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vered into close combat with them. Douglas and Stuart, who “ Yomen, and swanys,' and pitaill, * commanded the Scottish centre, led their division also to the
That in the Park yemyt wictaill, 3 charge, and the battle becoming general along the whole line,
War left; quhen thai wyst but lesing.' was obstinately maintained on both sides for a long space of
That thair lordis, with fell fechtyng, time; the Scottish archers doing great execution among the
On thair fayis assemblyt wer; English men-at-arms, after the bowmen of England were dis
Ane off thaim selwyn 5 that war thar persed.
Capitane of thaim all thai maid.
And help thair ordis at thair mycht.
Quhen her till all assentyt wer,
In a rout assemblit er; 7
Fyftene thowsand thai war, or ma.
And than in gret hy gan thai ga, I have been told that this line requires an explanatory note ;
With thair baneris, all in a rout, and, indeed, those who witness the silent patience with which
As thai had men bene styth 8 and stout. horses submit to the most cruel usage, may be permitted to
Thai come, with all that assemblé, doubt, that, in moments of sudden and intolerable anguish,
Rycht quhill thai mycht the bataill se ; they utter a most melancholy cry. Lord Erskine, in a speech
Than all at anys thai gave a cry, made in the House of Lords, upon a bill for enforcing huma
*Sla! sla! Apon thaimn hastily!'". nity towards animals, noticed this remarkable fact, in lan
BARBOUR's Bruce, Book ix , v. 410. guage which I will not mutilate by attempting to repeat it. It was my fortune, upon one occasion, to hear a horse, in a The unexpected apparition, of what seemed a new army, moment of agony, utter a thrilling scream, which I still con- completed the confusion which already prevailed among the sider the most melancholy sound I ever heard.
English, who fled in every direction, and were pursued with immense slaughter. The brook of Bannock, according to Barbour, was so choked with the bodies of men and horses, that it might have been passed dry-shod. The followers of the Scottish camp fell upon the disheartened fugitives, and
added to the confusion and slaughter. Many were driven Note 4 C.
into the forth, and perished there, which, by the way, could
hardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up east Lord of the Isles, my trust in thee
and west; since, in that case, to get at the river, the English Is firm as Ailsa Rock ;
fugitives must have fled through the victorious army. About Rush on with Highlınd suord and targe,
a short mile from the field of battle is a place called the I, with my Carrick spearmen charge.-P. 457.
Bloody Folds. Here the Earl of Gloucester is said to have
made a stand, and died gallantly at the head of his own miliWhen the engagement between the main bodies had lasted tary tenants and vassals. He was much regretted by both some time, Bruce made a decisive movement, by bringing up sides; and it is said the Scottish would gladly have saved his the Scottish reserve. It is traditionally said, that at this cri life, but, neglecting to wear his surcoat with armorial bear. sis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in a phrase used as a.ings over his armour, he fell unknown, after his horse had motto by some of his descendants, "My trust is constant in been stabbed with spears. thee." Barbour intimates, that the reserve" assembled on Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight, contrived to one field," that is, on the same line with the Scottish forces conceal himself during the fury of the pursuit, and when it already engaged ; which leads Lord Hailes to conjecture that was somewhat slackened, approached King Robert. “Whose the Scottish ranks must have been much thinned by slaughter, prisoner are you, Sir Marmaduke?" said Bruce, to whom ho since, in that circumscribed ground, there was room for the was personally known. “ Yours, sir," answered the knight. reserve to fall into the line. But the advance of the Scottish “I receive you," answered the king, and, treating him with cavalry must have contributed a good deal to form the va- the utmost courtesy, loaded him with gifts, and dismissed him cancy occupied by the reserve.
without ransom. The other prisoners were all well treated. There might be policy in this, as Bruce would naturally wish to acquire the good opinion of the English barons, who were at this time at great variance with their king. But it also well accords with his high chivalrous character.
NOTE 4 D.
To arms they flew,-axe, club, or spear,
And mimic ensigns high they rear.-P. 458.
