Imágenes de páginas




he shall have and take, for his wages yearly, xl 1. sterlynge of Thy rugged halls, Artornish! rung.-P. 415.

Englysh money; or for the rate of the ty me of werre-

" Item, The seid John, sonn and heire apparant of the said Tuz rains of the Castle of Artornish are situated upon a Donald, shall have and take, yerely, from the seid fest, for his promontory, on the Morven, or mainland side of the Sound of

fees and wages, in the tyme of peas, x l. sterlynge of Englysh Moil, a name given to the deep arm of the sea, which divides money; and for tyme of werre, and his intendyng thereto, in that island from the continent. The situation is wild and ro manner and fourme aboveseid, he shall have, for his fees and mantic in the highest degree, having on the one hand a high wages, yearly xx 1, sterlynge of Englysh money; or after the and precipitons chain of rocks overhanging the sea, and on the rate of the ty me that he shall be occupied in the werre: And other the narrow entrance to the beautiful salt-water lake, the seid John, th' Erle Donald and John, and eche of them, called Loch Alline, which is in many places finely fringed with shall have good and sufliciaunt paiment of the seid fees and consewood. The ruins of Artornish are not now very consid wages, as wel for tyme of peas as of werre, accordyng to theos erable, and consist chiefly of the remains of an old keep, or articules and appoyntements. Item, It is appointed, accorded, tower, with fragments of outward defences. But, in former concluded, and finally determined, that, if it so be that heredays, it was a place of great consequence, being one of the after the said reaume of Scotlande, or the more part thereof, principal strongholds, which the Lords of the Isles, during the be conquered, subdued, and brought to the obeissance of the period of their stormy independence, possessed upon the main seid most high and Christien prince, and his heires, or succesland of Argyleshire. Here they assembled what popular tra soures, of the seid Lionell, in fourme aboveseid descendyng, be dition calls their parliaments, meaning, I suppose,


the assistance, helpe, and aide of the said John Erle of Rosse, pleniere, or assembly of feudal and patriarchal vassals and de- and Donald, and of James Erle of Douglas, then, the said pendents. From this Castle of Artornish, upon the 19th day fees and wages for the tyme of peas cessying, the same erles and of October, 1461, John de Yle, designing himself Earl of Ross Donald shall have, by the graunte of the same most Christien and Lord of the Isles, granted, in the style of an independent prince, all the possessions of the said reaume beyonde Scottishe sovereign, a commission to his trusty and well-beloved cousins, see, they to be departed equally betwix them ; eche of them, Ronald of the Isles, and Duncan, Arch-Dean of the Isles, for his heires and successours, to holde his parte of the seid most empowering them to enter into a trenty with the most excellent Christien prince, his heires and successours, for evermore, in Prince Edward, by the grace of God, King of France and right of his croune of England, by homage and feaute to be England, and Lord of Ireland. Edward IV., on his part, done therefore. Dimed Laurence, Bishop of Durham, the Earl of Worcester, Item, If so be that, by th' aide and assistence of the seid the Prior of St. John's, Lord Wenlock, and Mr. Robert Stil James Erle of Dougias, the said reaume of Scotlande be conlington, keeper of the privy seal, his deputies and commission quered and subdued as above, then he shall have, enjoie, and ers, to confer with those named by the Lord of the Isles. The inherite all his own possessions, landes, and inheritaunce, on conference terminated in a treaty, by which the Lord of the this syde the Scottishe see; that is to saye, betwixt the seid Isles agreed to become a vassal to the crown of England, and Scottishe see and Englande, such he hath rejoiced and be posto assist Edward IV, and James, Earl of Douglas, then in ban- sessed of before this; there to holde them of the said most high lahment, in subduing the realm of Scotland.

