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Nuge Literariæ.-No. 2.
Sonnet by Lorenzo de Medecis, with highly satisfied with their own prowhose writings Fairfax was doubtless ductions, men of true genius never are. very well acquainted.
Whatever be their subject they always Quando sopra i nevosi ed alti monti seem to themselves to fall short of it, Apollo spande il suo bel lume adorno even when they appear to others most to Tal i crin suoi sopra la bianca gonna.
excel; and for this reason, because they
Sonnet 73. have a certain sublime sense of perfection O’er her white dress her shining tresses which other men are strangers to, and flowed :
which they themselves in their perThus on the mountain heights with snow formances are not able to exemplify. o'erspread,
Conrad Gessner. The beams of noon their golden lustre shed.
The death of Conrad Gessner is said Roscoe's Life of Leo, 1, 259.
to have been similar to that of Petrarch, Stage Directions.
Capite libris innixo mortuus est inIt appears from the stage directions in ventus," (vita Petrarchæ ) some of our oldest English plays, that found dead in his study with his head parts of the minor speeches were left to leaning on some books.—Most of his the discretion and invention of the actors writings exhibit uncommon force of themselves. This at least would appear imagination, but very indifferently refrom the following very ludicrous note gulated, with much of that meretricious in Edward IV. “Jockey is led whipping substitution of glittering words for ideas, oder the stage, speaking some words but of so common to the German School of small importance."
Coincidence between Mallet and Shakes. Of Moliere's plays, “ The Impostor"
peare. is undoubtedly the best ; “ The Learned
The following passages from ShakesLadies" may perhaps rank next. Under pear appear to have furnished Mallet the name of Vadius in this comedy, the with an idea for his beautiful ballad author meant to represent the character “ William and Margaret," of Menage. Tartuff is a name borrowed
“ As the most forward bud from the German, signifying Dedil.
Is eaten by the canker ere it blow,
E'en so by love."
Two Gent. of Ver. very rare and curious selection, not men
" She never told her love, tioned by Ritson, entitled “The two But let concealment like a worm i'the bud last Centuries of Epigrammes.” Printed Feed on her damask cheek.” by J. Windet, (no date.)
Twelfth Night. Oure common Parents, straight upon their
“The rose was budding on her cheek fall,
Just opening to the view.
The rose grew pale and left her cheek,
William and Margaret. Esop.
Woman. There is a book printed at Antwerp,
Carcinus, in Semele, says,
“Oh Ju1578, in which the whole of Esop's piter, what evil thing is it proper to call Fables are translated into French Son- woman?” Reply. It will be sufficient nets ; some of which are extremely well if you merely say woman! Hamlet exparaphrased. The French are particularly claims, Frailty, thy name is woman, partial to light detached pieces, and a great and Shakespeare elsewhere says, “She proportion of their literature affords is the devil.”. Otway's Castalio, like a sufficient testimony of it. The writer of blubbering school boy, who has been these observations has in his possession disappointed of his plaything, also bursts a work, executed by the express com
into the following splenetic recapitulamand of Louis XIV., in which the whole
tion. of Ovid's Metamorphoses are converted “I'd leave the world for him that hates a into Rondeaus !
Woman, the fountain of all human frailty ! Unwillingness of Men of Genius to be what mighty ills have not been done by
satisfied with their own productions. woman?
It has been very justly observed that Who was't betrayed the Capital ? - a though men of ordinary talents may be. woman!
207 Who lost Mark Antony the world ? a wo Stulte puer,vana quid imagine ludis amantem, man!
Junge pares :-recte nupserit umbra sono. Who was the cause of a long ten years war,
Translation. That laid at last old Troy in ashes ? woman!
Why foolish boy indulge in sorrows vain, Destructive, damnable, deceitful woman!
And to a shade proclaim your amorous pain, Woman to man first as a blessing given;
Echo invites, nor can a match be found Happy awhile in paradise they lay,
More At than thisa shadow to a sound ! But quickly woman longed to go astray; The mind preferable to the person. Some foolish new adventure needs must
Those who like Paris make beauty prove And the first devil she saw she changed her their object will lose, as he did, wisdom love!
and honour ! To his temptations lewdly she inclined
Ingratitude. Her soul; and for an apple damned mankind."
There are four species of ungrateful How often does man,with a strange and persons. The first denies that he has
received a favour.
