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honesty, to the states and municipalities, desire among these traffickers, to keep is that at Washington the educated drink from minors. specialist is an important element in Before this "age of sophistication" of administration. He is found in all the the younger generation, it was considered bureaus, and, not infrequently, in Cabi a disgrace for any young man or young net posts; certainly Mr. Mellon is an girl to show any evidences of intoxication expert on finance and Mr. Hoover on at a party or dance. Now many of them commerce.
consider it “smart”; liquor and tipsiness
have become “the thing,” no matter how Children and Prohibition hard parents and chaperones may try to
"police" their parties and dances. A HERE is a constantly growing lively argument might be started anybelief that the use of intoxicants where in the country on the question
by minors has been increasing in whether this is one of the causes or one of the last two or three years. In all parts the results of this so-called “age of of the country any traveler will find sophistication.” There is evidence on persons who tell of regrettable incidents both sides, though, no authoritative at high school or college parties, or at statistics are available to show even an affairs attended by minors. The truth increase in drinking among minors. Obof these observations is confirmed by servations are the only evidence, but those several authorities, notably Judge Ben observations are too general to be ignored. B. Lindsey of the Denver Juvenile Court, who says that he has noticed an increase A World Without Disease? of the use of intoxicants among children of high school age. He is careful to specify
T THE recent centennial of Lathe words "high school age," because not
fayette College one of the speakall the drinking is done by high school
ers, Dr. William S. Nichols,
gave students. He finds it prevalent to a large a picture of the world fifty years hence, degree among boys and girls who do not of a somewhat more cheerful aspect than attend school, but work for a living. has become the fashion in meetings of this Similar confirmation, based on observa- kind. The horrors which modern chemistion, is available at many other official try is likely soon to heap on civilization
have become a familiar story. Electric Those who have noticed this condition rays that can destroy an army or a city blame prohibition, but perhaps that is the at a distance of a hundred miles, new wrong word to use; perhaps they should gases a single whiff of which can wipe out use the word “bootlegging.” In the
a hundred thousand men-such are the days of legal liquor selling, it was against blessings which science, according to the law to dispense intoxicants to a minor, recent prognostications, is preparing for and most saloonkeepers observed that the next generation. law; most of them did have
have some According to Dr. Nichols, however, conscience in that respect, though if they there is another side to the picture. In did not they could be punished, because, fifty years, he predicts, the world will be a unlike the bootlegger, they had fixed world without disease. The most terriplaces of business. It is different now: ble plagues that now afflict mankind will the bootlegger is a conscienceless, lawless have been conquered by modern chemisvagabond who observes few human try. Even the most baffling will become decencies and who has no fixed place of only the more tragic memories of humanbusiness. He does not care who con- kind. A world without disease! Here is sumes his “stuff," and the potables sold a spectacle as interesting to the philosoas liquor sometimes now pass through so pher as to the scientist. For such a world many hands from maker to consumer that would necessarily mean more than a world it would be difficult, even if there were the from which sickness had been abolished.
When Politics Admitted of Humor
Dr. Nichols really foresees an early time
The Death of Laughter when man will obtain and preserve physical perfection, when his powers of body OUIS LUDLOW, the Washington corand of mind will always be maintained respondent, says in his recent book at their highest efficiency. It would prob
"From Cornfield to Press Gallery,” ably be impossible to find to-day a single that when former Vice-President Thomas human being who is not ill in some way R. Marshall was presiding for the last and to some degree. Life and civilization time over a session of the Senate, Henry and current history are really the achieve- Cabot Lodge moved around near the rosments of invalids-of men and women, trum and told him that he did not know that is, whose bodies, and consequently how Congress would get along without whose minds, are far from realizing 100 him. No presiding officer had ever beper cent. of their possibilities. To foresee fore dared attempt to relieve the tedium what life will be, with all physical dis- of the proceedings with a little humor, abilities removed and the human organ- as Vice-President Marshall had done so ism given free scope to exercise its will,
Some of his remarks fairly staggers the imaginaticn.