and Christien prince, his heires, and successours, as is aboveThe first article provides, that John de Isle, Earl of Ross, said, for evermore, in right of the coronne of Englonde, as weel with his son Donald Balloch, and his grandson John de Isle, the said Erle of Douglas, as his heires and successours, by with all their subjects, men, people, and inhabitants, become homage and feante 1o be done therefore."--Ryner's Fædera Fassals and liegemen to Edward IV. of England, and assist Conventioncs Literæ et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, bin in his wars in Scotland or Ireland ; and then follow the fol. vol. v., 1741. allowances to be made to the Lord of the Isles, in recompense Such was the treaty of Artornish ; but it does not appear of his military service, and the provisions for dividing such that the allies ever made any very active effort to realize their coaquests as their united arms should make upon the main ambitious designs. It will serve to show both the power of Land of Scotland among the confederates. These appear such these reguli, and their independence upon the crown of Scotcurious Dlustrations of the period, that they are here sub- land. joined :

It is only farther necessary to say of the Castle of Artornish, "Item, The seid John Erle of Rosse shall, from the seid fest that it is almost opposite to the Bay of Aros, in the Island of of Whittesontyde next comyng, yerely, duryng his lyf, have Mull, where there was another castle, the occasional residenco and take, for fees and wages in tyme of peas, of the seid most of the Lords of the Isles. high and Christien prince c. marc sterlyng of Englysh money; and in tyne of werre, as long as he shall entende with his might and power in the said werres, in manner and foorme abovesaid, he shall have wages of occ. lb. sterlyng of English

NOTE B. Doney Fearly ; and after the rate of tbe tyme that he shall be ocupied in the seid werres.

Rude Heiskar's scal through surges dark, ** Item, The seid Donald shall, from the seid feste of Whit

Will long pursue the minstrel's bark.-P. 416. tesontyde, have and take, during his lyf, yerly, in tyme of The scal displays a taste for music, which could scarcely bo peas, for his fees and wages, xx l. sterlyng of Englysh money: expected from his habits and local predilections. They will and, when he shall be occupied and intend to the werre, with long follow a boat in which any musical instrument is played, kis myght and power, and in manner and fourme aboveseid, and even a tune simply whistled has attractions for them.

The Dean of the Isles says of Heiskar, a small aninhabited cature, consisting of fourteen, sat always bere; and there wa rock, about twelve (Scottish) miles from the isle of Uist, that an appeal to them from all the courts in the isles: the eleventh an infinite slaughter of seals takes place there.

share of the sum in debate was due to the principal judge. There was a big stone of seven foot square, in which there wa a deep impression made to receive the feet of Mac-Donald;

for he was crowned King of the Isles standing in this stone, NOTE C.

and swore that he would continde his vassals in the possession

of their lands, and do exact justice to all his subjects: and a turret's a ry head

then his father's sword was put into his band. The Bishop Slender and steep, and battled round,

of Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in presence of O'erlook'd, dark Mull ! thy mighty Sound.-P. 417.

all the heads of the tribes in the isles and continent, and were
The Sound of Mull, which divides that island from the con his vassals; at which time the orator rehearsed a catalogue of
tinent of Scotland, is one of the most striking scenes which the his ancestors," &C.--Martix's Account of the Western loles,
Hebrides afford to the traveller. Sailing from Oban to Aros, 8vo. London, 1716, p. 240, 1.
or Tobermory, through a narrow channel, yet deep enough to
bear vessels of the largest burden, he has on his left the bold
and mountainous shores of Mull; on the right those of that
district of Argyleshire, called Morven, or Morvern, succes

sively indented by deep salt-water lochs, running up many
miles inland. To the southeastward arise a prodigious range