The second supalmost unaccountable perversity, abuse that in which he most delights, and presses and conceals the benefit. The
third retains no remembrance of it; and mar the blessings which his Creator has the fourth, who is the worst of all, conprovided for him! As the gem will ceives a hatred to his benefactor, because commonly sink in our estimation when he is conscious that he is under an possessed, so the amiable qualities of
obligation to him. woman dwindle into comparative nothingness when ungrateful man be- Coincidence between Lord Byron and comes more habituated to them. Who
Burton. will deny that
The following passage from Burton's * The world was sad—the garden was a wild, highly ingenious and entertaining “Ana* And man the hermit mourned till woman tomy of Melancholy," appears to have smiled!”
suggested to Lord Byron that exquisite
Campbell definition of solitude contained in the first Let us then believe, that
Canto of Childe Harold. “ All ill stories of the sex are false;
“ To walk amongst orchards, gardens, That woman, lovely woman! nature made bowres, and artificial wildernesses green To temper man—we had been brutes with- with thickets, arches, groves, rillet fountains out her.
and such like pleasant places; pooles Angels are painted fair to look like her ; betwixt wood and water, in a fair meadow by There's in her all that we conceive of heaven, a ruin side; to disport in some pleasant Amazing brightness, purity and truth, plaine, to run up a steep hill, or sit in a Eternal joy and everlasting love!"
shadie seat, must needs be a delectable re
creation. Whosoever he is therefore that is On Absence.
overrunne with solitariness, or carried That absence sometimes increases love, away with a pleasing melancholy, and and at other times destroys it, may hap- vaine conceites, I can prescribe him no better pen from the circumstances of parting. remedie than this.” When the separation is attended with
Vol. 1, p. 924, ed. 1624. no shocking reflection – when no ill Lord Byron has infinitely improved usage or infidelity has been the cause of the thought, and taken a much wider it, absence certainly increases love;
range. because the remembrance of past pleasure
“ To sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and entertains the soul with nothing but
fell, sentiments of endearing tenderness; but To slowly trace the forest's shady scene; if the separation proceeds from a want Where things that own not man's dominion of merit, defect of love, &c., the mind
dwell, employs itself in contemplating those And mortal steps have ne'er, or rarely ideas which seem most reasonable to been, restore its tranquillity, and thus gets the To climb the trackless mountain all unseen better of a passion which has had the
With the wild flock that never needs a misfortune to be placed on an unworthy Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean : object.
This is not solitude-'tis but to hold
Converse with nature's charms, and sco her The following beautiful epigram is stores udrolled." taken from a collection printed at Brest, 1605.
have brought the matter before ParTO any one who reads the accounts of liament, and the names of Romilly and trials at the Old Bailey, and at the Mackintosh are nobly distinguished by different Assizes throughout the king their humane efforts to amend our cridom, it is matter of painful reflection to minal jurisprudence. Let them perseconsider the multitudes of human beings vere in their virtuous exertions, till who are periodically consigned to the the feelings of the nation are excited on hands of the executioner.
the subject, and the punishment of death currences, I will say, demonstrate not is by a solemn enactment of the legismerely the increasing corruption of the lature at least restricted to the more age, but what is in my mind worse, the atrocious offences. Humanity can searce indifference of the government to the forbear to picture what useful members lives of its subjects, and the coolness of society some of those unhappy victims with which these scenes of blood are might have made, had their lives been witnessed by many of the inhabitants spared, and had they been transported of this country. Surely no abstract to some remote region. Surely their reasoning can justify a practice or a code youth, their temptations, might have of laws which consigns the murderer and pleaded in their behalf, and caused that the forger to the same gibbet. Our mercy to be extended to them, which is natural feelings, when not stifledor not denied to the pick pocket and thief. counteracted by custom and the corrupt I need not remind your learned readers maxims of the world, must rise in re- that many enlightened men have conbellion against such perversion of justice demned the practice of inflicting death -against such a monstrous violation of for comparatively light offences; that every principle of humanity. For my they have recommended solitary confine. own part I am not ashamed to confess, ment, hard labour, &c.; and that this that I view the sanguinary system which alteration has been adopted with the prevails in this country with abhorrence; most distinguished success, not only on that I consider it as swelling the cata- the continent, as Holland, Switzerland, logue of national delinquency; and as and, I believe, in Germany, but more being one of the foulest reproaches upon recently in the United States of America. a nation calling itself Christian, that can Even those uninfluenced by any other be well imagined.--My heart sickens than selfish considerations may well doubt when I reflect upon the tragedies of the expediency of the present sanguinary horror that have been acted within this system, when they find the victims every twelvemonth past. Men, women, boys, day increasing, and the punishment of or some little more than boys, prema- death appeariug to have little influence turely sent out of the world, not for in checking the progress of crime. murder or treason, or offences of like Surely it is high time to revise a system • atrocity, but for forgery. I need but so abhorrent to humanity, and, as exrefer your readers to the case of perience demonstrates, so inefficient. Vartie; of two men executed about a It is time to beware of hardening the week since in London; and particularly minds of the people by the frequent to. that of Gray, an unhappy youth exhibition of public executions, and of about twenty years of age, executed last leading them to confound offences ; to spring at Warwick; who, if the statement suppose it a natter of indifference, of the paper can be relied on, had been whether a man employs his hand in forgenticed by an old offender. A most ing the endorsement of a bill, or in drawpathetic letter was written to the Prince ing the trigger of a pistol against his by his wife ; but the law was inexorable. neighbour's life. It is time to pay some Many other instances might be men- deference to the feelings of others, and tioned. Enough has appeared to make not withhold from the Prince Regent every one, not entirely callous, start with the prerogative of extending mercy when horror at the legalized murder, for I can his own benevolence would prompt him give it no milder appellation, which is to do so. To the advocates for capital repeatedly occurring. The nations on the punishment I would suggest the concontinent regard our criminal code with sideration, how solemn a thing it is to astonishment, as more worthy of the send a fellow creature for what we deem age of Draco than of the 19th century. a great offence, into an eternal world. I am only surprised that its barbarity I would remind them how questionhas not excited one loud and simultane- able is the right of society to punish ous cry throughout the country for its capitally for any offences but those of extinction. Happily some individuals murder, or what may be supposed to
EDWARD THE PIRST.
