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war.

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great amity and accord. No wonder, Then, as chief of the American delegation then, that Dawes cabled to Logan: at the last Paris conference, he, with our

Ambassadors at Paris and London, signed The great work you have done from the beginning to the end in the effort for world peace

the agreement providing for the collection is now recognized by all, including the people

of the reparations. of the United States.

As well as he is known in Paris and

among the European diplomats, he is And Owen D. Young, fabricator of the probably just as well known out in the Dawes plan, whose great work was thus Mississippi Valley because, when he was saved for Europe, remarked:

on General Staff duty in Washington, he Ambassador Kellogg and Colonel Logan, by

was repeatedly rushed to that region in

flood relief work, which may explain why their tactful and able aid, have been large contributors to the success of this conference.

he was so efficient in the relief work he

did with Herbert Hoover right after the This London conference was not the end of his work on the Dawes plan. Both

HE ROSE FROM THE RANKS Mr. Young and S. Parker Gilbert, the first Agents-General of Reparations, drew OR is his the kind of efficiency the upon his vast knowledge when they began country has come to expect of all their work, and, incidentally, that knowl- West Point graduates, for he is not a West edge is so broad that the interested na- Point graduate. He enlisted as a private tions offered him a membership on the in the Spanish-American War, and in 1901 Reparations Commission, which he de- became a captain in the regular army. clined. This was a great tribute to him He was a White House aide at one time, personally, quite apart from his official where, undoubtedly, he developed in and unofficial connections with the Amer- large measure his natural powers as a ican Government.

tactful negotiator and diplomat.

During the first three years of the war HE IS COMPARED TO FRANKLIN

he was chief of the American Military OR was that London conference the Mission with the French Army, and when

beginning of his great work for the General Pershing reached France Colonel Dawes plan. As the American observer Logan was invaluable to the new staff beof the work of the Reparations Com- cause his services combined the natural mission he took part in the negotiations ability of the diplomat with the expert's that led to the formation of the expert knowledge of the customs of the French committees and the consequent evolution Army, with which the Americans had to of the plan, so that he knows the whole coöperate if the war was to be won. He reparations problem thoroughly.

joined General Pershing's headquarters That work for the Dawes plan alone as an Assistant Chief of Staff and, in would entitle him to a high place in the addition to his invaluable services as an history of that troublous period, but he expert adviser on the French Army cushas acted ably in so many other difficult toms, he handled many of the details of negotiations that his admirers recall the the formation of the skeleton organization record of Franklin in another troublous which was to handle the coming millions period when the fate of nations hung upon of soldiers. His work was particularly financial arrangements made in Paris. along the lines of supplying the materials

Acting as an unofficial representative of and supplies needed by large bodies of the United States in a series of conversa- troops. tions with Winston Churchill, the British With great ability as an organizer, Chancellor of the Exchequer, he succeeded Colonel Logan also is an exceptionally in having a share of the early reparations hard worker, and his fine physique enpayments allocated to the American ables him to work endless hours. It must Government in settlement of war claims. not be assumed from what has been

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written about his ability as an entertainer tions sections of the Supreme Economic that he is not a hard worker. During the Conference. There seems to be no limit London Conference he remained in town to his versatility. over week-ends to work, while other del In service and accomplishment this is egates were glad to get away for a re one of the remarkable careers of the spite from the strain and worry of the younger generation of the Army menarduous sessions. When a premier would though Colonel Logan recently resigned appear at a conference with more than a from the Army-and, since he is only hundred assistants he would find Logan forty-five years old and imbued with . there, alone.

ideals of public service, the public may It may be inferred also that his knowl- expect to hear much more about this repedge of economics is extensive, and he has resentative of a new order of diplomacy shown this more than once. After the who, despite his record of achievement, is war he was the European representative “temperamentally inclined to eloquent of the United States Grain Corporation, silence.” When he has to talk he does, and also the American representative on but at other times he lets his silence shout both the financial and the communica for him.

The Interchangeable Van Sweringens

Two Brothers With a Vision of a Railroad Empire

O

.P. VAN SWERINGEN may without parallel in industrial history.

be interrupted unexpectedly Wall Street tries in vain to recall a partto-day in a business conference nership comparable to this. All the

involving millions. M. J. Van interests of the two brothers are identical, Sweringen to-morrow can take up discus- with the single exception that Mantis J. sion of the project precisely where his finds time for horseback-riding, a sport his brother left off. This does not sigrify older brother has never taken up. that Mantis J., aged forty-four, is an They occupy adjoining offices. Of even understudy for his older brother. "O. more importance is the Van Sweringen P.," aged forty-five might do the suite in the Cleveland Hotel, which they if the situation were reversed.

own. Luncheon in their private rooms After eighteen years in large business is a daily conference of the Van Sweringen enterprises, including nine years in rail Duumvirate. Here, progress is reported roading, their interchangeability con on the venture in hand and each step tinues to puzzle other men of affairs. ahead is carefully outlined.

This unique combination of minds and fortunes, and unity of purpose, may ac

BOTH ARE BACHELORS count for the rapid rise of the Van Swer OT even home ties separate them. ingen brothers. Unknown in railroad Bachelors, they share the same resicircles in 1916, they played the leading dence in Shaker Heights, Cleveland. rôle in 1924. Those most familiar with After business hours they are rarely seen the $23,000,000,000 transportation indus- apart—the problems that are their work try of the United States predict that they during the day becoming their games will assume an even more important when their office is closed. position in 1925. Together, they promise This explains why Mantis J. is as familto blaze the trail toward consolidation iar with the inner workings of the Nickel of many railroad systems.

