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almost a dastardly thing to treat it on the common illuminated hours of our first youth have a “piercing level of new books; to ridicule it is like insulting splendor," and at sixteen, Avis has “one of these a lady, and to denounce it like taking advantage of phosphorescent hours.” She stands “ with her a weaker person. But criticism cannot respect such slender thumb piercing her palette," and a “tidal whims as this ; the novel must be judged on its wave of color surges across her face.” Ostrander, own merits, whether the style makes a personally for his part, is supposed to enjoy a winter storm so feminine appeal or not; there are other women much that he “flung himself upon the freezing who know how to write in a style that bears com- rocks, possessed with a kind of fierce but abundant parison with the work of the best men. “The Story joy." It was on this occasion that he saw Avis. of Avis” is about a woman, and she is thus intro- “She stood out against the ice-covered rock like a duced :
creature sprung from it, sculptured, primeval, born
of the storm." Miss Phelps does not lack a satir“ Avis Dobell, sitting in the shadowed corner of the presi ical touch every now and ihen, sometimes rather dent's parlor thai night, had happened to place herself against some very leavy drapery, which clasped two warm arms of too quickly alternating with magniloquent passages, intense color across the chil of a bay-window. The color was but her humor must have descrted her when she that called variously and lawlessly by upholsterers, cranberry, makes Ostrander say, in the very tenderest part of gamet, or ponso; known to artists as carmine. In the
his courtship: gas-light and fire-light of the room the insensate piece of cloth took on a strange and vivid life, and scemed to throb as if it
“Do you see the bees on the wigelia ?" held some inarticu'ated passion, like that of a subject soul. Coy or Barbara would have known better than to have ventured
Perhaps to such botanic souls wigelia is as comtheir complexions against this trying background. Avis went mon as clover. They certainly would never descend to it as straight as a bird to a light-house on a dark night. to “ Dutchman's breeches.” Perhaps only they can She would have beaten herself against that color, like thos:
fully understand the beauty of a sentiment like the very birds against the glowing glass, and been happy, even if she had beaten her soul out with it as they did."
following. Ostrander has been definitely refused by
Avis, and decides to enlist as a surgeon in the Army Naturally after this Avis must be a great “color- of the Potomac and never return to the college ist.” She has been studying art for many years in
town: “One man would answer as well as another Italy and France, and has just returned to her father, to fill any mold, unless, perhaps the chalices of life; who is professor in a New England college. The and it could hardly be said that the veins of his novel is chiefly concerned with her endeavor and nature throbbed with sacramental wine, only a serfailure to devote herself to her art instead of marry- viceable, secular brand." ing the young tutor, Ostrander, a man with a musical But there is no use multiplying such examples. voice of exquisite modulations, with songs and The author is suffering from the common complaint brooks in it,-a budding professor of geology with called “ gush," and many of her sentences are little looks like “ a young Scandinavian god.” The two
better than those of the authoress of “St. Elmo.” meet, but not for the first time they find, at a highly There are fastidious readers who will be so disæsthetic “Chaucer Club,” where Avis exhibits “a gusted by one such expression that nothing can sketch in charcoal, strongly but not roughly laid in, bring them to an acknowledgment of any good in and preserved by a shellac which lent a soft color, the book. Yet, in spite of these great blemishes, like that of a very old print, to the paper.” The the novel is interesting: -almost absorbing. It is simile just quoted in regard to the light-house and exactly similar in its effect to those women all of the birds who kill then selves, receives an ampli- us have met, who irritate the nerves continually by fication a little further on. Avis being the Latin the redundancy and over-servidress of their talk, for bird, their is an obvious parallel between those yet compel us to listen. Miss Phelps, for all her luckless wild-fowl and Avis who dashes herself unreality and overstraining, does say many good upon her love for Ostrander. So Miss Phelps things that show a knowledge of human nature. writes :
Her very boldness and excess may have an attrac"While the current of these delicate human lives swept
tion, but she also has more deserving qualities. softly on in their elected channels, long waves thundered
She reads women excellently, in spite of the against the harbor light. Miles away through the night alarming pedestal she hoists them upon. The fault some homeless bird took wing for the burning bosom of the of her literary work is not in the conception, but reflector, and straight, straight-led as unerringly as instinct
in the execution. There is a certain likeness in leads, as tenderl, as love corstrains, as brutally as nature cheats, with a glad Nuttering at the delicate throat, with a
style between this book and Robert Buchanan's trustful quiver of the Nashing wings, like the bending of a
“Shadow of the Sword.” In both the limits between harebell, like the breath of an arrow-camc swaying: was prose and poetry are confused, so that it would be tossed, was torn, and fell."