reached the staid Congressional Record; And this; Dr. Nichols insists, is to be but many of the best did not, either bethe work of chemistry. The physicians cause they were uttered in so low a tone will probably not disagree with this that the stenographer passed over them statement. The chemist, not the doctor or because they were personal. in the old-fashioned sense, is to unlock the It has become traditional that politics still unsolved mysteries of the human and intentional humor do not mix; most body. Indeed, one of the ironies of medi- politicians try to be intensely serious so cal progress is that the man who laid the that the public will take them seriously. basis of modern medicine was not a medi- Former Senator Albert J. Beveridge of cal man, but a chemist. In most great Indiana never smiles or becomes facemedical research laboratories to-day the tious in a political campaign; he reprename chiefly honored is not Hippocrates sents one end of the scale of seriousness. or Galen or Vesalius or even Harvey, but At the other is Job E. Hedges, who, Pasteur. It was Pasteur's studies in the according to the general opinion among fermentations of beer and wine that led to New York politicians, lost the Governorthe conquest of such human plagues as ship because he told too many jokes in tuberculosis, typhoid, tetanus, diphtheria, his campaign speeches; his appeals for malaria, yellow fever, and countless votes were gems of utterance in that others. The human body is a highly com- epigrammatic philosophy which has made plicated mass of chemical reactions, and him almost as famous as Chauncey M. physiological chemistry is the basis of Depew as an after-dinner speaker. medical science. In the opinion of per- Americans are beginning to take themhaps the most daring experimenter of this selves, their civilization, and their politics generation, Jacques Loeb, chemistry so seriously that they forget to laugh, and would ultimately accomplish all things. that encourages politicians to become He believed that the time was not far dis- pompous. That gives them a better tant when it would create life itself. He chance of success, because it has been himself succeeded, by chemical means, known throughout the ages that you can in introducing the vital spark into the kill with laughter a cause that would eggs of sea-urchins and tadpoles. The thrive with increased vigor on serious prophecy of Dr. Nichols is no more start- argument or opposition of the most violent ling than this realization, though pos- kind. Dr. Charles Gray Shaw, Professor sibly he may have been a little optimistic of Philosophy at New York University, in declaring that his great physical trans- says that “the laugh is going fast” and formation was to be realized within half that "the life of laughter cannot be a century.
saved.” It may be that the age of laugh
ter will be succeeded by an age of humor even though it does not indicate disthat can be appreciated with a smile, but honesty in the men responsible for the Dr. Shaw apparently does not think so, newspaper publications. An experimenfor he says:
ter who should really find the “cancer Does one ever hear the scientist laugh or
germ” would not find it necessary to take
the reporters into his confidence; he see the socialist smile? Are Einstein and Trotsky famous for their jokes? Would
would at once be awarded the Nobel Lincoln have been humorous if his administra- prize, for he would have made the greattion had been like that of Taft? Those who
est discovery in medicine since the days of are so advanced as to see their way through Jenner. All who have looked into this all incongruities never stop to laugh at any subject know that one of the greatest thing. When all men are fully evolved, laugh- medical controversies of the time is the ter will die a natural death. Indeed, it is existence, or the non-existence, of a safe to predict that war and laughter will
cancer germ”; there is no assurance that depart hand in hand.
this strange disease is stimulated by an Professor William McDougall of Har- extrinsic cause. Another fact well known vard believes that if man, naturally is that the injection of almost any foreign sympathetic, was inclined to weep over proteins into the body of a cancer patient every small misfortune, the vitality of the causes a diminution of the growth and race would be lowered. Nature knew this sometimes its disappearance. Such and bestowed upon man the royal gift of changes, however, are only temporary. laughter, which raises the spirits and A few years ago a much respected stimulates the flow of blood. “This is
“This is pathologist of Roosevelt Hospital in the biological function of laughter, one New York, Dr. Hodenpyl, found that the of the most beautiful and delicate of introduction of dropsical fluid into a wonature's adjustments.”
man mortally ill with cancer caused her Professor Shaw may be right. It may
ailment to vanish like magic. It was one be true that the causes of laughter are of the most startling moments in the vanishing, even in politics, but the man
medical annals of New York. The who makes that observation runs the achievement was widely advertised; Dr. risk of being laughed at.
