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Castle of Alingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until re- “ Angus Og," says an ancient manuscript translated from lieved by Allaster Mac-Donald (Colquitto), who had been de the Gaelic, “son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, son of Ronald. tached for the purpose by Montrose. These particulars are son of Somerled, high chief and superior Lord of Innisgall, (or hardly worth mentioning, were they not connected with the the Isles of the Gael, the general name given to the Hebrides,) memorable successes of Montrose, related by an eyewitness, he married a daughter of Cunbui, namely, Cathan; she was end hitherto unknown to Scottish historians.

mother to John, son of Angus, and with her came an unusua: portion from Ireland, viz. twenty-four clans, of whom twentyfour families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants are called Clan-Ean of Glencoe, and the M'Donalds of Fraoch. This Angus Og died in Isla, where his body was interred. His son

John succeeded to the inheritance of Innisgall. He had good NOTE F.

descendants, namely, three sons procreate of Ann, daughter The heir of mignty Somerled.-P. 412.

of Rodric, high chief of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, mar

ried to John Maclean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his Somerled was thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, about brother, Laird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to have exer

the Black Nuns. The eldest sons of John were Ronald, Godcised his authority in both capacities, independent of the frey, and Angus.

He gave Ronald a great inhericrown of Scotland, against which he often stood in hostility. tance. These were the lands which he gave him, viz. from He made various incursions upon the western lowlands during Kilcumin in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from thence to the reign of Malcolm IV., and seems to have made peace with Beilli, north of Eig and Rum, and the two Vists, and from him upon the terms of an independent prince, about the year thence to the foot of the river Glaichan, and threescore long 1157. In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and in-ships. John married afterwards Margaret Stewart, daughter vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary army, to Robert Stewart, King of Scotland, called John Fernyear; collected in the isles, in the mainland of Argyleshire, and in she bore him three good sons, Donald of the Isles, the heir, the neighbouring provinces of Ireland. He was defeated and John the Tainister, (i. e. Thane,) the secoad son, and Alexblain in an engagement with a very inferior force, near Ren- ander Carrach. John had another son called Marcus, oi frew. His son Gillicolane fell in the same battle. This mighty whom the clan Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descendchieftain married a daughter of Olaus, King of Man. From ed. This John lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; him our genealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in he covered the chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of Finlagam, the stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the Isles and the chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and gave the proper descended from his elder son Ronald, -and the Lords of Lorn, furniture for the service of God, upholding the clergy and who took their sirname of M‘Dougal, as descended of his se- monks; he built or repsired the church of the Holy Cross imcond son Dougal. That Somerled's territories upon the main- mediately before his death. He died at his own castle of land, and upon the islands, should have been thus divided Ardtorinish, many priests and monks took the sacrament at between his two sons, instead of passing to the elder exclu- his funeral, and they embalmed the body of this dear man, sively, may illustrate the uncertainty of descent among the and brought it to Icolumkill ; the abbot, monks, and vicar, greit Highland families, which we shall presently notice. came as they ought to meet the King of Fiongal, and out of

great respect to his memory mourned eight days and nights over it, and laid it in the same grave with his father, in the church of Oran, 1380.

“ Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in his father's lifetime, and was old in the government at his father's

death. NOTE G.

assembled the gentry of Isles, brought the sceptre Lord of the Isles.-P. 412.

from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his brother Donald,

who was thereupon called M‘Donald, and Donald Lord of tho The represeutative of this independent principality, for such Isles, contrary to the opinion of the men of the Isles. It seems to have been, though acknowledging occasionally the “ Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great sup. pre-eminence of the Scottish crown, was, at the period of the porter of the church and clergy; his descendants are called poem, Angus, called Angus Ug; but the name has been, eu- Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma, in Uist, to the phoniæ gratia, exchanged for that of Ronald, which frequently minister of it for ever, for the honour of God and Columkill; occurs in the genealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert he was proprietor of all the lands of the north along the coast Bruce, whom he received in his Castle of Dunnaverty, during and the isles; he died in the year of Christ 1386, in his own the time of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable mansion of Castle Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the to censure for attempting to decide a controversy which has Isles, son of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, long existed between three distinguished chieftains of this fa- took possession of Inisgall by the consent of his brother and the mily, who have long disputed the representation of the Lord gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him : he married of the Isles, or for leaving a question of such importance alto- Mary Lesley, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and by her came Bether untouched, I choose, in the first place, to give such in the earldom of Ross to the M'Donalds. After his succession formation as I have been able to 'lerive from Highland genea- to that earldom, he was called M‘Donald, Lord of the Isles logists, and which, for those who have patience to investigate and Earl of Ross. There are many things written of him in such subjects, really contains some curious information con other places. cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I shall “He fought the battle of Garioch (i.e. Harlaw) against Duke offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession at that period, Murdoch, the governor, the Earl of Mar commanded the without pretending to decide their bearing upon the question army, in support of his claim to the earldom of Ross, which at issue, which must depend upon evidence which I have had was ceded to him by King James the First, after his release no opportunity to examine.

