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ings; three of Mr. CURRAN's; Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH's famous speech for Peltior; four of Mr. CANNING’s; and five of Lord BROUGHAM's, including his instructive discourse on the study of eloquence in the Greek orators. Some of the most finished letters of JUNIUS are given in their proper place, with remarks on his style as an admirable model of condensation, elegance, and force. In the first fifty pages will be found nearly all the celebrated speeches before the days of Lord Chatham, from Sir ROBERT WALPOLE, Lord CHESTER: FIELD, Mr. PuLTENEY, Lord BELHAVEN, Sir JOHN Digby, the Earl of Straf, FORD, and Sir John Eliot. The selections in this volume extend through a period of two hundred years, and embrace a very large proportion of the most powerful eloquence of Great Britain.
The following are the aids afforded for the study of these speeches :
(1.) A memoir of each orator, designed to show his early training in eloquence, the leading events of his public life, the peculiar cast of his genius, and the distinctive characteristics of his oratory. It onght to be said, in justice to the author, that these sketches were completed in every essential particular, long before the publication of Lord Brougham's work upon
Brit. ish Statesmen.
(2.) A historical introduction to each of the speeches, explaining minutely the circumstances of the case, the state of parties, and the exact point at issue, being intended to place the reader in the midst of the scene as an actual spectator of the contest. These introductions, with the memoirs just mentioned, form a slight but continuous thread of political history, embracing the most important topics discussed in the British Parliament for more than a century.
(3.) An analysis of the longer speeches in side-notes, giving the divisions and subdivisions of thought, and thus enabling the reader to perceive at once the connection and bearing of the several parts,
(4.) A large body of explanatory notes, bringing out minuter facts. the few of these, on CHATHAM's early speeches, are from the Modern Orator, and also some definitions of law terms in two of ERSKINE's, p. 637–83.
(5.) Critical notes, as specimens of the kind of analysis which the author has been accustomed to apply to the several parts of an oration, and which cvery student in oratory should be continually making out for himself.
(6.) Translations of the passages quoted from the ancient and foreign languages, with the poetry rendered into English verse. The passages are usually traced to their sources, and the train of thought given as it appears in the original, without a knowledge of which most quotations have but little force or beauty. For the same reason, the classical and other allusions are traced out and explained.
(7.) A concluding statement of the way in which the question was decided, with occasional remarks upon its merits, or the results produced by the decision.
Great compression has been used in preparing this volume, that all who are interested in the study of eloquence may be able to possess it. Each page contains the matter of three ordinary octavo pages in Pica type; and the whole work has in it one sixth more than Chapman's Select Speeches, or Willison's American Eloquence, in five octavo volumes each.
In conclusion, the author may be permitted to say, that while he has aimed to produce a volume worthy of lying at all times on the table of ev. ery une engaged in speaking or writing for the public, he has hoped it might prove peculiarly useful to men of his own profession; since nothing is more desirable, at the present day, than a larger infusion into our sacred eloquence of the freedom, boldness, and strength which distinguish our secular oratory
dat ist, 1852.
CON TEN T S.
BIR JOHN ELIOT
. Page 1 Walpole,
ib.; deprived of his commission, 15., becomo
leader of the Opposition, 54-5; comparison between
him and Lord Mansfield, 55; gains a complete ascend.
ancy in the House, 56; unites with Mr. Pelham, and in
made Paymaster of the Forces, ib.; exhibition of dis.
interestednese, 56-7; on the death of Pelham comes out
the Rhone and Soane," 59; drives Mansfield out of the
House, ib.; is made Prime Minister on Newcastle's res.
SPEECH when Impeached of High Treason..... 11 poses war against her, but overruled by Lord Bute, ib.,
resigns, ib.; makes his "Sitting Speech" against Lord
Stratford, ib.; changes sides and comes out against the
is raised into the House of Lords, 67 ; his loss of health
and inability to administer the government, 68; resigns
leading measures, ib.; errors of his ministry, 29; char- SPEECH on a Motion to Inquire into the State of the Na
SPEECH on the Septennial Act.
