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EARLY HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES,
PAGE 1729. Colony reverts to the Crown
100 Separation of North and South Carolina 100 1732. Settlement of Georgia
101 1738. Spanish War breaks out
102 1752. Georgia becomes a royal Colony.
103 Early Life of George Washington
105 1753. His Mission to the Western Territory. 106 1754. Plans for a Union of the Colonies
106 1755. Expedition and Defeat of Gen. Braddock . 109 1756. Success of the French under Montcalm. 111 1757. Vigorous Measures of William Pitt
112 1758. Cession of Canada by France
112 1763. Progress of the Colonies in Population, Commerce, &c.
HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION.
PAGE, 986-1015. Discoveries by the Ancient NorthmenBiarne Hierulfson's Voyage in 986 .
11 Discoveries of Leif Ericson in 1000
12 Thorwald's Expedition, and Battle with the Skrellings (Esquimaux)
13 Settlement in Vineland, by Thorfinn Karlsefne
14 Voyage of Freydisa, Helge, and Finnebaye 14
Ancient Relics discovered in New England 15 1492. Christopher Columbus sails in Search of a New World
19 Mutiny on board his Vessel, and first Discov- . ery of Land
20 1493. Columbus' second Voyage
26 1498. Columbus' third Voyage
26 1506. Death of Columbus, May 15th .
26 1497-1525. Voyages of Sebastian Cabot
28 1499-1514. Voyages of Americus Vespuccius 28 1525-1542. Career of Hernando de Soto in America.
29 1525. Discoveries of Giovanni Verazzano
35 1562. Voyage of John Ribault
38 1584. Sir Walter Raleigh sends two Ships to America
42 Their Adventures with the Natives
43 1585. Raleigh sends another Fleet to America 45
Ralph Lane appointed Governor of Virginia 45 1586, Colony breaks up and returns to England 47 1615. Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded
51 1606. Colony sent to America by James I. .
52 1607. Settlement of Jamestown.
54 Difficulties with the Natives
56 Life of John Smith saved by Pocahontas
58 Arrival of Newport with a fresh Colony 1633. Colony of Maryland settled by Lord Balti
65 1620. First successful Effort to colonize New England.
68 Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth 69 1625. Colony established near Cape Anne
72 1630. Fifteen Hundred Settlers sail from Eng. land
74 Hostilities commence with the Natives
75 Defeat and Death of King Philip
77 1609. Voyages of Henry Hudson
78 1629. Settlement of Delaware
81 1646. Peter Stuyvesant appointed Governor of New Netherlands.
82 1664. Dutch Possessions surrendered to the Engl'ish
84 1680. William Penn obtains a Grant of Lands in America.
86 1683. Penn forms a Treaty with the Indians
87 1684-1718. His Difficulties with the Settlers
89 1663. Liberal Grants by Charles II. of Territory south of Virginia
93 1665. Constitution for Colony of Carolina formed .693. Constitution annulled
96 702. Attack on St. Augustine
96 War with the Indians
98 Internal Commotions
Introductory Remarks .
115 1765. Stamp Act passed. 1766. Meeting of the first Congress
117 Tumults in the Colonies.
• 118 Repeal of the Stamp Act
120 1767. New Taxes imposed
121 Fresh Troubles in consequence .
122 1768. Non Importation Agreement
123 1769. Intemperance of the British Parliament. 123 1770. (22d of April) Duties repealed: (5th March) Boston Massacre
124 Captain Preston tried and acquitted
124 1772. (9th of June). The Gaspar Schooner burned 128
(January). Assembly at Boston; Indiscretion
1772. (16th of December). Destruction of Tea in Boston Harbor.
129 1774. The Boston Port Bill.
