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1818.]

The Basso-Relievo at the New Custom House.

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gression until the happy time shall arrive On each side of this principal group are when they may be equalled, or, if pos- placed inhabitants of the various countries sible, surpassed.

which have formed mercantile connections These considerations suggested them- with Britain : these are dressed in their vaselves to us on viewing the bas-re- rious costumes as representatives of their reLiefs at the New Custom House. One spective nations; Abyssinia, Africa, Arabia, would have imagined that the influence Brazil

, Caful, Canada, China, Egypt, Ilin

dostan, Holland, Lapland, Pennsylvania, of the exquisite marbles, of which we

Peru, Poland, Prussia, Russia, Saxony, have been speaking, would have con Spain, Turkey, &c. &c.' These characters first perceptible in the art of sculpture, or personages are promiscuously grouped to and particularly in the department of shew the intermingling nature of commerce, basso-relievo; but we are sorry to say, which promotes universal intercourse, and that in this instance not the remotest gives whatever is wanting or whatever can trace of their ascendant power is dis- be furnished by every people without excernible. We cannot imagine how any ception; and, in fact, such representatives oue, to whom such an interesting and of various nations do assemble indiscrimiextensive work was entrusted, could nately in this public edifice. have imbibed so little of the feeling of allegory is to shew that commerce, founded

“ The prevailing intention of the general those excellent models, which were within his reach, and were pressed upon his lude, virtue, and knowledge, produces that

on public protection, and guided by rectinotice, not merely by their intrinsic opulence which encourages and supports merit, but by the concurring admiration national elegance; and the arts, in their vaof all whose opinion in art is valuable. rious departmenti, contribute to furnish The Custom-House, as most of our

fresh materials for the operations and emreaders know, is situated on the banks of ployment of commerce, to the great conve-, the Thames, from the edge of which it nience, emolument, and civilization of all nais separated by a very broad and beau- tions throughout the globe." tiful terrace, affording an excellent and thus described. They are situated in the

The remaining figures in this part are unusually good view of the building and its appendages. On each side of the centre and on a part of the building centre of the new building is placed a

called the King's Warehouse. very long basso-relievo, and other sculp

The sitting figure placed over the tural decorations are introduced; the western extremity of the entrance to following account is extracted from a

the King's Warehouse, is Britannia. deseription of the building by Mr. Laing bellished with the arms of St. George:

She is distinguished by her shield, emthe architect :-

on her head a helmet; and while she “ The compartment on the eastern side grasps in her right hand the spear represents Britannia seated on her car, attended by Strength, Justice, Naval Power, which she holds an olive branch, on a

of defence she rests her left hand, in and Victory: this group forms the centre. On the right hand of Britannia, Philosophy globe, expressive of her desire to extend is introducing Jurisprudence, Mathematics, the blessings of peace to all the world. Chemistry, and Navigation sciences indis- The caduceus marks her cominerce: the pensably necessary to the prosperity of our cornucopia indicates the result of that insular power, whose establishments and co- commerce in wealth and plenty; the lonies are found in all parts of the world, and British lion hints at the power and readiwhose vessels circumnavigate the globe. Fol- ness of her protection, and the general lowing the sciences are the virtnies-Charity, interest taken by the nation at large in Hope, and Faith, Temperance, Fortitude; the welfare and security of the commerce and Prudence. The polite arts are ranged on the leit of Britannia, where Wisdom and issuing from and returning to the port of

her capital. Genius are leading on Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. History and Astronomy

" The figure placed over the eastern exare placed in succession to these; and the tremity of the entrance to the King's composition closes by the sister Muses in Warehouse represents Neptune, arined company, whose various offices and employ- with his trident, recumbent on a seaments allude to the elegant and retined studies horse." in all their branches.