from the King of England; and Duke Murdoch, his two ront

· Western Isles and adjacent coast.

2 Janiegal.

and retainers, were beheaded : he gave lands in Mull and Isla and Mac-Leod of the Lewis, and many of the gentry of the to the minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister Isles, rose with him: they went by the promontory of Ardof lona had formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver to namurchan, where they met Alexander, the son of John CaColumkill for the monastery, and became himself one of the thanach, were reconciled to him, he joined his men with theirg fraternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Innisgall and Ross, against Mac-Cean of Ardnamarchan, came upon him at a namely, Alexander, the son of Donald : he died in Isla, and place called the Silver Craig, where he and his three sons, and his body was interred in the south side of the temple of Oran. a great number of his people, were killed, and Donald Galda Alexander, called John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the was immediately declared Mac-Donald: And, after the af Isles, son of Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of fair of Ardnam rchan, all the men of the Isles yielded to him, John, son of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son but he did not live above seven or eight weeks after it ; he of Allan, which connexion caused some disagreement betwixt died at Carnaborg, in Mull, without issue. He had three the two families about their marches and division of lands, sisters' daughters of Alexander, son of Archibald, who were the one party adhering to Angus, and the other to John: the portioned in the north upon the continent, but the earldom of differences increased so much that John obtained from Allan Ross was kept for them. Alexander, the son of Archibald, all the lands betwixt Abhan Fuhda (i. e. the long river) and had a natural son, called John Cam, of whom is descended old na sionnach (i.e. the fox-burn brook,) in the upper part Achnacoichan, in Ramoeh, and Donald Gorm, son of Ronald, of Cantyre. Allan went to the king to complain of his son-in-son of Alexander Duson, of John Cam. Donald Du, son of law; in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great Angus, son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of Inver- son of Donald of the Isles, son of John of the Isles, son of An. ness, where he was murdered by his own harper Mac-Cairbre, gus Og, namely, the true heir of the Isles and Ross, came by cutting his throat with a long knife. He I lived a year after his release from captivity to the Isles, and convened the thereafter, and many of those concerned were delivered up to men thereof, and he and the Earl of Lennox agreed to raise a the king. Angus's wife was pregnant at the time of his mur- great army for the purpose of taking possession, and a ship der, and she bore him a son who was named Donald, and came from England with a supply of money to carry on the called Donald Du. He was kept in confinement until he was war, which landed at Mull, and the money was given to Mac. chirty years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenco, Lean of Duart to be distributed among the commanders of the by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he came to the army, which they not receiving in proportion as it should have Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. There happened been distributed among them, caused the army to disperse, great feuds betwixt these families while Donald Du was in which, when the Earl of Lennox heard, he disbanded his own confinement, insomuch that Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan de- men, and made it up with the king. Mac-Donald went to Irestroyed the greatest part of the posterity of John Mor of the land to raise men, but he died on his way to Dublin, at DrogIsles and