SPEECH against the Quartering of British Soldiers on the
SPEECH in favor of an immediate Removal of the British
ib.; his general unpopularity, ib.; his death, ib. SPEECH against a Motion for adjourning Parliament, De
LAST SPEECH upon America, with the circumstances of
His birth, 45; early love of polite literature, ib.; elegance LORD MANSFIELD....
adhered to the Stuarts, ib.; sent early to the Westmin-
ster school, ib.; his great proficiency, ib. ; removed to
Oxford, ib.; his studies in rhetoric, ib.; commences the
study of the law, ib., laborious training in extempora.
elocution, ib., a favorite of Pope, ib.; extent of his
Uis birth and early sufferings from the gout, 52; his ed. business as a lawyer, ib.; made Solicitor General, ib.,
ucation at Eaton, ib.; his conversational powers, ib. ; comparison between him and the elder Pitt, ib.; made
As Chief Justice at the age of eighty-three, ib.; his death, Sheridan, 230; writes his Rcdections on the Rerolu
its errors, ib.; its excellences, 231-32; his separation
from Mr. Fox, 232-33; loss of his son, 234-35; pension
granted him, 235; his Letter to a Noble Lord on the
152 subject of his pension, ib.; his Letters on a Regicide
Peace, ib.; errors of Mr. Burke respecting the war with
France, 235-36; decline of his health, 237 ; his death,
ib.; characteristics of his genius and eloquence, 237-40
voted to the cause of Emancipation, ib.; his death, ib.;
personal qualities and character as an orator, 385.
SPEECH on making a second motion for a Declaration of
CHARACTER of Lord Chatham..
RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN. .......... 399
193 Theater, ib.; election to Parliament, ib.; made Under
200 Secretary of State, 400; keen retort on Pitt, ib. ; speecb
204 House of Lords under the impeachment, 401; Lord
a speaker, 402; his wit and humor, ib.; habits of intem.
206 perance, 403 ; unhappy death, ib. ; personal appearance
and character as an orator, 404.
classical literature, ib.; distinction at Eaton and Oxford,
first a Tory and in office under Lord North, 440; ture
ed out abruptly, ib.; joins the Whigs as a pupil of
Burke, 441; his labors to form himself as a debater,
443; becomes head of the Whig party, ib.; is made Sec.
retary of State under Lord Rockingham, 444; disap-
pointed in not becoming Prime Minister on the death
of Rockinghara, ib.; forms his Coalition with Lore
North, 445; drives out the ministry and becomes Sec.
retary of State, ib.; his East India Bill, 446; speech in
support of it, 447; carried in the House, ib. ; defeated
in the Lords, ib.; his speech against secret influence,
448; displaced and Mr. Pitt made Prime Minister, ib.;
unsuccessful efforts to drive Pitt from power, ib.; West-
minster election, 449; Mr. Fox's speech on the subject,
450; decision of the House in his favor, ib.; derange-
ment of the King, ib.; Mr. Fox asserts the right of the
Prince of Wales to the Regency, 451; King recovers,
452; Mr. Fox's speech against Mr. Pitt for arming against
Russia, 453; his Libel bill, ib. ; his views of the French
Revolution, 454 ; his speech on Mr. Pitt's rejection of
Bonaparte's overtures for peace, 458 ; comes in under
Lord Grenville as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 459 ; hia
WII LIAN PITT..
51 ; his remarkable proficieacy at home, ib.; goes to early love of reading, ib.; distinction at school, ib.; per.
Coalition, ib.; attacks Mr. Fox's East India Bill, of Bombay, and raised to the honors of knighthood, ib.
CHARACTER of Charles J. Fox.
His birth in London, 851; descended from an Irish fam-
ily of distinction, ib.; premature death of his father, ib. ;
dependent condition of his mother, who goes on to the
stage for her support, ib.; his early proficiency at school,
ib.; his love of English literature, ib.; is removed to
society, 852; leaves Eton with its highest honors, and
enters the University of Oxford, ib. ; when freshman,
629 gains the Chancellor's prize for Latin composition, ib. i
high standing at Oxford, ib.; influence of competition,
ib. ; leaves the university and commences the study of
the law, ib.; is invited by Mr. Pitt to become his polit-
ical adherent, ib.; elected to Parliament, ib.; his early
Anti-Jacobin Review, ib.; author of the most striking
poetical effusions in the work, ib.; the Needy Knife.
grinder, 853–4; made Under Secretary of State, and aft.
erward Treasurer of the Navy by Mr. Pitt, 854 ; becomes
Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Duke of Port.
land, ib. ; fights a duel with Lord Castlereagh, and goes
out of office, ib., is chosen member of Parliament for
Liverpool, 855; goes as embassador extraordinary te
Lisbon, ib. ; appointed Governor General of India, ib..
is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, ib.; his strong
637 stand against the invasion of Spain by France, ib.; his
655 celebrated speech on giving aid to Portugal when in-
683 vaded from Spain, 856; is made Prime Minister, ib.,
698 his health soon after fails him, ib.; his death, ib.; sketch
708 of his character by Sir James Mackintosh, 856-8.
SPEECH on Radical Reform
SPEECH delivered at Plymouth..
SPEECH on Affording Aid to Portugal
SPEECH on the Invasion of Spain by France.
805 INAUGURAL DISCOURSE, when inducted as Lord Rector