« AnteriorContinuar »
Twenty-fifth, Francis Asbury was ordained Deacon; 26th, he was ordained Elder, and on the 27th,
only what is absolutely necessary to it, we find in it no more than this, an appointment of one man of eminent sanctity and sufficiency to bave the care of all the Churches within a certain precinct or diocess, and furnishing him with authority, not absolute and arbitrary, but regulated and bounded by laws, and moderated, by joining him to a convenient number of assistants.” Archbishop Usher discarded the idea of sole power in his scheme. Dr. Holdsworth was of the same judgment with Usher.
Dr. Joseph Hall doth also disclaim sole power in the plainest terms: " Ordination is the Bishop's, but the sole power not their own : neither did our Bishops ever challenge it as theirs alone, without the Presbyters: but as principally theirs with them, so as if the power by the Bishops, the assistance is from the Presbyters.—The practice from both. So it is in the Bishops, that, ordinarily and regularly, it may not be done without them; and yet, ordinarily it may not be done without the Presbyt+rs by the Bishop: which hath been so carefully observed, that I challenge them to show any one instance in the Church of Eng land to the contr ry. Say, brethren, what Bishop ever took upon him to ordain a Presbyter alone, without the concurrent imposition of many hands?”
Mr. Thorndike : "By the appointment of the Apostles, the body of Christians contained in each city, and the territories thereof, lo constitute several churches, to be governed by one chief ruler, ca-les a Bishop, with Presbyters, subordinate to him, for his advice and assistanee. I allow the name of Bishops in the apostolic writings to comprehend Priests also, because of the matter of their function common to both, though with a chief power in the Bishop, in Priests so limited as to do nothing without his consent and allowance. That alt that enter into the sacred order of priesthood, have some charge of its flock, and some government of the Church committed to them, as well as Bishops; though in subordination to them, and dependent on their laws, and dependence for the exercise of this power, (received in ordination,) yet not such a dependence this neither, but that many of those acts become valid when done, though done without a license : so the Presbyters do teach, exhort, rebuke, catechise, examine men's con.. scie ce, take confessions, do bind and impose satisfaction, suspend from absolution, and sacrament, &c. and thus exercise a supreme jurisdiction of binding and loosing, accountable to none but God."
Brief account of ancient Church Government, printed in London, Anno 1652.
Dr. Isaac Barrow, on Heb. xiii. 17:—"The Church, a well marshal. led army under the captain general of our salvation, (the head of the body) their divers captains serving in degrees of subordination ; Bishops commanding larger regiments, Presbyters ordering less numerous companies ; all which, by the hand of common faith, of mutual charily, of holy communion, and peace, being combined together, do, in their respective station, govern and guide, being ever governed and
Superintendent: 28th, we deliberately considered some rules of discipline, and elected several to holy orders-31st, fourteen Deacons were ordained.
January 1st, we considered and proceeded on some resolutions to build a College at Abingdon. January 2d, twelve Elders and one Deacon were ordained, and we ended our Conference, in great peace and unanimity, on the 2d day of January, in the year of our Lord, 1785. May the good Lord follow our endeavours with a never ceasing shower of heart-reviving love !
I travelled nearly five months in Queen Anns, Talbot, and Dorset circuits ; here the people seemed ripe for the Gospel : preaching almost every day, and sometimes twice a day, with the administering of the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, kept
guided: the Bishops, each in his charge, guiding more immediately the Priests, subject to them; the Priests each guiding the people committed to their charge." By bis principles Bishops are the successors of the Apostles. That the Apostles formed societies, ordained pastors, framed rules and orders for the good government and edification of the Churches, reserving to themselves a kind of paramount inspection and jurisdiction over them, which in effect was only a paternal care over them.
Dr. Parker, Bishop of Oxford: “This Episcopal superiority acting only in conjunction with the Presbyters, is the most proper method that could be, to prevent confusion on the one hand, and tyranny on the other."
Dr. Pearson, Bishop, gives an account of the power lodged in the persons of Timothy and Titus. That the Apostles should have first planted Presbyters, as governors of the churches, and afterwards set Bishops ver them, with a superiority of power not destructive of the power of the Presbyters, but paramount upto it.