Over the centre is the roval arms. The compartment on the western side of the central inscription represents, as a

The idea of the allegory is good; but leading and general idea by a group in the the mode in which it is conteved to the centre, the four quarters of the globe, Eu- spectator is extremely deficient and rope, Asia, Africa, and America, offering anbiguous. The composition is entheir commodities to the British empire, tirely destitute of sentiment: no imprese symbolized by natives of the three kingdoms. sion is made on the mind of the obe NEw MONTALY MAG,No, 56,

VOL. X,

х

We

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The Basso-Relievo at the New Custom House. [Sept. 1, server; nor does it appear that any was and badge are perhaps a little too comintended by the artist. A crowd of mon-place. Faith and Hope are defigures are presented to the eye, but it signed in much better taste. Tempercan neither understand their import nor ance is nearly a copy of the figure of the occupation; and had it not been for the same virtue in the window of New College, translation which is furnished by Mr. Oxford: but the personification of Pru. Laing, and which we have already quoted, dence is quite beyond our reach: it is a we should have still remained in the female looking attentively in a small lookignorance in which we were left after ing-glass, and adjusting her head-dress. nearly an hour's attentive consideration To have a mirror before her on such an upon the terrace of the Custom-House. occasion is certainly a prudent provision,

The eastern compartment is certainly but the attitude is unfortunately vague, the best; and in some of the detached and were the figure taken down it would parts merit is observable--for instance, make a very fit ornament for the winin the single figure of Genius, the back of dow of a hair-dresser or looking-glass which is forcibly expressed, but the entire manufacturer. composition is lamentably deficient. The In the western compartment the centre centre is too mechanically equipoised. group is again composed of figures which Britannia is a sitting figure; behind her are placed in mechanical equilibrium : on each side are two standing figures; there are three upright figures, formbefore them two recumbent ones; and ing nearly parallel lines, and two on on each side of these, are three sea- each side disposed alike. The three horses. The group is devoid of nature, figures we should never have found and strongly reminds one of the well names for, had not the description been known satire on the exploded taste in put into our hands. The foreigners on gardening:

cach side, in their varied costume, conGrove nods at grove, each alley has a brother, veyed to us instantly the meaning of the And half the platform just reflects the other. artist; but the three personages in the The sister arts of Painting, Sculpture, middle were still inexplicable. Architecture, are very feebly personified. guessed, but as it appears we were in The figure of History is good, but that error, that they were portraits of of Astronomy, which the sculptor doubt- three of the commissioners who had less intended to be very imposing, is gone on 'Change to inform the congrestar-gazing in a very vulgar attitude, and gated merchants of the world that the seems to have borrowed the right arm of Custom-House was now open for the some other figure, for it is too badly set transaction of public business. In this on to have ever been her own. The Muses supposition we were confirmed by seeing who follow are very plain, ordinary ladies, one of them in a Scotch dress, as gentlewho might as well pass for so many semp- men of that nation frequently get hold of stresses as for the inspired Nine. The good things--such as commissioners of other side of the bas-relief is no better. public offices, &c. &c. It seems, howPhilosophy has studied so long as com- ever, that these three figures are pletely to have impairedwhatever personal intended to represent England, Scotcharms Nature might have bestowed on land, and Ireland; the one is desiguim; but perhaps this is intentional: the nated, as we bare hinted, by national sculptor may consider a want of grue attire, and the difference of the other as the characteristic mark of the votaries two is, that one of them is clothed in of philosophy; and in that case he has what the tailors call a single-breasted personified it excellently. The attitude coat, whilst the other has one of a more of Chemistry is natural, and the figure fashionable form. The mob of foreigners is altogether well managed. Navigation have little to deserve attention. is represented by a young man with a The figures in other parts of the buildplumb-line for measuring the depth of ing are very common-place, both in dewater. This is a very imperfect ap- sign and execution. Britannia and a pendage; the mariner's compass would Lion, Neptune and a Sea-horse. have been a more perfect, and the nau- In conclusion, we regret to be obliged tilus a more poetical illustration; as it is, to confess, that the works we have con. the line and weight may just as well be a sidered are entirely devoid of all that symbol of his calling as a mason, as de- is requisite in art. They possess no scriptive of the genius of navigation, sentiment; they express nothing, they the pride and prop of Britain, and the are seen, and are forgotten. The mapeculiar deity of this edifice. Charity terial of which they are composed is is at least intelligible, for she is accom- artificial stone, and the process of baking, panied by charity-children; the coat which it undergoes, frequently distorts

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18 18.]
New Musical Publications.

