A Treatise on the Culture and Management of Fruit-trees, in which a New Method of Pruning and Training is Fully Described: To which is Added a New and Improved Edition of "Observations on the Diseases, Defects, and Injuries in All Kinds of Fruit and Forest Trees"; with an Account of a Particular Method of Cure

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T.N. Longman and O. Rees, 1802 - 371 páginas
 

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Página i - Observations on the diseases, defects, and injuries in all kinds of fruit and forest trees. " with an account of a particular method of cure.
Página 321 - ... and a sixteenth part of a bushel of pit or river sand : the three last articles are to be sifted fine before they are mixed ; then work them well together with a spade, and afterwards with a wooden beater, until the stuff is very smooth, like fine plaster used for ceilings of rooms.
Página 324 - Composition is found, by experience, to be in a liquid state ; it must, therefore, be reduced to the consistence of a pretty thick paint, by mixing it up with a sufficient quantity of urine and soap-suds, and laid on with a painter's brush. The powder of woodashes and burnt bones is to be applied as before directed, patting it down with the hand.
Página 322 - ... mixed with a sixth part of the same quantity of the ashes of burnt bones ; put it into a tin box, with holes in the top, and shake the powder on the surface of the plaster, till the whole is covered over with it, letting it remain for half an hour, to absorb the moisture ; then apply more powder, rubbing it on gently with the hand, and repeating the application of the powder till the whole plaster becomes a dry smooth surface.
Página 321 - The composition being thus made, care must be taken to prepare the tree properly for its application, by cutting away all the dead, decayed, and injured part, till you come to the...
Página 324 - ... and endanger its being blown down by the wind. It will, therefore, be necessary to leave part of the dead wood, at first, to strengthen the tree, and to cut it out by degrees as the new wood is formed. If there be any canker, or gum oozing, the infected parts...
Página 324 - Composition ; and, as the edges grow, take care not to let the new wood come in contact with the dead, part of which it may be sometimes necessary to leave ; but cut out the old dead wood as the new advances, keeping a hollow between them, to allow the new wood room to extend itself, and thereby fill up the cavity, which it will do in time, so as to make as it were a new tree. If the cavity be large, you may cut away as much at one operation as will be sufficient for three years.
Página 314 - That an humble Addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, that he will be gracioufly pleafed to give Directions, that there be laid...
Página 322 - ... becomes a dry fmooth furface. All trees cut down near the ground fhould have the furface made quite fmooth, rounding it off in a fmall degree, as before mentioned ; and the dry powder directed to be ufed afterwards...
Página 148 - The market-gardeners about London plant them in rows, from eight to ten feet apart from row to row, and six feet from plant to plant, in the rows. In small gardens I would recommend planting them in a compartment by themselves, at the distance of six feet between the rows, and four feet from plant to plant ; or you may plant them round the edges of the compartments, about three feet from the path ; you will then have the ground clear for cropping, and a man, by setting one foot on the border, can...

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