130 Arrival of Troops at Boston
133 (25th of August) Writs issued for an Assem
bly at Salem ; (9th of September) coun-
133 General Gage fortifies Boston Neck
133 Suffolk Resolutions
134 Proceedings of Congress
135 They publish a Declaration of Rights. 135 Petition from Congress to the King
136 (26th of October). Dissolution of Congress 136 Meeting of the Provincial Congress at Concord; they adjourn to Cambridge
137 Engage Minute Men
137 A Committee of Safety and Supplies
137 Hostile Resolution of the Provincial Congress 138 Exportation of the Military Stores from Brit
ain prohibited; Cannon removed by the
138 Military Stores taken in New Hampshire 138 1775. General Agitation.
138 Debates on American Affairs in Parliament' 139 Provincial Congress
139 Colonel Leslie marches to Salem
PAGE 1775. (19th April). Battle of Lexington and Concord 140 1775. Committee appointed to correspond with Importance of the War
175 Inequality of the Parties engaged 142 Ships-of-War
175 Colonial Army
143 The Colonies make active Preparations for Bravery of General Putnam
175 New York, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Mary1776. Armies of Boston
175 land, and Virginia, espouse the cause of
Dorchester Heights .
. 175 their Countrymen 146 (17th March). Boston evac
177 Lord Dunmore convenes the Assembly 147 General Washington enters Boston ; EnthuGoes on board the Fowey Man-of-War 147
siasm of the People
177 Provincial Convention . 148 General Howe sails for Halifax
177 Lord Dunmore's predatory Warfare
148 Several British Ships and Transports, with Issues a Proclamation
Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell, taken by Captain Fordyce killed
177 1776. (Ist January). Norfolk burned
149 General Washington marches to New York' 180 John Connelly's Plot frustrated
. 180 1775. Proceedings in South Carolina
149 Major Williamson marches against them 180 Arrival of Lord William Campbell
150 Province forms a temporary Government Georgia joins the Union .
180 British Reinforcements
. 183 CHAPTER III. Proclamation of Government
183 Fort Sullivan attacked
183 1774. New Parliament 150 The British repulsed with great Loss
184 175. Joint Address of both Houses
150 Indians attack the Western Frontiers of the Ticonderoga surprised.
186 Congress meets
186 Second Petition to the King
152 Change in the Sentiments of the People and Warlike Preparations
188 (15th of June). George Washington chosen (4th of July). The Declaration of IndependCommander-in-Chief 153
190 His Address to the President of Congress : 153 Effect upon the general Aspect of the ConIrregularity of the American Army
190 Generals Howe, Burgoyne, and Clinton, arrive at Boston
CHAPTER V. (17th June). Battle of Bunker's Hill
154 Death of General Warren
1776. Preparations of General Washington at 157 New York
190 Treatment of Prisoners ; Discussions respect
General Howe lands at Staten Island with a ing them
. 190 Skirmishes 159
190 Scarcity of Provisions in Boston
Correspondence with Commissioners 159
(28th of August). Battle of Long Island 194 Danger of short Enlistments
197 The Royal Cruisers carry on a predatory War
Committee of Congress meet Lord Howe 199 fare against Inhabitants on the coast of New England
(13th of September). The British take Pos161 session of New York
161 Military Transport gallantly captured by
(21st of September). Destructive Fire in New
. 199 Isaiah Doane 161 (26th of October). Battle of Bronx
201 Canada invaded by the Americans
(15th of November). Forts Washington and Fort St. John taken.
Lee taken General Carleton defeated on his way from
Advance of Lord Cornwallis, and Retreat of Montreal
164 General Prescott taken
Gen. Washington to Brunswick
(8th of December). General Montgomery marches against Que
General Washington passes the Delaware
203 bec ; joined by Arnold
165 Attacks Quebec; is killed, and his Troops re
(13th of December). Gen. Lee made Prisoner 204 Depression of the Americans.
204 Arnold wounded
204 Honorable Conduct of Sir Guy Carleton 167 Arnold resumes the Siege of Quebec; is un
(30th of November). Proclamation of Lord Howe.