-Mingarry sternly placed,

O'erarcs the woodland and the waste.-P. 417. of mountains, among which Cruachan-Ben is pre-eminent. And to the northeast is the no less huge and picturesque range The Castle of Mingarty is situated on the sea-coast of the of the Ardnamurchan bills. Many ruinous castles, situated district of Ardnamurchan. The ruins, which are tolerably generally upon cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the entire, are surrounded by a very high wall, forming a kind of scene. Those of Donolly and Dunstatrage are first passed, polygon, for the purpose of adapting itself to the projecting then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the chief of the war angles of a precipice overhanging the sea, on which the castle like and powerful sept of Macleans, and the scene of Miss stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-las, a Baillie's beautiful tragedy, entitled the Family Legend. Still clan of Mac-Donalds, descended from Ian, or John, a grand passing on to the northward, Artornish and Aros become vis son of Angus Og, Lord of the Isles. The last time that Minible upon the opposite shores; and, lastly, Mingarry, and other garry was of military importance, occur in the celebrated ruins of less distinguished note. In fine weather, a grander Leabhar dearg, or Red-book of Clanronald, a MS. renowned and more impressive scene, both from its natural beauties, and in the Ossianic controversy. Allaster Mac-Donald, commonly associations with ancient history and tradition, can hardly be called Colquitto, who commanded the Irish ausiliarice, sert imagined. When the weather is rough, the passage is both over by the Earl of Antrim, during the great civil war, to the difficult and dangerous, from the narrowness of the channel, assistance of Montrose, began his enterprise in 1644, be taking and in part from the number of inland lakes, out of which sally the castles of Kinloch-Alline, and Mingarry, the last of which forth a number of conflicting and thwarting tides, making the made considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of navigation perilous to open boats. The sudden flaws and the situation, be expected. In the mean while, Allastre Mae gusts of wind which issue without a moment's warning from Donald's ships, which had brought bim over, were attached the mountain glens, are equally formidable. fo that in on in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent roand by the settled weather, a stranger, if not much accustomed to the covenanting parliament, and his own vessel was taken. This sea, may sometimes add to the other sublime sensations ex circumstance is said chiefly to have iodaced him to continge cited by the scene, that feeling of dignity which arises from a in Scotland, where there seemed little prospect of raising an sense of danger.

army in behalf of the King. He had no sooner moved eastward to join Montrose, a junction which he effected in the braes of Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle berleged the

castle of Mingarry, but without success. Among other vir NOTE D.

riors and chiefs whom Argyle summoned to his camp to a est

upon this occasion, was John of Moidart, the Captain of Clar" these seas behold,

ronald. Clanronald appeared ; but, far from yielding offer Round troice a hundred islands roll'd,

tual assistance to Argyle, he took the opportunity of being in From Hirt, that hears their northern roar,

arms to lay waste the district of Sunart, then belonging to the To the green Ilay's fertile shore.''-P. 417.

adherents of Argyle, anu sent part of the spoil to relieve the
The number of the western isles of Scotland exceeds two Castle of Mingarry. Thus the castle was maintained antil
hundred, of which St. Kilda is the most northerly, anciently lieved by Allaster Mac-Donald (Colquitto), who had been de
called Hirth, or Hirt, probably from “earth," being in fact tached for the purpose by Montrose. These particolars for
the whole globe to its inhabitants. Ilay, which now belongs hardly worth mentioning, were they not connected with the
almost entirely to Walter Campbell, Esq., of Shawfield, is by memorable successes of Montrose, related by an eyewita
far the most fertile of the Hebrides, and has been greatly im and hitherto unknown to Scottish historians.
proved under the spirited and sagacious management of the
present proprietor. This was in ancient times the principal
abode of the Lords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the
most important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time,

some relies of their grandeur were yet extant. " Loch-Fins
lagan, about three miles in circumference, affords salmon,

The heir of mighty Somerled.-P. 417.
irouts, and eels: this lake lies in the centre of the isle, The Somerle was thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, aloar
Isle Finlagan, from which this lake hath its name, is in it. It's the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to have er
famous for being once the court in which the great Mac-Don cised his authority in both capacities, independent of the
ald, King of the Isles, had his residence; bis houses, chapel, crown of Scotland, against which he often stood in hostility
&c., are now ruinous. His guards de corps, called Luchitach, lle made various incursions upon the westem lowlands during
kept guard on the lake side nearest to the isle ; the walls of the reign of Malcolm IV., and soems to have made pesce with
their houses are still to be seen th The high court of judi him upon the ms of an independent prince, boat two year