209 lead to it, how desirable that punish- to the romance of The Castle of ment, when inflicted, should be followed Otranto,” is considered. No person, if possible by the amelioration of the however, who takes the trouble of readoffender, at least should operates as a ing the Tales of the Queen of Navarre, caution and intimidation to the next. will have any doubt at all upon the matI am, &c.
C. L. ter; for the Mysterious Mother," is August 11, 1818.
nothing more than a poetical version
of that digusting story which in horror ORIGIN OP "THE MYSTERIOUS MO may be said to exceed Edipus. THER."
Sept. 8, 1818.
C.W. MR. EDITOR, THE correspondent who has commu NOTICES ILLUSTRATIVE OF CAMBRIAN nicated to you an enigmatical epitaph as HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES. the origin of the tragedy of “The
No. 1. Mysterious Mother," (page 109) cannot have paid attention to the noble author's THE memory of this monarch is still own account of its history, or compared held in general detestation in Wales, it with some very common relations, His massacres in that country have in, which may be found in different books. deed left a stain on his name which can Lord Orford says that his play is found never be obliterated.- Sir Darydd Tre. ed upon a fact, which occurred in the vor, the Rector of Llanallgo, in 1480, reign of King William, and he even addressing the statue of Edward, over goes so far as to vouch Archbishop Til- the grand entrance of Carnarvon Caslotson for the truth of it. In the sup- tle, thus expressed himself; plemental volume to the Spectator, the same narrative is circumstantially given “ Where does mighty Edward lie?
“ Where ! ye now astonish'd cry,* on the authority of William Perkins, “ He that gave these ramparts birth, vho lived in the reign of Queen Eliza “ When prostrate Cambria lean'd on earth. beth, and in whose casuistical works the “ Here still his image, rais'd on high, whole story is minutely detailed. Bishop " Attracts the thoughtful, curious eye ; Hall, in his Cases of Conscience, has an
“ But he, long humbled from a throne, argument upon the subject, which he
“ Lies far beneath a mássy stone." professes to have taken from Perkins,
PLANTATIONS. though he says the same circumstance Since the denudation of the Cambrian is to be found in two German authors, cliffs by Edward the 1st, for the purwho pretend that it happened at Prague. pose of subjugation, the subsequent desBishop Jeremy Taylor, in his Ductor truction in the war of Glyndwr, and the Dubitantium, 'relates this strange and necessity there was of lessening even the rare case, as an event that took place at remainder of the woods, from the shelter Venice, for the verity of which he refers which they afforded to the “ perturbed to Comitolus, a learned Italian civilian. spirits" which the accession of Henry VII.
After all I am not of opinion that and the consequent close of the wars of Lord Orford took the story of his very York and Lancaster, let loose upon the deep tragedy from any of these books; country, little has been done till within since the whole fable, if it be one, is the last thirty years for the restoration more dramatically told by Bandello, in of her forests. At present, however, a one of his novels, entitled : “ Un general emulation prevails, and immense Gentiluomo Navarrese sposa una che numbers of thriving plantations decorate era sue sorella e figliola, non lo sa even the mountainous districts. penda.". The story exactly as related
COLONEL CADOGAN, by Bandello may be also found in the It will be remembered, was amongst “Heptameron, on Sept Journées," better the heroes who fell gloriously in Spain. known by the title of the “ Contes de There is a singular coincidence in the la Reine Navarre," of which there have name.--It is British, and is spelt Cabeen several editions, and it is scarcely dwgan, compounded of Cad, a battle, within possibility that such an inquisi- and Gwy, fierce, terrible! tive reader as Horace Walpole should have been unacquainted with these two In Wales, as in other pastoral districts, collections of novels, but particularly the the Fairy Tales are not yet erased from last. That he did not chuse to acknow- the traditional tablet; and age neglects ledge the true source from whence he not to inform youth, that if, on retiring drew the outline of his plot, is not to be wondered, when his conduct, in regard * Ple mae Edwart plwm y dych, &c. New MONTHLY Mag.–No. 57.