hard to tell whether rhythmical blank verse had Avis and the people about her are cast in a mold | been written out without breakage into lines, or which it is tame to call ideal; they are so superior prose had been forced into the rhythm of poetry. that the mind of New York cowers before them. The adjectives which abound in these pages are Mrs. Burnett's “Surly Tim and other Stories." * equally superior and equally amazing to the hum
In reading most of even our cleverest storydrum intellect. Not only are the attitudes of the girls “ lithe,” but their nails are “ciear cut, cool and
writers, we feel that the places where we are likely conscious; ” their natures have "muscles.” The
* New York: Scribner, Armstrong & Co.
to be disappointed are really the important places.
woman is what endures in all the changing aspects The characters are cleverly described, both in repose of her legal and industrial relations, and to be and in action, but we courteously consider the main refreshed by a glance at literary portraits which points made, rather than strongly feel them. With are charming in themselves and very suggestive of Mrs. Burnett's stories it is otherwise. She su different phases of life and society in which our ceeds best where it is most important to succeed. grandfathers and their parents moved. There may be uncertainty in minor passages, but the The two ladies who edit this volume indicate “main point” is made with unerring accuracy and briefly in the preface the difficulties which they met, with a force that may, without exaggeration, be in endeavoring to secure characteristic figures from called tremendous. Since Bret Harte's first and the original thirteen states for their gallery of heroic best volumes of short stories, there has been no women. They intimate that, while they have failed similar collection published of equal originality and
so far to complete the number, the publication of the power with this. Mrs. Burnett has not as delicate six sketches comprised in this volume may lead to a a touch as is shown in Bret Harte's best work, nor
noble envy which will call out seven other worthy has she as strong and disseminating an individuality companiɔn pieces. Let us be thankful for what we (if we may thus describe the kind of originality have. Miss S. N. Randolph writes the sketch of which gives rise to “schools” in literature), but she Jefferson's daughter, Mrs. Martha Jefferson Ran. has as great, if not greater, dramatic power, and dolph ; Miss Susan Fenimore Cooper, that of Genseems to possess a wider range.
eral Philip Schuyler's wife; Miss Elizabeth Hoar, Indeed, the dramatic intensity of these stories that of Mrs. Samuel Ripley of Massachusetts ; Mrs. might be unendurable were it not relieved by a vivid
Francis W. Fiske, not confining herself to a single and refined humor. To say that there are humor- | character, sketches characteristics of New Hampshire ous passages in “Esmeralda ” and “Lodusky" women; an anonymous writer from South Carolina that Dickens or Harte might be glad to own, is not contributes a brief, picturesque account of Mrs. Re. to say that Mrs. Burnett is an imitator of either. becca Motte, and Mrs. Wister closes the volume It will be interesting to see what sort of a career
with a lively biography of Deborah Logan. this young author makes, with her extraordinary tal
The title of the book, and the fact of its emanating ents. The not unhealthy youthful sentimentality
from a committee, are likely to create a prejudice of her early writings is gradually passing away.
against it in the mind of the reader, somewhat fatigued Her field of observation has widened, and her ob
with patriotic literature and perfunctory reports; but servation itself is more correct. There are some
really the chief objection to the book is the teasing types of character which she has not yet mastered,
manner in which private letters and journals are half and yet has not refrained from writing about; but,
opened and then shut hastily against the too inquisi. if her capacity to “take culture” proves as great in
tive reader. The material is, in most cases, so fresh the future as it has been in the past, Mrs. Burnett will
and piquant that we are ready to protest against so give us books not less heart-compelling than " That insufficient a use. Why should we not have a good Lass o' Lowrie's,” yet of a still firmer and more
hearty book about Mrs. Ripley? Why may we not enduring artistic quality.
see more of Deborah Logan and Sally Wister? Per. Attention should be called to the “ Author's haps it is unfair to grumble as soon as we have finNote,” which
says that“ !