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1157. In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and in rach. John had another son called Marcus, of whom the clan raded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary army, Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descended. This John collected in the isles, in the mainland of Argyleshire, and in lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; he covered the the neighboring provinces of Ireland. He was defeated and chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of Finlagam, and the slain in an engagement with a very inferior force, near Ren-chapel of the Isle of 'Tsuibhne, and gave the proper furniture frew. His son Gillicolane fell in the same battle. This mighty for the service of God, upholding the clergy and monks; he ehieftain married a daughter of Olaus, King of Man. From built or repaired the church of the Holy Cross immediately him our genealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in before his death. He died at his own castle of Ardtorinish : the stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the Isles many priests and monks took the sacrament at his funeral, descended from his elder son Ronald,--and the Lords of Lorn, and they embalmed the body of this dear man, and brought who took their sirname of M.Dougal, as descended of his sec it to Icolumkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, came as they ond son Dougal. That Somerled's territories upon the main ought to meet the King of Fiongal,and out of great respect laed, and upon the isiands, should have been thus divided to his memory mourned eight days and nights over it, and between his two sons, instead of passing to the elder exclu laid it in the same grave with his father, in the church of Oran, sively, may illustrate the uncertainty of descent among the 1380. great Highland families, which we shall presently notice. Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in his

father's lifetime, and was old in the government at his father's • death.

“ He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the sceptro

from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his brother Donald, NOTE G.

who was thereu pon called M.Donald, and Donald Lord of the Lord of the Isles.-P. 417.

Isles, 2 contrary to the opinion of the men of the Isles.

“ Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great supe The representative of this independent principality, for such porter of the church and clergy; his descendants are called it seems to have been, though acknowledging occasionally the Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma in Uist, to the preeminence of the Scottish crown, was, at the period of the minister of it forever, for the honor of God and Columkill; poem, Angus, called Angus Og; but the name has been, eu he was proprietor of all the lands of the north along the coast phoniæ gratia, exchanged for that of Ronald, which frequent and the isles; he died in the year of Christ 1386, in his own ly occurs in the genealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert mansion of Castle Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the Brace, whom he received in bis castle of Dunnaverty, during Isles, son of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, the time of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable took possession of Inisgall by the consent of his brother and to ceasure for attempting to decide a controversy which has the gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him : be marlong existed between three distinguished chieftains of this fam ried Mary Lesley, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and by her ily, who have long disputed the representation of the Lord of came the earldom of Ross to the M'Donalds. After his sucthe Isles, or for leaving a question of such importance alto cession to that earldom, he was called M.Donald, Lord of the gether ontouched, I choose, in the first place, to give such in Isles, and Earl of Ross. There are many things written of him formation as I have been able to derive from Highland geneal in other places. ogists, and which, for those who have patience to investigate ** He fought the battle of Garioch (i. e. Harlaw) against soch sabjects, really contains some curious information con Duke Murdoch, the governor; the Earl of Mar commanded the cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I shall army, in support of his claim to the earldom of Ross, which offer a few remarks apon the rules of succession at that pe was ceded to him by King James the First, after his release riod, without pretending to decide their bearing upon the ques from the King of England; and Duke Murdoch, bis two sons tion at issue, wbich must depend upon evidence which I have and retainers, were beheaded : he gave lands in Moll and Isla had no opportunity to examine.

