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the motion picture houses on days of a cattle and, oh rare and admirable, of touted Western "feature”, for there is in those cowboys who blithely set about James's prose a reflective character and collecting herds aided only by subtlety a genuine dignity perhaps not entirely and handy running irons. Years and expected. One reads his book with experience in the country whereof he respect and a great deal of well-warranted writes have given James, we feel, that interest, and his drawings, which form a tolerance that is the ultimate bequest of precious part, one is apt to consider with a wisdom. clamant admiration and joy.

"Cowboys North and South" covers The picturing of the West and its ways

in eight chapters and men on canvas and paper achieved its

every significant asearly and brilliant development with

pect of the life once Remington, but it has assuredly continued

led in the West', to develop with the strictly native genius

known then by the of C. M. Russell, “Montana's Cowboy

one term cattle Artist," and Will James. For a perfect ”

country." As a genexpression of vol

uine bit of history canic muscle-packed

by a man who has energy James's bron

assisted in its making cos are inimitable.

it is the most imporThey run, buck, and

tant type of contriswerve across the

bution to the Cowpage in a dizzying

boy Cycle. Philip arpeggio of action

Ashton Rollins in calculated, we

a splendid piece of work, “The Cowboy" breathlessly assure

is far less picturesque but extraordinarily ourselves, to pound

interesting and sound. Those cowboys their riders, noncha

who like James are graduates of the old lantly and miracu

school owe Rollins a debt of gratitude lously still astride of them, into mere for his accurate and enthralling portrait bags of bruised flesh and broken bones. of them and for dispelling as much as is They are invincible, merciless, superb. possible many of the woolly and weird And they are horses, not the incredible myths that the world has insisted on creatures bred by fancy out of Pegasus weaving about them. An instance of that sometimes pass in illustrations as Rollins's characterization that displays the cow ponies of the West.

his powers of sympathetic observation is In addition to the broncos there are the this monologue between a cowboy and his long-horns. Alas that they, too, like the bronco when the former contemplates men that once herded them, have gone on saddling up for the day's work. It must down the trail and out of our times. be explained that these kindly riders in There are two sketches, one of a long-horn order to save their horses discomfort, mother and calf, shoulder deep in snow, warmed their bits before the fire before facing a pair of self-congratulatory and going out to the corral and once there chop-licking wolves and one of just such made generous statements as to their another mother and child facing a grizzly horses' talents in order to convince the about to charge that are accomplished broncos that all was friendly. The man little dramas in themselves. The calves has vanished inside the corral. His are especially delightful, with ears flopped monologue, carefully censored, runs, as enquiringly forward and uneasy astonish- Mr. Rollins hears it, like this: ment growing in distressingly infantine

"Good morning, Pete. Hope you're well. eyes. The drawing betokens sympathy, Got a little piece of iron candy for you. and there is another thing that delights one stop fooling, Pete. Stop your kidding. in James; his understanding of horses and Stop that, I tell you. Pete, stop that, Stop it,

224

Echoes of the Old West

I say. Look here, you dodgasted, pale pink, to which they were sung that make them wall-eyed, glandered, spavined cayuse, pull so infinitely haunting. The border baldown that injur rubber neck of yourn, or I'll lads like the lays of the minstrelsy of the skin you alive and mash in your sides to hell eleventh and twelfth centuries, were and gone. Hold still, pony, and I'll fix your written apparently on the morrow after ear. Is that comfortable? Now Pete, here comes the saddle. Whoa, pony, stop twitch

some noteworthy achievement of local ing your fool back. Now Pete, the front

heroes and sung thereafter whenever two cinch's fixed. All we've got left is the hind

or three were gathered together with their one. Pete, you dog-goned, inflated, lost soul, feet upon the brass rail. The heroes of let out that wind and do it quick or I'll bust these songs were often enough notorious you wide open.

bandits and the Quit that, Pete.

ballad of Jesse Quit it, I say.

James with its Good, old Pete,

recurrent and you sure are some

astonishing rehorse."

frain “But that We love that

dirty little cowcowboy. We

ard that shot covet Pete.

Mr. Howard Charles Wel

has laid poor lington Furlong

Jesse in his in “Let 'er

grave" is a Buck" wrote

thoroughly typinterestingly of

ical example. the latest phase

And also, as in of the fenced

the lais and West, the com

virelais of the petitive riding

distinguished at rodeos and

troubadours exhibition

whose glory was round-ups, but

the friendship it lacks, of course, the reality of James of Richard the Lion-hearted, Bertran de or Rollins. Still it belongs to the cycle Born and the historic Blondel, the authorand it is reassuring to know that there ship was sometimes modestly admitted are still men who yearn to ride as James in the last verse. Witness: remarks, "a head-fighting, limber-back cross between greased lightning and

This song was made by Bill Gashade where it hits."