NOTE 4 E. Jies' Hill in the rear, the impression produced upon the English army by the bringing up of the Scottish reserve, and, 01 give their hapless prince his due.-P. 458. prompted by the enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of plunder, assumed, in a tumultuary manner, such arms as they Edward II., according to the best authorities, showed, in found nearest, fastened sheets to tent-poles and lances, and the fatal field of Bannockburn, personal gallantry not unshowed themselves like a new army advancing to battle. worthy of his great sire and greater son. He remained on the
1 Swains.--! Rabble. -8 Kept the provisions.
* Lying.--. Selver... Somewhat.—7 arn-8 Stif.
Meld till forced away by the Earl of Pembroke, when all was nost. He then rode to the Castle of Stirling, and demanded admittance; but the governor, remonstrating upon the imprudence of shutting himselt up in that fortress, which must so soon surrender, he assembled around his person five hundred men-at-arms, and, avoiding the field of battle and the victorious army, fled towards Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas with about sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir Lawrence Abernethy with twenty more, whom Douglas met in Che Torwood upon their way to join the English army, and whom he easily persuaded to desert the defeated monarch, and to assist in the pursuit. They hung upon Edward's flight as far as Dunbar, too few in number to assail him with effect, but enough to harass his retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an instant behind, was instantly slain or made prisoner. Edward's ignominous flight terminated at Dunbar, where the Earl of March, who still professed allegiance to him, “received him full gently." From thence, the monarch of so great an empire, and the late commander of so gallant and numerous an army, escaped to Bam borough in a fishing vessel.
Bruce, as will appear from the following document, lost no time in directing the thunders of Parliamentary censure against such part of his subjects as did not return to their natural allegiance after the battle of Bannockburn.
Sigillum Abbatis de Newbotill
APUD MONASTERIUM DE CAMBUSKENNETH,
TI DIE NOVEMBRIS, M,CCC, XIV.
Sigillum Gilberti de la Haya Constabularii Sco
judicium Reditum apud Kambuskinet contra omnes illos qui
tunc fuerunt contra fulem et pacem Domini Regis.
Anno gracie millesimo tricentisimo quarto decimo sexto die Novembris tenente parliamentum suum Excellentissimo principe Domino Roberto Dei gracia Rege Scottorum Illustri in monasterio de Cambuskyneth concordatum fuit finaliter Judicatum (ac super] hoc statutum de Concilio et Assensu Episcoporum et ceterorum Prelatorum Comitum Baronum et aliorum nobilium regni Scocie nec non et tocius communitatis regni predicti quod omnes qui contra fidem et pacem dicti domini regis in bello seu alibi mortui sunt (vel qui dic) to die ad pacem ejus et fidem non venerant licet sepius vocati et legitime expectati fuissent de terris et tenementis et omni alio statu infra regnum Scocie perpetuo sint exheredati et habeantur de cetero tanquam inimici Regis et Regni ab omni vendicacione juris hereditarii vel juris alterius cujuscunque in posterum pro se et heredibus suis in perpetuum privati Ad perpetuam igitur rei memoriam et evidentem probacionem hujus Judicii et Statuti sigilla Episcoporum et aliorum Prelatorum nec non et comitum Baronum ac ceterorum nobilium dicti Regni presenti ordinacioni Judicio et statuto sunt appensa.
NOTE 4 F.
Nor for De Argentine alone,
Aad rose the death-prayer's awful tone.-P. 459. The remarkable circumstances attending the death of De Argentine have been already noticed (Note L.) Besides this renowned warrior, there fell many representatives of the noblest houses in England, which never sustained a more bloody and disastrous defeat. Barbour says that two hundred pairs of gilded spurs were taken from the field of battle; and that some were left the author can bear witness, who has in his possession a curious antique spur, dug up in the morası, not long since.
“ It wes forsuth a gret ferly,
To se samyn sa fele dede lie.
War tane of knichtis that war deid." I am now to take my leave of Barbour, not without a sincero wish that the public may encourage the undertaking of my friend Dr. Jamieson, who has issued proposals for publishing an accurate edition of his poem, and of blind Harry's Wallace.3 The only good edition of The Bruce was published by
2 Red, or gilded. 3 [The extracts from Barbour in this edition of Sir Walter Dr. Jamieson's Bruce, published, along with Blind Harry's sontt's poeins have been uniformly corrected by the text of Wallace, Edin. 1820, 2 vols. 4to.-ED.