to the minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister ** Angus Og," says an ancient manuscript translated from of lona had formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver to Cothe Gaelic, " son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, son of Ronald, lumkill for the monastery, and became himself one of the fra son of Somerled, high chief and superior Lord of Innisgall (or ternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Innisgall and Ross, the Isles of the Gael, the general name given to the Hebrides), namely Alexander, the son of Donald : he died in Isla, and be married a daughter of Canbui, namely, Cathan; she was his body was interred in the south side of the temple of Oran. mother to John, son of Angus, and with her came an unusual Alexander, called John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the portion from Ireland, viz. twenty-four clans, of whom twenty Isles, son of Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of four families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another John, son of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants are called of Allan, which connection caused some disagreement betwixt Clae-Ean of Glencoe, and the M.Donalds of Fraoch. This the two families about their marches and division of lands, Angus Og died in Isla, where his body was interred. His son the one party adhering to Angus, and the other to John: the Jokin socceeded to the inheritance of Innisgall. He had good differences increased so much that John obtained from Allan descendants, namely, three sons procreate of Ann, daughter of all the lands betwixt Abhan Fahda (i. c. the long river) and Rodne, high chief of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, married old na sionnach (i. e. the fox-burn brook), in the upper part to John MacLean, Laird of Daart, and Lauchlan, his brother, of Cantyre. Allan went to the king to complain of his son. Laird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the Black in-law ; in a short time thereafter, there bappened to be a great Nans, The eldest sons of John were Ronald, Godfrey, and meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of Inver Angus,

He gave Ronald a great inheritance. ness, where he was murdered by his own harper Mac-Cairbre, These were the lands which he gave him, viz. from Kilcumin by cutting his throat with a long knife. He lived a year in Aberiarf to the river Seil, and from thence to Beilli, north thereafter, and many of those concerned were delivered up to 61 Eig and Ram, and the two Uists, and from thence to the the king. Angus's wife was pregnant at the time of his morfoot of the river Glaicban, and threescore long ships. John der, and she bore him a son who was named Donald, and married afterwards Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert called Donald Du. He was kept in confinement until he was Stewart, King of Scotland, called John Fernyear ; she bore thirty years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenhim three good sons, Donald of the Isles, the heir, John the co, by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he came to Tai niater (i. e. Thane), the second son, and Alexander Car the Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. There happened

i Western Isles and adjacent const.

9 Innisgal.

8 The murderer, I presume, not the man who was murdered,

great fends betwixt these families while Donald Du was in In this history may be traced, though the Bard, or sens confinement, insomuch that Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan de nachie, touches such a delicate discussion with a gende hand, stroyed the greatest part of the posterity of John Mor of the the point of difference between the three principal se pts de Isles and Cantyre. For John Cathanach, son of John, son of scended from the Lords of the Isles. The first question, and Donald Balloch, son of John Mor, son of John, son of Angus one of no easy solution, where so little evidence is prodneed, Og (the chief of the descendants of John Mor), and John Mor, respects the nature of the connection of John called by the son of John Cathanach, and young John, son of John Catha Archdean of the Isles "the Good John of Ila," and "ibe las nach, and young Donald Balloch, son of John Cathanach, were Lord of the Isles," with Anne, daughter of Roderick Mac treacherously taken by Mac-Cean in the island of Finlagan, in doogal, high-chief of Lorn. In the absence of positive eve Isla, and carried to Edinburgh, where he got them hanged at dence, presumptive must be resorted to, and I own it appear the Burrow-muir, and their bodies were buried in the Church to render it in the highest degree improbable that this conser of St. Anthony, called the New Church. There were none tion was otherwise than legitimate. In the wars between Da left alive at that time of the children of John Cathanach, ex vid II. and Edward Baliol, John of the Isles espossed the cept Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, and Agnes Flach, Baliol interest, to which he was probably determined by his who concealed themselves in the glens of Ireland. Mac-Cean, alliance with Roderick of Lom, who was, from every famly bearing of their hiding places, went to cut down the woods of predilection, friendly to Baliol, and hostile to Brace. It seems these glens, in order to destroy Alexander, and extirpate the absurd to suppose, that between two chiefs of the same up whole race. At length Mac-Cean and Alexander met, were scent, and nearly equal power and rank (though the Mae reconciled, and a marriage-alliance took place; Alexander Dougals had been much crashed by Robert Bruce), sach a married Mac-Cean's daughter, and she bronght him good chil connection should have been that of concabinage ; and it up dren. The Mac-Donalds of the North had also descendants ; pears more likely that the tempting offer of an alliance with for, after the death of John, Lord of the Isles, Earl of Ross, the Bruce family, when they had obtained the decided sope and the murder of Angus, Alexander, the son of Archibald, riority in Scotland, induced “the Good John of Da" to čis the son of Alexander of the Isles, took possession, and John inherit, to a certain extent, his eldest son Ronald, who case was in possession of the earldom of Ross, and the north bor of a stock so unpopular as the Mac-Dougals, and to call to dering country; he married a daughter of the Earl of Moray, his succession his younger family, born of Margaret Sisart of whom some of the men of the north had descended. The daughter of Robert, afterwards King of Scotland. The set Mac-Kenzies rose against Alexander, and fought the battle ting aside of this elder branch of his family was most probably called Blar na Paire. Alexander had only a few of the men a condition of his new alliance, and his being received into of Ross at the battle. He went after that battle to take pos favor with the dynasty he had always opposed. Nor were the session of the Isles, and sailed in a ship to the south to see if he laws of succession at this early period so clearly onderstood as could find any of the posterity of John Mor alive, to rise along to bar such transactions. The numerous and strange claims with him ; but Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan watched him as set up to the crown of Scotland, when vacant by the death of ne sailed past, followed him to Oransay and Colonsay, went Alexander III., make it manifest how very little the indefessto the house where he was, and he and Alexander, son of ble hereditary right of primogeniture was valued at that period, John Cathanach, murdered him there.

