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ttle to the Honourable Alexander Fraser Tytler, a senator of side, says, “ In this batayle the vallancie of an Heiland gentle. the College of Justice, is situated on the slope of the Pentland man, named Macfarlane, stood the Regent's part in great hills, distant at least four miles from her proper abode. She steede ; for, in the hottest brunte of the fighte, he canle up always appears in white, and with her child in her arms. with two hundred of his friendes and countrymen, and so

manfully gave in upon the flankes of the Queen's people, that he was a great cause of the disordering of them. This Macfarlane had been lately before, as I have heard, condemned to die, for some outrage by him committed, and obtayning par

don through suyte of the Countess of Murray, he recompensed NOTE D.

that clemencie by this piece of service now at this batayle."

Calderwood's account is less favou able to the Macfarlanes. Drives to the leap his jaded steed.-P. 598.

He states that “Macfarlane, with his Highlandmen, fled

from the wing where they were set. The Lord Lindsay, who Birrel informs us, that Bothwellhaugh, being closely pur. stood nearest to them in the Regent's battle, said, “Let them sued, " after that spur and wand had failed him, he drew go! I shall fill their place better:' and so, stepping forward, forth his dagger, and strocke his horse behind, whilk caused the with a company of fresh men, charged the enemy, whose horse to leap a very brode stanke [i. e. ditch,] by whilk means spears were now spent, with long weapons, so that they were he escapit, and gat away from all the rest of the horses."- driven back by force, being before almost overthrown by the BIRREL's Diary, p. 18.

avaunt-guard and harquebusiers, and so were turned to fight." -Calderwood's MS. apud Keith, p. 480. Melville mentions the flight of the vanguard, but states it to have been commanded by Morton, and composed chiefly of commoneri

of the barony of Renfrew. NOTE E.

From the wild Border's humbled side. P. 5.98.


Murray's death took place shortly a 'ter an expedition to the Borders; which is thus commemorated by the author of his Elegy =

Glencairn and slout Parkhead were nigh.-P. 598.

The Earl of Glencairn was a steady adherent of the Regent. George Douglas of Parkhead was a natural brother of the Earl of Morton, whose horse was killed by the same ball by wbich Murray fell.

“ So having stablischt all thing in this sort,

To Liddisdaill agane he did resort,
Throw Ewisdail, Eskdail, and all the daills rode he,
And also lay three nights in Cannabie,
Whair na prince lay thir hundred yeiris before.
Nae thief durst stir, they did him feir sa sair ;
And, that thay suld na mair thair thift allege,
Threescore and twelf he brocht of thame in pledge,
Syne wardit thame, whilk maid the rest keep ordour;
Than mycht the rasch-bus keep ky on the Border."

Scottish Poems, 16th century, p. 232.


haggard Lindesay's iron eye,
That saw fair Mary weep in vain.-P. 598.

Lord Lindsay, of the Byres, was the most ferocious and brutal of the Regent's faction, and, as such, was employed to

extort Mary's signature to the deed of resignation presented NOTE F.

to her in Lochleven castle. He discharged his commission

with the most savage rigour; and it is even said, that when With hackbut bent.-P. 598.

the weeping captive, in the act of signing, averted her eyes

from the fatal deed, he pinched her arm with the grasp of his Hackbut bent-Gun cock'd. The carbine, with which the iron glove. Regent was shot, is preserved at Hamilton Palace. It is a brass piece, of a middling length, very small in the bore, and. what is rather extraordinary, appears to have been rified or indented in the barrel. It had a matchlock, for which a modern firelock has been injudiciously substituted.


So close the minions crowded nigh.-P. 598

Not only had the Regent notice of the intended attempt

upon his life, but even of the very house from which it was NOTE G.

threatened. With that infatuation at which men wonder,

after such events have happened, he deemed it would be a sufThe wild Macfarlanes' plaided clan.-P. 598.

ficient precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous spot.

But even this was prevented by the crowd: so that Both wellThio clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to the haugh had time to take a deliberate aim.-SPOTTIEWOODB, P Regent Murray. Hollinshed, speaking of the battle of Lang- 233. BUCHANAN.

The Gray Brother.