204 successful ; defeats a Body of Canadians
(12th of December). Congress quits PhilaMajor-General Thomas arrives ; retreats ;
205 Succeeded in Command by General Sullivan 170
New Army raised
205 Surrender of the Cedars
170 Arnold marches toward the Cedars; signs
Commissioners sent to different Courts of
207 the Cartel and retires
171 An increased British Force in Canada
Appeal of Congress to all the Provinces of 171 the Union
207 General Sullivan retreats, and is pursued 171 Failure of Mr. Edmund Burke's Conciliatory Retreat of General Arnold
171 General Carleton advances to the Lakes ;
208 constructs a Fleet
CHAPTER VI. (October). Battle of Lake Champlain. 172 General Carleton retires to Isle aux Noix 173 1776. (26th of December). Attack on Trenton • 209 (6th July). Declaration of Congress
211 (8th July). Their second Petition to the King
1777. (2d of January). Battle of Princeton 213 transmitted to Richard Penn, who sails for
Death of General Mercer
213 England. 173 Americans at Morristown
217 A Postoffice established ; Benjamin Franklin General Washington's desultory and indecielected Postmaster-General
219 Captivity of General Lee
219 775. Congress adjourns ; (5th September) they Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union reassemble
221 British Interest in New York
Committee of the States Convention of New Hampshire
175 (15th of November). Confederation ratified 222
PAGE. 1777. (16th of October). Geneal Burgoyne capitu1777. Finances of Congress
264 Supineness of the People
223 Consequences of the Convention of SaraWar popular in Britain
265 West Indies. 224 Treaty with France
265 Partiality of the French for the Americans 224 (20th of November). British Parliament meets 266 Loyalists in the Provinces
224 Commissioners appointed to treat with the Opening of the Campaign; predatory Incur
Colonies; they sail for America
224 1778. (6th of February). Treaty with 'France (23d of March). Stores at Peekskill destroyed 225 signed at Paris
267 (13th of April). Earl Cornwallis attacks Gen
News of that Treaty reaches England 267 eral Lincoln
225 Lord North's Conciliatory Bill reaches Amer(27th of April). Major-General Tryon's Expe
ica before the News of the French Treaty 267 dition against Danbury. 226 British Army in Philadelphia
268 Death of General Wooster
226 American Army at Valley Forge; Want of (8th of May). Piscataway attacked ).
269 Sag Harbor
227 Colonel Mawhood's Incursion into Jersey 270 (10th of July). General Prescott taken.
227 (4th of May). General Lacy escapes from Movement of both Armies
270 (26th of June). General Howe advances rap- (7th of May). American Galleys in the Deiaidly from Amboy, embarks and sails for
270 the southward 228 La Fayette escapes from Baron Hill
271 (24th of August). General Howe lands at the
(14th of April). Sir William Howe resigns the Head of Elk River
272 (11th of September). Battle of Brandywine . 231 Sir Henry Clinton appointed Commander-inMarquis de la Fayette wounded .
272 Wilmington surprised
232 (18th of June). Evacuation of Philadelphia . 273 British enter Philadelphia 234 T'he Americans enter that city
273 (8th of October). British Fleet enters the
(28th of June). Battle of Freehold Courthouse 274
234 General Lee tried by a Court-Martial, and (4th of October). Battle of Germantown
275 Fort Mimmin
275 Unsuccessful Attack on Redbank ; Death of
His Death (October, 1782)
276 Count Donop
235 The British Army arrives at New York 276 (15th of November). Attack on Fort Mifflin . 236 Gen. Washington marches to the North River 276 Redbank evacuated
236 (5th of July). Count d'Estaing arrives on the The Delaware opened
276 General Washington quits White Church and (22d of July). Sails for Rhode Island; Lord takes Post at Valley Forge
276 Northern Campaign.
Both Fleets put to sea; separated by a vioGeneral Gates in the North
277 General Burgoyne commands the British Ar- Which overtakes Sullivan's Army
280 my in Canada
238 Americans march against the British Lines . 280 Detaches Colonel St. Leger
238 (19th of August). D'Estaing comes to Rhode Meets the Savages ; takes Possession of
Island, but sails for Boston
280 Mount Hope.
240 (6th of July). Retreat of General St. Clair .