Mr. Pir kerton, in 3 vols., in 1790; and, the learned editor John de Wevelmton,
Thomas de Ferrers, naring had no personal access to consult the manuscript, it is Robert de Nevil,
Radulph and Thomas Bottenot without errors; and it has besides become scarce. Of John de Segrave,
tort, Wallace there is no tolerable edition ; yet these two poems do Gilbert Peeche,
John and Nicholas de King no small honour to the early state of Scottish poetry, and The John de Clavering,
stone, (brothers,) Bruce is justly regarded as containing authentic historical Antony de Lucy,
William Lovel, facts.
Radulph de Camys,
Henry de Wileton, The following list of the slain at Bannockburn, extracted John de Evere,
Baldwin de Frevill, from the continuator of Trivet's Annals, will show the extent Andrew de Abremhyn. John de Clivedon, of the national calamity.
Adomar la Zouche,
John de Mere wode,
The son of Roger Tyrrel, Thomas and Odo Lele Erce
dekene, Knights & Knights Bannerets. Robert de Felton,
Giles de Beauchamp,
Robert Beaupel, (the son,) Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- Michael Poyning,
John de Cyfrewast,
John Mautravers, (the son, ) cester, Edmund Maulley. John Bluwet,
William and William Giffard, Robert de Clifford,
and 34 other knights, not Payan Tybetot,
named by the historian. William Le Mareschal, Henry de Boun,
Bartholomew de Enefeld,
Thomas de Ufford,
And in sum there were slain, along with the Earl of Glouces-
ter, forty-two barons and bannerets. The number of earls, Nicolas de Hasteleigh, Walter de Hakelut,
barons, and bannerets made captive, was twenty-two, and William Dayncourt, Philip de Courtenay,
sixty-eight knights. Many clerks and esquires were also Ægidius de Argenteyne, Hugo de Scales,
there slain or taken. Roger de Northburge, keeper of the Edmond Comyn, Radulph de Beauchamp,
king's signet, (Custos Targiæ Domini Regis,) was made priJohn Lovel, (the rich,) John de Penbrigge,
soner with his two clerks, Roger de Wakenfelde and Thomas Edmund de Hastynge, With 33 others of the same
de Switon, upon which the king caused a seal to be made, Milo de Stapleton, rank, not named.
and entitled it his privy seal, to distinguish the same from Simon Ward,
the signet so lost. The Earl of Hereford was exchanged
against Bruce's queen, who had been detained in captivity PRISONERS.
ever since the year 1306. The Targia, or signet, was restored
to England through the intercession of Ralph de Monthermer, Barons and Baronets. Marmaduke de Twenge, ancestor of Lord Moira, who is said to have found favour in Henry de Boun, Earl of Here John de Wyletone,
the eyes of the Scottish king.-Continuation of TRIVET'S AN ford, Robert de Maulee,
nals, Hall's edil. Oxford, 1712, vol. ii., p. 14. Lord John Giffard, Henry Fitz-Hugh,
Such were the immediate consequences of the field of BanWilliam de Latimer, Thomas de Gray,
nockburn. Its more remote effects, in completely establishMaurice de Berekley,
Walter de Beauchamp, ing the national independence of Scotland, afford a boundless Ingelram de Umfraville, Richard de Charon,
field for speculation.
The field of Waterloo:
“Though Valois braved young Edward's gentle hand,
And Albert rush'd on Henry's way-worn band,
DUCHESS OF WELLINGTON,
PRINCESS OF WATERLOO,
&c. &c. &c.
THE FOLLOWING VERSES
ARE MOST RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED
ADVERTISEMENT. It may be some apology for the imperfections of this poem, that it was composed hastily, and during a short tour upon the Continent, when the Author's labours were liable to frequent interruption; but its best apology is, that it was written for the purpose of assisting the Waterloo Subscription.
The field of Umaterloo.
We yet may hear the hour
From proud St. Michael's tower;
For many a league around,
Of tangled forest ground.
For access seeks in vain;
Nor sun, nor air, nor rain.
| Published by Constable & Co. in October 1815. 8vo. 59. tal in Shakspeare's 'As you Like it.' It is also celebrated in 9 "The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a remnant of the Tacitus as being the spot of successful defence by the Germaan forest of Ardennes, famous in Boiardo's Orlando, and immor-against the Roman encroachments."-.Byron.