Cantyre. For John Cathanach, son of John, son of heda, of a fever, without issue of either sons or daughters." Donald Balloch, son of John Mor, son of John, son of Angus Og, In this history may be traced, though the Bard, or Seanthe chief of the descendants of John Mor,) and John Mor, son nachie, touches such a delicate discussion with a gentle hand, of John Cathanach, and young John, son of John Cathanach, the point of difference between the three principal septs deand young Donald Balloch, son of John Cathanach, were scended from the Lords of the Isles. The first question, and treacherously taken by Mac-Cean in the island of Finlagan, one of no easy solution, where so little evidence is produced, in Isla, and carried to Edinburgh, where he got them hanged respects the nature of the connexion of John, called by the at the Burrow-muir, and their bodies were buried in the Archdean of the Isles “the Good John of Ila," and " the last Church of St. Anthony, called the New Church. There were Lord of the Isles," with Anne, daughter of Roderick Macnone left alive at that time of the children of John Cathanach, Dougal, high-chief of Lorn. In the absence of positive eviexcept Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, and Agnes dence, presumptive must be resorted to, and I own it appears Flach, who concealed themselves in the glens of Ireland. to render it in the highest degree improbable that this conMac-Cean, hearing of their hiding-places, went to cut down nexion was otherwise than legitimate. In the wars between the woods of these glens, in order to destroy Alexander, and David II. and Edward Baliol, John of the Isles espoused the extirpate the whole race. At length Mac-Cean and Alex-Baliol interest, to which he was probably determined by his ander met, were reconciled, and a marriage alliance took alliance with Roderick of Lorn, who was, from every family place; Alexander married Mac-Cean's daughter, and she predilection, friendly to Baliol and hostile to Bruce. It seems brought him good children. The Mac-Donalds of the north absurd to suppose, that between two chiefs of the same dehad also descendants; for, after the death of John, Lord of the scent, and nearly equal power and rank, (though the MacIsles Earl of Ross, and the murder of Angus, Alexan-Dougals had been much crushed by Robert Bruce,) such a der, the son of Archibald, the son of Alexander of the Isles, connexion should have been that of concubinage; and it aptook possession, and John was in possession of the earldom of pears more likely that the tempting offer of an alliance with Ross, and the north bordering country; he married a daughter the Bruce family, when they had obtained the decided suppof the Earl of Moray, of whom some of the men of the north riority in Scotland, induced "the Good John of Ila" to dishad descended. The Mac-Kenzies rose against Alexander, inherit, to a certain extent, his eldest son Ronald, who came and fought the battle called Blar na Paire. Alexander had of a stock so unpopular as the Mac-Dougals, and to call to only a few of the men of Ross at the battle. He went after his succession his younger family, born of Margaret Stuart, that battle to take possession of the Isles, and sailed in a ship daughter of Robert, afterwards King of Scotland. The setting to the south to see if he could find any of the posterity of John aside of this elder branch of his family was most probably a Mor alive, to rise along with him; but Mac-Cean of Ardna- condition of his new alliance, and his being received into murcban watched nin as he sailed past, followed him to Oran- favour with the dynasty he had always opposed. Nor were say and Colonsay, went to the house where he was, and he the laws of succession at this early period so clearly underand Alexander, son of John Cathanach, murdered him there. stood as to bar such transactions. The numerous and strange