CHAPTER IX. Is pursued by General Fraser
241 Skirmish between Colonel Long and Colonel
1778. (28th of August). General Sullivan escapes 280 Hill; the Americans set Fire to the Works
(27th of September). Colonel Baylor surat Fort Ann, and retreat to Fort Edward.
prised; wounded and made Prisoner. : 283 243
283 General Burgoyne takes Possession of Ti
Captain Donop defeated conderoga and Mount Independence
Little Egg Harbor attacked
. 283 243 Pulaski's Legion defeated
284 CHAPTER VIII.
(9th of June). Admiral Byron sails from Eng
land; overtaken by a Storm ; his Fleet dis777. War of Proclamation .
246 persed : (September) arrives at New York ; i30th of July). General Burgoyne reaches Fort
sails for Boston; a Second Time overtaEdward,
284 Retreat of General Schuyler
248 (3d of November). D'Estaing sails for the
284 (3d of August). Fort Stanwix invested by St.
250 Wyoming destroyed and the People murdered 287 Defeat of General Herkimer
250 Fort Kingston invested; and the Inhabitants (22d of August). St. Leger raises the Siege of
perish in one general Conflagration
287 Stanwix, and retires to Montreal 251 Destruction of Wilkesbarre
. 287 (19th of August). General Gates takes the
Cherry Valley attacked
288 Command of the American Army
288 (30th of August). Correspondence between
Col. George Rogers Clarke takes Kaskasias 290 General Gates and the British General . 252 1779. (February). Surprises St. Vincent, and comMurder of Miss M-Crea
pels Governor Hamilton to surrender 290 (19th of September), Battle of Stillwater and
Irregular Hostilities in Georgia
254 Colonel Campbell invades that State. 291 Engagement between General Burgoyne and
Battle of Savannah. the Americans
Defeat of the American General Howe 293 (5th of October). Sir Henry Clinton's Move:
Arrival of General Prevost
294 262 Surrender of Sunbury
294 Fort Montgomery taken ; Colonel Campbell General Lincoln appointed to command the slain
294 Fort Clinton stormed
295 American Vessels of War burned by their Boyd's Loyalists defeated
264 Colonel Campbell abandons Augusta, and reForts Independence and constitution evac
turns to Savannah
295 uated 264 Ashe defeated at Brier Creek.
290 The Briist advance to Esopus, which they (23d of April). Lincoln marches up the sa. reduce 10 Ashes
PAGE 1779. (29th of April). Gen. Prevost enters South 1780. General La Fayette lands at Boston ; his Carolina
343 Marches to Charleston 298 Patriotic Exertions in Philadelphia
344 (10th of May). Arrives at Ashley Ferry 299 (10th of July). French Fleet, with Troops, (12th of May). Summons Charleston to sur
arrives in America
299 Sir Henry Clinton proceeds against Rhode The British Army retires, and recrosses Ash
344 ley Ferry
299 Recalled by the Advance of General Wash General Prevost retreats to john's Island, and
ington against New York.
344 is followed by General Lincoln 299 Discontent of the American Troops
34 1 (20th of June). Engagement at Stony Ferry · 300 1779. Treason of Arnold
345 Slaves revolt
Major Andre's Case (8th of May). Incursion into Virginia . 301 (22d of September). His Capture
348 Stony Point and Verplank's taken . 304 His Trial and Execution.
349 Sir Henry Clinton returns to New York 304 (21st of November). Major Talmadge's desulCoast of Connecticut ravaged
350 (15th of July). Stony Point retaken
350 Evacuated 307 1780. Proceedings of Lord Cornwallis after the
' Sir Henry Clinton takes Possession of it
351 Penobscot attacked. 307 He takes Possession of Charleston
351 Admiral Arbuthnot supersedes sir George Colonel Clarke attacks the British at Augusta 352 Collier
308 Besieges Colonel Brown at Garden Hill 352 (20th of August). Major Lee attacks Powle's
Colonel Clarke retreats
352 Hook ; he retreats
308 Depredations committed by Col. Ferguson 352 War on the Six Nations, and the Southern
Retreats toward Charleston, and is pursued
352 (22d of August). Sullivan attacks the Indian (7th of October). He is defeated and killed on tribes
354 He resigns his Commission
310 Earl Cornwallis retreats toward South Car(23d of December). D'Estaing and the Ameri
olina ; (29th October) reaches Wynnesbo. cans besiege Savannah
355 They attempt to storm the Town 312 Americans assemble at Charlotte
355 Are repulsed
312 General Gates retreats to Salisbury and HillsEffects of the Repulse ; ingenious Enterprise
356 of Colonel White during the Siege of Sa. Returns to Charlotte
313 Superseded in the Command of the SouthWeakness of the Southern States
ern Army by General Greene (26th of December). Sir Henry Clinton sails
General Greene takes a British Post at Clerfrom New York .