In fact, the title of the Bruces themselves to the crown, iboegh A good while after these things fell out, Donald Galda, justly the most popular, when assomed with the determination son of Alexander, son of Archibald, became major; he, with of asserting the independence of Scotland, was, upon pare the advice and direction of the Earl of Moray, came to the principle, greatly inferior to that of Baliol. For Bruce, bo Isles, and Mac-Leod of the Lewis, and many of the gentry of competitor, claimed as son of Isabella, second daaghter of Dathe Isles, rose with him : they went by the promontory of vid, Earl of Huntingdon; and John Baliol, as grandson of Ardnamurchan, where they met Alexander, the son of John Margaret, the elder daughter of that same earl. So that the Cathanach, were reconciled to him, he joined his men with plea of Bruce was founded opon the very loose idea, tes! x theirs against Mac-Cean of Arunamurchan, came upon him at the great-grandson of David I., King of Scotland, and the a place called the Silver Craig, where he and his three sons, nearest collateral relation of Alexander III., he was entitled to and a great number of his people, were killed, and Donald succeed in exclusion of the great-great-grandson of the same Galda was immediately declared Mac-Donald : And, after the David, though by an elder daughter. This maxim savored of affair of Ardnamurchan, all the men of the Isles yielded to the ancient practice of Scotland, which often called a brother him, but he did not live above seven or eight weeks after it; to succeed to the crown as nearer in blood than a grand-child, he died at Carnaborg, in Mull, without issue. He had three or even a son of a deceased monareh. But, in truth, the man sisters' daughters of Alexander, son of Archibald, who were ims of inheritance in Scotland were sometimes deparied from portioned in the north upon the continent, but the earldom of at periods when they were much more distinctly understood Ross was kept for them. Alexander, the son of Archibald, Such a transposition took place in the family of Hamilton, in bad a natural son, called John Cam, of whom is descended 1513, when the descendants of James, third Lord, by Lady Achnacoichan, in Ramoeh, and Donald Gorm, son of Ronald, Janet Home, were set aside, with an appanage of great value son of Alexander Duson, of John Cam. Donald Da, son of indeed, in order to call to the succession those which he had Angus, son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, by a subsequent marriage with Janet Beatoun. In short, son of Donald of the Isles, son of John of the Isles, son of An many other examples might be quoted to show that the ques gus Og, namely, the true heir of the Isles and Ross, came tion of legitimacy is not always determined by the fact of se after his release from captivity to the Isles, and convened the cession; and there seems reason to believe, that Rosald, de men thereof, and he and the Earl of Lennox agreed to raise a scendant of “ John of Ila," by Anne of Lorn, was legitimate, great army for the purpose of taking possession, and a ship and therefore Lord of the Isles de jure, though de fecta has came from England with a supply of money to carry on the younger half-brother Donald, son of his father's second mar war, which landed at Mull, and the money was given to Mac riage with the Princess of Scotland, superseded him is his Lean of Duart to be distributed among the commanders of the right, and apparently by his own consent. From this Donald army, which they not receiving in proportion as it should have so preferred is descended the family of Sleat, now Lords Mac been distributed among them, caused the army to disperse, Donald. On the other hand, from Ronald, the excluded bear, which, when the Earl of Lennox beard, he disbanded his own upon whom a very large appanage was settled, descended be men, and made it up with the king. Mac-Donald went to chiefs of Glengary and Clanronald, each of whom had large Ireland to raise men but he died on his way to Dublin, at possessions and a numerous vassalage, and boasted a long de Drogheda, of a fever, without issue of either sons or daugh scent of warlike ancestry. Their common ancestor Ronald