“A good while after these things fellout, Donald Galda, sou claims set up to the crown of Scotland, when vacant by the of Alexander, son of Archibald, became major; he, with the death of Alexander III., make it manifest how very little the advice and direction of the Earl of Moray, came to the Isles, indefeasible hereditary right of primogeniture was valued at

that period. In fact, the title of the Bruces themselves to the crown, though justly the most popular, when assumed with

the determination of asserting the independence of Scotland, I The murderer, I presume, not the man who was mur- was, upon pure principle, çreatly inferior to that of Baliol. dered.

For Bruce, the competitor, claimed as son of Isabella, second daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon ; and John Baliol, as slain at Renfrew, in 1164. This son obtained the succession grandson of Margaret, the elder daughter of that same earl. of his mainland territories, comprehending the greater part of So that the plea of Bruce was founded upon the very loose the three districts of Lorn, in Argyleshire, and of course inight idea, that as the great-grandson of David I., King of Scotland, rather be considered as petty princes than feudal barons. and the nearest collateral relation of Alexander III., he was They assumed the patronymic appellation of Mac-Dougal, by entitled to succeed in exclusion of the great-great-grandson of which they are distinguished in the history of the middle ages. the same David, though by an elder daughter. This maxim sa- The Lord of Lorn, who flourished during the wars of Bruce, voured of the ancient practice of Scotland, which often called was Allaster (or Alexander) Mac-Dougal, called Allaster of a brother to succeed to the crown as nearer in blood than a Argyle. He had married the third daughter of John, called grand-child, or even a son of a deceased monarch. But, in the Red Comyn, who was slain by Bruce in the Dominican truth, the maxims of inheritance in Scotland were sometimes Church at Dumfries, and hence he was a mortal enemy of derarted from at periods when they were much more dis- that prince, and more than once reduced him to great straits tinctly understood. Such a transposition took place in the during the early and distressed period of his reign, as we shall family of Hamilton, in 1513, when the descendants of James, have repeated occasion to notice. Bruce, when he began to third Lord, by Lady Janet Home, were set aside, with an ap- obtain an ascendency in Scotland, took the first opportunity panage of great value indeed, in order to call to the succes- in his power to requite these injuries. He marched into sion those which he had by a subsequent marriage with Janet Argyleshire to lay waste the country. John of Lorn, son of Beatoun. In short, many other examples might be quoted the chieftain, was posted with his followers in the formidable to show that the question of legitimacy is not always deter- pass between Dalmally and Bunawe. It is a narrow path mined by the fact of succession; and there seems reason to along the verge of the huge and precipitous mountain, called believe, that Ronald, descendant of “ John of Ila,' by Anne of Cruachan-Ben, and guarded on the other side by a precipice Lorn, was legitimate, and therefore Lord of the Isles de jure, overhanging Loch Awe. The pass seems to the eye of a solthough de facto his younger half-brother Donald, son of his dier as strong, as it is wild and romantic to that of an ordinary father's second marriage with the Princess of Scotland, super-traveller. But the skill of Bruce had anticipated this diffiseded him in his right, and apparently by his own consent. culty. While his main body, engaged in a skirmish with the From this Donald so preferred is descended the family of men of Lorn, detained their attention to the front of their Sleat, now Lords Mac-Donald. On the other hand, from position, James of Douglas, with Sir Alexander Fraser, Sir Ronald, the excluded heir, upon whom a very large appanage William Wiseman, and Sir Andrew Grey, ascended the mounwas settled, descended the chiefs of Glengary and Clanronald, tain with a select body of archery, and obtained possession of each of whom had large possessions and a numerous vassal- the heights which commanded the pass. A volley of arrows age, and boasted a long descent of warlike ancestry. Their descending upon them directly warned the Argyleshire men common ancestor Ronald was murdered by the Earl of Ross, of their perilous situation, and their resistance, which had at the Monastery of Elcho, A.D. 1346. I believe it has been hitherto been bold and manly, was changed into a precipitate subject of fierce dispute, whether Donald, who carried on the flight. The deep and rapid river of Awe was then (we learn line of Glengary, or Allan of Moidart, the ancestor of the cap- the fact from Barbour with some surprise) crossed by a bridge. tains of Clanronald, was the eldest son of Ronald, the son of This bridge the mountaineers attempted to demolish, but John of Isla. A humble Lowlander may be permitted to waive Bruce's followers were too close upon their rear; they were, the discussion, since a Sennachie of no small note, who wrote therefore, without refuge and defence, and were dispersed in the sixteenth century, expresses himself upon this delicate with great slaughter. John of Lorn, suspicious of the event, topic in the following words :

had early betaken himself to the galleys which he had upon “I have now given you an account of every thing you can the lake; but the feelings which Barbour assigns to him, expect of the descendants of the clan Colla, li. e. the Mac-while witnessing the rout and slaughter of his followers, exDonalds,) to the death of Donald Du at Drogheda, namely, culpate him from the charge of cowardice. the true line of those who possessed the Isles, Ross, and the mountainous countries of Scotland. It was Donald, the son

“ To Jhone off Lorne it suld displese of Angus, that was killed at Inverness, (by his own harper

I trow, quhen he his men mycht se, Mac-i'Cairbre,) son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander,

Owte off his schippis fra the se, son of Donald, son of John, son of Angus Og. And I know

Be slayne and chassyt in the hill, not which of his kindred or relations is the true heir, except

That he mscht set na help thar till. these five sons of John, the son of Angus Og, whom I here set

Bot it angrys als gretumly, down for you, namely, Ronald and Godfrey, the two sons of

To gud hartis that ar worthi, the daughter of Mac-Donald of Lorn, and Donald and John

To se thar fayis fulfill thair will Mor, and Alexander Carrach, the three sons of Margaret

As to thaim selff to thole the ill."-B. vii., v. 39+ Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, King of Scotland."Leabhar Dearg.