155 and injures the work; it is of a brick- an impression, but augur most favour, like feruginous colour, and the general ably from the taste and talents of the effect is very unpleasing. The name of artist. the sculptor, or rather modeller, is BUBB, We perceive, by an announcement in agentleman only known to the world by the Literary Guzette, that the artists of the monument to Mr. Pitt, in Guildhall. Worcester have determined on opening It is a thousand pities that the perform- an annual exhibition of their works. ance of so great a national work should We are heartily glad to witness the have been withheld from such men as rise and establishment of such an inFlaxman, Chantrey, and others, and its stitution in any of our provincial towns; execution intrusted to a burner of arti- they serve to disseminate a love for art, ficial stone, whose style of design is as and are calculated to create and foster far inferior to theirs, as is the tasteless genius which may hereafter be highly material in which he deals to the purest honourable to the country. In this parmarble of Italy.

ticular instance much may be expected, INTELLIGENCE.

for many very able artists' reside in that A new silver coinage is preparing at city, whose talents deserve to be exhithe Mint, after the designs of the cele- bited in a mode more congenial to their brated gem-engraver, Pistrucci. The feelings than in the mere painting of por. reverse of the half-crown is St. George celain. and the dragon. We have not yet seen

NEW MUSIC.

A Sonata for the Piano-forte, with an

peculiar to this writer, which few can equal, Accompaniment for the Violin. Com

none surpass. posed and dedicuted to H. I. H. the Pappataci! che mai sento!Tergetlo Arch-Duke Rudolph of Austria, by L. in the Opera of L’Italiana in Algeri. Van Beethoven. Opera 96.

Composed by Signor G. Rossini. To give this sonata its proper effect will

This trio is for two sopranos and a bass require the aid of an excellent violin player, voice. The greater part of the opening and a very steady timist at the piano-forte. movement is in measured recitative, which, Add though the violin part is written over

in due time, breaks into a most spirited the other for the convenience of those who

“ Allegro,” in which all the performers have lack the accompaniment, yet the parts are so enough to do. We cannot but admire the interwoven that it is impossible to quit one

convenience of the Italian words to a song, part without losing many beautiful har- where, if the singer is at a loss, or forgets monies blended with the other. This, there his part, he can easily fill up the chasm with fore, is not a piece in which it is indifferent

no, no, no, or “ ah! ah! ah!" or any whether the violin accompaniment is used other monosyllable. or not; but when two performers meet, A Duet for two Performers on the Pianowho are perfect masters of their respective forte, with an Accompaniment ad libi. instruments, (and none other should attempt tum for the Flute. Adapted from Moit,) the effect is grand and striking, far be- zurt's Opera of Il Don Giovanni," yond the conception of the common jog-trot and dedicated to Misses Gorings, by players of waltzes and quadrilles. We have seen much of Beethoven's music from foreign

F. Fiorillo. No. 2.

The first air, “ Jl mio tesoro intanto," is copies, and we trust that his masterly compositions will be sufficiently appreciated in termed a conversation-piece, in which each

elaborated in the form of what is technically this country to pay the expense of reprint- part alternately takes the subject." Gioviing.

nette che fate all’amore," is all gaiety and Essais sur différents Caractères, pour le good-humour, and worthy the hand who

Piano-forie. Dédiés à Miss Marianne wrote it; nor does it suffer at all in the preBrooke, pur F. Kalkbrenner. Book I. sent dishing up. The next air “ Deh vieni Op.34.

alla finistra," in a movement of, is in the

penseroso style, and prepares the way for These characteristic pieces are the most spirited of all spirited movements, prised in three numbers. The first, “ Con “ Fin'ch han dal vino." We have now, Gracia," is all smoothness, grace, and ele- though somewhat irregularly, gone through gance. The second, “ Adagio Melancolico," the four sets of this charming music, and is rather of a sombre cast, but possessing an cannot quit them without calling the atteninfinite variety of pathos and taste. The tion of all lovers of harmony to a work comspirited movements that follow is all science bining the most exquisite taste with the utand execution, imbued with those energies most profundity of science.