Dr. Stillingfleet accuseth Baxter of running into a perpetual mistake in having recourse to sole pover. “ That the English Episcopacy is pot a succession to the ordinary part of the apostolic power in governing the Churches, but a new sort of Episcopacy, not of the kind in the ancient Church, which swallowed up the whole power of Presbyters, and leaves them only a name of Curates." Stillingfleet demonstrates that by the English constitution, the Diocesan Bishop hath neither the sole power of ordination nor of jurisdiction, to reduce the Presbyters to the same order with the rest of the people.
me in full employ; the 22d of May, 1785, I preached at Worton, in Kent county, in the morning, and baptized thirty-six children, and in the afternoon I preached at John Angers, and baptized fifty more. At the Conference held at Baltimore, the 1st of June, I was appointed as Elder to Baltimore and Frederick circuits : here we had a few honest, faithful souls.
At a Conference held at Abingdon, in May, 1786, I was appointed Elder for Kent, Talbot, and Dover circuits, where I laboured for about three months. In Talbot and Dorset, the work revived ; we had a precious time at a quarterly meeting held on Kent Island, August 5th and 6th, especially at the Sacrament. Several professed justification, and some sanctification. In September I was removed to Philadelphia circuit : here I laboured about seven or eight months.
In May, June, and July, 1787, I travelled in Baltimore circuit, and then removed to Allegany, Bath, and Berkley circuits: here I laboured nearly fourteen months; went regularly through the circuits, and administered the ordinances in every place where it was convenient.
At a Conference held at Baltimore, in September, 1788, I was appointed to Cecil, Kent, Talbot, Dorset, Annamessex, Somerset, Northampton, Caroline, and Dover circuits, as presiding Elder; here I laboured in the Lord's vineyard, between six and seven months.
The 26th of April, 1789, at a quarterly meeting, held at the old meeting-house, near Cambridge, Dorset county, the Lord came in power at our Sacrament;
the cries of the mourners, and the ecstasies of believers were such, that the preacher's voice could scarcely be heard, for the space of three hours: many were added to the number of true believers.
quarterly meeting, held at St. Michael's, for Talbot circuit, the power of the Lord was present, to wound and to heal. Sabbath following, our quarterly meeting, held at Johnstown, for Caroline circuit, was yet more glorious ; the power of the Lord came down at our love feast. The house was filled with the members of our societies, and great numbers of people were on the outside ; the doors and windows were thrown open, and some thronged in at the latter. Such times my eyes never beheld before !
May 5th and 6th, we held quarterly meetings for Dover circuit, at Duck Creek Cross Roads; the 7th and 8th, at Dudly Church, for Queen Ann's circuit; and on the 10th and 11th, at Georgetown, for Kent circuit. The power of the Lord spread from circuit to circuit. Oh, how delightful it is to preach glad tidings, when we see souls "coming home to God, as doves to their windows !"
In the latter part of May, and in June, July, and August, I travelled with Bishop Asbury, to Philadel. phia, New-York, the Nine Partners, and through New Jersey to Philadelphia, and from thence to Fort Pitt, and attended Conference at Uniontown, and returned to Baltimore the 15th of September. On the 28th, I attended a watch night at captain Ridgley's, which was highly blest. After that, I took a tour through the Peninsula, and returned to Baltimore on the 9th of December; the 14th, Bishop Asbury preached at Annapolis, and we pursued our course to the south, through Virginia, and North Carolina, to Charleston in South Carolina, where we arrived on the 11th of February, 1790.
After spending a few days in the city, we held a Conference, February 15th, and the Lord was present in power ; the saints were glad, and the wicked
were offended. We passed on to the west, and held Conference in Georgia, the 3d of March. We had blessed times ; some souls were powerfully converted.
After preaching at several places in Georgia, and North Carolina, we passed on for Kentucky; as we journeyed towards Holston, night overtook us, and we were shut in between two mountains. gave our horses a litýle provender out of our sacks, and let them loose, and struck up a fire; but the thunder-gust nearly put it out. The next day we pursued our jour. ney towards General Russel's, and there we were kindly entertained. After a few days rest, we travel. led on to the last station, in the Grassy Valley, expecting to meet a company to conduct us through the wilderness, according to appointment; but no com. pany was heard of, and next morning our horses were gone. That day, diligent search was made, but no horses were found; so the next day we packed up our saddles and baggage, on brother T. Henderson's horse, and returned ten miles back into the settlement. After we had been there a little while, two boys fol. lowed us with our three horses, We travelled about the settlement, and held meetings for about a fortnight.
One morning Bishop Asbury told me that he dreamed that he saw two men well mounted, who told him they were come to conduct him to Kentucky, and had left their company in the Grassy Valley: so it was; after preaching, they made their appearance; we then got our horses shod, mustered up a little provision, joined our company, and passed through the wilderness, about one hundred and fifty miles. The first day we came to the new station : here we lay under cover; but some of the company had to watch all night. The next two nights we