After this decisive engagement, Bruce laid waste Argyleshire, and besieged Dunstaffnage Castle, on the western shore of Lorn, compelled it to surrender, and placed in that principal

stronghold of the Mac-Dougals a garrison and governor of his ΝΟΕ Η.

own. The elder Mac-Dougal, now wearied with the contest,

submitted to the victor; but his son, “rebellious," says Bar. -The House of Lorn.-P. 412.

bour, "as he wont to be," Aled to England by sea. When the

wars between the Bruce and Baliol factions again broke out The House of Lorn, as we observed in a former note, was, in the reign of David II., the Lords of Lorn were again found like the Lord of the Isles, descended from a son of Somerled, upon the losing side, owing to their hereditary enmity to the

1 The aunt, according to Lord Hailes. But the genealogy is distinctly given by Wyntoun :

Tuk, and weddyt til hyo wyf,
And on hyt he gat in-til hys lyfe
Jhon of Lorne, the quhilk gat

Ewyn of Lorne eftyr that.”
WYNTOUX Chronicle, Book viii. Chap.

The thryd donchtyr of Red Cwmyn,

Alysa wndyr of Argayle syne


house of Bruce. Accordingly, apon the issue of that contest, suing her wake through the darkness. These phosphoric apthey were deprived by David II. and his successor of by far pearances, concerning the origin of which naturalists are not the greater part of their extensive territories, which were con- agreed in opinion, seem to be called into action by the rapid ferred upon Stewart, called the Knight of Lorn. The house motion of the ship through the water, and are probably owing of Mac-Dougal continued, however, to survive the loss of to the water being saturated with fish-spawn, or other animal power, and affords 3 very rare, if not a unique, instance of a substances. They remind one strongly of the description of family of such unlimited power, and so distinguished during the sea-snakes in Mr. Coleridge's wild, but highly poetical bal. the middle ages, surviving the decay of their grandeur, ar, lad of the Ancient Mariner :flourishing in a private station. The Castle of Dunolly, near Oban, with its dependencies, was the principal part of what

“ Beyond the shadow of the ship remained to them, with their right of chieftainship over the

I watch'd the water-snakes, families of their name and blood. These they continued to

They moved in tracks of shining white, enjoy until the year 1715, when the representative incurred

And when they rear'd, the elvish light the penalty of forfeiture, for his accession to the insurrection

Fell off in hoary flakes." of that period ; thus losing the remains of his inheritance, to replace upon the throne the descendants of those princes, whose accession his ancestors had opposed at the expense of their feudal grandeur. The estate was, however, restored about 1745, the father of the present proprietor, whom family experience had taught the hazard of interfering with

the established government, and who remained quiet upon
that occasion. He therefore regained his property when many

The dark fortress.-P. 416.
Highland chiefs lost theirs.
Nothing can be more wildly beautiful than the situation of

The fortress of a Hebridean chief was almost always on the Dunolly. The ruins are situated upon a bold and precipitous sea-shore, for the facility of communication which the ocean promontory, overhanging Loch Etive, and distant about a milu afforded. Nothing can be more wild than the situations which from the village and port of Oban. The principal part which they chose, and the devices by which the architects endearemains is the donjon or keep; but fragments of other build-voured to defend them. Narrow stairs and arched vaults ings, overgrown with ivy, attest that it had been once a place were the usual mode of access; and the drawbridge appears of importance, as large apparently as Artornish or Dunstaff- at Dunstaffnage, and elsewhere, to have fallen from the gate nage. These fragments enclose a courtyard, of which the keep of the building to the top of such a staircase ; so that any one probably formed one side; the entrance being by a steep as- advancing with hostile purpose, found himself in a cent from the neck of the isthmus, formerly cut across by a posed and precarious elevation, with a gulf between him and moat, and defended doubtless by outworks and a drawbridge. the object of his attack. Beneath the castle stands the present mansion of the family, These fortresses were guarded with equal care. The duty having on the one hand Loch Etive, with its islands and moun

of the watch devolved chiefly upon an officer called the Cocktains, on the other two romantic eminences tufted with copse- man, who had the charge of challenging all who approached wood. There are other accompaniments suited to the scene;