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156

Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, by Lord Byron. [Sept. 1, ós call back the roses of morn." Can- tions to it: but though we are here in com

zonet, the poetry by John Stewart, esq. plete possession of the tune as it is perfornicomposed by Dr. John Clarke, of Cam- ed, yet the variations run so widely off the bridge.

mark, that we scarcely recognize it in its A charming little air in the doctor's best evolutions. Whether the defect arises from manner--that is to say, tasteful and elegant. the thema or the insufficiency of the adapter, Fantaisie Ecossaise, for the Harp, on

we will not decide, but merely relate the the air () Nanny wilt thou yong

fact. Having mentioned Dr. Arne, a little with me." Composed and respectfully

anecdote occurs, which may perhaps amuse dedicated to Miss Denys, by W. Henry article having, many years ago, accompanied

our musical readers. The writer of this Steil. Amid the arpeggios and sprinklings of Duke of Chandos, to assist at the perform

the Doctor to Cannons, the seat of the late chords in the introduction, the air now and

ance of an oratorio in the chapel of Whitthen peeps out, as a taste of what may be church, such was the throng of company expected in the next movement. This style of that no provisions were to be procured at writing seems to have been obtained from the the duke's house. On going to the Chandos Proems of Cramer, and is admirably calcu

Arms, in the town of Edgeware, we made lated to connect the different branches of a We need not descant on the pa- nothing but a solitary leg of mutton on the

our way into the kitchen, where we found thetic beauties of this air, but we may be

spit. This, the waiter informed us, was beallowed to say that it is peculiarly well

spoke by a party of gentlemen. The doctor adapted to the harp, nor can the taste and

(rubbing his elbowhis usual manner) says brilliancy of the variations be listened to with

to me, “ I'll have that mution-give me a indifference. Cease your Funning," with sir Varia

fiddle-string." He took the fiddle-string,

cut it in pieces, and privately sp; inkling it tions, and the lir (by way of introduc

over the mutton, walked out of the kitchen. duction)

" The Miser thus a Shilling Then waiting very patiently till the waiter sees.” Arranged for the Piano-forte, had served it up, he heard one of the gentieby T. C. Panormo.

men exclaim_" Waiter! this meat is full of We have put on our spectacles, but can maggots, take it way.” This was what the find no arrangement in the introduction at doctor expected, who was on the watch. all differing from that which Dr. Arne made “ Here give it me.”—“0, sir," says the when he adapted it for Covent Garden waiter, “ you can't eat it'tis full of magtheatre. We are not sure whether “ Cease gots. _“ never mind," cr the doctor, your Funning" is well calculated for varia fiddlers hare strong slomachs.' So tions : a composer of whom we had recently bearing it away, and scraping off the fiddle occasion to speak, noted down the tune ra- strings, we made a hearty dinner on the apther incorrecuy, and made tolerable varia- parently maggoty mutton.

sonata,

MONTHLY REGISTER OF LITERATURE, ART,

AND SCIENCE.

NEW PUBLICATIONS, WITH CRITICAL REMARKS. 1. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto the and inextinguishable bursts of energy

Fourth. By Lord Byron. with which this volume abounds, someIt is by no means our intention to thing like a yearning after the better enter into a regular and elaborate review affections of the heart; a willingness to of this beautiful poein, but we cannot look forward, with consoling hope, to prevail upon ourselves to pass it over some end or attainment, over which, without enriching our pages with a few “ Circumstance, that unspiritual god, and of its admirable passages. With the miscreator," can have no influence. opinion expressed by its noble author, Amid the utter wretchedness which in his dedication, we entirely coincide, occasionally breaks forth in this immortal namely, that “it is the most thoughtful lament, there is the appearance of pasand comprehensive of all his compo- sions subdued into mournful resignation, sitions ;" and those who have delighted the soul of the “ wondrous Childe," to trace the progress of the poet's mind scems to have been tempered and chasin the earlier emanations of his genius, tened even by its own fire, and compare the lofty, but varied tones

<< And like the plants which throw of feeling by which they are so peculiarly Their fragrance from the wounded part, distinguished, will peruse this portion of Breathes sweetness out of woe !"* his writings, with a degree of interest, No poet was

ever gifted with so not ofteu excited on such occasions. They will discover amid the many wild

Moore.

