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The Home of “Mountain Dew"

the whole length of it again. Not a teresting source, for I read in a morning drunken man could we find. But "hope paper: springs eternal," and there remained the levee. Eight big Mississippi steam

G. H. Foree, alleged paid Ku Klux Klan

prohibition raider, who led a number of Klansboats were loading and unloading when

men in making wholesale raids in Poplar Bluff, we reached it. On the curb in front

Mo., on Aug. 4, was arrested yesterday in of the former saloons (and one or two Wellston, St. Louis County, on an indictment not yet extinct) sat a long row of black charging him with impersonating a prohibition roustabouts. All were sober. But at last officer. -at last! just as we were coming to

Across the Mississippi from St. Louis the beautiful, weblike span of the Eads

lies the little city of East St. Louis, IlliBridge, a black man swung toward us

nois, amply supplied with saloons which staggering.

sell beer to any stranger. In one of them There are 2,200 saloons in St. Louis.

the bartender said, “This is the only There are drugstores selling whisky over

saloon in East St. Louis that doesn't sell the counter and drugstores with back

whisky.” Also there is a thriving trade rooms where men and women drink to

in crocks and kegs, and I saw large shipgether. A leading hotel serves whisky

ments of grapes. I added one drunken in cups. At another hotel and at a

man to my collection. famous restaurant, hip liquor is allowed.

“The police have got tired of raiding Within a single year there were ten killings directly attributable to prohibi- said a newspaper man; “ but don't be too

and leave it to the Volstead officers," tion and ten more resulting from quarrels hard on this town—we have more forin saloons. A man in a hotel lobby said, "If you

eigners than we can manage, and bums had been with me last night you would

come here from St. Louis." have seen twenty-three men drunk, right waited over at a junction-North Vernon,

On my trip to Louisville, Kentucky, I in this house." But in two days I saw

Indiana. Having just read an account only three men drunk on the street.

of prohibition at Gary, Indiana, I expected CAREFUL LIQUOR SELLERS

to find the state rather wet. The disHE St. Louis saloon-keepers are

patch, wired from Chicago, said: wary. A stranger is given a bottle Fifty-two men and women charged with of near-beer-"Sorry, sir, but that's all violating the prohibition law in Lake County, we've got"—though a man next him is Ind., were held to have "substituted for prodrinking highly alcoholic beer and an

hibition a system of license which protected other is sipping a highball. I found

them from conviction" by the U. S. Court saloon-keepers wary even in Market

of Appeals here to-day. The defendants

included Roswell Johnson, former mayor of Street. At the office of the Anti-Saloon League Lake County.

Gary, Ind., and Louis Barnes, former sheriff in Dr. Post complained that many church members appeared to side with the

An explanatory dispatch from Indianliquor gang. At Prohibition Headquar- apolis said: ters, the Divisional Chief, Mr. Gos

Defendents in the Gary liquor conspiracy horn, said that the gang was strongly case were sentenced in the Federal Court organized. Until a year ago it main here on Aug. 28, 1923. The case grew out of tained a protection association which paid the Agnes Szabo, “Queen of the Bootleggers," the fines of members. It still pays spies trial in 1921, when deputy constables testified to watch the six enforcement agents al

that “a system existed in Lake County by lotted for fifty-one counties-half the

which whisky confiscated from the bootleggers State of Missouri.

was divided among the officers of the law or Evidently Mr. Goshorn's army of six

sold and the money divided." now and then receive help from an in Nevertheless, citizens at the railway

station assured me that North Vernon Of its buildings, one has been transwas bone-dry. “Not a drop anywhere formed into a chicken hatchery, another in town," they declared. "Bootleggers consists only of foundations and a few never come here."

strewn bricks, still another is being torn When I asked the reason, they said, down, and the largest, with its windows “The Klan.” No one greatly fears smashed, is marked for demolition. Volstead agents. They are a known “Sixty-five per cent. of all the red peril, whereas the Klan is mysterious. whisky in the United States was being Then, too, it is be

made in Kentucky lieved that Volstead

when prohibition agents can be Federal Enforcement

went into effect," bought off, whereas

said the reformer, no one cherishes a Those who do not wish to see prohibi "and now, if you hope of buying off tion enforced urge that the prohibition

ride from Bardsthe Klan. As an inlaws are Federal laws and hence should

town to Bardstown be enforced solely by Federal authorities. stitution for enforcThis is not true as a matter of fact.