The imperfect state of this ballad, which was writ- upon their minds the gloom of superstition, so general ten several years ago, is not a circumstance affected in that age. for the purpose of giving it that peculiar interest “ About the same time he [Peden] came to Anwhich is often found to arise from ungratified curiosity. drew Normand's house, in the parish of Alloway, in On the contrary, it was the Editor's intention to have the shire of Ayr, being to preach at night in his barn. completed the tale, if he had found himself able to After he came in, he halted a little, leaning upon a succeed to his own satisfaction. Yielding to the opi-chair-back, with his face covered; when he lifted up nion of persons, whose judgment, if not biassed by his head, he said, “ They are in this house that I have the partiality of friendship, is entitled to deference, he not one word of salvation unto;' he halted a little again, has preferred inserting these verses as a fragment, to saying, 'This is strange, that the devil will not go out, his intention of entirely suppressing them.

that we may begin our work !' Then there was a The tradition, upon which the tale is founded, re-woman went out, ill-looked upon almost all her life, and gards a house upon the barony of Gilmerton, near Lass- to her dying hour, for a witch, with many presumptions wade, in Mid-Lothian. This building, now called Gil- of the same. It escaped me, in the former passages, merton Grange, was originally named Burndale, from what John Muirhead (whom I have often mentioned) the following tragic adventure. The barony of Gil- told me, that when he came from Ireland to Galloway, merton belonged, of yore, to a gentleman named he was at family-worship, and giving some notes upon Heron, who had one beautiful daughter. This young the Scripture read, when a very ill-looking man came, lady was seduced by the Abbot of Newbattle, a richly and sat down within the door, at the back of the endowed abbey, upon the banks of the South Esk, now hallan, (partition of the cottage :) immediately he a seat of the Marquis of Lothian. Heron came to the halted and said, ' There is some unhappy body just knowledge of this circumstance, and learned also, now come into this house. I charge him to go out, that the lovers carried on their guilty intercourse by and not stop my mouth !' This person went out, and the connivance of the lady's nurse, who lived at this he insisted (went on,] yet he saw him neither come in house of Gilmerton Grange, or Burndale. He formed nor go out.”—The Life and Prophecies of Mr. Alexa resolution of bloody vengeance, undeterred by the ander Peden, late Minister of the Gospel at New Glensupposed sanctity of the clerical character, or by the luce, in Galloway, part ii. & 26. stronger claims of natural affection. Choosing, there- A friendly correspondent remarks, " that the infore, a dark and windy night, when the objects of his capacity of proceeding in the performance of a relivengeance were engaged in a stolen interview, he set gious duty, when a contaminated person is present, is fire to a stack of dried thorns, and other combustibles, of much higher antiquity than the era of the Revewhich he had caused to be piled against the house, rend Mr. Alexander Peden.”—Vide Hygini Fubulas, and reduced to a pile of glowing ashes the dwelling, cap. 26. “ Medea Corintho exul, Athenas, ad Ægeum with all its inmates.

Pandionis filium devenit in hospitium, eique nupsit. The scene with which the ballad opens, was sug

Postea sacerdos Dianæ Meleam eragitare gested by the following curious passage, extracted cæpit, regique negabat sacra caste facere posse, eo quod from the Life of Alexander Peden, one of the wan-' in ea civitate esset mulier venefica et scelerata; tuno exu. dering and persecuted teachers of the sect of Camero- latur.nians, during the reign of Charles II. and his succeza sor, James. This person was supposed by his followers, and, perhaps, really believed himself, to be pos

THE GRAY BROTHER. sessed of supernatural gifts; for the wild scenes which they frequented, and the constant dangers which The Pope he was saying the high, high mass, were incurred through their proscription, deepened All on Saint Peter's day,

1 This tradition was communicated to me by John Clerk, of Britain to concentrate her thunders, and to launch then Exq, of Eldin, author of an Essay upon Naval Tactics, who against her foes with an unerring aim. will be remembered by posterity, as having taught the Genius

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! The contemporary criticism on this noble ballad was all “Then came The Gray Brother, founded on another superfeeble, but laudatory, with the exception of the following re- stition, which seems to have been almost as ancient as the be mark:-“The painter is justly blamed, whose figures do not lief in ghosts; namely, that the holiest service of the altar correspond with his landscape-who assembles banditti in an cannot go on in the presence of an unclean person-a heinous Elysium, or bathing lov in a lake of stor

The same sinner unconfessed and unabsolved. The fragmentary form adaptation of parts is expedient in the poet. The stanzas, of this poem greatly heightens the awfulness of its impression;

and in construction and metre, the verses which really belong Sweet are thy paths, O passing sweet!'

to the story appear to me the happiest that have ever been to

produced expressly in imitation of the ballad of the middle • And classic Hawthornden,'

age. In the stanzas, previously quoted, on the scenery of the

Esk, however beautiful in themselves, and however interestdisagreeably contrast with the mysterious gloomy character ing now as marking the locality of the composition, he must of the ballad. Were these omitted, it would merit high rank be allowed to have lapsed into anotber strain, and produced a for the terrific expectation it excites by the majestic intro- pannus purpureus which interferes with and mars the geneduction, and the awful close."-Critical Revicu, November ral texture."-Life of Scott, vol. ii. p. 26. 1803.-Ed.



