Primate Paradigms: Sex Roles and Social Bonds

Portada
University of Chicago Press, 1992 - 386 páginas
This critical review of behavior patterns in nonhuman primates is an excellent study of the importance of female roles in different social groups and their significance in the evolution of human social life.

"A book that properly illuminates in rich detail not only developmental and socioecological aspects of primate behavior but also how and why certain questions are asked. In addition, the book frequently focuses on insufficiently answered questions, especially those concerned with the evolution of primate sex differences. Fedigan's book is unique . . . because it places primate adaptations and our explanation of those patterns in a larger intellectual framework that is easily and appropriately connected to many lines of research in different fields (sociology, psychology, anthropology, neurobiology, endocrinology, and biology)—and not in inconsequential ways, either."—James McKenna, American Journal of Primatology

"This is the feminist critique of theories of primate and human evolution."—John H. Cook, Nature
 

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Contenido

Primate Behavior and the Comparative Method
xl
An Introduction to the Order Primates
xl
WORDS
xl
Anthropomorphism
xl
Definition Metaphors and Analogies
12
Language and the Study of Sex Roles
16
INSTINCT INNATE AND LEARNED BEHAVIOR
21
PRIMATE SOCIETIES
33
Prenatal Hormone Alterations
159
Androgens and the Brain
165
A False Dichotomy
166
ONTOGENY AND SOCIALIZATION
169
Definitions of Socialization
170
Sex Differences and Other Differences
171
Continuity of Sex Differences in Behavior
172
Sex Differences in Behavior of Young Primates
174

Terms
34
Taxonomies of Primate Social Systems
36
Some Causal Factors in Social Variability
39
Natural Social Behavior and the Sources of Stability and Change
40
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM
45
Dentition and Ornaments
55
Sexual Dimorphism and Growth Patterns
57
Sexual Dimorphism in Size and Behavior
58
Conclusion
60
AGGRESSION
65
Definitions
66
Causes
70
Functions
72
Just How Aggressive are Primates?
74
Sex Differences in Aggression
81
DOMINANCE AND ALLIANCE
85
Definitions
87
Measurements
88
Correlations Between Measurements
93
Dominance Mounting and Grooming
94
Miscinceptions of Dominance
95
Alliance and Coalition
98
Leadership
99
AttenionStructure
100
Social Facilitation Coercion and Inhibition
101
ROLES
103
What is a Role?
105
What is Role Analysis?
106
Taxonomies of Roles
109
Dominance and Roles
110
Social Skills and Roles
111
KINSHIP THE TIES THAT BIND
115
Kinship the Ties that Bind
116
Differential Behavior and Social Dynamics
118
Kinship and Dominance
121
Male Emigration and Troop Fission
122
Kinship and Mating Patterns
124
Protoculture
126
Comparative Primate Kinship Systems
127
SOCIOSEXUAL BEHAVIOR
131
Breeding Seasons
134
Consorts
135
Female and Male Roles in Sexual Behavior
137
Sexual Bonds and Social Structure
140
Initiation of Consort Bonds
141
Maintenance and Termination of a Consort Bond
142
Mate Selection Aggression and Sexual Selection
143
Conclusion
145
FERTILITY VIRILITY HORMONES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN BEHAVIOR
151
Ovariectomies
152
Male Castration Testosterone and Behavior
157
Female Parental Care
175
Male Parental Care
184
Peers
188
Summary
191
DEPRIVATION
193
Sex Differences and Deprivation
197
Stress and Sex Differences in Behavior
201
Love and Sex Roles Made Simple
203
MULTIMALE MULTIFEMALE SOCIETIES
209
Introduction
210
MultiMale MultiFemale Primate Societies
211
The LifeWay of Vervet Monkeys Cercopithecus aethiops
217
The LifeWay of Chimpanzees Pan troglodytes
221
References
228
POLYGYNOUS SOCIETIES
231
The LifeWay of Patas Monkeys Erythrocebus patas
234
The LifeWay of Nilgiri Langurs Presbytis jobnii
238
The LifeWay of Geladas Theropitbecus gelada
242
References
246
MONOGAMOUS SOCIETIES
247
The LifeWay of Marmosets Callitbricidar
249
The LifeWay of Dusky Titi Monkeys Callicebus moloch
253
The LifeWay of Siamangs Hylobates syndactylus
256
References
259
SEXUAL SELECTION FEMALE CHOICE OR HOBSONS CHOICE?
263
The Theory
264
The Problems
265
Applications of Sexual Selection Theory to Nonhuman Primates
271
SOCIOBIOLOGICAL THEORIES AND SEX ROLES
281
The Levels of Selection
282
Kin Slection
284
Application of Kin Selection Theory to Nonhuman Primates
285
Reciprocal Altruism
288
Application of Reciprocal Altruism to Nonhuman Primates
289
Trivers Model of Parental Investment
290
Application of Parental Investment Theory to Nonhuman Primates
292
Female Strategies
293
Is Sociobiology Sexist?
294
Another Look at Reproductive Costs and Male Versus Female Investments
295
How Are We Fallen?
297
Conclusions
299
THEORIES ON THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN SOCIAL LIFE
301
Baboonization The Common Baboon Model
302
What Our Ancestors Are The Gelada Model
308
Our Kitch and Kin The Chimpanzee Model
312
Conclusion
315
Bibliography
318
Author Index
368
Subject Index
374
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Acerca del autor (1992)

Linda Marie Fedigan is professor and Canada Research Chair in Primatology and Bioanthropology at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. She is also the past Executive Editor of the American Journal of Primatology and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

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