Junction, you will ing the dry law, The prohibition laws of the State of

see what were once where it wishes en Illinois are more rigorous than even the

the foundations of forcement, the Klan Federal laws. But even if this were half a dozen big disis unequalled.

not so, it is the duty of every law en tilleries, and around Arriving in Louis forcement official to enforce all the laws Bardstown you will ville, I asked a within his jurisdiction regardless of see half a dozen

what the Federal officers do.-Mayor stranger, “How is

more. This doesn't prohibition here?" Dever of Chicago, in a recent speech.

look very much as and he answered, The whole question of enforcement of

if the liquor men ex"Judge Moreman the Federal act sustaining the Eigh pected whisky to has six hundred

teenth Amendment is imbedded in in come back, does cases.” These were sincerity and hypocrisy. We are suffer it?" violation cases,

ing from too many statesmen who talk At the Henry which had accumdry and act wet. Nothing is as difficult

Watterson Hotel I ulated during the as trying to take both sides of a question.

was presented to Lack of enforcement of this law unjudge's prolonged

Mr. Claude Graabsence. doubtedly pleases some part of our

ham, known the community. Strict enforcement pleases Louisville has no another part. If we believe in democ

country over for the Scotch. It has no

racy, equal enforcement should please whipped-cream gin. It has no wine.

everybody.-Governor Smith, in the egg-nog which he It has no beer. It annual message to the legislature of the formerly dispensed has no saloons. State of New York.

all the year through What remains of

at the bar. In the the once-thriving

same room this liquor traffic is a secret trade in “moun- celebrity now presides over a “coffee tain dew" and an occasional defiance of shoppe.' prohibition by a "soft drink parlor." Louisville is a city of churches and Judge Moreman sends violators to Atlanta theological seminaries. It has a populaby the carload. One shipment had a tion almost wholly American. But in chartered car all to themselves.

its submission to Volsteadism it appears There are 300,000 people in Louisville, to have required vigorous persuasion. As and until prohibition came the place I was informed by Mr. Sherman Ball, , was renowned for its distilleries. The United States District Attorney, a first Rev. H. H. Mashburn, an official of the offender convicted of making or selling Anti-Saloon League, took me to see one liquor is imprisoned for three or four of them as it is now. Its grounds occupy

months if he pleads guilty. If he is conboth sides of an unusually long block. victed on trial, the penalty is imprison

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have their drivers' license suspended A NEWSPAPER man with whom I 510

North Carolina's Methods ment for six months. A first offender for a little boy.'

for a little boy. Within a single month convicted of possessing liquor may be we caught five cars, each carrying 200 fined as much as $500.

gallons, and all belonging to the same

people. But there isn't a place in KnoxRED WHISKY SAFE IN BOND

ville where you can buy a drink; it's all R. MILLER, the Prohibition Direc

tor, said: “Nine tenths of the red Who are the consumers? An occawhisky of the United States is in Ken- sional automobile accident sheds some tucky distilleries under bond. When light on the question. Says Judge Wilprohibition first went into effect they were liams, in his latest report: robbed, but we sent seventeen men to

A number of the cases coming into my court penitentiaries, and there were no more

are members of the best families of Knoxville. robberies. Just to-day a Kentucky While they do not state the same openly brewer, pleading guilty of making illegal in court, yet frequently they come to me beer, paid a fine of $1,000 and was warned and say they were at a social gathering where that a second offense would mean Atlanta. a fruit jar was passed around and the wreck As for bootlegging, it is indulged in only occurred while returning home, with the result by the criminal class, and yet there are a

that they were brought into my court on the hundred places in Louisville where liquor charge of being drunk and driving a car. can be bought." As mementoes of his According to the Prohibition Director, agents' exploits among the mountaineers, Mr. Wynn, moonshining in the mounMr. Miller treasures eight captured shot- tains is decreasing: “Union County, one guns-big, double-barreled ones, quite of the worst moonshining districts three disturbing to behold.