ished the book; but we are sure that every reader and the present volume are the only works issued will rise hungry from the seast. under her name which have been prepared and cor
Better than all, the glimpses given here of the rected for publication in book form under her
diversity of domestic life in our first century make a personal supervision."
thoroughly good contribution to the educative influ
ences of our centennial reminiscences. Such por“Worthy Women of our First Century."* traits as these help us to understand our history and HOWEVER much the next century may amuse give us courage for the future. We are properly itself over our speculative agonies upon woman's solicitous to have an “examination for women place in the universe, there will be some among the successful; but however much general culture may serious-minded, let us hope, who will take pains to
advance, the picture of Mrs. Ripley at once shelling point out that we did not wholly lose sight of certain peas and hearing a recitation in Greek or philosophy practical and real aspects of woman herself. The is likely to make our theories seem at first vague biographical sketches which comprise the volume abstractions. We come back, however, to the more edited by Mrs. Wister and Miss Irwin, and still assuring reflection that the movements in the direcmore, we may add, the plan of the book itself, indi- tion of higher education have no obscure association cate the ideal of womanly excellence held by those with the memory of this worthy woman's achievewho officially represented the sex in the United States at the end of our first century. It is some
Two Books for Children. thing to know, when one is tired of serious discussion and angry over the senseless chatter respecting “The Bodley Family,” under the direction of Mr. women, to be reminded that the womanliness of Ilorace E. Scudder, are in a fair way to be enrolled * Worthy Women of our First Century.
as juvenile classics. The doings of this famous
Edited by Mrs. 0. J. Wister and Miss Agnes Irwin. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippin
family in town and country furnished the material for one of the most delightful books of the season
cott & Co.
of 1875, and in this dainty quarto * we have a fresh
New English Books. collection of stories, verses, poems, and sketches for
LONDON, Oct. 6. the delectation of the children. For that matter, we fancy that there are very few well-read people of
What will turn out probably to be one of the best mature years who will not turn these pages with
books of the season is the first portion of the “ His. delight. Here are many of the prime favorites of tory of England in the Eighteenth Century,” by Wil. our childhood, both in prose and verse. The author
liam Edward Hartpole Lecky, M. A., author of the and editor has combined within his covers some of
“ History of Rationalism,” etc., volumes 1 and 2, the very best selections which it is possible to give | A. D. 1700-1760. This installment, it thus appears, to reading children. Stories of the Northmen,
will extend over more than half the time specified Evangeline and Gabriel, the fight between the “Con
for the history, so that the size of the work will not stitution" and the “ Guerrière," Picciola, and many
be so large as to protract its conclusion beyond a more in prose and rhyme are retold for the Bodley reasonable period, and with the example of Macaulay family, whose comments and doings are naturally in
to take warning by, Mr. Lecky will no doubt avoid terwoven with the author's borrowings. It must not
the fatal mistake of aiming to leave nothing untold. be supposed that the Bodleys are invented for the
It is well known that a history of this period was purpose of having the stories told to them. Far the cherished project of Thackeray, whose “Henry from it; the Bodleys are all very much alive.
Esmond " shows how completely he had imbibed * Phippy," who did not like her name, and who had
the spirit of the Queen Anne writers. A book of a way of putting it aside like a torn dress every now
sterling merit may be expected from Mr. Lecky, and then and arraying herself in a new and more
who is yet a young man, with every advantage of charming one, is a real little girl who has her coun
position, leisure, etc., enabling him to do justice to terpart in more than one family that we know. And any subject he may devote himself to. In public the ingenious “Cousin Ned,” who used to tell opinion, he seems to be generally coupled with Mr. stories in which he accompanied himself with divers Buckle, whose brilliant paradoxes have taken deep mechanical appliances, was not only a capital good hold of younger readers; but as a historian, of fellow, but he much resembled a certain young uncle
whom calm, unbiased judgment, combined with who certainly yet "lives and moves and has his be- exhaustless study of all available material, is required, ing.” The pretty little songs, with music printed for
Mr. Lecky will be placed far above his contempoyoung players and singers, give a new attraction to rary. Other important historical works to be looked the volume. Nor should we fail to notice the pretty,
for speedily are “The Personal Government of though rather bizarre, binding. Of course there are
Charles the First, from the Death of Buckingham to illustrations, plenty of them, big and little, and all the Declaration of the Judges in favor of Shipadmirably designed to tell their own story to the Money, 1628–37,” by Professor S. R. Gardiner of eager eyes that will peruse them.
