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cal tracts of Johns Hopkins University, edited by Prof. Herbert B. Adams, is inclined to trace in minute detail in American societies the usages of the old world, course for which it has been sharply censured, sometimes by scholars of reputation.

Under these circumstances, if a time were ever likely to arrive when doubtful questions will be any less in doubt, it would be prudent to defer the execution of such a task as the present one until that time. What probability is there, however, that the mighty march of Anglo-Saxondom will in these ages, ever press less confusingly upon the contemporaneous chronicler; or that as regards the past, the discord of authorities will ever be harmonized ? The task is worth executing; the time as propitious as any that is likely to arise. The present writer, fortifying his judgment as he could, has written his book, following the lead . of the scholars most accepted. The numerous footnotes will show, he trusts, that he has not been negligent in his reading. However open to question his conclusions may sometimes appear, they are not, at any rate, hap-hazard, but referable to respectable


The writer desires to express his obligation to a number of helpers. He is indebted to Mr. Goldwin Smith and to Mr. James Bryce for letters expressing sympathy with the main idea he has had at heart, to illustrate, namely, the substantial identity of the great English-speaking nations, in stock, and in the spirit of their social and political institutions, as well as in tongue; and the expediency that these nations should, in John Bright's phrase, become one

people. The writer has received such a letter also from the venerable Sir George Grey of Auckland ,at different times formerly, governor-general of New Zealand, of an Australian province, and of South Africa, and in those high positions so honorably identified with the rise of an English-speaking world in the South Pacific. Dr. W. G. Hammond, Dean of the St. Louis Law School, Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, late librarian of the Boston Public Library, and Prof. W. W. Folwell of the University of Minnesota, have given the writer the benefit of their criticisms upon several of his chapters, and helped him to important books which he could not otherwise have obtained. To Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin, & Co., owners of the copyright of the “Life of Samuel Adams” and “ Life of Young Sir Henry Vane,” the writer is under obligation, for permission to quote from earlier work of his own bearing upon the present subject. Finally, it must be mentioned that this History of AngloSaxon Freedom has been written at the instance of Mrs. Mary Hemenway, of Boston, and is to be regarded as an outgrowth of the work undertaken by her to promote good citizenship and love of freedom, known as the Old South work.


St. Louis, September 21st, 1890.


ence of mind. - Difficult situation of Harold. - Battle Ab-
bey. – The “ Roman de Rou.” — The two armies opposed.

- The minstrel Taillefer. — Dangerous situation of the

Normans. — The wounding of Harold. — The rout of the

Saxons. — A walk to-day over the battle-field

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Deposition of Richard II. Power of Parliament under

Henry IV.- Popularity of Henry V.- Fortescue on the
English constitution. — Sudden decay of the power of Par-



Charters of the East India and Virginia Companies. — Settle-

ment of Jamestown; of Plymouth. --- Revival of ancient
Anglo-Saxon polity in New England. — Submergence in
England of the popular moots. — Methods of Puritan set-
tlement in New England. — The town-meeting. — Repro-
duction of contemporary England in Virginia. - The
parish, the county, the court of Quarter Sessions. —
Scene at the county court. - Reasons for the contrast be-
tween New England and Virginia. — The yeoman settlers
of the former. - The great planters, the slaves, the poor
whites of the South. - Disrepute of labor. – Virtues of
the Virginia society. - Spirit of the House of Burgesses.
- Condition of South Carolina ; of Maryland. — Feudalism
in New York and Pennsylvania. — The popular moot the

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