Hodenpyl was hailed as the man who had
solved the most baffling mystery of mediAn Epidemic of Cancer Cures cine; yet in a few weeks the cancerous
growth made its reappearance in more NE of the distressing signs of the virulent form than ever, and Dr. Hotimes is the extent to which so- denpyl died of a broken heart.
a called discoverers of cancer This experience is a common one. It cures are exploiting their achievements in is not improbable that the cause and cure the public press. This has been a feature of cancer will some day be found: it is, of American journalism for half a century, indeed, extremely probable. But, after but the current demonstration is unus- the initial discovery, it will take years of ually active. To experienced students observation and experimentation before of this problem the discoveries” carry there can be any assurance that it is deftheir refutation on the surface. The inite and permanent. Any man who so-called experimenters tell of the isola- rushes into print with his announcement, tion of the “cancer germ,” the develop- without these years of experimentation to ment of a “cancer serum,” and present support him, is nothing less than a quack. the usual array of statistics, specifying He is a terrible menace to society and the the cases that are “cured” or that show greatest enemy of the sufferers from this “improvement,” and holding forth prom- disease. At present cancer, in its early ises of complete success.
stages, can be cured, usually by operation. The mere fact that these announce- The discovery of all persons in this early ments are made in itself discredits them, stage, and their prompt submission to
Schools Which Prepare for Prison
surgical treatment, would mean the elim- escapades were tagged in newspaper ination of the plague. A campaign in all stories with the familiar label, the editors enlightened countries for the identifica- should consult this volume to make sure tion and cure of such cases is now making that they were what they were so freprogress in most civilized countries. This quently claimed to be. is the main reason why the publication of A careful observance of this practice, "cancer cures” is so great a public danger. it was believed, would save the venerable Human beings have an apparently in- institutions from the too prevalent suseradicable instinct for quackery; and a picion of being a nursery of crime. Judge considerable number of men and women Alfred J. Talley, of New York, recently in this early curable period are too likely made a speech in which he declared, to consult the miracle-workers rather among other things, that there were than offer themselves to the less romantic enough college graduates in the prisons and not always attractive surgeon's of the United States to man the faculties knife even though the latter can work a of all the colleges. . This remark led Mr. permanent cure. Such publications Lewis E. Lawes, the warden of Sing Sing therefore unquestionably cause many Prison, to investigate the accuracy of a needless deaths, and for this reason in it. generalization which is obviously as inself the press should be careful about ex- teresting to educators as to penologists. ploiting them.
He discovered that, out of 1,388 convicts
under his charge, 5 were college graduates. Criminal Instincts of College Men This is a proportion of about of i per
cent. Obviously, these five holders of TEW light has recently been shed academic degrees do not constitute a
upon another point about the force large enough to recruit the faculties
college graduate that occasion- of all the higher educational institutions ally finds its way into the public press, of New York State, where there are and that is his criminal tendencies. probably several thousand men engaged The extent to which the old familiar in academic instruction. There is little
graduate of Yale” or “graduate of Har- doubt that other states would make a vard” figures in newspaper scandals and similar showing.
similar showing. The experience of so crimes has long been a grief to these famous a collector of ne'er-do-wells as the ancient institutions. A few years ago warden of Sing Sing may therefore be the authorities of the former sent copies taken as sufficiently disproving the thesis of its catalogue of graduates to leading that an undergraduate course in itself American newspapers with the modest forms a stimulating preparation for crimrequest that, before the heroes of such inal activity.
New Palace of Art
Gift to the Nation
The Henry E. Huntington Library at San Marino, California, will pass, on the death of its owner, into the possession of the American public. It contains, in addition to such famous masterpieces as “The Blue Boy” of Gainsborough, manuscripts and first editions that rank as the most priceless of such treasures in existence, and its bequest to the nation forms the greatest single gift from an individual to his country in the world