was murdered by the Earl of Ross, at the Monastery of Elche,


A. 3. 1346. I believe it has been subject of fierce dispute, This bridge the mountaineers attempted to demolish, but whether Donald, who carried on the line of Glengary, or Al Bruce's followers were too close upon their rear; they were, lan of Moidart, the ancestor of the captains of Clanronald, was therefore, without refuge and delence, and were dispersed the eldest son of Ronald, the son of John of Isla. An humble with great slaughter. John of Lorn, suspicious of the event, Lowlander may be permitted to waive the discussion, since a had early betaken himself to the galleys which he had upon Sennachie of no small note, who wrote in the sixteenth cen the lake; but the feelings which Barbour assigns to him, tury, expresses himself upon this delicate topic in the following while witnessing the rout and slaughter of his followers, exwords:

culpate him from the charge of cowardice. ** I have now given you an account of every thing you can espect of the descendants of the clan Colla (i. e. the Mac

"To Jhone off Lorne it suld displese Donalda), to the death of Donald Do at Drogheda, namely,

I trow, quhen he his men mycht se, the true line of those who possessed the Isles, Ross, and the

Owte ofl' bis schippis fra the se, mountainous countries of Scotland. It was Donald, the son

Be slayne and chaseyt in the hill, of Angos, that was killed at laverness (by his own harper

That he mycht set na help thar till. Maci Cairbre), son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander,

Bot it angrys als gretuinly, 100 of Donald, son of Joha, son of Angus Og. And I know

To gud hartis that ar worthi, Rot which of his kindred or relations is the true heir, except

To se thar fayis fulfill thair will these five sons of John, the son of Angus Og, whom I here set

As to thaim selff to thole the ill."-B. vii., v. 394. down for you, namely, Ronald and Godfrey, the two sons of the daughter of Mac-Donald of Loru, and Donald and John After this decisive engagement, Bruce laid waste Argyleshire, Mor, and Alexander Carrach, the three sons of Margaret and besieged Dunstatinage Castle, on the western shore of Stewart, danghter of Robert Stewart, King of Scotland." Lorn, compelled it to surrender, and placed in that principal Leabhar Dearg.

stronghold of the Mac-Dougals a garrison and governor of his own. The elder Mac-Dougal, now wearied with the contest, submitted to the victor ; but his son, "rebellious," says Bar

bour, " as he wont to be," fled to England by sea. When the NOTE H.

wars between the Bruce and Baliol factions again broke out

in the reign of David II., the Lords of Lorn were again found - The House of Lorn.-P. 418.