years ago, has been practically cleaned While in Louisville, I read of prohibi- up, and sentiment is changing everywhere. tion as enforced at Lexington, Kentucky, Preachers and teachers in the mountains where "better coöperation between the have helped to change it. When we beFederal and local authorities, imposing gan here, only one mountaineer would jail sentences instead of fines, sealing give evidence against moonshiners. He leaks from bonded warehouses, and the has since been elected sheriff.” When I application of the padlock law are cur asked about drinking at the University tailing the liquor traffic."

of Tennessee, he said, “The university From Louisville, I went to Knoxville, is bracing up.” Tennessee, and there I read: "Official

VOLSTEADISM AND ETIQUETTE announcement that all found guilty of driving automobiles while drunk would

“One for a year was made to-day by Judge student paid his way through the universiRobert P. Williams of the Municipal ty by bootlegging," he told me, "and there Court.”

is still too much drinking there and among On the wall behind Judge Williams's our young men in general. They think it chair in the courtroom hangs a prisoner's no discourtesy to bring flasks even when striped suit as a warning to sinners, and their hostess is an ardent prohibitionist. he shows the visitor a large closet filled However, men of thirty and more are with half-gallon fruit jars containing beginning to swear off as a health measure, captured whisky.

for the mountain dew' we now get is "Runners are hired by the wholesalers ruinous." to bring these fruit jars from the moun In Charlotte, the first citizen I met tains,” he said. “The wholesalers decant began his account of the situation there the stuff into 'big boys' (pint bottles) by saying: “We have magnificent hardand little boys' (half-pint bottles) and surface roads running back into the mounsell it to the bootleggers, who peddle tains, and numerous cross roads. So down it at two dollars for a 'big boy,' a dollar comes 'mountain dew' in fruit jars.”



North Carolina enjoys a drastic en- homes where there were rows from drinkforcement law. For a first offense the ing; now it happens once a month. I convicted maker of liquor gets six months don't say we're sprouting wings, but I do in jail; for a second offense, a year and a say that we're trying to do things in a day in prison. For a first offense any decent way. A second offender caught one convicted of possessing liquor pays making liquor goes on the chain-gang for a fine of $250 or spends thirty days in a year.” jail; for a second offense he goes to jail The mere possession of liquor is dangerfor from eight to ten months. If the ous unless it was obtained on a doctor's second offense in

prescription and volves a nuisance

from a druggist charge, he spends a

authorized to sell year and a day in Congratulating the President!

by prescription. Atlanta.

The President “shall take Care that According to a ré“There is a strong the Laws be faithfully executed.”

sumé of Virginia's dry sentiment all Constitution of the United States, enforcement law, over the state,” said Article II, Section 3.

the Layman Act, "a Mayor Walker. The Citizens' Committee of One

man who has saved Judge Wade H. Thousand “commends to the people

a quart of pre-war Williams, City Re

of the United States and particularly

to their official representatives the atcorder, added this

liquor and still

cherishes it is liable titude of the President in his conscieninteresting bit of intious obedience to the provisions of the

to a prison term of formation: “Lately

Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitu- one month and a the police caught a tion, in the hope that the example of

fine of $50. Hecanbootlegger and got the first citizen of our country may in- not pay a fine and his list of custom- duce those who are now wilfully violat

escape. A man who ers; it reads like the ing the prohibitory statute to accept gives a drink to anSocial Register." his leadership in conduct and to endorse

other may be fined In Salisbury, in practice the integrity of his fidelity

and sent to jail. A North Carolina, I to the supremacy of law.”—From the

man drunk on the resolutions presented to the President picked up a Greenson January 8, 1925.

street is fined $54 if boro paper, whose

he pleads guilty. If editor had signifi

he pleads not guilty, cantly declined to

he is fined $96." blue pencil this syndicated editorial by “The worst feature of the situation in Arthur Brisbane:

Lynchburg," a newspaper man said to

me “is the drinking among young people. Forty bootleggers have been killed by U. S. Government agents and eighteen more by They don't wait for whisky to be brought Coast Guards. In addition, hundreds have

down from the mountains, they go up been killed in bootleggers' quarrels and in

after it in their cars over bad roads ten fights between bootleggers and hi-jackers that or fifteen miles. At a party the first prey on bootleggers. It costs the Govern- thing a girl asks is, “What have you got on ment more than $10,000,000 a year to carry

your hip?'" on the, thus far, unsuccessful war against "This is a dry town, comparatively,” whisky. Possibly light beer, which might said another

said another informant. “The wet provide successful competition with bootleg Virginia towns are Norfolk and Roanoke, whisky, and would certainly yield the Govern

Norfolk being a seaport, Roanoke surment a revenue of five hundred millions a

rounded by mountains.” year, may eventually be tried.