As soon as the news did arrive

He said there was no man with the law in his The cowboy songs and ballads have

hand been carefully salvaged, as many of them

Who could take Jesse James when alive. as could be found drifting like lost echoes in corners of the West still comparatively The cowboy has long been the subject unfenced. John A. Lomax, of the Uni- of fiction and some of it, apart from the versity of Texas and the Sheldon Fellow interest of mere plot and characterization, for the Investigation of American Ballads has been of authentic value as history, at Harvard, succeeded in collecting many Owen Wister's “The Virginian” of honorof them into a volume and they form a able memory, Alfred Henry Lewis's vital adjunct to any compilation of "Wolfville Days"" and "Wolfville Nights” cowboy material. These songs are not and his significantly entitled “The Sunset in themselves of any great interest. Like Trail” with its fascinating portrait of the the sea chanteys of a half-century ago, it is their association with a life of hardihood

*"Wolfville Days." Stokes. $2.

“Wolfville Nights.' Stokes. $2. and vicissitude and, above all, the melodies

“The Virginian." Macmillan. $2.50.

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memorable "Wild Bill” Hickok, are "which blood is my liquor, gents, and I among the best fictional interpretations kin lick my weight in wolves" brand of of the old West. "Whispering Smith'* cowboy predominates in the works of the Frank H. Spearman's gun wizard and authors that she names and to the lathe lovable "Lin McLean't another of mentable extent of practically excluding Mr. Wister's contributions to this valhalla the one that was far more in evidence of the riders of the 'seventies and 'eigh- and that made the cow country of the ties remain in one's mind as unforgetta- West what it was. The self-contained, ble characters. It is hard to say whether athletic, bronzed young man that James the late Emerson Hough was more inter from a fund of actual experience draws for ested in the fiction

us did not invarito be created or

ably carry two guns the history already

worn low nor use made of the West,

them with frantic but in any case

speed at the drop both, as they ap

of a hat. The rider pear in his work,

that went thus are sound. Read

equipped and whose with Will James

speech and action near at hand as a

came simultanemanual, all these

ously cloaked in the books are purged

acrid reek of a of casual extrava

fanned gun was an gance and their

individual whose real merit the easier

demise was sooner perceived.

rather than later Clemence Dane,

cheerfully accoman Englishwoman

plished by town whose ability and

marshals reared in distinction as a

the tradition of critic is unquestioned, has in a recent issue Mr. Hickok. None the less, Miss Dane's of the International Book Review, written appreciation is significant. of the present-day fiction of the cowboy There will assuredly come a

a time with an enthusiasm not always typical of when all these books, history and fiction English critics when reviewing American and, indeed, everything that has dealt work. She, too, perceives in it a parallel with the cowboy, will be coveted rarities to the heroic cycles of European countries, in the libraries of men wise enough in to the legends of Arthur, and of Beowulf, their generation to perceive and appreciate of Roland and of Siegfried. It is perhaps the great qualities of courage and integrity a pity that she has apparently never read in an American type forced out of existhe more authentic stories of the West, tence by progress and the changing times. those written by men such as Will James Such men have laid and will lay hands on or by authors whose interest it has been everything that commemorates it. Perto combine history with fiction and the haps the cowboy will continue for a score study of the life itself with the imagina- of years yet to constitute the rugged tive interpretation thereof. She knows keystone of many a plot, but it is more not Rollins or Hough or Wister. If she probable that already he has swung his does, she does not mention them. The pony toward a far horizon and, light

heartedly enough, is leaving our pages the *"Whispering Smith.” Scribner's. $2.00.

drabber for his going. Vaya con Dios, Caf"Lin McLean.” Harper's. $1.50.

ballero-fortunately a literature remains.

WILL James

THE WORLD'S WORKSHOP

So many of the interesting things in the making of a magazine and the publishing of books never get past the editors' desks that we have decided to devote a few pages every month to sharing some of them with our readers. These include an acquaintance with writers, letters from readers, and a miscellany of other things that may interest others as much as they interest us.—THE EDITORS.

IN THE World's Work for January chose Juliet as a vehicle for her distin

Clayton Hamilton will discuss the guished talent. And there was David Shakespearean revival that has re- Warfield's “Merchant of Venice” and cently swept the American stage. Jack Barrymore's very wonderful “Ham

Skeptics have murmured, not with let." And Walter Hampden. To him out some small reason perhaps, that the is due this last and most brilliant repulmotor of art must be in the last vival, for Mr. Hampden has been playing stages of disrepair, such has been its con- Shakespearean parts for many years and tinual and violent usage at the hands has won in the face of indifference and of Shakespearean revivalists every two non-appreciation a great name through years or so. He is, the skeptics aver, .

the sheer merit of his performances. It constantly in a state of revival. Booth, has become impossible to be skeptical Mansfield, and Irving, Sir Herbert Beer- about Walter Hampden. bohm Tree-whom his youthful and brilliant brother Max failed to recognize