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1818.] Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, by Lord Byron.

157 powerful a talisman for discerning the My hopes of being remembered in my line intenser passions of the heart, as Lord With my land's language : if too fond and

far Byron. He reveals to us thoughts and sensations, of which we scarcely believed These aspirations in their scope incline,ourselves capable, and teaches us that we

If my fame should be, as my fortunes are,

of hasty growth and blight, and dull obare indeed, “ fearfully and wonderfully

livion, bar made." The following verses illustrate

X. those mysterious associations by which the mind of man is recalled to a sense of My name from out the temple where the

dead its ills.

Are honoured by the nations-let it be
XXIII.

And light the laurels on a loftier head!
But ever and anon of griefs subdued And be the Spartan's epitaph on me
There comes a token like a scorpion's sting, "Sparta hath many a worthier son than he.”
Scarce seen but with fresh bitterness im- Meantime I seek no sympathies, nor need;
bued;

The thorns which I have reaped are of the And slight withal may be the things which bring

I planted, they have torn me,-and I Back on the heart the weight which it would bleed! fiing

I should have known what fruit would spring Aside for ever: it may be a sound

from such a seed. A tone of music,-summer's eve or spring, A flower-the wind-theocean--which shall and loves to choid converse with her

That Lord Byron is the poet of nature, wound, Striking the electric chain wherewith we're charms, and see her stores unrolled,"

we learn from that sublime and well darkly bound. XXIV.

known definition of solitude in the 1st And how and why we know not, nor can

Canto of Childe Harold; but his vivid

ness of perception has perhaps never Home to its cloud this lightning of the been so finely instanced as in the folmind,

lowing luxurious description of an Italian But feel the shock renewed, nor can efface evening. The blight and blackening which it leaves

XXVII. behind, Which out of things familiar, undesigned, The Moon is up, and yet it is not night

Sunset divides the sky with her a sea When least we deem of such, calls up to

Of glory streams along the Alpine heighs view

Of blue Friuli's mountains; Heaven is free The spectres whom no exorcism can bind, The cold — the changed - perchance the From clouds, but of all colours seems to be

Melted to one vast Iris of the West! dead-anew The mourned, the loved, the lost—too many! While, on the other hand, meek Dian's

Where the day joins the past eternity; yet how few!

crest The following exquisite burst of pa- Floats through the azure airman island of triotism will surely be thought to more the blest ! than atone for the petulant allusion

XXVIII. which Lord Byron has thought proper A single star is at her side, and reigns to make, in his dedication, to our “per. With her o'er half the lovely heaven; but manent army and suspended Habeas still Corpus.".

Yon sunny sea heaves brightly,and remains VIII.

Rollid o'er the peak of the far Rhætian hill, I've taught me other tongues--and in strange As day and night contending were, until eyes

Nature reclaim'd her order : gently flows Have made me not a stranger; to the mind The deep-dyed Brenta, where their hues Which is itself, no changes bring surprise;

instil Nor is it harsh to make, nor hard to find The odorous purple of a new-born rose, A country with-ay, or without mankind; Which streams upon her stream, and glass'd Yet was I born where men are proud to be, within, it glows, Not without cause; and should I leave

XXIX. behind

Filld with the fac of heaven, which from The inviolate island of the sage and free,

afar And seek me out a home by a remoter sea ?

Comes down upon the waters; all its hués, IX.

From the rich sunset to the rising star, Perhaps I loved it well: and should I lay Their magical variety diffuse : My ashes in a soil which is not mine, "And now they change; a paler shadow My spirit shall resume it—if we may Unbodied choose a sanctuary. I twine

Its mandle o'er the mountains ; parting day

strews

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