4 Melville Castle, the seat of the Right Honourable Lord

Melville, to whom it gives the title of Viscount, is delightfully SCENERY OF THE ESK.-P. 602.

situated upon the Eske, near Lasswade. ? The barony of Pennycuik, the property of Sir George 6 The ruins of Roslin Castle, the baronial residence of the Clerk, Bart., is held by a singular tenure; the proprietor ancient family of St. Clair. The Gothic chapel, which is still being bound to sit upon a large rocky fragment called the in beautiful preservation, with the romantic and woody dell Buckstone, and wind three blasts of a horn, when the King in which they are situated, belong to the Right Honourable shall come to hunt on the Borough Muir, near Edinburgh. the Earl of Rosslyn, the representative of the former Lords of Hence the family have adopted as their crest a demi-forester Roslin. proper, winding a horn, with the motto, Free for a Blast. 8 The village and castle of Dalkeith belonged of old to the The beautiful mansion-house of Pennycuik is much admired, famous Earl of Morton, but is now the residence of the noble both on account of the architecture and surrounding scenery. family of Buccleuch. The park extends along the Eske,

$ Auchendinny, situated upon the Eske, below Pennycuik, which is there joined by its sister stream of the same name. the present residence of the ingenious H. Mackenzie, Esq., 7 Hawthornden, the residence of the poet Drummond. A author of the Man of Feeling, &C.-Edition 1803.

house of more modern date is enclosed, as it were, by the 8 "Haunted Woodhouselee.”—For the traditions connected ruins of the ancient castle, and overhangs a tremendous prewith this ruinous mansion, see Ballad of Cadyow Castle, Note, cipice upon the banks of the Eske, perforated by winding

caves, which in former times were a refuge to the oppressed

D. 509

patriots of Scotland. Here Drummond received Ben Jonson, Upon the whole, tracing the Eske from its source till ft Jotne who journeyed from London on foot in order to visit him the sea at Musselbu:gh, no stream in Scotland can boast such The beauty of this striking scene has been much injured of a varied succession of the most interesting objects, as well as late years by the indiscriminate use of the are. The traveller of the most romantic and beautiful scenery. 1803. . dow looks in vain for the leafy bower,

-The beautiful scenery of Hawthornden has, since the above

note was written, reco all its proper ornament of wood "Where Jonson wat in Drummond's social shade.” 1831.



Royal Edinburgh Light Dragoons.


Nennius. Is not peace the end of arms?

two corps of artillery, each capable of serving twelve Caratach. Not where the cause implies a general conquest. guns. To such a force, above all others, might, in Had we a difference with some petty isle,

similar circumstances, be applied the exhortation of Or with our neighbours, Britons, for our landmarks, The taking in of some rebellious lord,

our ancient Galgacus : “ Proinde ituri in aciem, et Or making head against a slight commotion,

majores vestros et posteros cogitate.” 1812.
After a day of blood, peace might be argued :
But where we grapple for the land we live on,
The liberty we hold more dear than life,
The gods we worship, and, next these, our honours,
And, with those, swords that know no end of battle-

Those men, beside themselves, allow no neighbour,
Those minds, that, where the day is, claim inheritance,
And, where the sun makes ripe the fruit, their harvest,

And, where they march, but measure out more ground
To add to Rome
It must not be-No! as they are our foes,

To horse! to horse! the standard flies, Let's use the peace of honour-that's fair dealing;

The bugles sound the call; But in our hands our swords. The hardy Roman,

The Gallic navy stems the seas,
That thinks to graft himself into my stock,

The voice of battle's on the breeze,
Must first begin his kindred under ground,
And be allied in ashes.

Arouse ye, one and all!

From high Dunedin's towers we come,

A band of brothers true; The following War-Song was written during the Our casques the leopard's spoils surround, apprehension of an invasion. The corps of volunteers With Scotland's hardy thistle crown'd; to which it was addressed, was raised in 1797, con- We boast the red and blue.3 sisting of gentlemen, mounted and armed at their own expense. It still subsists, as the Right Troop of Though tamely crouch to Gallia's frown the Royal Mid-Lothian Light Cavalry, commanded Dull Holland's tardy train; by the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Dundas. The Their ravish'd toys though Romans mourn; noble and constitutional measure of arming freemen Though gallant Switzers vainly spurn, in defence of their own rights, was nowhere more suc- And, foaming, gnaw the chain; cessful than in Edinburgh, which furnished a force of 3000 armed and disciplined volunteers, including a Oh! had they mark’d the avenging call • regiment of cavalry, from the city and county, and Their brethren's murder gave,

? The song originally appeared in the Scots Magazine for garded the death of their bravest countrymen, mercilessly 1802.-ED.

slaughtered in discharge of their duty, encouraged and 80. Now Viscount Melville.-1831.

thorized the progressive injustice, by which the alps, once 3 The royal colours.

the seat of the most virtuous and free people upon the Conti4 The allusion is to the massacre of the Swiss Guards, on nent, have, at length, been converted into the citadel of a fo the fatal 10th August, 1792. It is painful, but not useless, reign and military despot. A state degraded is haif epilared to remark, that the passive tepper with which the Swiss re- - 1812.

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