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• Fair maiden Lylliard lies under this stane,
female wanderer took up her residence in a dark vault, among Little was her stature, but great was her fame;
the ruins of Dryburgh Abbey, which, during the day, she Upon the English louns she laid mony thumps,
never quitted. When night fell, she issued from this miseraAnd, when her legs were cutted off, she fought upon her ble habitation, and went to the house of Mr. Haliburton of stumps."
Newmaing, the Editor's great-grandfather, or to that of Mr. Vide Account of the Parish of Melrose. Erskine of Sheilfield, two gentlemen of the neighbourhood.
From their charity, she obtained such necessaries as she could It appears, from a passage in Stowe, that an ancestor of be prevailed upon to accept. At twelve, each night, she Lord Evers neld also a grant of Scottish lands from an Eng- lighted her candle, and returned to her vault, assuring her lish monarch. “ I have seen," says the historian, “under friendly neighbours, that, during her absence, her habitation the broad-seale of the said King Edward I., a manor, called
was arranged by a spirit, to whom she gave the uncouth name Ketnes, in the county of Forfare, in Scotland, and neere the of Fatlips ; describing him as a little man, wearing heavy iron furthest part of the same nation northward, given to John shoes, with which he trampled the clay floor of the vault, to Ure and his heires, ancestor to the Lord Ure, that now is, for dispel the damps. This circumstance caused her to be rehis service done in these partes, with market, &e. dated at garded, by the well-informed, with compassion, as deranged Lanercost, the 20th day of October, anno regis, 34."-Stowe's in her understanding; and by the vulgar, with some degree of Annals, p. 210. This grant, like that of Henry, must have terror. The cause of her adopting this extraordinary mode of been dangerous to the receiver.
life she would never explain. It was, however, believed to have been occasioned by a vow, that, during the absence of a man to whom she was attached, she would never look upon the
sun. Her lover never returned. He fell during the civil war NOTE B.
of 1745-6, and she never more would behold the light of day.
The vault, or rather dungeon, in which this unfortunate That nun who ne'er beholds the day.-P. 593.
woman lived and died, passes still by the name of the super
natural being, with which its gloom was tenanted by her disThe circumstance of the nun, “who never saw the day," is turbed imagination, and few of the neighbouring peasants vot entirely imaginary. About fifty years ago, an unfortunate dare enter it by night.—1803.
The ruins of Cadyow, or Cadzow Castle, the an- | their ferocity occasioned their being extirpated, about cient baronial residence of the family of Hamilton, forty years ago. Their appearance was beautiful, are situated upon the precipitous banks of the river being milk-white, with black muzzles, horns, and Evan, about two miles above its jur.ction with the hoofs. The bulls are described by ancient authors as Clyde. It was dismantled, in the conclusion of the having white manes; but those of latter days had Civil Wars, during the reign of the unfortunate Mary, lost that peculiarity, perhaps by intermixture with to whose cause the house of Hamilton devoted them- the tame breed.” selves with a generous zeal, which occasioned their Iv detailing the death of the Regent Murray, which temporary obscurity, and, very nearly, their total is made the subject of the following ballad, it would ruin. The situation of the ruins, embosomed in wood, be injustice to my reader to use other words than darkened by ivy and creeping shrubs, and overhanging those of Dr. Robertson, whose account of that methe brawling torrent, is romantic in the highest de- morable event forms a beautiful piece of historical gree. In the immediate vicinity of Cadyow is a grove painting. of immense oaks, the remains of the Caledonian Fo- “Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh was the person who rest, which anciently extended through the south of committed this barbarous action. He had been conScotland, from the eastern to the Atlantic Ocean. demned to death soon after the battle of Langside, as Some of these trees measure twenty-five feet, and we have already related, and owed his life to the Reupwards, in circumference; and the state of decay, gent's clemency. But part of his estate had been in which they now appear, shows that they have wit- bestowed upon one of the Regent's favourites,a who nessed the rites of the Druids. The whole scenery is seized his house, and turned out his wife, naked, in a included in the magnificent and extensive park of the cold night, into the open fields, where, before next Duke of Hamilton. There was long preserved in this morning, she became furiously mad. This injury forest the breed of the Scottish wild cattle, until made a deeper impression on him than the benefit he
1 The breed had not been entirely extirpated. There re- are still to be seen at Chillingham Castle, in Northumberland. mained certainly a magnificent herd of these cattle in Cadyow For their nature and ferocity, see Notes. Forest within these few years. 1833.- ED.