Plate Railroad as is Oris P., who is chairMen who have watched the Van Swer man of the board of directors, or why Oris ingen machine in operation assert it is P. can make snap decisions on matters

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relating to the Cleveland Hotel, where He is lighter in weight, not so tall as Mantis J. is officially in command. “O. P.," and apparently less serious.

The Van Sweringen brothers do not But, in reality, he is no less serious; that fulfill the fictional conception of super- appearance is deceptive. executives capable of such successes as Because it is impossible to project a the Shaker Heights residential develop- 9,145-mile railroad system,comprising five

[graphic]

ORIS PAXTON VAN SWERINGEN
The elder of two reticent bachelor brothers who started their business partner-
ship delivering newspapers in Cleveland and now aspire to deliver freight over

half the United States. “O. P." will be forty-six years old in April.

ment in Cleveland, the Cleveland Rapid properties, and remain unknown, the Van Transit Lire, the $60,000,000 Cleveland Sweringens in recent months have come Union Station, and the proposed uni- forcibly to the attention of the public. fication of five railroads into the greater For many years their deeds have been reNickel Plate system, with assets of a counted in Cleveland and throughout billion and a half. Both are of average northern Ohio. Whatever ventures they height and stocky. Everything about have touched have yielded both profit Mantis J. suggests he is the younger. and public benefit in quantities sufficient

596

The Newsboys' Dream Comes True

old and “ M. J. twenty-four

, this

unusual AN terminal in the heart of the city.

to win the admiration of their own com- Seeking a way out of their dilemma, the munity.

brothers examined a ravine running from To dream that the farming territory their property to the center of the business over which they had delivered news- section. To-day that ravine contains a papers would make an ideal residen- high-speed traction line with all grade tial district, was not difficult. To make crossings eliminated, placing Shaker that dream come true was a man-sized Heights within eighteen minutes of the undertaking. The Van Sweringens did Cleveland Public Square. both in Shaker Heights, Cleveland. In

THEIR FIRST RAILROAD 1905, when “O. P." was twenty-six years ""

NOTHER to a business partnership began to function on big enterprises. As free lance real

As free lance real- The Van Sweringens conceived a plan for estate speculators, specializing in land a union station, providing a terminal for east of Cleveland, they took charge of a their line in conjunction with railroads 1,500-acre tract which a Buffalo syndicate serving Cleveland. They discovered that for eighteen years had tried in vain to the Nickel Plate Railroad already was market.

quietly acquiring land in the path of their They innovated the idea of wholesaling proposed terminal on the square. this property in small blocks, with the They found, too, that A. H. Smith, promise to repurchase at higher prices if president of the New York Central, the buyers were dissatisfied. Through wanted a buyer for the Nickel Plate, additional options and purchases they ex- since the Interstate Commerce Commispanded their holdings, until they finally sion had ruled against the New York controlled all of the immense section Central's plan for holding “paralleling called Shaker Heights.

and competing lines." In 1916, after Many real-estate operators who laughed scraping together $2,000,000 in cash and at the Van Sweringen policy of cutting signing notes for $6,500,000, secured by a large slices out of the tract for boulevards, pledge of stock, they became owners of golf links, lakes, and school grounds have their first railroad line.

. lived to appreciate the vision of the former At once, they set about to expand it by Cleveland newsboys. The appraised val- adding the Lake Erie & Western and its uation of the property in Shaker Heights subsidiaries, and the Toledo, St. Louis & was multiplied seventy-two times between Western Railroad Company, making a 1900 and 1923.

single system of 1,696 miles. Even this Shaker Heights literally drew the Van move was considered of little importance Sweringens into railroading.

by financiers and railroad owners. But “Give us a street-car line and we will when the Van Sweringens acquired congive you a paying business,” they told trol, also, of the Chesapeake & Ohio and the street-car company, with the view of the Hocking Valley, their activities apbringing this property closer in time to peared in a new light. the business section of Cleveland.

There was great interest when the rail“Give us the people and you shall have road and financial world definitely learned the street-car line," was the rejoinder. in September, 1924, that the Van Swer

ingens actually proposed to unify and INGENIOUS IDEAS

control a single system with total assets COMPROMISE resulted. By it the of a billion and a half dollars.

Van Sweringens furnished the right of way and paid the interest on the improve

THEIR PROPOSED SYSTEM of 'HIS

erties: the old Nickel Plate, the Sweringens asked for more car lines, but Chesapeake & Ohio, the Hocking Valley, the transit officials declined to go further. the Erie, and the Pere Marquette. Such

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Shaker Heights were opened the Van This plan embraces five major prop

a system in point of mileage will be one Throughout their joint career the Van of the greatest east of the Mississippi Sweringens have shrunk consistently from River. Under it the new company will the public eye. After their fortunes operate directly or through its subsidiaries reached the point where a press agent approximately 9,145 miles of road. Its became a necessity, a seasoned public main line will extend from the ports of relations counsel from New York was

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New York and Newport News, connecting employed. Basing his operations upon with the principal western, northwestern, former experience, he obtained orders and southwestern roads at Chicago, Peoria, within a week from about fifteen publicaSt. Louis, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis. tions for articles on the Van Sweringens

When this plan was formally announced and their accomplishments. When, in the its adoption was considered possible, but consciousness of his achievement—so the improbable. To-day, most banking and story goes—he sent a note to his chiefs, derailroad interests grant that there is every tailing his success, the reply came in a reason to believe it may be achieved. single line: “Better let sleeping dogs lie."

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