the castle. The very ancient family of Mac-Niel of Barra kept in particular, a huge upright pillar, or detached fragment of this attendant at their castle about a hundred years ago. Marthat sort of rock called plum-pudding stone, upon the shore, tin gives the following account of the difficulty which attended about a quarter of a mile from the castle. It is called Clach- his procuring entrance there :-“The little island Kismul lies na-cau, or the Dog's Pillar, because Fingal is said to have used about a quarter of a mile from the south of this isle (Barra) ; it as a stake to which he bound his celebrated dog Bran. it is the seat of Mackneil of Barra; there is a stone wall round Others say, that when the Lord of the Isles came upon a it two stories high, reaching the sea ; and within the wall visit to the Lord of Lorn, the dogs brought for his sport were there is an old tower and an hall, with other houses about it. kept beside this pillar. Upon the whole, a more delightful There is a little magazine in the tower, to which no stranger and romantic spot can scarce be conceived ; and it receives a has access. I saw the officer called the Cockman, and an old moral interest from the considerations attached to the resi- cock he is ; when I bid him ferry me over the water to the dence of a family once powerful enough to confront and de- island, he told me that he was but an inferior officer, his bufeat Robert Bruce, and now sunk into the shade of private siness being to attend in the tower; but if (says he) the conlife. It is at present possessed by Patrick Mac-Dougal, Esq., stable, who then stood on the wall, will give you access, I'll the lineal and undisputed representative of the ancient Lords ferry you over. I desired him to procure me the constable's of Lorn. The heir of Dunolly fell lately in Spain, fighting permission, and I would reward him; but having waited some under the Duke of Wellington,-a death well becoming his hours for the constable's answer, and not receiving any, I was ancestry.

obliged to return without seeing this famous fort. Mackneil and his lady being absent, was the cause of this difficulty, and of my not seeing the place. I was told some weeks after, that the constable was very apprehensive of some design I might have in viewing the fort, and thereby to expose it to the corrquest of a foreign power; of which I supposed there was no

great cause of fear." NOTE I.

tate of ex

Awaked before the rushing prow,
The mimic fires of ocean glow,
Those lightnings of the wave.-P. 414.

The phenomenon called by sailors Sea-fire, is one of the
most beautiful and interesting which is witnessed in the He-

That keen knight, De Argentine.-P. 417. brides. At times the ocean appears entirely illuminated around the vessel, and a long train of lambent coruscations Sir Egidius, or Giles de Argentine, was one of the most acare perpetually bursting upon the sides of the vessel, or pur-complished knights of the period. He had served in the war of Henry of Luxemburg with such high roputation, that he i The family tradition bears that it was the property of Noi. was, in popalar estimation, the third worthy of the age. Those Ghlune-dhu, or Black-knee. But who this Neil was, no one to whom fame assigned precedence over him were, Henry of pretends to say. Around the edge of the cup is a legend, per Luxemburg himself, and Robert Bruce. Argentine had warred fectly legible, in the Saxon black-letter, which seems to run in Palestine, encountered thrice with the Saracens, and had thus : slain two antagonists in each engagement: an easy matter, he said, for one Christian knight to slay two Pagan dogs. His Ufo : Johis: Mich: || Mgn : Pucipis :Be: 1! death corresponded with his high character. With Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, he was appointed to attend im- Hr: Manae : Vich : || Liahia : Mgryneil : || mediately upon the person of Edward II. at Bannockburn. Et: Spat: Bo:Jhu:Ba://Clea:Jndra Jpa:11 When the day was utterly lost they forced the king from the Fecit : And: Di:Jr: 930 Onili • Oimi:ll field. De Argentine saw the king safe from immediate danger, and then took his leave of him; “God be with you, sir," ne said, “it is not my wont to fly." So saying, he turned his The inscription may run thus at length: Ufo Johanis Mich horse, cried his war-cry, plunged into the midst of the comba- Magni Principis de Hr Manae Vich Liahia Msagryneil et spe. tants, and was slain. Baston, a rhyming monk who had been rat Domino Inesu dari clementiam illorum opera. Fecit Anno brought by Edward to celebrate his expected triumph, and Domini 993 Onili Oimi. Which may run in English: Ufo who was compelled by the victors to compose a poem on his the son of John, the son of Magnus, Prince of Man, the granddefeat, mentions with some feeling the death of Sir Giles de

son of Liahia Macgryneil, trusts in the Lord Jesus that their Argentine :

works (i. e. his own and those of his ancestors) will obtain

mercy. Oneil Oimi made this in the year of God nine hun. Nobilis Argenten, pugil inclyte, dulcis Egidi,

dred and ninety-three. Vix scieram mentem cum le succumbere vidi.