3 This was Sir James Bellenden, Lord Justice-Clerk, whose
shameful and inhuman rapacity occasioned the catastrophe $ They were formerly kept in the park at Drumlanrig, and in the text.-SPOTTISWOODE.
had received, and from that moment he vowed to be indignation. He had no authority, he said, from revenged of the Regent. Party rage strengthened Scotland to commit murders in France ; he had and inflamed his private resentment. His kinsmen, avenged his own just quarrel, but he would neither, the Hamiltons, applauded the enterprise. The maxims for price nor prayer, avenge that of another mad.of that age justified the most desperate course he Thuanus, cap. 46. could take to obtain vengeance. He followed the Re- The Regent's death happened 230 January, 1569. gent for some time, and watched for an opportunity It is applauded or stigmatized, by contemporary histo strike the blow. He resolved at last to wait till torians, according to their religious or party prejuhis enemy should arrive at Linlithgow, through which dices. The triumph of Blackwood is unbounded. he was to pass in his way from Stirling to Edinburgh. He not only extols the pious feat of Bothwellbaugh, He took his stand in a wooden gallery, which had a “who,” he observes, “ satisfied, with a single ounce window towards the street; spread a feather-bed on of lead, him whose sacrilegious avarice had stripped the floor to hinder the noise of his feet from being the metropolitan church of St. Andrews of its coverheard; hung up a black cloth behind him, that his ing;” but he ascribes it to immediate divine inspirashadow might not be observed from without; and, tion, and the escape of Hamilton to little less than after all this preparation, calmly expected the Regent's the miraculous interference of the Deity.—JEBB, vol. approach, who had lodged, during the night, in a ii. p. 263. With equal injustice, it was, by others, made house not far distant. Some indistinct information the ground of a general national reflection; for, when of the danger which threatened him had been con- Mather urged Berney to assassinate Burleigh, and veyed to the Regent, and he paid so much regard to quoted the examples of Poltrot and Bothwellhaugh, it, that he resolved to return by the same gate through the other conspirator answered, “ that neyther Polwhich he had entered, and to fetch a compass round trot nor Hambleton did attempt their enterpryse, the town. But, as the crowd about the gate was without some reason or consideration to lead them to great, and he himself unacquainted with fear, he pro- it; as the one, by hyre, and promise of preferment or ceeded directly along the street; and the throng of rewarde; the other, upon desperate mind of revenge, people obliging him to move very slowly, gave the for a lyttle wrong done unto him, as the report goethe, assassin time to take so true an aim, th shot him, according to the vyle trayterous dysposysyon of the with a single bullet, through the lower part of his hoole natyon of the Scottes.”---MURDIN's State Papers. belly, and killed the horse of a gentleman who rode on vol. i. p. 197. his other side. His followers instantly endeavoured to break into the house whence the blow had come; but they found the door strongly barricadoed, and, before it could be forced open, Hamilton had mounted a fleet horse, which stood ready for him at a back
CADYOW CASTLE. passage, and was got far beyond their reach. The Regent died the same night of his wound.”—History of Scotland, book v.
Bothwellhaugh rode straight to Hamilton, where he was received in triumph; for the ashes of the houses
LADY ANNE HAMILTON.. in Clydesdale, which had been burned by Murray's army, were yet smoking; and party prejudice, the WHEN princely Hamilton's abode habits of the age, and the enormity of the provocation, Ennobled Cadyow's Gothic towers, seemed to his kinsmen to justify the deed. After a The song went round, the goblet flow'd, short abode at Hamilton, this fierce and determined And revel sped the laughing hours. man left Scotland, and served in France, under the patronage of the family of Guise, to whom he was Then, thrilling to the harp's gay sound, doubtless recommended by having avenged the cause So sweetly rung each vaulted wall, of their niece, Queen Mary, upon her ungrateful And echoed light the dancer's bound, brother. De Thou has recorded, that an attempt was As mirth and music cheer'd the hall. made to engage him to assassinate Gaspar de Coligni, the famous Admiral of France, and the buckler of the But Cadyow's towers, in ruins laid, Huguenot cause. But the character of Both well- And vaults, by ivy mantled o'er, haugh was mistaken. He was no mercenary trader Thrill to the music of the shade, in blood, and rejected the offer with contempt and Or echo Evan's hoarser roar.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
2 The gift of Lord John Hamilton, Commendator of Arbroath.
| This projecting gallery is still show. The house to which it was attached was the property of the Archbishop of St. Andrews, a natural brother to the Duke of Chatelherault, and uncle to Both wellhaugh. This, among many other circumstances, seems to evince the aid which Both wellhaugh received from his clan in effecting his purpose.
3 Eldest daughter of Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton -ED.
I See Appendix, Note D.
tive in the murder of David Rizzio, and at least privy to that
of Darnley. 2 Selle-Saddle. A word used by Spenser, and otaer ancient authors.
6 See Appendix, Note G.
7 Ibid, Note H. 8 See Appendix, Note I.
9 Ibid, Note K. * Sen Appendix, Note E.
4 Ibid, Note F.
10 An oak, half-sawn, with the motto through, is an ancient 5 Of this noted person, it is enough to say, that he was accognizance of the family of Hamilton.