King's College, 2 volumes : this is another install. Some such another book, though made for children ment of a history of the times preceding the Com. of tenderer years (who are expected to claim the ser- monwealth in England that has steadily won its way vices of their mothers in reading and explanation), in public estimation until the early volumes are is “ Baby Days," + a judiciously collected volume quite unprocurable ; “ History of Rome,” by William of the best things published, principally, in the Ihne, the distinguished German scholar, volume third * Very Little Folks” department of St. NICHOLAS. of the English edition, revised and translated by the When we have said so much it seems as if we had author; “The History of Antiquity,” by Professor said all that was needed to describe the book. Max Duncker, translated by Evelyn Abbott, M. A.,
Mrs. Dodge has again manifested her rare judg- of Baliol College, Oxford; “The History of the ment in making just such a choice for her young Sepoy War in Hindostan,” left unfinished by Sir readers as will be sure to please, and sure to leave the John Kaye, and to be completed by Colonel G. M. bestimpression. And it was a happy thought to gather Matteson, who takes up the narrative from the end into one sheaf the humorous, witty, grave and ten- of the second volume of Sir J. Kaye's work; “Hisder things which have gladdened the hearts of so tory of the War of Frederick the First against the many little people. Here are many first-rate things Communes of Lombardy,” a translation from the like the “Miss Muffett rhymes," " John Bottle
Italian of Chevalier G. B. Testa, revised by the john," and "Grandma's Nap.” The pictures, we
author. The original has been received with high need not say, are wonderfully clever,--for did they distinction on the Continent, and will be valuable in not come out of St. NICHOLAS ? The dress of the England, as throwing light on one of the great book is bright and attractive (the cover having been turning-points of modern history, scarcely treated drawn by Miss Curtis and Mr. Moran from Mr. of by any historian in our language. A book strictly Drake's design), and a glance through the leaves historical, enriched with technical views from a will be sure to fix the wandering fancy of any child competent source, is “Great Campaigns, a Succinct who does not cry for the moon.
Account of the Principal Military Operations in of the English People," and the final completion of “ Adventures of a Thug," ctc.), as well as by a disD'Aubigné's “ History of the Reformation in Europe tinguished professional career. It will be edited in the time of Calvin,” by the issue of the eighth by his daughter, and prepared by Henry Reeve. volume, may be added to this bricf enumeration, as "The Life of Mozart," from the German of Dr. Lud. also “Democracy in Europc,”—"A History,” as wig Nohl, is translated by Lady Wallace, in 2 vol. it is expressly called by the author, Sir Thomas umes, post Svo. The “ Memoir of Dr. Walter Far. Erskine May, whose continuation of “ Hallam's quhar Hook, Dean of Chichester," hy Rev. W. R. Constitutional History” is in all our libraries. Stephens, wil perpetuate the memory of one who In biography a few leading books may be men- stood among the foremost churchmen of his day tioned as forthcoming :-“ The Life and Times of in the promotion and encouragement of all good Sir Robert Walpolc," by A. C. Ewald, Svo; works. “ Memorials of Charlotte Williams Wynn," a lady One of the greatest successes of the year is Captain of the Georgian era, whose “ Diaries of a Lady of Burnaby's dashing “On Horseback through Asia Quality ” were edited by Mr. Hayward, a few years Minor," and this is the case, not from any connection
Europe from 1796 to 1870." The author, Major * The Bodleys Telling Stories. By the Author of "Doings of the Bodley Family in Town and Country," "Dream Chil
Adams, Professor of Military History at the Staff Col. New York: Hurd & Houghton.