upon the losing side, owing to their hereditary enmity to tho The House of Lorn, as we observed in a former note, was, house of Bruce. Accordingly, upon the issue of that contest, like the Lord of the Isles, descended from a son of Somerled, they were deprived by David II, and his successor of by far slain at Renfrew, in 1164. This son obtained the succession the greater part of their extensive territories, which were conof his mainland territories, comprehending the greater part of ferred upon Stewart, called the Knight of Lorn. The house the three districts of Lorn, in Argyleshire, and of course might of Mac-Dougal continued, however, to survive the loss of rather be considered as petty princes than feudal barons. power, and affords a very rare, if not a unique, instance of a They assumed the patronymic appellation of Mac-Dougal, by family of such unlimited power, and so distinguished during which they are distinguished in the history of the middle ages. the middle ages, surviving the decay of their grandeur, and The Lord of Lom, who flourished during the wars of Bruce, flourishing in a private station. The Castle of Dunolly, near wa Allaster (or Alexander) Mac-Dougal, called Allaster of Oban, with its dependencies, was the principal part of what Argyle. He had married the third daughter of John, called remained to them, with their right of chieftainship over the the Red Comyn, who was slain by Bruce in the Dominican families of their name and blood. These they continued to Chorch at Dumfries, and hence he was a mortal enemy of enjoy until the year 1715, when the representative incurred that prince, and more than once rednced him to great straits the penalty of forfeiture, for his accession to the insurrection during the carly and distressed period of his reign, as we shall of that period ; thus losing the remains of his inheritance, to have repeated occasion to notice. Bruce, when he began to replace upon the throne the descendants of those princes, obtain an ascendency in Scotland, took the first opportunity whose accession his ancestors had opposed at the expense of in his power to requite these injuries. He marched into their feudal grandeur. The estate was, however, restored Argyleshire to lay waste the country. John of Lorn, son of about 1745, to the father of the present proprietor, whom the chieftain, was posted with bis followers in the formidable family experience had taught the hazard of interfering with pass between Dalmally and Bunawe. It is a narrow path the established government, and who remained quiet upon aloog the verge of the huge and precipitous mountain, called that occasion. He therefore regained his property when many Cruachar-Ben, and guarded on the other side by a precipice Highland chiefs lost theirs. overbanging Loch Awe. The pass seems to the eye of a sol Nothing can be more wildly beautiful than the situation of dirt us strong, as it is wild and romantic to that of an ordinary Dunolly. The ruins are situated upon a bold and precipitous traveller. But the skill of Bruce had anticipated this diffi promontory, overhanging Loch Etive, and distant abont a calip. While his main body, engaged in a skirmish with the mile from the village and port of Oban. The principal part mer of Lom, detained their attention to the front of their which remains is the donjon or keep; but fragments of other frositoa, James of Douglas, with Sir Alexander Fraser, Sir buildings, overgrown with ivy, attest that it had been once a William Wiseman, and Sir Andrew Gray, ascended the moun place of importance, as large apparently as Artornish or Duntain with a select body of archery, and obtained possession of staffnage. These fragments enclose a courtyard, of which the the heights which commanded the page. A volley of arrows keep probably formed one side ; the entrance being by a steep descending upon them directly warned the Argyleshire men ascent from the neck of the isthmus, formerly cut across by a of their perilous sitoation, and their resistance, which had moat, and defended doubtless by outworks and a drawbridge. hitherto been bold and manly, was changed into a precipitate Beneath the castle stands the present mansion of the family, Dight. The deep and rapid river of Awe was then (we learn having on the one hand Loch Etive, with its islands and the fact from Barbour with some surprise) crossed by a bridge. mountains, on the other two romantic eminences tufted with

1 The sant, according to Lord Hailes. But the genealogy is distinctly Bred by Wyntoun :

Tuk, and weddyt til hyo wyf,
And on hyr he gat in-til hye lyse
Jhon of Lorne, the quhilk gat
Ewyn of Lorne eftyr that."
WYNTOUN'S Chronicle, Book viü. Chap. vi. lino 208.

"Tho thryd douchter of Red Cwmyn,
Alynawodyr of Argayle &tio

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