Lo! high-born Beauty rules the steed,
Or graceful guides the silken rein.
For the loud bugle, pealing high,
The blackbird whistles down the vale, And sunk in ivied ruins lie
The banner'd towers of Evandale.
And long may Peace and Pleasure owo
The maids who list the minstrel's tale;
On the fair banks of Evandale !
For Chiefs, intent on bloody deed,
And Vengeance shouting o'er the slain,
“Scott spent the Christmas of 1801 at Hamilton Palace, h's Pleasures of Hope.' Among the most eager to welcome in Lanarkshire. To Lady Anne Hamilton he had been intro- him had been Scott; and I find the brother-bard thus expresso duced by her friend, Lady Charlotte Campbell, and both the ing himself concerning the MS. of Cadyow:late and the present Dukes of Hamilton appear to have par- “ « The verses of Cadyow Castle are perpetually ringing in taken of Lady Anne's admiration for Glenfinlas, and the Eve 11y imaginationof St. John. A morning's ramble to the majestic ruins of the old baronial castle on the precipitous banks of the Evan, and
Where, mightiest of the beasts of chase among the adjoining remains of the primeval Caledonian fo
That roam in woody Caledon, rest, suggested to him a ballad, not inferior in execution to
Crashing the forest in his race, any that he had hitherto produced, and especially interesting
The mountain bull comes thundering onas the first in which he grapples with the world of picturesque and the arrival of Hamilton, when incident unfolded in the authentic annals of Scotland. With the magnificent localities before him, he skilfully interwove
Reeking from the recent deed, the daring assassination of the Regent Murray by one of the
He dash'd his carbine on the ground.' clansmen of “the princely Hamilton.” Had the subject been taken up in after years, we might have had another Marmion I have repeated these lines so often on the North Bridge, that or Heart of Mid-Lothian; for in Cadyow Castle we have the whole fraternity of coachmen know me by tongue as I the materials and outline of more than one of the noblest pass. To be sure, to a mind in sober, serious street-walking ballads.
humour, it must bear an appearance of lunacy when one “About two years before this piece began to be handed about stamps with the hurried pace and fervent shake of the head, in Edinburgh, Thomas Campbell had made his appearance which strong, pithy poetry excites.'"- Life of Scotl, vol. ii. V there, and at once seized a high place in the literary world by 77.
distinguished part during the troubles of Queen Mary's reign,
and remained unalterably attached to the cause of that un. -sound the pryse :-P. 597.
fortunate princess. He led the van of her army at the fatal
battle of Langside, and was one of the commanders at the Pryse-The note blown at the death of the game.--In Ca- Raid of Stirling, which had so nearly given complete success ledonia olim frequens erat sylvestris quidam bos, nunc vero to the Queen's faction. He was ancestor of the present Marrarior, qui, colore candidissimo, jubam densam et demissam quis of Abercorn. instar leonis gestat, truculentus ac ferus ab humano genere abhorrens, ut quæcunque homines vel manibus contrectarint, vel halitu perflaverint, ab iis multos post dies omnino abstinuerunt. Ad hoc tanta audacia huic bovi indita erat, ut non solum irritatus equites furenter prosterneret, sed ne tantillum lacessitus
NOTE C. omnes promiscue homines cornibus ac ungulis peterit ; ac canum, qui apud nos ferocissimi sunt, impetus plane contemneret.
Woodhouselee.-P. 597. Ejus carnes cartilaginosa, sed saporis suavissimi. Erat is olim per illom vastissimam Caledoniæ sylvam frequens, sed hu
This barony, stretching along the banks of the Esk, near mana ingluvie jam assumptus tribus tantum locis est reliquus, Auchendinny, belonged to Bothwellhaugh, in right of his Strivilingii, Cumbernaldiæ, et Kincarniæ.-LESLÆUS, Scotiæ wife. The ruins of the mansion, from whence she was expelled Descriptio, p. 13.-[See a note on Castle Dangerous, Waverley in the brutal manner which occasioned her death, are still to Novels, vol. xlvii. -Ed.)
be seen in a hollow glen beside the river. Popular report tenants them with the restless ghost of the Lady Both wellbaugh; whom, however, it confounds with Lady Anne Bothwell, whose Lament is so popular. This spectre is so tena
cious of her rights, that, a part of the stones of the ancient NOTE B.
edifice having been employed in building or repairing the pre
sent Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of her privilege Stern Claud replied.-P. 597
to haunt that house also; and, even of very late years, has
excited considerable disturbance and terror among the doLord Cland Hamilton, second son of the Duke of Chatel- mestics. This is a more remarkable vindication of the berault, and commendator of the Abbey of Paisley, acted a rights of ghosts, as the present Woodhousloe, which gives his