However, moonshining is not conThe Chief of Police in Lynchburg fined to the mountains: said: "Before prohibition we used to get 150 drunks a month; now we get 45. One of the most complete distilling plants It used to be one man's job to go to seized in this section of the state in months was

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five years.

great wering for samen negroes." How? I called for a report of the sub-committee

raided yesterday afternoon in a Chesterfield ing electrical machinery discussed the deCounty swamp, near where that county and crease in industrial accidents. Prohibition Amelia and Powhatan join. In addition to leaders attribute it entirely to prohibition. a 500-gallon wooden still, the raiding party “They overlook the introduction of captured fifty gallons of liquor, an 8-horse

safety devices," he said. “Emery wheels power steam boiler, thirty-one 500-gallon

are now enclosed; punch presses are profermenters, fifty-two cases of empty halfgallon jars, twenty-four sacks of sugar, two

vided with screens that must be closed of malt, and tubs, tools, and a doubler. Con

before the machine will operate; moving fiscations are valued at $6,000.

belts are enclosed with railings and heavy

meshed wire. There has been great adThis I found in a dispatch from Rich vance in these matters during the past mond. I had been in Virginia when state

WASHINGTON'S DESPERATE CRIMINALS prohibition went into effect, and Virginians were then saying, "It will be a IN WASHINGTON my attention was great thing for the Negroes." Now, after five years of national prohibition, I of the Committee on the District of was anxious to learn how the predictions Columbia and there I found the enforcehad been fulfilled; so I visited a Negro ment problem thus outlined: quarter in Lynchburg, and, seeing Negroes

The area of the District is approximately on the porch of the Colored Elks' Home,

seventy square miles. It contains an unuswent up and asked them. They backed

ually large percentage of well-paved streets away from the question with agility.

and avenues. The highways leading into the Later a policeman explained, “You District are for the most part improved. Bootwere close to the center of the bootleg- leggers and rum-runners take advantage of ging district. White men used to get this fact. By the use of high-power autorich selling whisky to Negroes, but in mobiles they seek to distribute their illicit these days the Negroes are getting rich wares in the District. These automobiles selling whisky to white men."

are frequently equipped with smoke screens Knoxville, Charlotte, and Lynchburg and if the occupants are in danger of arrest are relatively small cities. Knoxville

or pursuit they run with headlong speed with

utter disregard for the safety of the public has 100,000 people, Charlotte 60,000, Lynchburg 30,000. In all three cities trict or have eluded pursuit. Many of these

until they are beyond the confines of the Disreligious influence is strong; according to criminals are of a desperate type. Almost a circular issued by the Board of Com

all of them are heavily armed. They do not merce, Charlotte is "the greatest church hesitate to shoot at any officer or civilian who going city in the United States-greatest attempts to intercept them. in the world next to Edinburgh.” All three cities had accepted state prohibition

In a statement by Mr. James O'Connell before national prohibition came.

before a House committee, I read:

All three have a public sentiment vigorously

The enforcement, or the attempt at enopposed to the saloon, and all three have forcement, of prohibition would be positively banished the saloon. All three cities amusing if it were not for the danger attached believe that severe punishment will sup to it. It is not safe for a man, woman, or press law-breaking, and have no hesita child to travel the streets now for fear of being tion in punishing law-breakers severely.

shot down by some irresponsible person who In not one of the three is there a numerous

is employed to enforce prohibition. Members foreign element-the foreign-born in

of Congress have been shot down on the Lynchburg number only seventy-five. danger; you cannot tell from where a shot is

streets. Men, women, and children are in Theoretically, then, all three should be

coming or when a shot will strike you. dry. In reality, they are far from dry.

In the train for Washington, a techni The enforcement of prohibition in cian who goes from place to place install- Washington is hampered by a regulation

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