DUKE OF WELLINGTON.
(Oct. 1, to rest, the hearth is nade clean, the foor of Wales—from Corven the haughty swept, and the pails left full of water, Henry retreated in high dudgcon; as a the Fairies will come at midnight, con- proof of which the monster inmediately tinue their revels till day break, sing on his return, ordered the eyes of twelve the well known strain of Torriad y Dydd young men of the first families in or the Dawn, leave a piece of money on Wales, retained as hostages, to be pluckthe hob, and disappear. The sugges- ed out ! tions of intellect, and the precautions
EINION LONYDD, of prudence are easily discernible under
Or Einion* the Soother. this fiction: a safety from fire in the The beautiful allegory, of which the neatness of the hearth, a provision for following lines are a translation, is supits extinction in replenished pails, and posed to be of druidical origin. Gwsg, å motive to perseverance in the pro- was the Somnus of Ancient Britain, and mised boon.
Einion Lonydd one of his many priests,
or agents, whose province it was to enter The late Earl of Mornington married every dwelling where there were chilAnne, daughter of Arthur Hill Trevor, dren, early in the evening, leaving his Viscount Dungannon, of Bryncinallt, sandals at the entrance, then softly apin the County of Denbigh, descended proaching, and at the same time beholdfrom Tudor Trevor, Earl of Hereford, ing the child with a soothing and benefounder of the 16th of North ficent smile, to have sung as follows in Wales. The Wellesley family is of En- Pianissimo, while at each repetition of glish origin, but resident for ages in the words “one, two, three, (un, dan, Ireland; from this union of the nations tu,) he gently drew his hand over the is the modern Arthur Duke of Welling- infant's foreliead to close its twinkling ton, and of this marriage the 5th Son. eyes,
The original British was com
ommonly It is not generally known that the sung to Tow y Fummaelh,- the nurse's tune called " Derry down” is originally melody, or lulluby ; but I have adapted British — the words” HAI IR DERRI the translation to Ar hyd y nós,--as a DOWN," Hie to the oaken shades, being strain more generally known. Welsh : These choral words, having at length, like “ AR HYD Y nos," giren Look at me my little dear,-one, two, three, name to the strain : the English song, Bid the playmates all retire,
Let me whisper in thine ear,-one, &c called the but of Canterbury has also Sit thee down, and draw thee nighér, given it another.
The Celtic word See the bright, inviting fire-one, two, three. Deri, is still known as descriptive of a region originally sylvan, in the north Supper o'er my soul rejoices ! one, &c. of Ireland, the county of Derry.
When praiset is sung by infant voices, One of the ancestors of Sir Edward Brothers, sisters all caressing,
On lap maternal now undressing, Lloyd, Bart. of Pengwem, Flintshire, Bend the knee, and beg a blessing. I one,&c. at the head of his THOUSAND friends from toil the world itself reposes-one, &c. and neighbours, went to Bosworth, to
Around him night her rtain closes-one, aid his compatriot Henry VII. who,
&c. when quietly fixed on the throne, sent Lo! sleep thy tranquil bed's adorning, à gracious message to invite him to Playful dreams and plans are forming, Court; but listen, ye sons of ambition, to Rest-ill Heav'n restores the morningwia his reply, from holy writ! “I love to dwell among mine own people."
HENRY II. This monarch had made vast prepa * In the later ages, Einion has been rations for invading Wales-where his known by the more modern and familiar opponents were patriotism, fortitude, name of Huwcyn Lonydd, or Hugo, the and rocks; these were, however, second- quiet, or Soother. ed by elemental aid ; torrents of rain,
+ The “ Moliant i Dduw or thanks be riotous rivers, and a precipitous country,
to God, so delightful is it to listen to the were unusual difficulties to soldiers from
lisping of gratitude. flat and fertile regions, and the conflict grown up persons of both sexes, to fall on
In Wales it is still customary, even for at Corwen completed the discomfiture.
one knee before each parent wherever they Aggravated as he was, by a repulse in a meet them, on their return from any disformer campaign, in the forest of Ewloe, tance, and always for the married couple near Chester, by Owen Gwynedd, Prince on coming home after the ceremony.
AN EXCELLENT REPLY.