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about a year after entrance) he goes to India or one of the colonies, and will probably be attached to a battalion or regiment. He has opportunities for original work and study of disease.
He is entitled to proceed, after further service in which he displays professional ability and merit, to higher rank in the Service.
Pay and Retirement.-His pay, 14s. per diem, renders him selfsupporting from the time of his entering the Service, and it is increased with each advancement in rank.
Officers in charge of hospitals or selected for special appointments receive increased rates of pay.
After nine years' service he is eligible for a gratuity of £1,000 on retirement, but after twenty years' service he receives a pension of £1 daily.
A special condition attaching to the Service is that at the end of three years' service an officer may retire (receiving a small annual honorarium) and join the Reserve of the corps.
3. INDIAN MEDICAL SERVICE.
Candidates for this Service must be natural-born subjects of His Majesty, of European or East Indian descent, of sound bodily health, and, in the opinion of the Secretary of State for India in Council, in all respects suitable to hold Commission in the Service.
As part of the preliminary proceedings the Candidate is required to produce a certificate showing that he has attended a course of instruction for not less than three months at an ophthalmic hospital or the opthalmic department of a general hospital, which course shall include instruction in the errors of refraction. The Physical Examination, which he must undergo in London, includes specified tests as to the condition of eyesight.
Having satisfied the preliminary requirements the Candidate may be allowed to proceed to the Competitive Examination. Examination.-The subjects and marks are :—
No Candidate shall be considered eligible who shall not have obtained at least one-third of the available marks in each of the above subjects, and one-half of the aggregate marks for all the subjects. No Candidate is allowed to compete more than three
After passing the Examination the successful Candidate will be granted about a month's leave, and will then be required to attend two successive courses, each of two months' duration, at Aldershot and at the Royal Army Medical College, Millbank, respectively. The Candidate's commission as Lieutenant will bear the date on which the result of the Entrance Examination is announced, but his rank will not be gazetted until he has passed a Final Examination which is held at the conclusion of the
Officers appointed to the Service will be placed on one list according to the combined results of the Entrance and Final Examinations. They will be liable for military employment in any part of India, but, with a view to future transfers to civil employment, they will stand posted to one of certain defined civil areas, their allocation being determined upon a consideration of all the circumstances, including, as far as possible, the Candidate's own wishes.
Promotion to higher rank takes place under conditions set forth in the Regulations; thus a Lieutenant may be promoted to a Captaincy on completion of three years' full pay service, etc.
Many posts in civil employ, such as Inspectorships, Commissionerships, Professorships, Bacteriological appointments, etc., are open to Officers who have performed regimental duties in India for a certain period.
Private Practice.-Except when holding administrative grades or special appointments Officers are not debarred from taking private practice.
Pay, Leave, and Pension.—A Lieutenant on probation, from the date of the Entrance Examination, receives 14s. per diem, and on arrival in India, 420 Rs. (R. 1s. 4d.) unemployed pay per mensem, but there are additional allowances. The pay increases with advancement in the Service.
A liberal system of leave with pay is in force, such leave being counted towards length of service.
Officers who have held commissions for not less than a certain period are eligible for retiring pensions according to seniority and rank. Thus, after seventeen years' service the pension is £300 per annum; after twenty-five years' service, £500, and so If Officers are incapacitated from further service in India on account of unfitness caused by duty, invalid pensions may be awarded.
COLONIAL MEDICAL APPOINTMENTS.
Appointments are made by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, whose patronage is, however, restricted to those colonies
and countries which are administered under his direction. These are:
1. West Africa, viz.: Northern and Southern Nigeria, the Gold Coast, Sierre Leone, and the Gambia.
2. East Africa, viz.: The East Africa Protectorate, Uganda, Nyasaland, and Somaliland.
3. The East, viz.: Ceylon, the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, Hong Kong, Weihaiwei, Mauritus, and Seychelles.
4. West India, viz.: British Guiana, Jamaica, Trinidad, the Windward Islands, the Leeward Islands, Barbados, British Honduras, and the Bahamas.
5. Fiji, Cyprus, Malta, Gibraltar, St. Helena, Bermuda, and the Falkland Islands.
(Appointments in the self-governing Dominions, viz.: Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Union of South Africa, and Newfoundland are entirely under the control of the local Governments, and from the Representatives (High Commissioners or Agents General) of these in London information may be obtained. Application for information regarding appointments in Egypt, Aden, Rhodesia, and North Borneo is made to certain officials, companies, etc., as set forth in the Memorandum of the Colonial Office.)
(As the conditions of Service differ in various posts to which appointments may be made the last issued Memorandum must be consulted for detailed information.)
Vacancies occur most regularly and frequently in :
(1) The West African Medical Staff.
(2) The East African Protectorates.
(3) The Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. Qualifications of candidates and mode of application for appointments will be found in the Memoranda issued from time to time by the Colonial Office.
Duties, etc.-In most cases the duties of a Colonial Medical Officer are of a very general character, including Medical, Surgical, and often public health work; rarely Magisterial duties are superadded.
Occupants of certain posts are allowed to engage in private practice. Others are restricted to consulting practice.
Free quarters for Medical Officers or for such as are attached to public institutions are provided in connection with certain posts. Remuneration and Promotion.-The remuneration varies according to the post; it is larger when this is situated in an unhealthy climate. Thus in the East African Protectorate, a Medical Officer receives £400 per annum during probation, rising by annual increments of £20; whilst in the Federated Malay States the commencing salary is £300, rising in that grade to £420.
Length of service, with evidence of ability, lead to promotion to higher positions; these being usually well remunerated.
Leave, Retirement, and Pension.-Leave is granted, usually with full pay, after a specified term of service. This provision is increased for occupants of posts in unhealthy climates.
Provision for payment of over-sea passages is made for Medical Officers holding certain posts.
The retiring age varies from fifty (East African Protectorate) to sixty, but in most of the colonial appointments it is fifty-five. The pension is calculated on length of service and amount of salary at time of retirement or for the average of three years prior to retirement.
Before beginning their preparation for Examinations leading to appointments in the Public Service, intending Candidates are strongly recommended to undergo a Medical Examination.
Note. Since the outbreak of War, many of the foregoing Regulations and arrangements have been in abeyance.
THE PRINCIPAL PIRIE MEMORIAL FUND.
This Fund is intended for the assistance of students of limited means, who have fallen ill while attending the University Classes. Grants will be made in aid of nursing and sick-room necessaries and comforts, but not for medical attendance except in special cases. The Fund is managed by a Committee consisting of the Principal and the Deans of the Faculties.
Applications (which will be treated as private) should be sent to the Secretary of the University, or to the Dean of the Faculty to which the student belongs.