lege, not living to complete the work, it is edited from 1 Baby Days. A Col on of Songs, Stories Pictures "for Very Little Folks. With an Introduction by the Editor of
his papers by Captain Cooper King. The longST. NICHOLAS. 300 Illustrations. N, Y.; Scribner & Co. Pp. 189. looked-for library edition of Mr. Green's “ “ History
“ Memoirs of Lord Melbourne," the famous of its subject with the Eastern war, but simply from English premier, by J. McCullagh Torrens, M.P. ; the pleasure derived from a spirited narrative of ad“ The Life of Pius IX.," by Thomas Adolphus venture related with unflagging good humor. Trollope, 2 vols., 8vo. Mr. Trollope's long resi. Mr. Stanley is understood to be engaged in the dence in Italy, and intimate knowledge of the coun- preparation of a narrative of his adventures, though try, well qualify him to do justice to that task; and nothing certain about it may be known until his arrival it seems that authors regard the subject as so prom- herc. Other books of travel are: “The Land of Boising that they seize on it without waiting for the livia, or War, Peace, and Adventure in the Republic of time when it would be more naturally “in order.” | Venezuela," by J. M. Spence; “ Under the Balkans: A similar enterprise with Mr. Carlyle for its theme Notes of a Visit to the District of Philippopolis in has been checked at the desire of the patient. A 1876," by R. Jasper More, crown Svo; “Travels in the “Memoir of King Charles the Twelfth of Sweden,” | Footsteps of Bruce in Algeria and Tunis,” by Lieuintroduces us to a royal author,-his Majesty, Oscar tenant-Colonel Playfair, with fac-simile illustrations the Second, King of Norway and Sweden, who from drawings by Bruce, now first published, taken desires to place the reputation of his illustrious during the time when the great traveler was prepredecessor on a firmer basis than the half mythical paring himself for his Abyssinian exploration, and narrative of Voltaire, who wrote as an artist mainly in districts of North Africa scarcely explored since for effect, without being very solicitous for historical that date; “The Asiatic Provinces of Russia (Cautruth. Foreign literature will be amply reprc- casus, Orenburg and Turkistan)," by Lieutenant sented in many works, as “ The Life and Writings Hugo Sturm, from the German, by Henry Austin of Lessing," by James Sime, M.A., in 2 volumes, Lce, of the Foreign Office; “ Burma, Past and a look intended to rank with the “Lives” of Goethe Present, with Personal Reminiscences of the Counand Schiller, by Lewes and Carlyle, and to furnish try," by Major-General Albert Fytche; “ Pioneeran exhaustive study of the lise and works of the ing in South Brazil: Three Years of Forest and influential, though in England, comparatively littlc. Prairie Life in the Province of Parana," by T. Begg known, scholar. Lessing will also be the subject Wither, and “ Livingstonia: Journal of Adventures of another book, by Miss Helen Zimmern, the in Exploring the Lake Nyassa, and in Establishing biographer of Schopenhauer. “The Autobiography the above Settlement,” by E. D. Young, R. N., and of Madame de Staal (Mdlle. de Launay)" is known Rev. Horace Waller, the Editor of Livingston's last vivid in Journals.
is translated by Miss Selina Bunbury. “ Niccolo to handsome copies of standard books. An elegant Macchiavelli and his Times," is a translation from work comprising both requisites is “ English Pictthe original of Prof. Villani. “ The Life of Wiclif,” ures, Drawn with Pencil and Pen,” by Rev. S. by Gerhard Victor Lechler, is translated from the Manning and Rev. S. G. Green, whose pages will original by Dr. Lorimer. Prof. Lechler's "History awaken reminiscences of many a charming nock of of English Deism ” is referred to as the standard English greencry" and scenes of old renown. authority on the subject by all modern writers, and Young people will find a wealth of amusement in proves the vast acquaintance of the author with “The Christmas Story-Teller: A Medley for the English theological literature, and his competence Season of Turkey and Mince-pie, Pantomime and to do justice to the career of the first Reformer. Pium-pudding, Smiles, Tears and Frolics, Charades, “ The Story of My Lise," by the late Col. Meadows Ghosts and Christmas-trees,” while their scientific Taylor, is an autobiography of a gentleman well tastes will be gratified by a profusely illustrated known by his novels of Hindostance life (“Tara," | little book, “The Home Naturalist."
THE WORLD'S WORK.
Progress in Telephony.