OSSO in his beard, the time-honored hairiness of Shylock—and many others of less Rollin Lynde Hartt, whose two series fortune and repute played the great parts on “When the Negro Comes North” in the closing decades of the Nineteenth and “The Habit of Getting Divorces" Century. Stock companies for the last have appeared in the World's WORK twenty years have been playing Shake- during recent months, writes in the speare sporadically from coast to coast, World's Work for January the first earning now and again brief notices from article of a series on prohibition. We dramatic critics and occasionally such are apt to look upon the fanatic with a thrusts as that which was levelled at the pensive eye and if possible tip our hats actor who in “Hamlet" played the King and move away. We are tired of rhetoric to an apparently appreciative audience. dealing with the rights of free-born AmerMr.

wrote a sufficiently well- icans or the salvage of congenital drunkknown critic, played the King all evening ards. But we are interested in the actual as though he was afraid some one else facts of how the Eighteenth Amendment was going to play the ace.

functions; whether it is doing so sucQuite recently in New York, however, cessfully or unsuccessfully and if so, why. distinguished actresses whose successes We can do without the theory but we were made in parts other than Shakes- want the reality, and Mr. Hartt, who has peare's, have given notable performances. been investigating this reality all over Miss Cowl's Juliet was exquisite and cu- the country, will be well prepared to give riously enough Miss Barrymore also us what we want.

Additional features of the magazine for

Burbank

Ernest Thompson Seton Goethals

John Wanamaker January will be Chester H. Rowell's

Helen Keller

McCutcheon second article on the United States Gov Robert E. Peary

Edna Ferber ernment, the second article of French

Ben. B. Lindsey

Son of the Middle Bor

der

Jane Addams
Strother's series on Eugenics, and a post-
election discussion by Mark Sullivan of
President Coolidge and the campaigns

Less than ten years ago bankers and just past.

brokers and the other people were picking up their newspapers and, after some

minutes of perusing the war news, were Touching Ernest Greenwood's article asking in those well-known accents of in this issue of the WORLD'S WORK, en command “Who is this chap Gibbs?” titled “The Little Read School Marm,” Not that he had not been in the public in which is printed a box containing eye before 1915, this chap Gibbs, but several astonishing answers made to a it was when his were the despatches test set to the students of an American

that were stirring people into the realizarural normal school, we think that the

tion that after all something of terrific test itself is interesting enough to print. import was afoot, that his name became Identify the following:

familiar to the many. Now Sir Philip Abyssinia Hughes

Gibbs as an observer of world conditions Harvey De Valera

and a writer needs no introduction whatKellogg

Yokohama
Amundsen
Kemal Pasha

ever. In a coming issue of the World's Muscle Shoals K. K. K.

Work he will write of the problems of Marathon

Lenin
Firpo
Charles H. Levermore

Europe, its conditions and developments,
Bok
Lloyd George

as his experienced eye and practiced pen Bonus Lodge

have conceived them to be. Macdonald

Mellon
Brookhart
J. P. Morgan

ISSO
Bulgaria

Frances Willard Daugherty

Maud Ballington Booth Child Labor Amend Paderewski

Certainly the bequests of the magniment Gorgas

ficent libraries of J. P. Morgan and of Dawes

Mussolini Walsh Nansen

Henry E. Huntington to the nation were Carpentier Oberammergau

of the highest possible value in furthering Pinchot Obregon

throughout the country the cause of the Sun Yat Sen

Gov. Walton Herrin Petrograd

liberal arts. Both libraries possess treasBloc Pius XI

ures that might otherwise have remained Davis Trotzky

inviolate behind the locked doors of priFord

Sinclair Dr. Frederick Cook Steinmetz

vate ownership. Now these treasures are Corfu Stinnes (Hugo)

at the service of education and intelligent Curie La Follette & Supreme

observation. The World's WORK has D'Annunzio

Court D. A. R. Tariff

been fortunate enough to secure photoMcAdoo Tax-exempt Securities

graphs hitherto unpublished of the HuntDenby

Budget
Al Smith
Teapot Dome

ington Library at San Marino, California, Dinosaur Caliph

among them facsimilies of some of its Doheny Underwood

priceless manuscripts. They will appear Tut

Leonard Wood Charles W. Eliot Mobilization Day

in the January issue. Lyman Abbott

ZR-1 Albert Fall Borah

OSSO Fiume

H. G. Wells Poincaré Pershing

How clean is sport? But there are Gandhi

Volstead
Ruhr
Babe Ruth

sports and sports. There are professional Venizelos

Mlle. Suzanne Lenglen sports and amateur sports and, in a class Hoof and Mouth Dis Clara Barton

by themselves, college sports. Very reAlex. Graham Bell Adolfo de la Huerta Taft

cently in a professional sport two mem

ease

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