attraction, owing to the indulgence two pounds, while in the city, where the va

afforded to visitors by its widowed owner lue of money is the same, it may amount during his absence on the Continent. to five pounds. How very easy would it September 6, 1818.

ERNESTUS. be for the legislature to revise and to rec. tify these glaring anomalies; and what Upon your arrival at the park gate you an immense favour would it not con- present your ticket, which generally authofer on the whole mass of the nation: rizes the admission of yourself and friends, an advance to twenty pounds in all to the porter, who, upon registering your these summary courts would be the

visitor, and returning the ticket most salutary measure that could be ima- directs you the way to the house, which is gined. That some new plan is ne

situated nearly in the centre of the park. cessary to facilitate the recovery of great with an elegant portico in front, to which you

The building itself stands upon an eminence, and small debts, has long been the uni- ascend by a flight of stone steps. On reachversal opinion. It is impossible that ing the entrance, you are received by several there could be any danger in simplifying pages in waiting, who, on examining your or entirely clearing away most of those ticket, and ascertaining your title to admisceremonious and expensive forms,which, sion within the walls, introduce you to the for the most part, only embarrass and first of a suite of four rooms, furnished in a interrupt the execution of justice. On style of great neatness and tasteful elegance, this subject it is that Englishmen have but exhibiting nothing of that magnificence the best reason to lift up their voices in which might be supposed to belong to a the way of censure and complaint: and lour on the right of the hall, in which there

Royal residence. The first room is a parI wonder that our reformers do not prefer to dwell on such topics; of which, workmanship; the walls are adorned princi

are many cabinets and tablets of curious undoubtedly, the evils are more obvious pally with portraits, the most conspicuous and striking, and the benefits resulting of which are the full length portraits of from their reformation more interesting Prince Leopold and her Royal Highness and more intelligible to the people than the Princess Charlotte, which are situated the doubtful and remote advantages of opposite to each other at the ends of the shorter parliaments and universal suf- room. There are also in this room her late frage.

This last change, however,would Royal Highness's harp and piano. Mention more readily open the way for reformers is made of some music of her Royal Highbecoming rulers themselves, whereas instance open to inspection; but this is no

ness's own copying having been in the first the other would only benefit the peo- longer to be seen. It is understood that the ple.

execution of these copies is most exquisite. It may perhaps be of service to some

Each piece is accompanied by a drawing, of your readers to mention, that in de- also the work of her Royal Highness, illustecting forged notes I find it most use- trative of the character of the performance, ful to attend minutely to the small fe- 'whether serious or gay; and this generally male figure in the corner. The human consists of the human figure, represented in face, particularly when in miniature, is of some situation appropriate to the idea meant all things the most difficult of imitation. to be conveyed. From this chamber you Rejected forged notes may now com

pass into the dining room, the furniture of monly be had, and by comparing them which is extremely plain; over the chit:ney attentively in this particular part, the You next come to the library; this room is

piece is a full length portrait of his Majesty. difference as well as the superior execu- fitted up with book-cases, containing some tion of the good ones will soon be dis- of the best works of ancient and modern covered.

literature. There are several pedestals on CRISPINI FILIUS. which are placed specimens of sculpture, and Strund, Sept. 10, 1818.

a great many casts and busts. Among the latter, the bust of the Princess Charlotte

is most prominent. The walls are adorned VISIT TO CLAREMONT.

with engravings of persons who have distinMR. EDITOR,

guished themselves in modern times, and AS every circumstance connected with

at one end of the room stands a full length our late revered Princess must be interesting portrait of the Duchess of Brunswick. Rein the highest degree to all classes of society, turning again to the hall, you are lastly and to every party in the British dominions, ushered into a second parlour, or withdratiyou will, I trust, deposit in your valuable ing room, the furniture, hangings, and walls miscellany any thing that may serve to bring of which are of a bright yellow. There are this lamented object to remembrance. For here also some excellent portraits, the most this purpose I send you the following ac- attractive of which is a half length likeness New MONTILY MAG-No. 57.

VOL. X,

2 G

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