This diaphragm is free to vibrate as it is The speaking telegraph, or telephone, has now
magnetized or demagnetized by the varying elecpassed the experimental stage and is in daily use
trical condition of the electro-magnet. The transfor commercial purposes. There are two forms of mitting apparatus is inclosed in a small box and telephonc. Onc of these is made in the shape of a
has a mouth-piece that carries an exceedingly thin small wooden tube, of a size convenient for the diaphragm of mica, that is free to vibrate within cer
tain limits. hand. At onc end is a mouth-piece that may be
Over this is spread a delicate film placed at the mouth, as a transmitting device for
of rubber, fastened down tightly at the edges. speaking, cr as a receiver, to be held to the car in
This is designed to act as a damper, to check or listening to a message. Within the opening of the dampen the excessive harmonic vibrations that may tube is secured an iron diaphragm, free to vibrate
accompany some sound vibrations sent through the within a limited distance. At the back of this is a
apparatus. At the back of this diaphragm is secured coil of fine wire wound round a bar of soft iron that
a small wad of raw silk that has been rubbed in extends through the wooden handle and is fastened powdered plumbago. This graphite has the propat the opposite end with a set-screw. This coil is erty of vffering less or more resistance to an eleccomposed of insulated wire, and each end passes
trical current passing through it according to the through the wooden handle to screws that may be
pressure to which it may be subjected, and this used to connect it with the line wires. One end property has been made of use in this form of tele. goes to carth, the other to the stations on the cir- phonc. The vibrations of the mica diaphragm, when cuit. At the other end of the line, and at all way.
moved by sound vibrations, change the pressure stations, the same apparatus is employed, and this
upon the mass of graphite lield in the wad of silk, makes all the new machinery required on lines of
and this change of pressure changes its electrical moderate length. On sending a message through
resistance, and these changes of electrical resistance the telephone, the instrument is placed before the c-appear in the clectro-magnct in the receiving mouth and the words are spoken into it. Thc
instrument at the other end of the line. These are vibrations of the voice cause the diaphragm to vibrate,
the novel scatures of this form of telephone, all the and its motion so affects the bar of iron that an
other parts being essentially the same as those used electrical current is developed in the coil, and this
on an ordinary telegraph linc, except that all the current, traversing the line, causes the receiving here intended to make any comparison between
usual Morse instruments may be omitted. It is not instrument to repeat these vibrations on the diaphragm held before the listener's ear. The receiving fact that they are now both available for the ordinary
these two remarkable inventions, but to record the diaphragm gives its vibrations to the air consined
demands of trade and business. Lach transmits within the open end of the instrument and the listener's ear, and he hears the words spoken before
words in any language, casily and clearly, whether the transmitter at the distant end of the line, as a
spoken or sung, sending equally well both tones or
noises. The musical telephone is constructed upon soft but perfectly distinct whisper. The vibrations given to the air are exceedingly delicate and cannot quite another plan, and will be described as soon as be heard much beyond the instrument, but this is proper investigations have been made. Both of the not an inconvenience, as the instrument is casily speaking telephones will transmit concerted vocal held to the car. For way-stations, a loop is made
music and some forms of instrumental music, but,
in this case, cach singer must have a transmitting in the line, and by passing the loop through one of these instruments, every word passing on the linc
apparatus, and only those who hold the receivers
to the car can hear the tones of the united voices. may be heard. For calling attention, a bell signal is used that may be operated at either end of the linc. For branches and central offices, switch-boards,
New Sounding Apparatus. etc., are provided as in ordinary telegraphing. The new sounding apparatus used for deep-sea This style of telephone is reported to work well in sounding on some recent scientific voyages has been sending messages from the lower deeps of coal applied to the comparatively shallow soundings mines to the surface. Hitherto, telegraphs have made on commercial ships and steamers. The not been successful in mines, and, if this report is apparatus consists of a sounding-line 100 fathoms correct, a now field is opened for telephony. Thc long made of fine piano-forte wire. To this is other form of telephone is essentially different in attached a hcavy iron sinker, and above this a brass construction and apparatus. It employs a battery, tube about 60 centimeters long, closed at the botand the transmitting and receiving appliances are tom and fitted with a screw-cap at the top that has quite distinct. The receiving instrument consists a small hole in it so that the water may be admitted of a small electro-magnet inclosed in a wooden box to the tube. Within this is placed a glass tube that may be conveniently held to the car. Before tightly closed at one end and lined on the inside the electro-magnet is a diaphragm of iron, fully with a mixture of starch and red prussiate of potash. exposed so that in use, it may be laid directly against In using the apparatus, it is not necessary to stop