But this version does not include the puzzling letters HR

before the word Manae. Within the mouth of the cup the The first line mentions the three chief requisites of a true

letters Jhs. (Jesus) are repeated four times. From this knight, noble birth, valour, and courteousness. Few Leonine and other circumstances it would seem to have been a chacouplets can be produced that have so much sentiment. Ilice. This circumstance may perhaps account for the use of wish that I could have collected more ample memorials con- the two Arabic numerals 93. These figures were introduced cerning a character altogether different from modern manners. by Pope Sylvester, A.D. 991, and might be used in a vessel Sir Giles d'Argentine was a hero of romance in real life.” So formed for church service so early as 993. The workmanship nbserves the excellent Lord Hailes.

of the whole cup is extremely elegant, and resembles, I am told, antiques of the same nature preserved in Ireland.

The cups, thus elegantly formed, and highly valued, were by no means utensils of mere show. Martin gives the following account of the festivals of his time, and I have heard similar instances of brutality in the Lowlands at no very distant period.

“ The manner of drinking used by the chief men of the Isles NOTE N.

is called in their language Streah, i. e. a Round; for the com

pany sat in a circle, the cup-bearer filled the drink round to Fill me the mighty cup!" he said,

them, and all was drank out, whatever the liquor was, whe“ Erst owon'd by royal Somerled."-P. 417.

ther strong or weak; they continued drinking sometimes

twenty-four, sometimes forty-eight hours: It was reckoned a A Hebridean drinking cup, of the most ancient and curious piece of manhood to drink until they became drunk, and workmanship, has been long preserved in the castle of Dun- there were two men with a barrow attending punctually on vegan, in Skye, the romantic seat of Mac-Leod of Mac-Leod, such occasions. They stood at the door until some became the chief of that ancient and powerful clan. The horn of drunk, and they carry'd them upon the barrow to bed, and Rorie More, preserved in the same family, and recorded by returned again to their post as long as any continued fresh, Dr. Johnson, is not to be compared with this piece of anti- and so carried off the whole company, one by one, as they quity, which is one of the greatest curiosities in Scotland. The became drunk. Several of my acquaintance have been witfollowing is a pretty accurate description of its shape and di- nesses to this custom of drinking, but it is now abolished." mensions, but cannot, I fear, be perfectly understood without This savage custom was not entirely done away within this a drawing.

last generation. I have heard of a gentleman who happened This very curious piece of antiquity is nine inches and three to be a water-drinker, and was permitted to abstain from the quarters in inside depth, and ten and a half in height on the strong potations of the company. The bearers carried away outside, the extreme measure over the lips being four inches one man after another, till no one was left but this Scottish and a half. The cup is divided into two parts by a wrought Mirglip. They then came to do him the same good office, ledge, beautifully ornamented, about three-fourths of an inch which, however, he declined as unnecessary, and proposed to In breadth. Beneath this ledge the shape of the cup is walk to his bedroom. It was a permission he could not obrounded off, and terminates in a flat circle, like that of a tea- tain. Never such a thing had happened, they said, in the cascup; four short feet support the whole. Above the project-tle! that it was impossible but he must require their assistIng ledge the shape of the cup is nearly square, projecting ance, at any rate he must submit to receive it; and carried outward at the brim. The cup is made of wood, (oak to all him off in the barrow accordingly. A classical penalty was appearance,) but most curiously wrought and embossed with sometimes imposed on those who balked the rules of good feisilver work, which projects from the vessel. There are a lowship by evading their share of the banquet. number of regular projecting sockets, which appear to have author continues : been set with stones; two or three of them still hold pieces of " Among persons of distinction it was reckoned ad affront coral, the rest are empty. At the four corners of the project put upon any company to broach a piece of wine, ale, or aquaing ledge, or cornice, are four sockets, much larger, probably vitæ, and not to see it all drank out at one meeting. If any for pebbles or precious stones. The workmanship of the sil- man chance to go out from the company, though but for a few Ter is extremely elegant, and appears to have been highly minutes, he is obliged, upon his return, and before he take ided. The ledge. brim, and legs of the cup are of silver. his scat, to make an apology for his absence in rhyme; whirl

The game

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