356 1780. (11th of February). Lands on John's Island 317
His embarrassing Situation
357 (9th of April). Siege of Charleston
319 Correspondence with Earl Cornwallis 357 (12th of May). It surrenders
322 (27th of December). Col. Washington surpriProceedings of Sir Henry Clinton
ses a Body of Loyalists at Ninety Six 358 Colonel Buford surprised and defeated 323 (12th of November), Sumpter attacked at (3d of June). Sir Henry Clinton's Proclama
Broad River by Major Wemyss, whom he tion
358 (5th of June). He returns to New York, leav- (20th of November). Attacked by Tarleton at Lord Cornwallis to command in the South 324
Black Stocks and wounded.
358 Board of Police established in Charleston 325
358 Rigorous Measures ; Baron de Kalb proceeds
1781. (14th of January). General Tarleton averSouthward.
• 359 Colonel Sumpter makes an Irruption into (17th of January). Battle of Cowpens 360 South Carolina 327 Tarleton routed
360 General Gates appointed to command the
Loss of the British
361 Southern Army
328 Earl Cornwallis forms a Junction with Colo(13th of August). Arrives at Rugely's Mills . 328 nel Leslie
361 Lord Cornwallis repairs to Camden
329 (191h of January). Begins his remarkable Pur: Defeat of the Americans near Camden, and
suit of Morgan
361 Death of Baron de Kalb 330 (28th). Morgan escapes
361 Colonel Sumpter surprised and defeated near
363 Catawba Ford
363 (14th of February). They cross the Dan 364 CHAPTER X.
Earl Cornwallis marches back to Hillsbo. rough
361 1779. Naval Operations of John Paul Jones. 331 (22d of February). The Americans recross Capture of the Serapis .
365 Loss of the Bon Homme Richard 338 (25th of Feb.). Pyle's Loyalists defeated
365 Capture of the Countess of Scarborough 338
(27th of Feb.). Retreat of Earl Cornwallis, Effects of these Naval Victories
361 Rencontre between Lee and Tarleton
361 CHAPTER XI. Battle of Guilford Courthouse
367 Consequences of the Victory .
368 780. Difficulties of General Washington
339 Intense Frost in New York.
CHAPTER XII. (14th of January). Attack on Staten Island tne Americans repulsed
340 1781. (17th of April). Earl Cornwallis retires to Embarrassments of Congress
370 Mutinous State of the American Army. 341 General Greene pursues Earl Cornwallis
370 General Knyphausen invades Jersey. 341 Proceeds to South Carolina
370 Destruction of Connecticut Farms
341 Generals Lee and Marion attack Fort Watson 372 Murder of Mrs. Caldwell
342 The Garrison capitulates (18th of June). Sir Henry Clinton returns to
Situation of Camden
3791 New York 342 Battle of Hobkerk's Hili.
373 342 (7th of May). Colonel Watson reaches Cam Èvacuation of the Jerseys
374 General Wayne attacks Bergen Point 343 (10th of May). British Post taken
(23d). Skirmish at Springfield.
1781. Lord Rawdon retires to Monk's Corner . 374 1781. Occupies Yorktown and Gloucester Point 394
mond, where he commits great Destruction 387 (27th of November). The British Parliament
reunite their Forces, and march against
(12th of April). Count de Grasse defeated and
Death of General Philips
American Independence acknowledged by
Save the stores of Albemarle Courthouse
(4th of December). He takes Leave of the